|Publication number||US2045913 A|
|Publication date||Jun 30, 1936|
|Filing date||Aug 28, 1933|
|Priority date||Aug 28, 1933|
|Publication number||US 2045913 A, US 2045913A, US-A-2045913, US2045913 A, US2045913A|
|Inventors||Hoy John E, Leslie Brown|
|Original Assignee||Dow Chemical Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (24), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented 'June so, .1936
UNITED STAITESI' PATENT orries cas'rm'c LIGHT METAL John E. Boy and Leslie Brown, Midland, mat,- asslgnors to The Dow Chemical company, Mld land, Mich, a corporation of Michigan I No Drawing.
Application August 28, 1933, Serial No. 687,162
3 Claims. (c1. 22-492) The invention relates procedures'for casting light metals, e. g. magnesium, aluminum and alloys thereof, in temporary molds, that is, a mold or mold part, such as a core, comprising con- 5 ventional pulverulent molding materials, such as foundry sand, pulverized carbon, cinders and the like, which are used but once for each casting.
Such molds may be made up with water-tempered materials, or they may be dried or baked; l0 Owing to their relatively low specific gravity and heat capacity, light metals do'not flow readily in nor fill completely mold cavities of narrow -section,'but instead chill promptly therein,'thus giving rise to cold-shuts and mis-runs. vMoreover, the heavier sections remain molten for a longer time than the thinner sections, so that shrinks, draws, and cracks may form between them. One of the objects of our invention is to.
facilitate the flow of light metals in the mold cavity, especially in the relatively narrow sections thereof, whereby the aforementioned difli- 'culties may be overcome.
Heretofore the methods'employed to minimize I these difilculties,were: 1) pouring the molten I metal at temperatures considerably above the melting point of the metal, whereby its fluidity is increased but at the risk of excessive oxidation; (2) using numerous gates at the thin sections and risers on the heavyones, which requires excessively large amounts of metal to trim oil the casting, thereby increasing the cost of the latter; (3) increasing the thickness or decreasing the area of the thin sections. Such difdculties preclude the successful production of many forms of light metal castings in'temporary molds, thus limiting the usefulness of these valuable light metals. Y
We have now found that we may pour light metal castings having a relatively thin section 40 employing fewer gates and risers at lower temperatures generally than heretofore and thereby avoid excessive oxidation, with reduced risk of mis-runs and cold-shuts, if to the surfaces of the mold cavity and core when desired, ifsuch is therein, we apply a lubricant dissolved in a liquid halogenated hydrocarbon, together with a finelydivided solid material substantially inert to the molten light metal.
' The invention, then, consists of the method hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in'thc claims, the following description illustrating, however, but several of the vailous ways in which the principle of the invention may be realized.
In carrying our invention into effect we may it may be suspended readily in the mixture 66 proceed in various ways. For example, the lubricant, such as an oil orwax, may. be dissolved or mixed with, the liquidhalogenated hydrocarbon and the mixture applied to the mold cavity,
following which the finely divided inert solid may 5 be dusted thereon. However, it is preferable to form a solution of oil or wax in the halogenated hydrocarbonfand to suspend therein the inert solid and to apply the so prepared mixture to the mold cavity surfaces. The light metals may 10 then be-poured into the mold in the usual manner, in doing which lower pouring temperatures generally may be employed than-in conventional practice.
Of particular importance in carrying out such 15 procedure is the nature of the liquid medium or vehicle by use of which the lubricant and finely f divided solid material may be applied to the mold cavity surfaces. Ordinary liquid hydro,- carbons, such as gasoline and the like, do not 0 produce the desired results. We prefer to use a oil, such as lard, whale, tallow, cocoanut, olive, 35
pal-m, castor oil, etc., as well as mixtures of such oils and waxes, which may be dissolved in,'or
diluted with, the halogenated hydrocarbon.
While an oil particularly of animal or vegetable origin or a wax applied to the mold cavity 40 with the aid of a halogenated hydrocarbon of the type described facilitates to a certain extent the flow of molten metal in the mold, a materially greater improvement occurs when we employ inconjunction therewith a finely divided orpow- 45 dered solid'substance that is substantially inert to, or unaffected by, the metal at the casting temperature. Examples of solids which are suitable for the purpose are talc, silica flour, precipitated silica, kleselguhr, kaolin, magnesium oxide, limestone. and fuller's earth. The solid may be ground to a; relatively fine powder so that it .will pass through a screen having about, meshesormore per inch, in which condition wax or oil and halogenated hydrocarbon, or dusted on the mold surfaces treated with the mixture of oil or wax in the halogenated hydrocarbon.
In pouring magnesium castings in molds formed from gr'een,i. e. water-bound, sand containing an oxidation inhibitor of the type commonly used for such castings, e. g. ammonium salts, boric acid, sulphur, volatile fluorine compounds, etc., we have observed that the beneficial action of the inhibitor is not affected by applying our coating agents to the surface of the mold cavity. If desired, an oxidation inhibitor may also be included with our mold coating agents.
The relative proportions of the ingredients of the coating composition may be varied over a wide range, For example, we may employ in one gallon of halogenated hydrocarbon from 0.5 to 4 pounds of oil or wax, and from 0.5 to 4 pounds of inert solid material, although other proportions may be used if desired. It is convenient toapply the mixture to the mold by means of. a spray gun or atomizer, in amount suflicient to coat the surface of the mold cavity.
To demonstrate the effectiveness of the invention we have made flow tests in a mold cavity for a thin spiral casting having a triangular 'cross section of approximately square inch. The tests showed that the metal flowed much further, in some cases as much as double the distance,
when poured at a temperature of. 1225-i2'l5 F.
substantially avoid draws and shrinks between the heavy and thin sections of the castings which ordinarily occur in castings poured at high temperatures; (4) sand pits are avoided, since the sand is held in place by the coating and does not fall from the cope into the drag.
In the disclosure and appended claims the term light metals means magnesium, or aluminum, or alloys thereof wherein either the magnesium or aluminum content predominates; the term lubrican means a wax or a mineral lubricating oil or an animal or vegetable oil.
This application is a continuation in part of our prior application Serial No. 808,845, filed May 2, 1 932.
Other modes of applying the principle of our I invention may be employed instead of those explained, change being made as regards the process herein disclosed, provided the step or steps stated by any of the following claims or the equivalent of such stated step or steps be employed.
We therefore particularly point out and distinctly claim as our inventions-- 1. In casting magnesium in molds of sand and the like, the step which consists in applying to the surfaces within the mold cavity a mixture containing paramn wax, talc, and carbon tetrachloride.
2. In casting magnesium in'molds of sand and the like, the step which consists in applying to the surfaces within the mold cavity a mixture containing from 0.5 to ,4 pounds of paraffin wax, from 0.5'to 4 pounds of talc inone gallon of carbon tetrachloride.
3. In casting magnesium in sand molds and the like, the step which consists in applying to the surfaces within the mold cavity a mixture containing a wax, a liquid chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbon and a finely divided substantially inert solid material selected from the group con- 40
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2425978 *||Nov 13, 1943||Aug 19, 1947||Hercules Powder Co Ltd||Foundry mold coating|
|US2466667 *||Sep 22, 1944||Apr 12, 1949||Universal Oil Prod Co||Core oil and core compositions|
|US2568404 *||Mar 17, 1947||Sep 18, 1951||Joseph J Mascuch||Engine starting mechanism|
|US2763626 *||Jun 21, 1951||Sep 18, 1956||Borden Co||Molding sand composition comprising a halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbon as a release agent|
|US2770859 *||Jul 20, 1951||Nov 20, 1956||Gen Motors Corp||Method of treating a metallic pattern for shell molding|
|US2786771 *||Jul 7, 1952||Mar 26, 1957||Eaton Mfg Co||Core wash|
|US2802747 *||Oct 26, 1955||Aug 13, 1957||Aluminum Co Of America||Plaster mold for casting readily oxidizable metals|
|US2875082 *||Jul 18, 1955||Feb 24, 1959||Sun Oil Co||Pour depressed microcrystalline wax|
|US2901361 *||Sep 6, 1956||Aug 25, 1959||Allied Asphalt & Mineral Corp||Mold release agent|
|US2979790 *||Aug 9, 1957||Apr 18, 1961||Shaw Process Dev Corp||Molds|
|US3075847 *||Nov 28, 1960||Jan 29, 1963||Gen Motors Corp||Mold coating|
|US3076241 *||Jun 22, 1959||Feb 5, 1963||Reynolds Metals Co||Graphite mold casting system|
|US3502768 *||Nov 25, 1966||Mar 24, 1970||Edward D Hill||Method of making a dampening roller|
|US3524751 *||Jun 7, 1967||Aug 18, 1970||Malcolm Kent Smith||Parting compositions|
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|US6269862||Dec 5, 1997||Aug 7, 2001||Cast Centre Pty Ltd.||Mould lubricant|
|US6291407||Jan 27, 2000||Sep 18, 2001||Lafrance Manufacturing Co.||Agglomerated die casting lubricant|
|US6432886||Sep 7, 2000||Aug 13, 2002||Mary R. Reidmeyer||Agglomerated lubricant|
|US6460602 *||Apr 5, 2001||Oct 8, 2002||Mitsui Mining And Smelting Co., Ltd.||Method for metallic mold-casting of magnesium alloys|
|US7030066||Nov 12, 2002||Apr 18, 2006||Charles Piskoti||Wetting composition for high temperature metal surfaces, and method of making the same|
|US20070132151 *||Nov 22, 2006||Jun 14, 2007||Goldschmidt Gmbh||Release agents and their use in the production of polyurethane moldings|
|WO1998024572A1 *||Dec 5, 1997||Jun 11, 1998||Cast Centre Pty., Ltd.||Mould lubricant|
|U.S. Classification||427/134, 106/38.25, 106/38.24, 164/72, 164/14|