US 2051428 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Aug. 18, 1936 UNITED sTArEs ATENT oFFicE HINGE Herbert Ernest Tatlow, Solihull, England Application July 9, 1935, Serial No. 30,552 In Great Britain January 17, 1935 3 Claims. (Cl. 16-140) This invention relates to hinges of the type in ameter as the hemi-spherical part a, the two which a bearing member is arranged on the parts being coi-axially arranged with respect to hinge pin between the two hinge members. each other and to the hinge pin b.
Where, as has been proposed, the bearing mem- When the hinge is in use the movable member freely, and quietly, especially when, in conseto move in any direction in its seating in the quence of a defect in the hanging of the door or fixed member c1 to allow the door to adJust itself 10 of deformation of the door pillars, one member of in a universal manner to compensate for mis- 10 the hinge has to adjust itself accordingly alignment of the hinges or deformation of the The obJect of the present invention is to prodoor pillars. vide an imoroved construction of hinge in which Instead of mounting the bearing member l5 turn freely upon the bearing member without xed to or formed as a part thereof in which 15 side play and in such la manner that wear becase suiiiclent clearance will be provided between tween them is automatically taken up, while the pin and the holes in the lugs c, c1 to allow the same time the said bearing member is free the bearing member to move freely in its seating to move in the xed hinge member to allow the in the fixed hinge plate. A coiled compression 2O door to adjust itself in a universal manner to spring f is preferably housed in a recess c5 in 20 or deformation of the door pillars. tween the relatively movable parts of the hinge, A hinge of the kind herein referred to emsaid spring bearing at one end against a shoulder bodying the present invention is characterized c'- in said recess and at the other end against the tion at one end and of nomi-spherical shape at The said pin is preferably formed with a conithe other, the geometrical centre of the heniical head b2 which takes a Seating in thev upper spherical part lying in the axis of the cone. end of the lug c. The said head may, as shown In the accompanying drawing, in dotted lines, be formed as a nipple to receive 0 Figure l is a sectional view of a hinge embodylubricant frOm a grease gun. 30
ing the present invention. The bearing member itself can be made of any Figure 2 is a detail perspective View of the imsuitable material, such as steel, brass or selfproved bearing member. lubricating material, while the hinge plates can Referring to the drawing, a represents the imbe made from strip or bar steel of any suitable i proved bearing member which, as shown in Fig- Section, or 0f malleable iron, brass 0r any other 35 ure 1, is loosely arranged on the hinge pin b appropriate metal Ol 241105- between the usual lugs c, cl formed on the mov- I claim:- able and fixed hinge plates d, al1 respectively. l. A hinge comprising a. xed hinge member As will be seen, the upper part a1 of the bearand a relatively movable hinge member, said ing member is of conical formation and is members having coi-axially arranged knuckles, 40 adapted to provide a self-adjusting bearing for the inner end of the knuckle on said relatively the movable hinge plate d carrying the door, a movable member having a conical recess and the correspondingly formed recess c3 being formed in Opposed inner end 0f the knuckle 0f the fiXSd the underside of the lug c to accommodate this member having a semi-spherical seat, in combi'- part of the bearing member. A suitable angle nation with a bearing member having a conical 45 for the cone would be about 60 as this will proportion adapted to engage said conical recess and vide an adequate bearing surface for a given lug a heini-spherical portion adapted to take a beardiameter without risk of the bearing having any ing in the semi-spherical seat, and a pivot pin tendency to bind. passing through said knuckles and bearing 'Ilie lower part o2 of the bearing member is of member. 50 hemi-spherical formation and has a loose seating 2. A hinge comprising a xed hinge member in a correspondingly formed recess c4, in the and a relatively movable hinge member having upper end of the lug c1 of the fixed hinge plate d1. co-axially arranged perforated knuckles, of 'Ihe base of the conical part al of the bearing which the knuckle of the relatively movable member may be of approximately the same dimember has a conical recess in its inner end and 55 the opposed end of the knuckle of the fixed tric with its perforation, in combination with a member having a semi-spherical recess, a pivot pintle extending through said perforations for pin passing through said knuckles, a bearing connecting said knuckles, and a centrally bored member arranged upon said pin between said bearing element disposed about said pintle be- 5 knuckles and having a conical portion adapted tween said knuckles and having a conical por- 5 to engage the said conical recess and to provide tion received in said conical recess and about a bearing for said relatively movable member which the knuckle of the movable member may and a heini-Spherical portion adapted to take a have partial rotation and being formed with a seating in the semi-spherical recess ofsaid fixed helm-Spherion portion seated in the Opposed z 10 member and means adapte@ automatically t0 hemi-spherical recess of the knuckle of said fixed 10 takeup wear between the hlnge kllukle and member for universal turning movement therein bearmg memberto adjust the position of said bearing element 3' A hmge. Compnsmg a' fixed hmge'membr with relation to said xed member as may be and a" relatlvely movable hmge member Sam necessar the 'nternal diameter of the bore of 15 members having coaxially arranged perforated y. l v 15 knuckles, the inner end of the knuckle of Said said bearing element being appreciably 1n excess of the greatest cross-sectional dimension o that relatively movable member having a conical recess concentric With its perforation and the Portlon 0f Sad pmu@ normally diSpOSed 111 Sald opposed inner end of the knuckle of the fixed b01`e Y 20 member having a hemi-spherical recess concen- HERBERT ERNEST TATLOW. 20