US 2048565 A
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July 21, 1936. 0. v RODR|GUES 2,048,565
RAZOR Original Filed NOV. 29, 1952 Patented July 21, 1936 UNITED STATES RAZOR Octavius Victor No In Rodriguea, Pascale, signer to Magazine Repeating ltasor Company,
New York. N. '1'.
Application November 29, 193;, Serial No. 044,755 Renewed October 29, 1935 1: Claims, (01. 30-83) This invention relates to an improved safety razor and is directed to an improved form of guard and its relation to the shaving head of the blade.
5 The object of the invention is to construct a uard that causes a formation of the skin surface which presents the hair squarely to the cutting edge of the blade. The skin is deformed by the pressure plus the movement of the guard 10 across the skin to an extent that causes a reformation of the skin at the point where the blade contacts with the skin. I
Another feature of the invention is the provision of a guard with a certain degree of drag 15 or friction which causes the proper passage or what might be termed "flow" of skin from the guard to the cutting edge of the blade.
A razor made according to my invention has been used and a comfortable and close shave 2 has been secured without stretching the skin laearny means in advance or in rear of the razor Safety razors as heretofore made haveprovided a guard for the sole purpose of preventing cutting of the skin if the razor is used with care. The surface of the guard in the former razors, where it engages the skin, has been a smooth circular bar or set of curved teethwithwhichacloseshavecouldonlybeseo curedbystretching theskinsosstobringthe shaftsoi'hairoutoftheskin. Thestretching of the skin was accomplished by either using thehandnotengagedinholdingtherasoror by facial contortlons. This general stretching of sis the skin leaves little or no resilieneyin the portion of the skin as it approaches the blade so thatthetautskiniseasilyabradedandthehair cut through iassediy.
The present invention is a new departure from 40 the old form of safety razor in thstthe razor guarditselfpresentsthesectionoftheskinbeingshavedtothebladeedgewlththeshaftof the hair extending out'of the skin as-f'ar as it will go when the edge of the blade sliding over 4 the lather lubricated skin comes in contact with thehair. Inotherwordstheactionofthebar maybelikenedtotakingtheportlonoftheskin immediately ahead of the blade edge between the fingers and gently but firmly pressing it into a 50 slightly convex form naturally P tecting the shaftof the hair out of the cuticle as far as its roots will permit. The invention is illustrated in the accompanyingdrawinginwhichl'igurei'isanenlarged 66 section showing the part of the razor which comprises the guard and the blade and also indicating the normal flow of the skin surface across the guard and the edge of the blade. Figure 2 is a cross-section, on a reduced scale, of the whole shaving head. Figure 3 is a front view 5 of shaving head illustrated in Figure 2. Figure 4 is a fragmentary front view showing a modified form of surface roughening on the guard. Figure 5 is, a cross-section showing a guard equipped with an inserted strip which provides the skin engaging part of the guard.
The razor selected for illustrating my invention is of the type that supports a blade flat on a blade platform ill. The blade is shown at Ii and it projects beyond the blade platform and is provided with a cutting edge l2.
The blade may be secured on the blade platform It by any suitable form of face plate but I show a face plate ll formed of metal with a slight resiliency and including a rear plate It and a return bend it. The blade platform is mounted on a supporting plate It. The face plate member can be installed by sliding it longitudinally on the shaving head which comprises the blade platform Ill and the supporting plate II. This makes it possible to use face plates of various lengths and angles. The face plate acts to limit the tilting the razor on the skin to prevent the scraping incidental to the use of thebladeatanobiaise angletothe skin. The improved guard is shown at I! and it is intheformoi'abarsupportcdbythe bars it. preferably at the ends of the The guard rear face II which is nearly perpendicular This is in conjunction with a cut-away portion II at the bottom of the blade platform I. and at the front, all this allowing plenty of space for lather and hair to clear the under side of the blade. The undercut portion 2. is preferably concave and is also 40 of advantage in cleaning when the shaving head is reversed and placed under a tap. Water then i I that projects beyond the blade platform It.
The guard bar is placed slightly below and slightly in advance of the edge if of the razor. It is placed in such position that a line A-B which is tangent'to the effective part of the guard and bisects the cutting edge of the blade is at an approximate armle of 30" to 82 in its relation to the plane of the blade at its cutting edge. The
angle is shown at C in Figure l.
Theguardbarhasaleadingsurfacellanda trailing surface 22. The leading surface is curved and has a relatively large radius 23 which in a razor of normal size is approximately .070 inch and over. This leading surface merges into the trailing surface 22 which latter has a relatively shorter radius 24 past the tangent point. This radius is about .025 inch and under. The distance separating the juncture of the leading surface with the trailing surface, and the cutting edge I! of the blade is best defined by describing it as one that causes an are 25 to rise a distance equal to one-sixth the distance of the are from tangent point on the guard to the cutting edge of the blade, when the razor is at rest and under normal shaving pressure. The are flattens out somewhat when the razor is moved in shaving. These relationships and proportions are microscopic and have been arrived at after exhaustive tests and also in shaving operations. If excess pressure is placed upon the leading surface the trailing surface acts as a limitation to further deformation of the skin. With the dimensions above in mind the distance from the tangent point on the guard and the cutting edge is substantially .065 inch.
The guard has the surface which engages the skin so marked as to retard the progress of skin over the leading surface and causes a slight accumulation of skin ahead of it releasing a uniformly curved inflow of skin between the guard and the blade edge as the guard is passed over the face. This is not a stretching but a delayed release of the skin. One form of such toughening is shown by the sinuous lines or small grooves 26 shown in Figure 3. Another form is shown in Figure 4 by the knurling 21.
Still another modification is shown in Figure 5 in which I illustrate the longitudinally insertible strip 28 which may be dovetailed into the guard. The skin engaging surface is as described above but the drag" on the skin may be caused by q ities in the material of which the strip 28 is made. Rubber or other material to cause a slight suction may be used in lieu of the grooved or recessed metal guard.
While a toothed guard may be used instead of a bar in which case the form and proportions described above would apply to the teeth assuming a corrected line to average the change in line a trailing surface,
caused by the depression of the individual teeth. The bar is preferred as the release of skin is uniform all the way across the width of the guard. The roughening of the surface of the guard or the use of suction pulling material is desirable as it simulates the feeling of the finger, the leading surface of the guard making it unnecessary and even undesirable to stretch a large area of skin either in advance or in rear of the razor, the stretching and releasing being confined to the immediate area between the guard and blade edge which area is to be shaved.
The razor performs best and most comfortably after the face has been lathered by simply passing it over the skin without any stretching thus giving a close and uniformly comfortable shave without abrasion. using only the hand that propels the razor.
The parts are so arranged that the flow of skin across the guard and from its release point on the 20 guard, which is the point of deformation of the skin. to the edge of the blade is in a path to present the hair squarely to the cutting edge of the blade. This invention is applicable to various forms of razors but I have illustrated it applied to a razor using a flat blade on a flat blade platform.
1. In a safety razor, a guard having a skinengaging surface formed of a leading surface and so the latter surface having a relatively small radius. the said skin-engaging surface being slightly roughened to pull slightly on the skin when the razor is passed across the skin, the trailing surface being disposed so that it compensates for excess pressure of the guard on the skin.
2. A safety razor comprising a means for holding a blade, a sharpened blade in said means, a guard in advance of and below the blade edge and ,having a curved skin-engaging surface, the leading part of said surface having a radius approximately equal to the distance between the blade edge and the point of said surface tangent to a line passing across the blade edge, the skin engaging surface having a curved trailing surface with a radius much smaller than the radius of the leading surface and tangent to said line.
a OCTAVIUS VICTOR RODRIGUES.