|Publication number||US2050535 A|
|Publication date||Aug 11, 1936|
|Filing date||Nov 26, 1935|
|Priority date||Nov 26, 1935|
|Publication number||US 2050535 A, US 2050535A, US-A-2050535, US2050535 A, US2050535A|
|Inventors||Edgar J Martel|
|Original Assignee||Edgar J Martel|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (35), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 11, 1936. E. .1. MARTEL STOCKING WITH ELASTIC AREAS Filed Nov. 26, 1955 Patented Aug. 11', 1936 UNITED STATES PATET OFFICE STOCKING WITH ELASTIC AREAS Edgar J. Martel, Laconia, N. H. Application November 26, 1935, Serial No. 51,609
It is an object of the invention to provide a stocking which will present a sightly appearance but which will be adapted to provide extra support for the arch'of the foot so as to tend to prevent falling arches and to achieve other beneficial results.
According to the invention, I provide fa stocking or the like having a front portion knit in the customary manner of inelastic yarn so that the stocking for the most part presents the customary appearance. For arch-supporting purposes, I knit into a substantial area of the sole portion of the stocking an additional yarn consisting of a very fine filament of rubber having a covering of cotton, silk, rayon or the like. Elastic yarns of this kind can now be obtained in sizes small enough to be knitted by the needles of knitting machines regularly used in the manufacture of stockings, socks and the like. The elastic yarn is preferably knitted in with the inelastic yarn in designated areas after the manner of a reinforcing yarn. Thus, if desired, the elastic yarn maym be knitted with the inelastic yarn in every stitch in such areas, or, if less bulk is desired in such areas, the elastic yam may be knitted into certain stitches oi the inelastic yarn and floated past intervening stitches or the elastic yarn may be knitted into selected courses of loops. Knitting elastic yam with the inelastic yarn in a substantial portion of the sole of a stocking results in an arch-supporting effect without detracting from the appearance of the stocking when worn. Additional support for the arch may be obtained by extending the elastic area so asto encircle the heel pocket. This in eifect provides an elastic band engaging the tendon of the wearer above the heel and extending down to the sole area on both sides of the heel, thus pulling upwardly on the sole area, especially the portion thereofadjacent to the heel pocket. V
If desired, the elastic area' above the heel at the rear of the stocking may be extended, preferably in a relatively narrow bandyup the back or seam of the stocking. If a garter effect is desired at the top of the stocking, this band may be widened at the top of the stocking into an area of substantial circumferential dimension to provide circumferential tension at the top of the stocking and thus to obviate the need for a separate garter.
Other advantageous features of the invention will be apparent to one skilled in the art from the description thereof which follows and from the illustration thereof on the drawing of which Figure 1 is a view of a stocking embodying the 10 invention.
Figures 2 and 3 are fragmentary elevations of stockings having diiferently arranged elastic areas.
Figure 4 is a diagrammatic showing of one 15 manner of knitting elastic yarn with the inelastic yarn.
Figure 5 is a diagrammatic showing of a different way of knitting elastic yarn with the inelastic yarn.
In Figure 1 is illustrated a stocking l0 made of 20 silk, cotton, rayon or other substantially inelastic yarn and having the usual toe pocket I2 and heel pocket l4. According to the invention, into the sole portion IE, or a substantial part of it, is 25 knitted an elastic yarn with the inelastic yarn.
The elastic yarn, being formed into loops by the knitting needles, results in an area of knitted fabric which has tension in two directions and which exerts a supporting force on the in tep of 5 20' on either side of the heel pocket. In such case, the heel pocket is entirely surrounded by elastic fabric so that the areas l8 and 20 form a loop which engages the tendon of the wearer abpve the heel and exerts a supporting force on the area It, particularly that portion of the area which is adjacent to the heel pocket II and thus comes immediately beneath the cuneiform bone which-is the keystone of the bony arch structure improve the fit of the stocking by providing an 5/ elastic area to take up any slack which might otherwise result in looseness of fit at any portion of the stocking leg. At the top of the stocking, a wider area 24 may be provided, this area being adapted to provide enough circumferential tension to act as a hose supporter and to obviate the use of an encircling garter or supporter of any other type.
Figure 2 illustrates a stocking wherein the sole area I6 is connected by connecting areas 20 to a heel area 28 somewhat similar to the area I8 but having no seam area 22 extending up therefrom.
Figure 3 illustrates another embodiment of the invention, comprising a sole area 30 which is somewhat wider than the sole area l6 and is connected to a heel area 32 by connecting areas 34, the heel area being shown as narrowing to a point.
It is evident from the illustrations on the drawing that the stocking embodying the inventions presents substantially the customary appearance, such stocking having no elastic reinforcing yarn in the front portion thereof from top to toe, although I would not deem it a departure from the invention to supply a stocking having elastic. area encircling the top of the stocking; The entire stocking is knitted of inelastic thread, the elastic thread being added only to such portions thereof as form the elastic areas. If desired, in the elastic areas the elastic reinforcing yarn may be knitted into every stitch of the inelastic yarn. This results in a comparatively bulky fabric owing to the comparative bulk of the elastic yarn. If less bulk is desired, the elastic yarn in the elastic areas may be knitted into alternate courses or into every third or fourth course, as desired. For example, in Figure 4 is shown a diagrammatic view of elastic yarn 40 knitted in the usual manner,
.there being added to alternate courses thereof an elastic yarn 42. Obviously, two or more courses can be skipped each time instead of the single courses skipped as shown in Figure 4. Figure 5 illustrates another way of reducing the bulk of the elastic areas. Astherein shown, the elastic yarn is knitted into every course but loops are formed only with alternate loops of the inelastic yarn 40. As shown, the stitches including the elastic yarn are formed in wales alternating with wales past which the elastic yarn is floated. There may be two or more spacing wales between successive wales containing elastic yarn stitches, if desired. Or, if desired, the stitches including the elastic yarn may me staggered in successive courses so that all of the wales may contain loops of elastic yarn.
Stockings embodying the invention may be knitted upon circular machines or upon flat machines, the elastic yarn being introduced in the same manner as reinforcing yarns are customarily introduced. The variations illustrated in Figures 4 and 5 may be obtained by suitable ,control of the feeding finger through which the elastic yarn is supplied or by the control of individual knitting needles, or both.
It is evident that various modifications and changes may be made in the particular embodiments of the invention herein shown and described without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.
1. A stocking or the like knitted of inelastic yarn, said stocking having an arch-supporting area in which an elastic yarn is knitted into certain of the stitches of inelastic yarn. said area comprising a substantial portion of the sole of the stocking and entirely encircling the heel pocket, the front of the ankle and foot portions of said stocking having no elastic yarn therein.
2. A stocking or the like knitted of inelastic yarn, said stocking having limited areas in which an elastic yarn is knitted in with the inelastic yarn, said areas consisting of a substantial portion of the sole, an area immediately above the heel pocket, and areas connecting said sole and heel areas to encircle the heel pocket, the front of the ankle and foot portions of the stocking having an elastic yarn therein.
3. A stocking or the like knitted of inelastic yarn, said stocking having an area in which elastic yarn is knitted into spaced stitches of the inelastic yarn and floated past the inter-' vening stitches, said area including a substantial portion of the sole of the stocking and entirely surrounding the heel pocket, the front of the ankle and foot portions of said stocking having no elastic yarn therein.
4; A stocking or the like knitted of inelastic yarn, said stocking having an area in which an elastic yarn is knitted in with the inelastic yarn, said area extending up the back of the stocking from the heel pocket to the top and comprising a narrow intermediate portion and wider portions adjacent to the heel pocket and top, the front of said stocking from top to toe having no elastic yarn therein.
5. A stocking or the like knitted of inelastic yarn, said stocking having an area in which an elastic yarn is knitted in withthe inelastic yarn, said area comprising a substantial portion of the sole and entirely encircling the heel pocket, said area also extending up the back of the stocking to the top thereof and widening nearthe top, the front of said stocking from top to toe having no elastic yarn therein.
6. A stocking or the like knitted of inelastic yarn, said stocking having connected areas in which an elastic yarn is knitted in with the inelastic yam, one said area comprising a portion of the sole of the stocking, another said area being at the rear of the upper portion of the stocking, the front of said stocking having no elastic yarn therein.
EDGAR J. MAR'I'EL.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2503444 *||Oct 23, 1947||Apr 11, 1950||Scott & Williams Inc||Rib knitted fabric containing inlaid rubber and bare knitted rubber|
|US2581322 *||Apr 7, 1949||Jan 1, 1952||James R Kendrick Co Inc||Elastic fabric|
|US2627173 *||Feb 26, 1948||Feb 3, 1953||Hirsch Harry||Two-way stretch fabric|
|US3386270 *||Apr 18, 1966||Jun 4, 1968||Alamance Ind Inc||Man's support sock and method of forming same|
|US3425246 *||Sep 22, 1966||Feb 4, 1969||Kendall & Co||Protuberance covering tubular elastic garments|
|US3501930 *||May 16, 1967||Mar 24, 1970||Chadbourn Inc||Sheer knit fabric|
|US4149274 *||Oct 10, 1978||Apr 17, 1979||Alba-Waldensian, Incorporated||Anti-slip hosiery article and method|
|US4216662 *||Mar 3, 1978||Aug 12, 1980||Pickett Hosiery Mills, Inc.||Cushion stitch construction for men's hosiery|
|US5103656 *||Mar 27, 1990||Apr 14, 1992||Nk Mills, Inc.||Split-heel sock|
|US6471219||Mar 21, 2000||Oct 29, 2002||Benetton Sportsystem Usa, Inc.||Adjustable fit in-line skate|
|US6588771||Jun 11, 2002||Jul 8, 2003||Benetton Sportsystem Usa, Inc.||Adjustable fit in-line skate|
|US7587915 *||Oct 21, 2008||Sep 15, 2009||Okamoto Corporation||Sock|
|US7748240 *||Mar 4, 2009||Jul 6, 2010||James Paul Cherneski||Foot gripping garment|
|US7757518 *||Mar 2, 2009||Jul 20, 2010||Okamoto Corporation||Sock|
|US7971280 *||Feb 8, 2006||Jul 5, 2011||Okamoto Corporation||Socks|
|US8424116 *||Mar 6, 2007||Apr 23, 2013||7933657 Canada, Inc.||Sock|
|US8495765 *||Dec 23, 2008||Jul 30, 2013||Okamoto Corporation||Sock|
|US8505120 *||Jul 5, 2006||Aug 13, 2013||X-Technology Swiss Gmbh||Sock|
|US8572766 *||Jan 14, 2011||Nov 5, 2013||Bear In Mind Company||Socks having areas of varying stretchability and methods of manufacturing same|
|US20040094916 *||Jul 7, 2003||May 20, 2004||Olson Todd Jack||Adjustable fit in-line skate|
|US20060196260 *||Mar 7, 2006||Sep 7, 2006||Khajavi C S||Simple method and apparatus for quickly and accurately determining pressure points imposed on the foot by a ski boot|
|US20090044313 *||Mar 6, 2007||Feb 19, 2009||Pacific Brands Clothing Pty Ltd||Sock|
|US20090100877 *||Oct 21, 2008||Apr 23, 2009||Okamoto Corporation||Sock|
|US20090126081 *||Jul 5, 2006||May 21, 2009||X-Technology Swiss Gmbh||Sock|
|US20090165190 *||Dec 23, 2008||Jul 2, 2009||Takahiro Araki||Sock|
|US20090223254 *||Feb 6, 2009||Sep 10, 2009||Manabu Ishida||Sock and process for the production thereof|
|US20090276939 *||Mar 2, 2009||Nov 12, 2009||Kenji Sho||Sock|
|US20090282607 *||Feb 8, 2006||Nov 19, 2009||Masatoshi Kaneda||Socks|
|US20110107501 *||Jul 6, 2009||May 12, 2011||Takemasa Kawahara||Socks and production method of same|
|US20110119807 *||Nov 24, 2009||May 26, 2011||Dellacorte Michael||Article for alleviating bunion deformity and pain|
|US20120180195 *||Jan 14, 2011||Jul 19, 2012||James Troy Shull||Socks having areas of varying stretchability and methods of manufacturing same|
|US20120284902 *||Jan 24, 2011||Nov 15, 2012||Kazuhiko Matsuo||Foot wear|
|EP2526790A1 *||Jan 24, 2011||Nov 28, 2012||Kowa Company, Ltd.||Foot wear|
|EP2526790A4 *||Jan 24, 2011||Jan 8, 2014||Kowa Co||Foot wear|
|WO2014183030A1 *||May 9, 2014||Nov 13, 2014||Aaron Hennings||High perfomance sport socks|
|U.S. Classification||66/178.00R, 66/185, 66/182, 66/178.00A|
|Cooperative Classification||D04B1/18, D04B1/26|
|European Classification||D04B1/18, D04B1/26|