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Publication numberUS2051730 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 18, 1936
Filing dateDec 6, 1934
Priority dateDec 6, 1934
Publication numberUS 2051730 A, US 2051730A, US-A-2051730, US2051730 A, US2051730A
InventorsMccandless Ruth G
Original AssigneeMccandless Ruth G
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Face shield
US 2051730 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 18A, 1936. R. G. MccANDLEss FACE SHIELD Filed Dec. 6, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ATTORNEYS Aug. `18, 1936. l R. G. Mc'cANDLEss l A 2,051,730

FACE SHIELD Filed Dec. 6, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

Patented Aug. g 18, 1936 UNITED sTATEs PATENT OFFICE 2,051,130

auch e? monnaies, Immun, Hebr.

Application December 6, 1934, Serial No. 756,226

12 Claims.

The present invention relates to a face shield.

and it particularly relates to a shield to assure a. supply of fresh air to the face of a person, the

' other parts of whcxse head arev beingsubjected to treatment with a heated atmosphere, and/or for a person who may be compelled to work or otherwise be located in an undesirable atmosphere.

In certain hair treating operations it is cus-V tomary to blow a blast of heated air upon the hair of the person, and this blast of heated air often makes respiration uncomfortable and undesirably aiects the nasal and throat passages of the person whose hair is being treated. V

In addition, it is often necessary for workers in many lines todo certain tasks in the presence of unpleasant fumes or chemical vapors, and it is desirable that they be permitted to work with full vision and full ability to maintain a conversation without being disadvantageously aiected by such fumes or chemical vapors.

An object of the present invention is to provide an improved face shield device which will assure adequate ventilation of the face of persons whose hair is being treated and/ or who must work in an c undesirable atmosphere, which shield will be of inexpensive construction and will be substantially indestructible although subjected to rough usage, and which will not seriously inconvenience the wearer either in respect to vision or conversational powers, or in respect to causing discomfort.

Another object is to provide an improved face shield for supplying a person, as above described, with fresh air which may be readily transported with the person and which is universally adaptable to being utilized in connection with treatment of the hair and/or other purposes.

Other objects will appear during the course of the following specification.

In accomplishing the above objects it has been found most satisfactory to provide a shield which will t around the users face, which shield is provided with one or more passages and with a series of openings admitting air from said passages to the interior of said shield and yacross the face of the wearer.

The ow of air is preferably accomplished by a small electric blower which may be supported nearby the user, or which may be suspended on the body of the user to be transported. If desired, the intake of such blower may be provided with suitable filtering equipment of a mechanical or chemical nature to remove or control any impurities in the atmosphere.

The shield may be provided with suitable straps or other attachment means so that it can be the ends It of the member it is formed into a readily applied to the face of the user, or4 it' may be readily suspended from the equipment utilized for treating the hair, as for example in connection with hair driers such as are used in beauty parlors. 5 'Ihe above and other objects will appear more fully when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings whichillustrate a preferred emof the user.

Figure 2 is a side view upon an enlarged scal showing the shield of Fig. 1 suspended from hair drying equipment.

Figure 3 is a side view in partial section of the shield by itself upon a still larger scale.

Figure 4 is a side view showing how the shield of Figs. 1 to 3 may be applied to the head of a user for convenient transportation.

Figure 5 is a side sectional view upon an enlarged scale upon the line 5"--5 of Fig. 4.

Figure 6 is a fragmentary view upon an enlarged scale of an alternative embodiment of a shield illustrating the method of application to the face of the user.

Referring to Figs. 1 and Stheshield II) is formed of a substantially cylindrical sheet of metal which is open at its lower end, as indicated at II, and which may be tapered to converge toward the face of the user, as indicated at I2 in Fig. 3.

The adjacent ends Il at the bottom of the shield are held together by the strap members I2 which may be riveted, welded or otherwise'connected to said edgesII; as indicated at I3 in Figs. 3 and 5. I

Welded to the rear outside face of the shield is the peripheral enclosure I provided with the flanges I5 contacting the outside periphery of the shield It. The interior of the passage I6 formed inside the member i4 is provided with a series of openings il, spaced about the interior of the cylindrical body of the shield Iii. One of tube indicated at I@ in Fig. 3, which tube has a nipple 2li to which may be connected the hose 2l, see also Fig. l, connected to the electrical blower 2t. l

Referring .to Fig. 1 the electrical blower 22 is supplied with the electricalconduits 23 and is .supported at 2d upon a stand 25 haying a base of which holds the base member 30 carrying the arm 3|.

The arm 3| is connected at 32 to the bracket 33 which may be welded or otherwise attached at.

shown in Fig. 1, and with the blower -22 operat-l ing, a blast of fresh air will be directed tol the tube 2|, into the passageway I6, and from 'this passageway i6 through the openings l1 over and onto the face of the person 31, with assurance that' said person will always be breathing fresli air and win not be subjected toune blast of heated air directed kon the hair 36 in the enclosure 35. It is of course readily possible to support the shield l in other mannersanother type of suitable supporting means being shownin Fig. 2.

In Fig. 2 to the top of the dome or semispherical blower element 35 is connected the bracket 38, which is pivotally connected at its forward end 39 to the downwardly extending link 40, which link in turn is pivotally connected at 4| to the bracket 62 on the shieldY I0. The wing nuts 43 and 44 enable iixing -of` the shield in any desired position on the face of the user. As shown in Fig. 4 the shield also'may be made readily transportable by providing the head attachment straps 45, 46, al, 48 and 59, which are suitably connected to the inner edge of the shield l0 at a plurality of points, as indicated at 50.

In the embodiment of Fig. 4 the blower 22 may be conveniently supported about the person of the wearer, as may also a conveniently sized actuating battery, or the blower may be actuated by the movement of the legs of the arms o the user.

The inner edges of the shields are usually shaped so as to closely and conveniently t the face of the wearer, but iil desired, as indicated upon Fig. 6, the inner edge 5I may be provided with a'. rubberredge 52 Ito closely flt the face of the wearer.

If desired, it is also possible to utilize various other types of face conforming means such as straps and so forth.

As shown in Fig. 5 it is'possible to regulate the blast of air from the blower 22 of Fig. 1 and through* the opening il by the valve 53, which may be most readily regulated by the user of the device.

It is thus evidentthat the' present invention provides a shield which may be most conveniently fitted upon the user's face and which will assure the user of a supply of freshl cool air for comfortable respiration in the presence of blasts of heated air, unpleasant fumes, or chemical vapors. The structure as shown may be most readily constructed at a very low cost, is not readily deranged and is not of great weight. The body of the shield I0 may be made of light weight metal or of plastic sheet material.

The device of the present invention will also protect the face of industrial workers from undesirable fumes, flying particles, dirt, dust and so forth which may be circulating in the air.

In ccnnection with beauty parlors, the shield will avoid the discomfort due to the forcing of blasts of hot air over the face and due to the respiration of the heated air for considerable periods of time. 'I'he shield of the presentinvention protects the patrons face from blasts of air from the ldrier and a moderate currentci cool air keeps the patrons face at a comfortable temperature, and p'lovides cool air for.comfort able respiration.

It will be noted that the shield does not inter- I fere with the vision por conversation of the user.

What is claimed is:

lf. A face shield of the character described comcircumference thereof, to direct a current of fresh air across the face of the user.

2. A face shield of the character described comprising a split cylindrical shell to substantiallycompletely encircle the face of the user without substantially covering and masking the face, said yshell carrying a tubular air passage on. the exterior thereof, which air passage is provided with a series of openings into the closure Within the shell peripherally spaced and distributed inside of the shield member substantially around the entire circumference thereof.V

3. A device for protecting the face of a person from the stream of hotair directed upon the hair of the head of said person, from a hot air .hair drier, comprising a semi-cylindrical face.

pendentsource of fresh air and with means tov direct said fresh air across the face of the user peripherally spaced and distributed inside of the shield member substantially around the entire ,circumference thereof.

4. A face shield of the character described for use in protecting the face of a person from a ow Aoi hot air directed upon the head of said person from a direction other than in front of the-face of said person, comprising a shield member having side walls of substantial depth and having opened ends, so that said face is not substantially coveredor masked by said shield member, one of said opened ends being adapted to accommodate a substantial part of the face of said person excluding the hair, the said side walls extending from the said face to the other opened end and constituting a construction protruding from the face which deects the flow of hot air directed upon the said head away from the part of the face accommodated, an air conduit carried by said shield, said airv conduit having an opening adapted to introduce air from the inner side of theside walls of said shield member into the space btween the said side walls of said shield member, and a resilient member mounted on said shield member on the portion which comes in contact with said-face.

5. In combination, a semi-cylindrical face shield to be fitted to the face ofthe person being treated to substantially completely encircle the face of the user without substantially covering and masking the face, said semi-'cylindrical face shield being provided with a source of fresh air and with a plurality of interior openings peripherally spaced and distributed inside of the shield member substantially around the entire circumference thereof to direct said fresh air across ythe face of the ,-user, and means to ad- Just the flow of said fresh air.

6. A tace shield of the character described for use in protecting the face oi.' a person from aow o! hot air directed upon the head of said .person from a direction other than in front of the face ci said person, comprising a shield member having side walls of substantial depth and having opened ends so that said face is not substantially covered or masked by said shieldmemberf one of said opened ends being adapted to accommodate a substantial part of the face of said person excluding the hair, the said side walls extending from the said face to the other opened end and constituting a construction protruding from the face which deiects the flow o@ hot air dirested upon the said head away from the part of the face accommodated, means for blowing air l upon the face of said person, said means being adapted to introduce air from the inner side of the side walls of the shield member, and adiustable means for supporting said shield member in operative position. A

'3. A shield for the face and forehead of the character described for use in protecting \the ieee of a person from a oyv or hot air directed upon the head o said person from a direc- 'tion other than in front of the face of said person, comprising a shield member having side walls and opened ends so that said face is not substantially covered or masked by said shield member, one of said opened ends being adapted to accommodate a substantial part ofthe face of. said person excluding lthe hair, and being further adapted to snugly engage the face and the jiorehead so that hot air striking the said end is prevented irompassing between the said end and said face, the said side weils having substantial depth and extending from the said face to the other opened end and constituting a construction protruding from the face which deects the how of hot air directed upon the said head away from the part of the face accommodated, the said shield member having an opening Within the side walls of said shield member, said opening being adapted to admit air to said face accommodated for cooling said face. a

8, A face shield device` comprising a cylindrical shell to encircle but not to enclose, cover or mask the tace, the inner edge of said shell being :formed :for attachment to the head of the user, a per pheral seriesI of openings arranged around the interior of said shell, a channel member enclosing the exterior side of said openings and' adapted to feed fresh air thereto and an air hose Seeding said channel member.

A device for protecting the face and the forehead o a person from the stream of hot 'air directed upon the hair of the head of said person, i-om a hot air hair drier, comprising, a shielding member for protecting the face of said person, said shielding member having opened ends ot substantially the same size so that said face is not substantially covered or masked by said shielding member, one of said ends being adapted 'to accommodate a substantial part of said face but excluding the hair, and being further adapted to snugly engage the said face and the forehead so that hot air4 striking the said end is prevented .from passing between the said end and said face,

the said shielding member having side portions and a top portion of substantial depth, said side portions and said top portion extending substantialiy forwardly from said face and constituting a protruding structure which deiiects said stream j of hot air directed upon the .hairvof the head of.

said person away lfrom the part of the face accommodated by one of said ends of the shielding member. v A

10.'A device for protecting the face and the forehead of a person from the stream ofhot air directed upon the hair of the' head of said person, from a hot air hair drier, comprising, a shildingmember Vfor protecting the face'of said person, said shielding member having opened ends so that said face is not substantially covered or masked by said shielding member, one of 4said endsA being adapted to accommodate a substantial part of said face but excluding the hair, and being further adapted to snugly engage the said face and the forehead so thatlhot air striking the said end and said face, the said shielding member portion being ared, and constituting a' protruding structure which deiiects the said stream of hot air directed upon the hair of the headof said person away from the part of the face accommodated by one of said ends of the shieldi ing member.

11. A device for protecting the face and the Y forehead of afperson from the stream voi hot'r air directed upon the hair of the head of said person, from a hot air hair drier, comprising, in

`said end is prevented from passing between the`v l having side portions and atop portion'of substantial depth, said side portions and said top combination, a shielding member for protecting the face of said person, said shielding member having opened ends of substantially the same size so that said face is not substantially covered or'masked by said shielding member, one of said ends being adapted to accommodate a substan-` tial part of said face but excluding the hair, and

. being furtheradapted to snugly engage the said face and the forehead so that hotair strimfng the said end is prevented from passing between l the said end and said face, the said shielding member having side portions and a top portion-of substantial depth, said side portions and saidtop portion extending substantially forwardly.

from said face and constituting v.a protruding structure which deects the said stream of hot air directed upon the hair of the head of said person away from the part of the face accomtion, a shielding member for protecting the face of said person, said shielding member having opened ends, one of said ends being adapted to accommodate a substantial part of said face but excluding the hair, andbeing further adapted to snugly engage the said face and the forehead so that hot air'striking the said end is prevented I from passing between the said en'd and said face.

the said shielding member having side portions v and a top portion of substantial depth, said side portions and said top portion being flared, and constituting a protruding structure which deflects the said stream of hoi: air directed upon the hair of the head of said p'erson away from the part of the face accommodated by one oi' said ends of the shielding member, anair conduit, said 5 conduit having an opening adapted to discharge air from the inside `of said shielding member so as to furnish said air to the part to the face accommodated by said shielding member and means for controlling the discharge o! air through said opening.

' RUTH G. MCCANDLEBS.'

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2419860 *Mar 30, 1943Apr 29, 1947Urrutia Miguel AAdjustable pipe support
US2444393 *Dec 21, 1943Jun 29, 1948Pyungok Woo JohnProtective mask
US2452845 *Apr 5, 1946Nov 2, 1948James FisherDriller's mask
US2499650 *Oct 21, 1946Mar 7, 1950Kaslow Arthur LNasal oxygen feeder and method
US3064360 *May 9, 1958Nov 20, 1962Sholin William CHair drying attachment for clothes dryer
US5313716 *Jan 27, 1993May 24, 1994Wolfe Sandra SMulti-position hair dryer
US5318250 *Sep 11, 1992Jun 7, 1994Bertil WerjefeltPilot visual assurance apparatus for an aircraft cockpit
US6460804 *Jan 26, 2001Oct 8, 2002Bertil R. L. WerjefeltEmergency vision apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/200.28, 248/277.1, 34/90, 128/204.18
International ClassificationA62B18/00
Cooperative ClassificationA62B18/003
European ClassificationA62B18/00B