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Publication numberUS2050617 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 11, 1936
Filing dateOct 28, 1935
Publication numberUS 2050617 A, US 2050617A, US-A-2050617, US2050617 A, US2050617A
InventorsIsaac Litner
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cabinet
US 2050617 A
Images(2)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented Aug. 11, 1936 umrEo STATES PATENT OFFICE CABINET Isaac Litner, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Application October 28, 1935, Serial No. 47,080

9 Claims. (01. 312-169) This invention relates to a kitchen cabinet, particularly of the type adapted for combinative use witha sink-washtub unit.

In many cases where combinations of this class have heretofore been used, the sink-washtub unit frequently rests upon the cabinet, causing strains and a consequent distortion thereof, particularly because of the fact that a hollow cabinet, by its very nature, is not ordinarily constructed to sustain heavy loads. It is hence one of the objects of my invention to combinatively employ a kitchen cabinet with a sinkwashtub unit in such a manner as to relieve the cabinet properof any strain, which is accomplished by suspending the cabinet from vertical posts certain of which serve as supports for the said unit. And in order to further strengthen this device structurally, I employ in this form of cabinet certain other novel structural elements which are adapted to prevent the lateral twisting and displacement of the framework thereof, as will more specifically hereinafter appear.

Another defect of most devices in this category resides in the difficulty in cleaning the floor therebeneath. Some cabinets rest directly upon the floor, and others are so closely spaced therefrom, that not only is there no toe room, but there is also insumcient space to enable ready and convenient access to be had for cleaning purposes. It is hence another object of my invention to render the cleaning of the floor below the cabinet readily effective, a purpose which I accomplish by providing, in anovel manner, removable bottoms which can be withdrawn through the front doors of the cabinet, whereupon the floor can be cleaned by reaching into the cabinet and through the open base thereof.

Another object of this invention is to render a device of this nature quickly 'adjustable to sink and washtub units of various heights; and

still another object is to provide a structurethe entire interior space whereof is adapted for economical utilization, and where certain of the elements serve several structural purposes.

Other objects, features and advantages will appear from the drawings and the description hereinafter given.

Referring to the drawings,

Figure 1 is a front view showing the cabinet constitutingr -my invention combinatlvely positioned with respect toa sink-washtub unit.

Figure 2 is a'fragmentary sectional plan taken along line 2-2-of Figure 1.

. members 31 to which are pivotally connected the and 23.

Figure 3 is a sectional plan of Figure 1 taken along line 33 showing one of the drawers partly open.

Figure 4 is a transverse section of Figure 3 taken along line 4-4. ,5

Figure 5 is a fragmentary vertical section looking forwardly, taken along line 5-5 of Figure 3,

and

Figure 6 is a fragmentary transverse sectionof Figure 3 taken along line 6-6.

In the drawings, the cabinet proper I0 is positioned underneath the slnk-washtub unit II, the latter being suitably securedto the wall l2 and supported by the two posts l3 and H. The cab-e inet I0 is shown positioned behind the lower portion of apron I5, and is out of engagement and entirely free of any contact with the unit ll,--sa.id cabinet being adjustably suspended from posts I?! and I4 and the rear posts l6 and II, in a manner to be more specifically hereinafter described.

The cabinet proper contains a front wall It, side walls I! and 20 and rearwall 2|,the front wall having therein apertures with peripheral recesses to accommodate the doors 22 and 23 and the drawers 24 and 25. It will be noted that the drawer 24 is adapted to extend underneath the relatively shallow sink portion of the unit, and hence is longer than the drawer 25 which extends only up to the front wall of the relatively deeper washtub portion of the unit.

The said front wall I8 is joinedto the side wells I9 and 20 by the corner members 2 and 21 respectively, the lateral edges of these comer members being inwardly flanged, and suitably secured to the inwardly extending flanges 28 and 29 of the side walls and the inwardly extending flanges 30 and 3| of the front wall. Attached to the flanged junctures of the front wall and the corner members are the brackets 32, ll, 04 and 35,-these brackets containing cylindrical portions slidably mounted over the posts 13 and H. Each of said cylindrical portions is provided with set screws 36 extending: therethrough and into engagement with the posts, thereby'releasablyholding them in fixed predetermined positions. Also secured to said flanged junctures of the front wall and corner pieces are the hinge arcuate sectors 38 secured to the front doors 22 '50 "The horizontally disposedrail, serving as a partial support for the drawer 24, contains preferably integral therewith the two extensions 40 and ll, the former being secured to the flanged juncture between the side wall I! and the corner member 26, and the latter being flanged and secured to the aforesaid flanged juncture between the front wall and the comer member 2. The webs 42 and 43 serve to increase the structural strength of the rail 39 and its two extensions.

It thus appears that the corner pieces 23 and 21 serve not only the purpose of completing the lateral enclosure of the cabinet, but also the additional functions of providing suspension supports for the brackets 32, 33, 34 and 35, and supports for the drawer rail 39 and the doors 22 and 23. It will furthermore be noted that the said flanged junctures, together with the other structural elements such as the extensions 4|! and M and the ribs 42'and 43 add considerable strength to the assembly, providing rigidity to prevent lateral distortion or twisting of the cabinet.

The plate 44, extending rearwardly from the front of the cabinet, contains at the lateral edges thereof depressed portions adapted to serve'as rails for the drawers 24 and 25, and the plate 45 serves as atop guide for both of these drawers,- both of these plates containing at their forward ends overlapping vertical lips secured to the front central portion 41 of the cabinet by suitable bolts 48 and 49.

The base of the cabinet is elevated from the floor as shown, and is entirely open, and contains the angle bars 50 and 5| at the sides thereof, the angle bar 52 at the rear thereof and the flanged portion 53 at the front thereof. The floor of the cabinet contains three partitions 56, 51 and 58 in abutting relationship and superimpdsed upon the said members 50, 5|, I2 and 53. The said floors have their edges bent downwardly to form lateral flanges, and their corners removed to clear the posts. l3, H, II and l1. s

In adjusting this device into place in combinative use with a sink-washtub unit, the nuts 53 and 60 which are mounted over the upper threaded portions of the posts [3 and I4, are moved to a relatively low position, and the tubular members 81 and 62, constituting the upper portions of the posts, are mounted in-place and superimposed upon the said nuts; and the screws 36 are loosened to allow the cabinet to slide downwardly to as low a position as'possible. The entire device is then pushed underneath the sink-washtub unit so as to clear the apron IS. The nuts 59 and 60 are then manipulated upwardly to bring the tubular members GI and 62 into supporting engagement with the underside of the said unit, and then the cabinet is raised to its proper position, but not in engagement with any portion of the said unit; and when the screws 36 are tightened, the device is in place ready for operative use.

It will be noted that the rearwardly dispose posts it and I! are relatively short, inasmuch as they do not serve the purpose of supporting the sink-washtub unit, but merely the cabinet proper,the length of these posts being sufllcient to allow for the small vertical movement of the cabinet during the adjusting operation.

The width of the partitions 56,- 51 and 53 are smaller than the diagonal door openings in the front wall thereby enabling them to be readily removed so that access may be niade to cleanv the floor therebelow. It will also be noted that all the space within the cabinet is efliciently utilized; and particular note should be taken of the factthat the drawer 25 enables the space at that portion to serve a useful function whereas it might otherwise prove to be of no value. It should further be noted that the recessed portions of the front wall allow the doors and 3 drawers to be in flush relation with the front wall, so that there are no elements protruding beyond the apron of the sink to annoy a person standing close by. The space between; the cabinet and the floor provides suflicient toe room so that a person can conveniently use the sinkwashtub unit without inconvenient positioning of the feet.

It'is of course understood that the various embodiments above described and shown in the drawings are illustrative of my invention and not employed by way of limitation, inasmuch as numerous changes and modifications may be made within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the spirit of this invention.

What I claim is:

1. In combination with a cabinet adapted for operative positioning underneath a sink-washtub unit suitably secured to a wall, a plurality of 25 vertical posts two of which are in supporting engagement with the underside of said unit, the cabinet being fidiustably suspended from said posts and positioned underneath said unit and out of engagement therewith.

2. In a cabinet adapted for operative positioning underneath a sink-washtub unit, a plurality of vertical posts two of which are in supporting engagement with the underside of said unit, a plurality of brackets attached to the cabinet and in slidable engagement with the posts and supportable thereby, and means for releasably securing said brackets to the posts atpredetermined points 'therealong; said cabinet proper being out of engagement with said unit.

3. In combination with a cabinet adapted for positioning underneath a sink-washtub unit, a plurality of vertical posts two of which contain adjustable telescopic means in supporting engagement with the underside of said unit, the cabinet being adjustably suspended from 'said posts and positioned underneath said unit and out of engagement therewith.

4. In combination with a cabinet adapted for positioning underneath a sink-ywashtub unit, a plurality of verticalposts certain of which support the forward portion of the unit, each of said latter posts containing threaded portions, nuts operatively mounted thereover and tubular supporting members superimposed upon said nuts, the cabinet being positioned underneath the unit and out of engagement therewith, and a plurality of brackets attached to the cabinet and releasably and adjustably secured to and supported by said posts.

5. In combination with a cabinet adapted for positioning underneath a sink-washtub unit, a plurality of vertical posts certain of which are in supporting engagement with'the underside of said unit, the cabinet being positioned under- 5 neath said unit and containing two vertical comer members connecting the front and side walls thereof, the adjacent lateral edges of said members and walls being inwardly bent and secured together in abutting relationship to form 70 flanged junctures; a plurality of brackets secured to said flanged junctures and slidably mounted over said posts, and means for releasably securing the brackets to the posts.

6. In combination with a cabinet adapted for positioning underneath a sink-washtub unit, a plurality of vertical posts certain of which are in supporting engagement with the underside of said unit, the cabinet being adjustably suspended from said posts and containing two vertical corner members connecting the front and side walls thereof, the adjacent lateral edges of said members and walls being inwardly bent and secured together in abutting relationship to form flanged junctures; and a rigid horizontal member containing two extensions suitably secured to the said flanged junctures of one of said corners.

7. In combination with a cabinet adapted for positioning underneath a sink-washtub unit, a plurality of vertical posts certain of which are in supporting engagement with the underside of said unit, the cabinet being adjustably suspended from said posts and containing two vertical corner members connecting the front and side walls thereof, the adjacent lateral edges of said members and walls being inwardly bent and secured together in abutting relationship to form flanged junctures; a plurality of hinge brackets secured to certain of said flanged junctures, and cabinet doors operatively supported by said brackets.

8. In combination with a cabinet adapted for positioning underneath a sink-washtub unit, a plurality of vertical posts certain of which are in supporting engagement with the underside of said unit, the cabinet being adjustably suspended from said posts and containing two vertical comer members connecting the front and side walls thereof, the adjacent lateral edges of said members and walls being inwardly bent and secured together in abutting relationship to form flanged junctures; a horizontal rail adapted for slidably accommodating a drawer, two extensions integral with said rail and suitably secured to the flanged junctures of one of said corners, a 5

plate attached to and extending rearwardly from the front wall of the cabinet, said plate being depressed at the lateral sides thereof to form drawer-supporting rails, one of said depressed sides being adapted to cooperably coact with the 10 first mentioned rail, and another plate in spaced parallel relation to the aforesaid plate and coactive therewith for operative engagement with drawers therebetween.

9. In a cabinet structure adapted for operative l5 positioning underneath a sink-washtub unit, a plurality of vertical posts certain of which are. in supporting engagement with the underside of said unit, two vertical corner members connecting the front and side walls of the cabinet. 20 the adjacent lateral edges of said members and walls being inwardly bent and secured together in abutting relationship to form' flanged junctures; a plurality of brackets secured to said, flanged junctures and slidably mounted over said posts, hinged means secured to said bracket and adapted to support a door, a door in the front wall of the cabinet and supported by said hinged means, two rails for 'operatively supporting a 30 drawer, one of said rails being secured to the said flanged junctures and the other to the front wall of the cabinet, and a drawer operatively supported by said rails.

ISAAC LITNER. 35

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2731318 *Jul 17, 1953Jan 17, 1956Hoff DavidPortable lavatory cabinet with step drawer
US2732273 *Jul 31, 1953Jan 24, 1956 Schaffner
US2758902 *May 3, 1951Aug 14, 1956Lyon Metal Products IncLocker wardrobe
US2772938 *Apr 11, 1955Dec 4, 1956Oculato PatsyAdjustable kitchen cabinet construction
US3032382 *Nov 21, 1958May 1, 1962Waste King CorpDishwasher frame
US3502384 *Apr 5, 1968Mar 24, 1970Gipson Ethel LAdjustable sink with cabinets
US4936117 *Nov 25, 1985Jun 26, 1990Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki KaishaWashing apparatus
US5909933 *Feb 2, 1998Jun 8, 1999Keene; Jeffrey CErgonomic adjustable work surface system
US5915851 *Oct 2, 1997Jun 29, 1999Whirlpool CorporationWater dispensing and draining appliance
US6877825 *Feb 13, 2003Apr 12, 2005Maytag CorporationModular kitchen system
Classifications
U.S. Classification312/228, 312/210, 312/351.3, 4/630, 312/257.1, 4/642, 312/313
Cooperative ClassificationA47L15/4242