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Publication numberUS2048059 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 21, 1936
Filing dateJan 19, 1933
Priority dateJan 26, 1932
Publication numberUS 2048059 A, US 2048059A, US-A-2048059, US2048059 A, US2048059A
InventorsJean Marie Guy Gira Boudemange
Original AssigneeJean Marie Guy Gira Boudemange
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Respiratory apparatus
US 2048059 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jul 21, 1936. 2,048,059

7 J. M. G. GIRAUDET DE BOUDEMANGE RESPIRATORY APPARATUS Ffiled Jan. 19, 1955 Je Marie GU] G'il'dUdef de Bnudemn a IN v6 N TOR Patented July 21, 1936 PATENT OFFICE RESPIRATORY APPARATUS J can Marie Guy Giraudet de Boudemangc,

' Paris, France Application January 19, 1933, Serial No. 652,464' In France January 26, 1932 8 Claims. .(Cl. 128-191) The present invention relates to respiratory apparatus of the oxygen type, and has chiefly for its object to provide light and reliable apparatus of simple manufacture and of a ready use and upkeep.

According to one feature of the invention, the respiratory apparatus comprises a collapsible sackor hood of material which is flexible and is impermeable to gas, said sack being of some size and entirely surrounding the head, in such manner as to form a tight respiratory chamber which is maintained somewhat swelled out by overpressure, and to permit the elimination of the usual economizer sack. r In conformity to another feature of the invention, the hood is cemented or otherwise attached in'a non-leaking manner to a closed collar through whichthe head may be passed, said collar consisting of a band of flexible and compressible material such'as spongy india-rubber, which assures non-leaking conditions and is placed flatwise upon the skin of the neck and of the upper part of the chest, and by means of which the hood is secured to the body.

' According to another feature of the invention, a non-expanding breast-strap is placed flatwise upon the collar, and is secured by cementing it tothe collar, to the hood, or to both of these at the same time, in such manner as to assure a close contact between said collar and the skin, and to support the weight of an oxygen-producing apparatus and of an apparatus or reagent caserfor purifying the air issuing from the lungs.

The said collar is'held in place by the weight of the oxygen bottle or optionally of the reagent box, or of both, and also by the pressure of the usual clothing, coat, vest, etc., which are placed and buttoned above this collar, and further, by a belt passing below the arms.

In the accompanying drawing, which is given by way of example:

a Fig.- 1 is an elevational view of a respiratory apparatus in conformity with the invention.

Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic view showing a partial vertical section on a larger scale, indicating the circulation of the air. 7 r r Fig. 3 is an elevational view of the collar upon which the hood is mounted.

Fig 4 is a side view of the member used for attaching the oxygen generator and the air-purifier, to the collar.

In the form of construction represented in Fig. 1, the apparatus comprises a sack or hood [consisting of a strong, flexible and gas-tight substance, such as fabric treated with oil or indiarubber. The said hood entirely surrounds the head, and it has a sufficient size to form a respiratory chamber and to remain somewhat inflated by over-pressure even during the inspiration time. The front face of the hood prefer- 5 ably comprises a window 2 through which the major part of the face can be seen from the ex terior.

This window may consist of one or more sheets of a transparent and incombustible substance, 10 which is proof against the formation of mist. In the case in which these transparent sheets are flexible, they are preferably mounted on a metallic frame 3 by which the device is made sufficiently rigid, however said frame will be flex- 15 ible enough in order to allow the hood to be adapted to the wearers face. In this manner, the lower side of the frame 3 may be given a convex form, in order to prevent the window 2 from making contact with the wearers nose.

The lower edge of the hood I is secured by any suitable means assuring non-leaking conditions, to a collar fitting upon the wearers neck and upon the upper part of the breast, preferably in contact with the skin, or in case of emergency, upon the shirt and even upon the outer clothing. In the present construction, said collar consists (Figs. 1 and 3) of a wide band or a tube 4 which forms a non-leaking packing and consists of a compressible substance such as a spongy india- 30 rubber from which the outer crust has been removed upon the face in contact with the skin. A close contact between the collar and the skin is assured by the pressure of a breast strap 5 consisting of a strong and non-elastic substance, of stout canvas, for instance said strap may be laid flatwise upon the collar and may be secured, by cementing or the like, to the collar 4 or to the hood I, or to both of these.

The strap 5 also serves to support the devices for producing oxygen and for purifying the air, and it supports all traction stress; the band 4 distributes the traction stress in such manner that the weight of the apparatus can be supported, and it assures non-leaking conditions without being subjected to traction stress, which permits the exclusive use of substances which preserve their qualities for a long time, and even assures such non-leaking conditions when the material is only imperfectly preserved.

To the strap 5 may be attached a belt 23 or a piece of harness which serves to hold the said collar in place, and to which may be attached the devices for producing oxygen and for purifying the air.

ends to a belt of a like piece which is usually worn.

To the plate 6 is secured, by any suitable means such as riveting, an attaching device, which consists, in the construction shown in Figs. 3 andl l,

of a plate 8 whose upper part forms a hook for the oxygen apparatus and'the' airepurifying apparatus; the lower part of the plate consists or an appendage which applies against theplate B under the effect of the weights of the parts which are suspended from thefhook," and thus holds plate 6 against the wearers body. 7 V Theoxygen apparatus and the air-purifiermay communicate with the internal chamber'of the hood I by means of separate conduits, or oi conduits which are common to'the two apparatus,

atleast in part. r e

In the construction shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the oxygen bottle 9 is rigidly secured below a case 10 containing reagents adapted to absorb the carbon" dioxide gas, by means of a coupling member ll which carries a device l2 for the injection oi oxygen (Fig. 2) as'well as a cock controlled by a hand-wheel 13 in order to regulate the supply of oxygen. j I v v The coupling'm'ember ll may also be provided with a pressure gauge l4 which shows at'each instant, even when the cock is closed, the pressure of oxygen remaining in the bottle; The'devic e" consisting of the bottle and the reagent case Ill is attached to the hook of the plate 8-ahd is connected with the 'lower' part'oi the hood I by a coupling device l5. r

The said reagent case, in the apparatus shown; I

in Fig. 2, comprises various chambers l1 formed by horizontal par itions, and containing the reagents in the form of smallpieces, tablets, or the like, and preferably in a single layer. The said horizontal chambers communicate, through the holes of'perforated metal orwire gauze, on the one hand with acentral conduit l8 leading to the interior of. the hood Landon the other hand with one'or more peripheral chambers 19, determined by "the side walls of the casing and parallel perfa-rated inner walls, and communicating with a space 29 provided at thelower part or the reagent case. The said space Zll isconnecite'd with a tube 2'! having preferably a part in the form of a venturi, the injector l2 of the oxygen bottle 9 opening into the lower end of said tube. The tube 2| is contained in the central conduit l8. and opens into the hood. A flexible tube 22, arranged in the'hood I may be secured in. the end of the tube 21, and its outer end may be placed in the mouth by seizing it withth-e hand through the flexible fabric of the hood. I

The apparatus may comprise pockets provided" in the interior of the hood andadapted to contain various objects for the alimentation of the. wearer, or the like. i s

*It may be clearly understood that the device consisting of the hood and the collar prevents all entrance-of the external air in said hood when the collar is applied against the wearers'body.

Further when the pressure in the hood rises above a determined limit, the collar is slightlyraised against the external pressures and allows the escape of all excess of aircontained in the hood. 7

The operation of the apparatus is as follows. The apparatus'is placed in position by inserting the head into the hood I through the collar 4-5; the collar is applied again-st the skin of the neck and or the upper part of thebreast by means of the band 4, whereby a tight fit is assured for the hood. The collar is then covered by the garments, and the strap or straps I are attached to one of thegarments, for instance the trousers.

The reagent .case; ID, with the oxygen bottle 9, is hooked to the plate 8, and is connected with thehood by means of the coupling l5. 7

' The oxygen is delivered into the hood by opening the cock of the bottle 9. The air in the hood is maintained at a slight excess of pressure, so that all entrance of air in case of a lack of tightness is preventedl- Thisexc'ess of pressure can be increasedat will by opening the regulating cock, while accidental. leaks are stopped up by means of rubber-coated sheets, a boxof which is attached to theiapparatus. Such sheets maylalso' be used to complete the adhesion of the collar to the skin, if required, l I

The oxygen passes through the tube 22 which leads into the hood. The air from the hood 'circulates in 'the direction" of the arrows (Fig. 2) through the conduit 18 and passes horizontally through the horizontal chambers 11, giving 'up carbon dioxide gas'when in' contact with the re-' 5 This air then attains the peripheral the suction efiect produced by the injector, and optionally any direct inspiration or expiration through the fiexible tube 22.

from the mouth which the wearer may produce;

The supply of oxygen can be conveniently reguP" lated by the large hand-wheel l3.

The said apparatus is of simple constructiom and its use and upkeep are'easyQ .On the other hand, its size and weight as much reduced; The internalarrangement of 'the reagent case assures a better use of the'reagent and allows the employment of a reagenticase of reduced volume and weight. This advantage can be used to the extreme limit, by using in combination with the} methodof parallel circulation of the g'ases,;as above indicated, an'aocessory circulation in series, obtained by the use of perforations 24' (Fig. 2)

having a'baflle' arrangement, known per so. On the other hand, due to the immediate connection of the said case with the'oxygen bottle, the expansion of the oxygen serves to partially compensate the heat produced by the action of the reagents. Since a high pressure is made to act upon the; injector, this will' assure a'bette'r circulation through the reagent case, and will prevent any accidental cloggingof the injector, which latter may be removed, if necessary, incase of serious damage.= r, 7

Obviously, the said invention is not limited to the forms of construction'hereinrepresented and described, these being given solely by way 1 of example. l

Having now described myinvention what I claim as newand desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1 In a-respiratory apparatus of the type operating-in closed circuit, a'hood adapted to surround the wearers head and a closedcollarmade of a wide band of supple and compressible material, provided with an opening allowing the free passage of the wearers head, secured to said hood and of freely deformable shape so as to be applied flatwise upon the bottom of the wearers neck and the upper part of the breast along its entire length by stress acting on its rear lower part as well as by a pressure distributed upon its surface, in order to provide an air-tight fitting of the hood on the wearers body.

2. An apparatus as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a non-extensible breast strap resting upon said collar and adapted to carry the heavy parts of said apparatus and to distribute their weight over said collar, in order to apply tightly the same against the wearers body.

3. An apparatus as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a non-extensible breast strap resting upon said collar and adapted to carry the heavy parts of said apparatus and to distribute their weight over said collar, and a belt attached to the lateral parts of said breast strap in order to contribute to the tight application of said collar against the wearers body.

4. An apparatus as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a non-extensible breast strap resting upon said collar and adapted to carry the heavy parts of said apparatus and to distribute their weight over said collar, and an adjustable strap connected with said breast strap and adapted to be connected with buttons of the wearers trousers, in order to apply tightly the collar against the wearers body.

5. In a respiratory apparatus of the type operating in closed circuit, an oxygen bottle, a hand operated regulating cock secured to said bottle, an injector adapted to operate at high pressures directly secured to the discharge end of said cock, whereby the oxygen pressure acting on said injector and consequently the supply of oxygen delivered by the said injector may be controlled by the cock and varied at will, a device utilizing the expansive power of the oxygen delivered by said injector for causing the air to circulate in the apparatus, and a reagent case rigidly secured to said bottle and containing said injector.

6. An apparatus as claimed in claim 5, further comprising a respiratory chamber, said reagent case provided with an inner central conduit and with a tube embodying a Venturi tube arranged within said conduit and extending outside said case within said chamber, and a coupling piece adapted for connection with said central conduit and said chamber, whereby the reagent case may be easily replaced by another one.

7. In a respiratory apparatus of the type operating in closed circuit, a reagent case comprising internal partitions dividing the interior of said case into compartments, each containing a thin layer of solid reagents absorbing the carbon dioxid gas, and an internal arrangement for causing the air to circulate in parallel through said compartments.

8. An apparatus as claimed in claim 7, wherein said partitions are provided with apertures having JEAN MARIE GUY GIRAUDET DE BOUDEMANGE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4754751 *Jun 11, 1987Jul 5, 1988Mine Safety Appliances CompanyEscape respirator
US4998529 *Sep 27, 1989Mar 12, 1991Xenex CorporationDecompression and toxic fume protection apparatus
US5078130 *Jul 14, 1988Jan 7, 1992Gentex CorporationPersonnel headgear enabling free breathing of ambient air or selective breathing from various sources
US5115804 *Aug 1, 1988May 26, 1992Dme CorporationProtective hood and oral-nasal mask
US5526804 *Aug 26, 1992Jun 18, 1996Ottestad Breathing Systems AsSelf-sufficient emergency breathing device
US6340024Nov 4, 1994Jan 22, 2002Dme CorporationProtective hood and oral/nasal mask
US6761162 *Dec 23, 2002Jul 13, 2004Brookdale International Systems, Inc.Personal disposable emergency breathing system with radial flow
US8936022Mar 21, 2008Jan 20, 20153M Innovative Properties CompanyAir delivery apparatus for respirator hood
US20040118397 *Dec 23, 2002Jun 24, 2004Swann Linsey J.Personal disposable emergency breathing system with radial flow
US20060283455 *Jun 15, 2005Dec 21, 2006Walker Garry JConvertible respiratory hood assembly
US20100037891 *Mar 21, 2008Feb 18, 2010Walker Garry JAir delivery apparatus for respirator hood
US20100224194 *Sep 3, 2008Sep 9, 2010Walker Garry JRespirator Flow Control Apparatus and Method
DE4101161A1 *Jan 17, 1991Aug 1, 1991Figgie Int IncSchnell anziehbare schutzhaubenanordnung
DE4101161C2 *Jan 17, 1991Mar 8, 2001Scott Technologies Inc N D GesSchnell anziehbare Schutzhaubenanordnung
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/201.25, 128/204.25, 55/DIG.330
International ClassificationA62B7/10
Cooperative ClassificationA62B7/10, Y10S55/33
European ClassificationA62B7/10