US 2044439 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 16, 1936. J. E. MITCHELL COMBINED BURIAL GASKET AND GRAVE VAULT 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 15, 1934 Jame 16, 1936- J. E. MITCHELL COMBINED BURIAL CASKET AND GRAVE VAULT Filed Sept. 15, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented June 16, 1936 UNITED STATES CODIBINED BURIAL CASKET AND GRAVE VAULT John E. MitchelI, Marion, Va.
Application September 13, 1934, Serial No. 743,909
The invention relates to means forinterring the dead and has for its principal object the provision of means whereby at a reasonable expense the dead may be buried in a container that wilt be impervious to moisture and the container wilt otherwise be substantially indestructible.
Tothis end the invention has for a further object the provision of a container for the dead comprising a receptacle having its side and end walls and bottom covered with moisture-proof plastic composition, and with a suitable cover so that the container or receptacle may be used as a casket for holding the remains until conveyed to the grave for interment, and providing a vault cover for the receptacle to be placed thereon before lowering into the grave after said vault cover has been sealed to the receptacle or casket.
A further object of the invention is the provision of removable handle members for the burial casket that are adapted to be removed from the casket prior to interment.
The invention will be described in detail hereinafter and will be found illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a side view of the improved burial casket and grave vault,
Figure 2 is a top plan view,
Figure 3 is a top plan view with the vault cover removed, the casket cover being shown in open position in broken lines,
Figure 4 is an end view of the casket and vault,
Figure 5 is a transverse sectional view on a plane indicated by the line 5-5 of Figure 3,
Figure 6 is a similar view on a. plane indicated by the line 6-6 of Figure 2,
Figures 7 and 8 are detail sectional views on planes indicated by lines 1-1, and 8-8, respectively, of Figure 1, and
Figure 9 is a fragmentary detail sectional view on a plane indicated by the line 99 of Figure 3.
In the drawings similar reference characters designate corresponding parts in all of the views.
The combined burial casket and grave vault comprises a casket portion [0 and a vault top or closure II that will be described in detail hereinafter.
The casket portion I0 is constructed with a box or receptacle l2 that may be made of wood or any other suitable material, and will have its interior lined and upholstered as is usual with burial caskets. The sides, ends and bottom of the box l2 will be enclosed by means of waterproof cement or other plastic material l3, said plastic material being secured thereto by means of expanded metal lathing or other suitable foraminnus material N that is preferably spaced v from the box portion 12 to provide air spaces between the sides and ends and bottom. as shown at ii. To add to the appearance of the casket, and also at the same time provide means whereby the metal lathing or foram'inous material may be spaced from the box 2, a plurality of spacing blocks tfi'are securedgat the, sides and. ends of the upper edge of the box l2, and I6 are other molding blocks secured at the corners thereof, also other spacing. blocks [1 at the sides and ends of the lower edge of the box, and H are other molding blocks secured at the bottom corners of the box, said. blocks ll and it extending below the plane of the bottom of the box [2 so as to provide for the space under the bottom of the box as hereinbefore referred to. The blocks [8, 16', ll, and H are secured to the box l2 by means of nails or spikes 16*, and M designates driven fastenings, preferably staples, to secure the foraminous material in spaced relation relatively to the box.
Secured to the upper edge of the box I2 is a frame 18 to conform to the horizontal contour of the box, and which in the example of the drawings would be rectangular, said frame lapping over and enclosing the air spaces [5 at the top of the casket, and said frame may be covered by any suitable fabric, such for instance as silk, designated l9.
Around the bottom edge of the casket is secured a metal toe piece 20, and around the upper edge of the box [2 and plastic material and under the frame I8 is secured a strip 2| by driven fastenings or other suitable means. Strip 2| has an upturned portion 22 and rebent that is extended below the strip 2| as shown at 23, said strip being preferably of sheet metal, such for instance as copper or bronze. The purpose of the strip 2| and the upturned flange 22 will be more particularly described hereinafter in connection with the vault top or closure.
Mounted on the frame I8 is a lid or cover 24 that may be hingedly secured along one side, if desired, so that the cover may be entirely raised if desired, or one portion of the cover may be made of a plurality of parts designated respectively 25, 26, 2'! and 28, the part 28 being hingedly secured to the part 2'! which is in turn hingedly mounted on the frame l8 so as to permit it to be raised into the position disclosed in dotted lines in Figure 3 and Figure 5, with the part 28 folded back thereon as shown while the parts 25 and 26 will be mounted on slip hinges 29 so that this 55 part may he slid outwardly of the frame to permit the parts and 26 to provide a substantial couch effect.
As best shown in Figure 9 the slip hinge 29 has a strap 30 that is secured to the lid or cover part, and another strap 3| hingedly secured thereto and provided with an elongated slot 32 to receive a screw or bolt 33 secured in the frame l8, the strap 3| being thus slidable transversely of the frame l8 for the purpose hereinbefore stated.
For carrying the casket, any suitable handle means may be provided and permanently secured thereto if so desired, but for economical burial a removable handle structure'has been devised comprising bars 34 on which is mounted any suitable handle structure 35, in any suitablemanner, said bars 34 extending beyond the ends of the casket, and being clamped to the sides thereof by means of rods 36 having nuts 31 mounted on the ends thereof and clamping said bars to the casket, so that before interment the bars and rods may be removed for reuse. The vault cover or top is constructed of relatively thick waterproof plastic material 38 that is preferably reinforced by a double layer of expanded metal or other foraminous material 39, and has its lower edge reinforced by a V-shaped metal toe piece 40, said cover or top being adapted to seat on the strip 2i within the upturned flange 22, and may be, and preferably will be, sealed to the casket portion Ill by anysuitable sealing material, such for instance as cement so as to provide a watertight enclosure for the casket and vault.
To enable convenient handling of the cover or top H I provide loops 4| that are secured to the reinforcing material 39 in any suitable manner, said loops being adapted to removably receive rods 42 having their extremities extending beyond the ends of the cover I i to provide handholds for lifting and placing the top or cover in position, as hereinbefore stated, and prior to lowering the casket and vault into the grave said rods are to be removed from said loops.
Provision is also made for marking the vault by providing means whereby cement or other plastic material 43 may be applied to the vault or cover and while still plastic suitable lettering may be impressed therein, making a permanent record of the identity of the occupant of the casket.
What I claim as my invention is:
A burial casket, comprising an open top box, spacing blocks secured at spaced intervals around the upper portion of the box, other spacing blocks secured at spaced intervals around the lower portion of the box and extending below the plane of the bottom of the box, foraminous material secured to the outer surfaces of said spacing blocks -and spaced by said blocks from the side and end walls of the box and below the bottom thereof and providing air spaces between the box walls and bottom and between the spacing blocks, cementitious material mounted on said foraminous material, a sheet metal strip mounted on the box and extending over the upper edge of the cementitious material, a top frame secured to the box and adapted to have a cover hingedly mounted thereon, said sheet metal strip closing said air spaces and having an upturned outer edge providing a continuous flange spaced from and surrounding the frame, the upturned portion being returned outwardly thereon and extended below the upper edge of the cementitious material to reinforce it, the space between the frame and flange forming a recess to receive a vault top and sealing material therefor.
JOHN E. MITCHELL.