US 2048132 A
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July 21, 1936. MADSEN 2,048,132
PANEL CONSTRUCTION Filed NOV. 16, 1955 Patented July 21, 1936 T QFFICE PANEL CONSTRUCTION Application November 16, 1935, Serial No. 50,145
An object of my invention is to provide a panel construction of simple, durable and inexpensive construction for reproducing paneled wall efiects in exact appearance of the usual construction, but
5 which requires less labor and material and makes a stronger assembly.
A further object is to improve on the usual types of moldings for paneled surfaces, my construction however being indistinguishable from 10 true paneling, yet securing a number of advantages which will hereinafter be pointed out.
A further object is to provide a frontal appearance for the panel construction, whereby intersections of stiles and rails, such as T-joints and 15 X joints present continuous surface appearance for one of the members in the fiat portion of the molding, the molded edges presenting a mitered effect in exact duplicate of true paneling.
Still another object is to provide miter joints 20 for molded edges of molding members and to provide overlaid members in the form of battens, some of these battens being arranged in one direction continuously and other at right angles to that direction being arranged with their ends abutting the side edges of the continuous battens, thus simulating the usual coped joints in true paneling.
Another object is to provide a panel construction which can be economically produced by making it possible to use relatively short lengths of materials for the greater portions of the moldings.
With these and. other objects in View, my invention consists in the construction, arrangement andcombination of the various parts of my panel construction, whereby the objects contemplated are attained, as hereinafter more fully set forth, pointed out in my claims, and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which:
Figure 1 is a front elevation of a paneled surface embodying my invention. 49 Figure 2 is a vertical, sectional view on the line 2-2 of Figure 1, showing the top of the panel. .Figure 2a is a similar sectional View slightly enlarged showing the bottom of the panel. 45 Figure 3 is an enlarged sectional view on the batten strip with a grooved base member and with a panel surface to which the base member is applied.
Figure 4 is a perspective View of the base member and the batten strip assembled together; and Figure 5 is a perspective view of a plurality of batten strips illustrating their arrangement.
On the accompanying drawing, I have used the reference numeral II) to indicate generally a panel. The panel Ill may be a continuous surface line 3--3 of Figure 1, showing the coaction of a to be divided into smaller sizes, or a plurality of sections, such as indicated at I and I0a in Figure 3, with the joints between the sections to be covered by panel forming moldings.
A plurality of molding members A and A are provided for dividing the paneled surfaces into smaller panels and these extend only from one intersection to the next one as shown by both solid and dotted lines in Figure 1.
The molding members A are characterized by a back groove I4 and the usual molded side edges I6. The molding members also have front grooves I2 to receive batten strips B and C, which are ordinarily formed as part of the molding members, and which therefore require either complicated mitering or coping operations in order to divide a panel surface into smaller panels, and also require relative long lengths of the molding members, which requirement is entirely eliminated with my panel construction.
The batten strips B and C overlie the molding members A and A and are inlaid relative thereto by fitting in the grooves I2.
In applying the molding members to the panel surfaces IIl--I0a, the ends are mitered as indicated at I3 and the short lengths of molding are applied end to end and intersecting each other as illustrated in Figure 1. The ends need not abut each other, it being merely necessary that they are separated by not more than the width of the batten strips, so that the open ends are covered by the batten strips when applied.
The panels Ill and Illa. are illustrated as being secured to studding or the like I5 by nails II, while the molding members A are secured to the walls as by nails or the like I8. These nails are driven preferably to a position not quite as tight as shown in Figure 3, and the batten strips are then inserted in the grooves I2 and seated tightly by placing a block of wood against them and hammering on the block, which further drives the nails I8, thus bowing the central portion of the molding member and causing the side edges of the groove I2 to firmly grip the batten strips.
' Thereafter when the panel is painted or otherwise finished, the paint or the like will serve as a retaining means to keep the battens in place without any necessity of using brads, although, of course, brads can be used if desired.
The molded edges I6, of course, may be of any desired shape and either one or two of the edges may be provided, depending on whether the molding member is between the edges of two panel areas or at the edge of a panel area.
The molding member A is illustrated as one 55 being at the edge of the panel and in Figure 2, the groove l2a thereof is illustrated as a rabbet rather than a groove.
Cap molding 20 may be used on the top of the panel, while as shown in Figure 2a, a molded strip A may be used, in which the groove i212 is actually a groove, and its lower edge is concealed by a base molding or quarter round 22.
The inlaid-101' battenrstrips B and 'Cimaybe of V the proper Width to suit the size andkind of groove I2 employed.
When this strip is nailed as at 2 I, the cap mold 20 conceals the nails. 7 i
In applying the molding members A and A, they can be easily and properly aalignedfby the use of a short strip of the "batten across the joint between the ends, of the molding members and fitting in the grooves thereof. 7
The battens B extend continuously across the joints while the battens C have their ends "terminating :at the :side edges :.of the battensiB, as j best sho wn Figure ."5.
-:E["hiS -arrangement is .used and should always correspond to therstilex;or1rail-imembers which in true paneling would be continuous and :broken respectively. 7 Y
ilheshort-lengthsaczmust :tbe vcut so 1th3$thlf ends :fit ssnugly -.up 1 against the :side edges =.of ithe 7 continuous strips :B. I
,-My ,pan'el construction eliminates the usual coping and ccmplicatedlmiteredjointstin molding members, someof whichlmust: extend continuous lytthe length or width of athe =panel =in =order to produce .true;paneledi-surface effect.
With my l construction, :however, all the :molding members may bashort-lengths, but the long lengthappearanceisobtainedxbyuse of .thebatten 7 strips -B extending -eontinuously rand -;smoo-thly across tthednters ections .ofl moldingz-memb ers.
Some changes may be -made in :the arrangement'andconstructiomof :theparts of zmy panel construction, without departing from the :real spirit and purpose of my zinvention,.:-and-itis any intention :to cover by my claims, :any 1 modified iforms of struotureor useofmechanical equivalents, which-may be reasonably included 'Within their scope.
, I ,claim= as-Iny invention: v
.1.In a ,panel construction, a :surface, -molding '-laid\thereover.,to providelpaneleareas,-said molding comprising base imembers having formed grooves in ithewuterisurfaces zthereof and zinlaid members fitting dmsaidgrooves, saidcbasermembers abutting :each other withrmitered edges eat the intersections thereof, said inlaid members being continuous in :one direction across said intersections,
.2. Inearpanelrconstruction, asurface, molding laid -thereover. to provide 'panel areas, saidmolding .comprising base members having :formed grooves-in -the-outer surfaces=thereof and inlaid members-fitting in said grooves, :said base membersabutting (each other with;miteredtedges at the intersections thereof somelofesaidinlaid mem-: bersibeing continuousrin' ,onesdirection acrosssaid intersections and others being interrupted at the intersections.
,3. .In a ;panel \construction,,.=-a ;.panel surface, molding laid thereover tto define panel a-reasesaid imolding comprising grooved :molding members andlinlaid ,members for said. grooves, two of said molding ,members being arranged inend @to end relationship on said .surface, third and fourth molding ,memhers arranged-at :right V angles .to
I i-said two ,rmoldingrmembersiandawithytheir ends engaging them in mitered relationship; one of saidinlaid members being in the grooves of said two 7 members, and continuous past the adjoining ends, and the second and third inlaid members being in the grooves of the'third and fourth moldingimembers with their ends abutting the side edges of the first inlaid member. 7 r
4. A panel construction comprising mane surface,:a plurality of "molding members extending in one directionthereacross and arranged end to end, a second plurality of molding members extending across said'panel surface and arranged atz-an angle relative to said first plurality of molding members and valso'arranged end to end and fintersecting-sai'dffirstplurality of molding'mem '1 "bersat 'theends thereof, a plurality of batten strips extending longitudinally of said first plu-l prality of :molding members and continuously across the ends thereof, and a second plurality of batten strips extending longitudinally'of said sec- 2 0nd iplurality :of :molding :members .and .having endsiterminating at .theesid'e .iedges OfJSaidIfiI'St V batternstrips extending longitudinally: of saicl -secondzplu-ralityofz mnldrng". members'and having: ends terminating :at the side "edges of :said plur'aiitysof :batten stripsgsaid molding members beingrlongitudinally g'ro'oved Iito atfleast partially "f receivezsaid Joattenfistrips.
acrosszthecends,thereof,aand;a.-second:pluralityzof3 V 6. 1A: panelcconstructioni comprisingapanel sur-- i face,"a?pl1irality ;o'f molding imembersiextending in one :directiontthereacross :and arranged endto end, ea .second plurality :of molding rme'mbers extending :azcross saidipanel surface :and arranged atzan-tangle relative to 'saidt first-pluralityrof mold- 7 ing .tmembers -:and:also arranged end 'to end and intersecting saidFfirS'tapIuraIity: of molding unembers at the rends rthereof, fa :plurality of ?batten strips extending longitudinally 'JO f isaid Tfir-st plurality -:of :molding "members and continuously across the Lends thereof, and second plurality of battemstrips'extending longitudinally. of said secon'dtplurality of molding members and having ends terminating at the side edges of :said fir st plurality of battensstripsisaid:molding members and :b'atten strips lhaving c -formed interlocking parts.
a7. lApanel constructioncomprising a panel surf ace, ea plurality oof molding members extending V in ;orie :direction lthereacrossrand arrangedendto send, a second plurality'o'flmolding members extending across :saidzpanel :.-surface and arranged at: arr angle: relative tozsaid' 'flrst pluralityo'fmold- 6 ing :members and also :arranged end to end :and intersectingtsaid'i'first .plurality' o'fqmolding, mem bers at the ends thereof, a'plurality of' battjen strips mxten'ding longitudinally i of .said first -plurality nf zmolliing members rand :continuously acrossttheiends thereof; and a second plurality. of batten strips extending" longitudinally of said sec f 0nd plurality of molding :members' and having a 'endsitermir'iating at the side edges o'f said first plurality nfrbatten:strips,:saiol moldingmembersfi having centrally arranged back and front grooves, said batten strips fitting in said front grooves.
8. A panel construction comprising a panel surface, a pair of molding members arranged end to end thereon, a second pair of molding members arranged end to end thereon and intersecting said first pair of molding members where their ends meet, the edges of said first and second pair of molding members, being mitered to fit each other, a batten strip extending longitudinally of said first pair of molding members, and second and third batten strips extending from the side edges of said first batten strip and longitudinally of said second pair of molding members.
9. A panel construction comprising a panel surface, a pair of molding members arranged end to end thereon, a second pair of molding members arranged end to end thereon and intersecting, said first pair of molding members where their ends meet, the edges of said first and second pair of molding members being mitered to fit each other, a batten strip extending longitudinally of said first pair of molding members, and second and third batten strips extending from the side edges of said first batten strip and longitudinally of said second pair of molding members, said molding members being grooved to receive the bases of said batten strips.
10. A panel construction comprising a panel surface, a pair of molding members arranged end to end thereon, .a second pair of molding members arranged end to end thereon and intersecting, said first pair of molding members where their ends meet, the edges of said first and second pair of molding members being mittered to fit each other, a batten strip extending longitudinally of said first pair of molding members, and second and third batten strips extending from the side edges of said first batten strip and longitudinally of said second pair of molding members, said molding members being back-grooved to grip the edges of said batten strips when fastening elements through the molding members draw the molding members toward said panel.