|Publication number||US2045755 A|
|Publication date||Jun 30, 1936|
|Filing date||Mar 17, 1932|
|Priority date||Mar 17, 1932|
|Publication number||US 2045755 A, US 2045755A, US-A-2045755, US2045755 A, US2045755A|
|Original Assignee||Samcoe Holding Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (22), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
S. COHN i June so, 1 936.
METHOD OF TREATING FABRICS Filed Mallch 17. 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet l BYy ATTORNEY 5 June 3o, 1936. s. COHN 2,045,755
METHOD OF TREATING FABRICS n l Filed March 17, 1952 2 sheets-sheet 2 ATTORNEYS Parental June `30.1936 i y UNirsD. STATES METHOD F TBEATlNG FABRICS Samuel Cohn, New York, N. Y., assignor to Samv coo Holding Corporation, New York, N. Y.,
' a corporation of New York Application Mmm ra, 193e, serial No. saam n Claims. 'Ihis invention relates to the treatment of fabrics and particularly to the application theretov Furthermore, it is-not practicable in vats to employ chemicals which are insoluble in water, that is to say, the fabric cannot be treated with a chemical agent in suspension with any reasonable degree of succe'ss.
It is the object of the present invention to provide a simple and edective method and apparatus v permitting the uniform application of chemical agents to fabrics for the purposes indicated. Various liquids including chemicals in solution or suspension can be applied uniformly in accordance with the invention with the minimum of eort and maximum assurance of a. satisfactory product.
Another object of the invention is to facilitate the application of chemical agents to tubular fabrics lwhich present special dilculties because of their tubular form and other characteristics tending to prevent uniform impregnation under thev methods heretofore in use.
In carrying out the invention, I apply the liquid containing the treating agent to the fabric by spreading the liquid -over opposing rotating cylindrical surfaces. The liquid is carried by the 40 movement of the surfaces to the point of contact thereof. The fabric is introduced between the rotating cylindrical'surfacesand is thoroughly impregnated by the liquid as it comes into contact progressively with the surfaces. The surplus liquid is immediately removed from the fabric by pressure `applied through the cylindrical surfaces so' that the fabric emerges suciently and uniformly impregnated but without anysurplus liquid, and may be rolled and conveyed to other equipment for further treatment or passed continuously through the additional equipment for further treatment, drying,
Advantageously I supplement the impregnation 55 of the fabric as hereinbeforc described by passuniform appearance when the fabric is dry.`
ing it progressively through a bath of liquid containing a treating agent which is disposed in front of the rotating cylindrical surfaces. The` fabric may pass through the bath, absorbing` therefrom a certainamount of the liquid containing the treating agent, and then pass to the l rotating cylindrical surfaces where the impregnation is completed. Thus, the uniform and complete absorption of the treating agent is assured.
Preferably in the operation of the procedure the liquid containing the treating agent is cir-I culated continuously from a source of supply to the rotating cylindrical surfaces andto the bath, if one is used. The surplus liquid drains from the cylindrical surfaces and is returned to the supply tank for recirculation. A suitable pump may be employed to maintain the circulation which ensures the most effective and economical use of the treating agent.
'Ihe procedure as described is applicable generally to fabrics. It is particularly appropriate for the treatment of tubular fabrics although it may be applied to fabrics which are not tubular.
If the fabric to be treated is ln tubular form, it is desirable to avoid distortion and wrinkles and '25 to present the fabric in the form oi a flattened tube so that it will pass smoothly between the cylindrical surfaces and receive the liquid containing the treating agent uniformly throughout.
In practising the invention with tubular material, I may employ mec for distending the fabric initially and then causing it to assume a flattened form. In certain cases it may be suiilcient to use a simple frame supported in any suitable way so that the fabric-will pass over it and will be distehded laterally into the form oi' a attened tube. It is desirable, though not essential, to conduct theoperation of preparing the flattened tube and of treating it continuously as in the embodiment of the invention hereinafterv described.
I may employ mechanism for distending the fabric such as that illustrated and described more particularly in my Patent No. 1,790,655.' The apparatus embodies spaced rolls driven at a predetermined rate and co-operating with a fi`oating stretcher frame enclosed within the tubular fabric and having rolls which are rotated by contact through the fabric with spaced driving rolls. The tubular fabric is distended tothe desired amount, depending upon the initial and desired width, by lateral adjustment of complemetary' parts of the floating stretcher frame. Rollers which are positively driven to aord a peripheral speed preferably slightly higher than that of the spaced driving rolls co-operate with idler rolls outside the fabric at the lateral edges of the frame. Hence both the top and bottom as well as the sides of the tubular fabric are propelled positively at a predetermined rate. The fabric is opened initially by a spreader which is sized in accordance with the width of the fabric treated and is interchangeable with spreaders of varying dimensions to co-operate properly with the propelling mechanism. The spreader offers substantially no resistance to the fabric, the friction being easily overcome by the uniform pull of the' propeller. The fabric is opened by the propeller to .substantially its tubular dimensions. As it leaves the propeller it is formed into a flattened tube.
In carrying out the invention, the ,fabric is delivered to the rotating cylindrical surfaces which supply the liquidvcontaining the treating agent and act as a wringer to remove the surplus. The fabric may pass directly to the rotating cyllndrlcal surfaces or intermediately through the bath of liquid containing the treating agent. Suitable means may be provided to maintain the fabric in laterally stretched condition between the propeller and the rotating cylindrical surfaces. It is desirable also to maintain a suitable tension'longitudinally of the fabric between the propeller and the 'rotating 4cylindrical surfaces. 'I'his is readily accomplished by maintaining a differential in speed of the fabric at the propeller mechanism and at the rotating cylindrical surfaces by driving the latter so that the linear speed of the fabric is slightly higher at the point of engagement with the rotating cylindrical surfaces than at the propeller. The tension must be varied depending upon the particular fabric which is treated, and should be adjusted to give the required stretch to the fabric. Provision may b e made, therefore, to vary the speed of the propeller rolls, for example, oralternately the speed of the rotating cylindrical surfaces forming the wringer.
The fabric which is positively fed by the propeller in a distended condition is brought to the rotating cylindrical surfaces or wringer under tension' with the two opposite layers of the fabric in contact. The double thickness of fabric passes betweenl the rotating cylindrical surfaces and is subjected to pressure which may be adjusted by the provision of suitable mechanism such as is commonly used in wringers. By suitably adjusting the pressure, the major portion of the liquid may be removed from the fabric. The fabric leaves the wringer as-a flattened tube free from wrinkles. It may be folded or preferably rolle`d on a mandrel and thereafter subjected to further treatment to dry and`finish the fabric, or it may be delivered directly to the drying and finishing .Y
'I'he invention will be described in further detail by reference to the drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic view of an apparatus adapted for the practice of the invention:
Fig. 2 is a side elevation oi.'l the apparatus;
Fig. 3 is a front elevation ofthe apparatus; and
Fig. 4 is a detail in section illustrating the spreader for applying liquid to the upper roll of g the wringer.
Referring to the drawings, 5 and 6 indicate co-'operating wringer rolls having preferably a hard surface. The rolls are mounted in suitable supports I with adjustable means 8 of the type usually employed in wringers to permit adjustment of the pressure between the rollers. The
rolls may be driven from any suitable source of power such as a motor 1', shaft 8', worm 9 and worm wheel I0'. l
'Ihe lower roll 8 dips into a receptacle I0 which is adapted to contain a supply of liquid containing the treating agent. As the roll rotates in the direction of the arrow, the liquidis picked up by the rotating cylindrical surface and is carried upwardly to the point of contact with the upper roll 5. Liquid containing the treating agent is supplied to the surface of the latter roll from a -receptacle II having a linear orifice I2 formed by securing two angle members in spaced relation to the side of the receptacle and a slot through'which the liquid escapes to the orifice. The spacing of the angles should be very slight, so as to direct a thin film of the liquid uniformly over the surface of the roll. The liquid is thus carried downwardly to the point of contact with the roll 5. Y
Preferably a receptacle I3 is disposed between a roll I5 and the rolls 5 and 5. A roll Il is mounted therein to direct the web of. fabric I1 through the liquid in the receptacle and thence into the bight of the rolls 5 and 8. Liquid from the receptacle I3 flows over an apron I3' onto the surface of the roll 5 and into the receptacle I0. Liquid' carried upwardly by the roll 6 and by the fabric and flowing downwardly over the roll 5 tends to provide a layer I4' of liquid constantly at the bight of the rolls 5 and 6. The liquid is thus applied uniformly to the fabric entering the bight of the rolls.
The liquid containing the treating agent is supplied continuously from a storage receptacle I8 into which the surplus liquid vdrains continuously. A pump I9 and pipes 20, 2I and 22, controlled by valves 20', 2l and 22', serve to convey the liquid to the several points of application. Drain pipes 23 and 24' with valves 25' and 26' facilitate cleaning.
The web of fabric, after passing between the rolls 5 and 8 where the surplus liquid is removed, m'ay be conveyed over a roll 23 and thence around a mandrel 2l upon which it is wound. It may, as hereinbefore indicated, be conveyed directly to other mechanism for further treatment.
The apparatus as described is applicable generally to the treatment of fabrics. If the fabric is tubular, I employ suitable means to spread it uniformly, and preferably the apparatus described in my patent hereinbefore mentioned and illustrated diagrammatically in the drawings. It comprises rollers 25 andv 26 driven through gears 9 and a pinion`25" from a sprocket 26", chain 21' and sprocket 28 and cooperating with rollers 21 and 28 supported on 'a frame 29 which is disposed within the fabric and held against longitudinal movement by the rollers 25 and 26, the latter rollers co-operating with the rollers on theframe to cause the fabric to advance uniformly'thereover, the fabric being at the same time distended to its tubular dimensions. As the fabric leaves the propeller, it is permitted to assume a flattened form, a guide 30 being provided preferably to maintain the fabric in laterally stretched condition. An opener 3l may be provided at the opposite end of the propeller to spread the fabric as it enters the device in rope formly to the fabric and readily saturates it l before the fabricventers the bight of the wringer rollers. The surplus liquid is removed by the wringer rolls and returns to the storage receptacle whence it is recirculated for further use. The application of the liquid in the manner described results in uniform impregnation of the fabric. The amount of the chemical agent thus added to the fabric may be regulated easily by varying the concentration of the solution or suspension, the speed of travel of the fabric, the
- pressure of the rolls, etc. The procedure and apparatus afford, therefore, an effective means for modifying the characteristics of fabrics and especially tubular fabrics.
The procedure as described islmost effective in applying various liquids including solutions and suspensions of chemical agents to both dry and wet fabrics. The application of pressure to the fabric, particularly while it is in a distended condition, tends to distribute the impregnating material uniformly throughout the fabric, thus ensuring a product of satisfactory appearance. Furthermore, the application of the liquid in the manner' described is most economical in respect to labor, time required, and simplicity, and the consequent low cost of the apparatus employed. Instead of large vats'with complicated stirring mechanism and the various types of apparatus' heretofore required to impregnate and substantially dry the fabric, I am able to complete the treatment in the manner-described and with the simple and inexpensive apparatus which delivers the fabric free from wrinkles and substantially free from moisture so that the drying and finishing of the fabric is easily accomplished.
Various changes may be made in the procedure, particularly with respect to the liquid employed and in the details of the apparatus used without departing from the-invention'or sacrificing any of the advantages thereof.
1. The method of treating textile fabric with a liquid containing chemical treating agents. which comprises passing the fabric through a body of said liquid while the same is maintained in an agitated condition by circulation of liquid to and from said body, and thereafter subjecting the fabric, while both surfaces thereof are in contact with the liquid vin circulation to and from said body-of liquid, to pressure to expel surplus liquid. f
2. The method of uniformly lmpregnating the circumferential surface of tubular textileiabric with treating liquid containing chemicals in suspension, which comprises forming the traveling tubular fabric into a flattened tube of two juxtaposed layers, both similarly positioned and distended, maintaining a mass of said treating liquid,` circulating said liquid from and to said mass at a rate sumcient to maintain the mass of liquid in an agitated condition, initially sub- -jecting each layer of the flattened tube so conditioned to said agitated mass of the treating liquid, and thereafter subjecting the flattened tube with both layers in contact to rolling pressure to expel surplus liquid.
3. The method of uniformly treating tubular textile fabric in flattened tube formation with a liquid containing treating agents, which comprises passing the .two uniformly juxtaposed layers of the flattened tube through a body of said liquid while the same is maintained in an agitated condition by circulation of liquid to and tion to and from.said body of liquid, to pressure v to expel surplus liquid. q
4. The method of uniformly treating both -surfaces of a textile fabric in flat form with a liquidv containing a treating agent, which comprises maintaining a body of said treating liquid. circulating said liquid from and to said body at a rate sufficient to maintain the body of liquid in an agitated condition, initially immersing vthe vfiat fabric in said agitated body of the treating liquid, thereafter subjecting the treated fabric to rolling pressure, and subsequent to the initial immersion and directly prior to subjecting the fabric to rolling pressure applying at least a portion of the liquid in circulation to and from said body of liquid to both surfaces of the fiat fabric.
5. The method of uniformly treating all surfaces of a traveling tubular textile fabric with a liquid containing treating agents,- which comprises, maintaining a body of said treating liquid, circulating said liquid from and to said body at a rate sufficient to maintain the body of liquid in an agitated condition, forming the fabric into contiguous layer formation by lateral distension,
`applying the treating liquid maintained in agi-
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2620544 *||Nov 25, 1950||Dec 9, 1952||Mullen Edward P||Apparatus for treating web material|
|US2637991 *||Oct 1, 1946||May 12, 1953||Samcoe Holding Corp||Fabric treating system|
|US2728629 *||Nov 20, 1950||Dec 27, 1955||American Enka Corp||Process for the treatment of synthetic threads|
|US2792700 *||Dec 8, 1952||May 21, 1957||Dominion Textile Co Ltd||Apparatus for the continuous treatment of textile materials|
|US2979933 *||Jun 16, 1959||Apr 18, 1961||Gaino Joseph||System for treating a continuously moving flexible web|
|US3126556 *||Jun 3, 1959||Mar 31, 1964||Process for treating and processing|
|US3170315 *||Jun 13, 1960||Feb 23, 1965||Wippermann Ernst Erich||Device for processing webs of textile fabric and other materials|
|US3263458 *||Aug 14, 1963||Aug 2, 1966||Samcoe Holding Corp||Apparatus for dyeing tubular knit material|
|US3271102 *||Nov 24, 1961||Sep 6, 1966||Lees & Sons Co James||Spray dyeing pile fabrics|
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|US4485644 *||Feb 7, 1983||Dec 4, 1984||Beu-Tex Corporation||Apparatus for continuously treating staple length textile fibrous materials|
|US4532782 *||Apr 4, 1984||Aug 6, 1985||Samcoe Holding Corporation||Apparatus for pad batch dyeing of tubular knitted cotton fabrics|
|US4539724 *||Aug 31, 1984||Sep 10, 1985||Beu-Tex Corp.||Method for continuously treating staple length textile fibrous materials|
|US4570276 *||May 28, 1985||Feb 18, 1986||Samcoe Holding Corporation||Method for pad batch dyeing of tubular knitted cotton fabrics|
|US4733420 *||Oct 14, 1986||Mar 29, 1988||Koninklijke Nijverdal-Ten Cate Nv||Method and apparatus for impregnating a woven, stranded or knitted sleeve or tube of flexible fibres or threads|
|US5519922 *||Oct 12, 1994||May 28, 1996||Lindauer Dornier Gesellschaft Mbh||Combined spreader and squeeze apparatus for tubular knitware|
|US5884377 *||Jan 20, 1998||Mar 23, 1999||Lindauer Dornier Gesellschaft Mbh||Apparatus for spreading and mangling tubular knitted fabrics|
|US8661632 *||Sep 22, 2011||Mar 4, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Method and apparatus for pliabilizing knitted or woven materials|
|US20130074297 *||Sep 22, 2011||Mar 28, 2013||Clifford A. Dey||Method and apparatus for pliabilizing knitted or woven materials|
|U.S. Classification||8/151, 68/51, 68/205.00R, 68/19, 26/85, 68/202, 68/22.00R|
|Cooperative Classification||D06B5/00, D06B2700/14|