|Publication number||US2053462 A|
|Publication date||Sep 8, 1936|
|Filing date||Sep 11, 1933|
|Priority date||Sep 11, 1933|
|Publication number||US 2053462 A, US 2053462A, US-A-2053462, US2053462 A, US2053462A|
|Inventors||Chaplin Oren M|
|Original Assignee||Chaplin Oren M|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (17), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept 1936. o. M. CHAPLN sEcTloNAL BUILDING Filed Sept. l1, 1935 5 Sheets-Sheet l Ore?? M 6770/0/02 TORNEYS.
. Sept. ,l 1936. o. M. CHAPLIN SECTIONAL BUILDING Filed Sept. 11, 1933 5 Sheets-5h99?l 5 y IN VEN TOR. /WIMU/myJ/z BY 7%041' Y H54?,
Patented Sept. 8, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 17 Claims.
My invention relates to improvements in sectional buildings, and it consists of the combinations, constructions and arrangements hereinafter described and claimed.
n object of my invention is to provide a sectional building in which the rooms are bounded by structural members, these members defining walls which are covered by panels or sections. One of the principal features of the invention is to provide structural members of predetermined sizes and lengths with anchorages, thus permitting these members to be fabricated at a manufacturing plant and to be shipped to the place of erection. These members are secured together by bolts or other suitable fastening means.
I prefer to use members which are either four, eight, twelve, sixteen, etc., feet long. The entire house is constructed from these members and the various rooms are given any desired size within limits of conservative design, which are multiples of four. In case a room wall has a wall extending at right angles thereto, but from only one side thereof, a post would be placed at the juncture of the two walls, and a second post would be placed in the wall paralleling the rst wall so that the inside length of the two parallel walls would bev equal.
A further object of my invention is to provide a form for securing the structural members together, this form being of different shapes for use at the corners of the building, or at contiguous wall sections of the building, or at the roof of the building. In addition I provide a novel ridge form for use in the roof.
The parts are interchangeable and buildings of various shapes can be readily constructed, and all that is necessary is the provision of the right number of structural members of proper size and length and the required number of forms for securing the structural members together.
Other objects and advantages will appear in the following speciiication, and the novel features of the device will be particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
My ing drawings forming a part of this application, in which Figure l is an isometric view of a building showing the structural members disposed in place;
Figure 2 is a top plan view of one of the structural members illustrating how a fastening member is secured to the structural member;
Figure 3 is a side elevation of Figure 2;
Figure 4 shows a fastening member disassembled;
invention is illustrated in the accompanyner forms A and have a length Figure 5 is a section. along the line 5--5 of Fig- 111'@ 1 Firglure 6 is a section along the line 6-6 of Figlire i Figure 'l is a section along ure 6; y
Figure 8 is an inside plan view of a panel;
Figure 9 shows a floor plan of the building shown in Figure i;
Figure 10 shows a corner form parts;
Figure l1 shows a ated parts; I
Figure 12 shows a roof corner form;
Figure 13 shows a roof wall form;
Figure 14 shows a roof ridge form; and
Figure l5 shows a joist connected with one of the structural members.
In carrying out my invention, I provide a plurality of structural members of various lengths, the lengths being multiples of four. For example, the front of the building is formed of two front sills I and 2, one being eight feet in length and the other being sixteen feet in length. The same is true of the back sills 3 and 4, the sil1l3 being equal in length to the sill I, and the sill 4 being equal in length to the sill 2. The left-hand side of the building is composed of two side sills. a sill 5, eight feet in length, and a sill 6, twelve feet in length. The right-hand side of the building comprises a sill 1, twelve feet in length, and a sill 8, eight feet in length. The end sills I and 2 are connected to each other by-a wall form B to be hereinafter described, and the sillsvl and 2 are provided with corner forms A of a form also to be described hereinafter. In like manner the sills 3 and 4 are connected to each other by the wall form B, and the free ends of the sills 3 and 4 are connected to the side sills 5 and 'I by corner forms A. It will be seen that the sills can be of any 40 length desired, preferably in four feet lengths or a multiple of four, and that these sills are connected to each other by wall forms B and the corners are inter-connected by comer forms A.
Vertical members similar to the horizontal 45 members already described are placed at the corpreferably eight feet long. These vertical members or posts 9 are securedl to the corner forms A and to the wall forms` B in the manner hereinafter described. Top plates IU similar to the sills I to 8 inclusive connect the upper edges of the posts 9 with each other, and the plates and posts are secured together by roof corner forms C and roof wall forms l D. The entire building is so constructed that the the une '1 1 of Fieand associated 10 side wall form with associinside measurements of each room will be four feet or a multiple of four feet. It is obvious that this length can be changed without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention.
I will now describe how the sills, posts and top plates are inter-connected together by fastening members of the shape shown in Figures 2, `3 and 4. In Figure 4 I show the fastening member disassembled and it will be noted that an anchoring member II has a bifurcated end I2, and has a threaded longitudinally extending bore I3 at its opposite end. The bifurcated end is provided with aligned openings I4 and I5. A cylindrical member I6 is cut away at I1 and I8for providing a portion I9 that is snugly received between the sides of the bifurcated end I2. The portion I9 has a transverse opening 20 therein that aligns with the openings I4 and I5. A cylindrical member 2| of the same diameter as the cylinder I6 has a reduced,cy1indrical threaded portion 22 of the same diameter as the openings I4 and I5, and the opening 20. In assembling the cylindrical members I6 and 2l to the member II I first move the portion I9 down between the bifurcated end I2, and after the opening 20 is aligned with the openings I4 and I5, I move the cylindrical portion 22 through the aligned openings I4, 20 and I5, until the shoulder 23 abuts the face of the member II. A cylindrical nut 24 is provided with a threaded bore 25 that is designed to be screwed on to the portion 22 that projects beyond the opening I5. It will thus be seen that I provide an anchoring member having a shank portion II and four cylindrical portions anchored to the shank and lying in the same plane, this plane extending at right angles to the axis of the shank.
In Figure 2 I show the anchoring member placed in one of the structural members which may be one of the posts 9, o'r any of the sills or top plates. In Figure 3 I show the same anchoring member in side elevation disposed in one of the structural members, for example the post 9. The structural member is hollowed out for receiving the anchoring member and the cylinders I6, 2I and 24 may have a length which will cause them to lie ush with the faces of the structural member 9, or to extend beyond the faces if desired. It is also apparent that the cylinders may be of such a length as to be disposed within the post 9 and to therefore provide a recess.
The purpose of the cylinders I6, 2| and 24 with their threaded portion, is to receive cap screws for securing adjacent parts to the structural member, whether it be a silll,a post, or a top plate. This feature will be made clearer as the description progresses.
In Figures 5, 6 and '7 I show how the various structural members are secured to each other by the anchoring member shown in Figure 4, while in Figures 10 to 15 inclusive, I show detailed views of the various forms used in conjunction with the anchoring or fastening member shown in Figure 4. It is best now to describe the various forms, and `in Figure 10 I show a corner sill form A. It will be noted from this figure that the form can be either a casting, or constructed from heavy sheet metal, and that it is prow'ded with a bottom plate 26, a' top plate 21, and two vertical plates 28 and 29 interconnecting the bottom and top plates 26 and 21. The plates 26 and 21 extend beyond the vertical plates 28 and 29, so as to provide recesses for receiving the sills. For example, if the form A shown in Figure 10 is the right-hand front form A,
endof the sill 2 disposed adjacent to the form der to prevent the post from provide the top plate shown in Figure 1, the
would be received in the recess 36 formed by the plates 26. 21 and 28, while the end of the sill 8 would be received in a recess 3|, formed by the plates 26, 29 and 21. 'I'he ends of the sills 2 and 8 are cut in the manner shown at 32 and 33 so as to be received in the recesses 36 and 3l. The vertical wall 28 vhas an opening 34 for receiving part of the anchoring member shown in Figure 4. The opening 34 aligns with an opening 35 in the sill 2.
Reference to Figures 6 and 'I will show the same form A anchored to the sill 2 and the sill 8 by anchoring members indicated generally at F. Cap screws 36 are passed through the openings 34 and 31 and secure the shanks II of the anchoring members to the form A.
One of the vertical posts 9 is secured to the form A by an anchoring member F, and in ormoving laterally I 21 of the yform A with a boss 38, that is designed to enter a recess in the bottom of the post 8, see Figures 3 and 6. A cap screw 39 secures the post 9 to the form A. After the form A has been securely fastened to the sills 2 and 8 and to the post 9, the ope". side of the form is closed by a cover plate 40, see Figure l0.
In Figure 11 I show a form B similar to the,
form A except that this form is provided with a recess 4I in addition to the recesses 30 and 3|. Parts in the form B similar to the form A will bear like reference numerals. 'I'he form B will receive three sills. For example, the side wall form B shown in Figure l1 is the same as the front form B shown in Figure 1, and is also the same as the form B shown in Figure 7. 'I'he recess 30 of the form B receives the sill I while the recess 4I formed by the bottom and top plates 26 and 21 and a vertical plate similar to the plate 28, receives the sill 2. An inside sill 42, see Figure l, is received in the recess 3|. The sills I, 2 and 42 are secured to the form B by fastening members F in the same manner as already described. A post 9 is also secured to the top plate 21 of the form B, and this is accomplished in the same manner as that already described for the form A. After the sills I, 2 and 42 and the post 9 have been firmly secured to the form B, a cover plate 43 closes the open side of the form. In like manner all of the other sills are secured to corner forms A or side Wall forms B.
'I'he top plates I0 are secured to the posts 9 by forms similar to the forms A and B, except that these forms are changed in shape slightly to accommodate the roof structural members 44 shown in Figures 6 and '7. The roof corner form C shown in Figure 12 is identical to the corner form A-except that the top plate 21 of the form C is provided with a downwardly inclined portion 45, that is designed to abut the under surface of the roof structural member 44. In like manner the roof Wall form D is identical to the side wall form B except that the top plate 21 of the form D has a portion which is inclined downwardly as at 46. Since the top plates I0 are secured to the posts 9 in the same manner as the sills are secured to the posts, further description of this manner of fastening is unnecessary and like reference numerals will be applied to similar parts. Y
In addition to securing the top plates I0 to the posts 9 I secure th'e roof structural members 44 to the forms C and D. Reference to Figure 6 will show a fastening member similar to that shown in Figure 4 with the exception that the shank Il is dispensed with. lA cap screw 41 is passed through an form C, and is screwed into one of the threaded cylinders in the fastening member, which in turn is imbedded in the structural member dll. In. this way the structural member is secured to the form C.
The two structural members Mineeting each other at the top of the roof are `secured together by a roof ridge form E shown in Figures 6 and 14. This rooi ridge member is cup-shaped as shown inV Figure lli, and has inclined sides i9 against which the adjacent ends of the structural members ld abut. Anchoring means F are utilized for securing the structural members le to the form E, and the parts are securely wedged into place by a wedging plate be, see Figure 6 thatV bears against the under-side of the roo! members ifi 4and is moved tow-ard the form E by a screw bi. l
A form E is placed at each juncture of two roof members it and the forms are connected to each other by a wood ridge 52, see Figure 7. The wood ridge 52 is connected to the forms E by the same iastening means F. fit predetermined distances along the wood ridge 52 i place metal blocks see Figure fl. These blocks are of the shape shown in Figure 5. A cover strip bil is secured to the blocks by cap screws be and this strip bears against the under surface oi roof panels indicated generally at il@ shown in Figure Si.
l'. have described all of the structural members going to make up the complete house and these structural members form wall boundaries which are closed by panels. There are two types of panels, the roof panels b and the wall panels shown at iii in Figure 8. Each roof panel 5t is bounded by a frame 53 and is covered by a waterproof sheet be, and beneath this i place an insulating sheet i cross piece "di is carried by each panel bb and is notched at 62 for receiving the top plate lil, see Figure 5. `1Weather stripping 53 can be'placed between the cross piece iii, and the top plate ld. Thepanel is secured to the top plate it by means ci a cap screw that is threaded into a sleeve @il and by e. cap screwv et that passes upwardly from the under side ci the top plate ill and is screwed into the same sleeve dit. "It will be noted from Figure 5 that the same cap screw @iii passes through an opening di in the wall panel 5l, and
secures the wall panel in place at the same time.v
'Die wall panels 5'? shown in Figure 8 can be of any construction desired. I have shown the panel 5l as being bounded by a frame iid and show the panels being covered by boards 69 that are held in place by cross pieces ld. The panels are placed between the posts d as indicated by the dotted lines atl the left-hand rear wall of Figure i. Figure i shows the structural members comprising the sills, posts, and top plates as being provided with openings 'El at equal spaces. These openings are pre-arranged and receive the iastening cap screws which secure the panels to the structural members. The panels are provided with openings in the frame 6B which register with the openings in the structural members.
In order to further Waterproof the roof, I provide channels 12, see Figures 6 and '7, that extend over the roof members M so as to cover the break between the roof members and the roof panels 56. The channels 'l2 are secured to the roof members by cap screws 13, see Figure 6.
Many of the openings 'H in the structural memopening 43 in the roof corner bers are provided with the fastening member shown in Figure 4 with the shank I I omitted. In this way threaded portions are provided at the necessary places for receiving cap screws which secure panels to the structural members.
In Figure I show how the joists 'M are secured to the sills. Joint hangers l5 I-shaped in cross section are placed between the joist and the sill in the manner shown in Figure 15. A bolt 'i6 extends through the sill and on into the joist as shown in Figure 5, and is provided with a nut ll. Flooring 'i8 of any desired structure is placed upon the joists and is preferably four feet in width and has a length equal to the inside dimensions of the room. The floor sections will be a multiple of four because the inside measurements of the rooms are multiples of four.
In Figure 9 I show a possible floor plan utilizing the structure shown in Figure i. in this plan it will be noted that the living room has an inside dimension of twelve feet by sixteen feet, the kitchen an inside dimension of eight feet by eight feet, and the bedrooms an inside dimension of twelve feet by eight feet. in this particular floor plan special panels indicated at ii are disposed at the places shown in order to provide a bathroom, in this particular structure the inside dimensions of the bathroom are not multiples of four. 1f they were a post would have to be placed in the living room wall paralieling the wall containing the post from which projects the wall disposed between the bathroom and the righthand bedroom. In order to do away with this, special panels are used. Ey special panels i mean panels of a less or greater width than the standard ones. However, Figure Q does show a post in the wall that bounds one side of the living room and' kitchen and this is to compensate for the width of the wall between the left-hand bedroom and bath.
It will be seen from the oregoing that a house can be quickly assembled and securely fastened together by the cap screws forms so that when the house is completely constructed it will have the same rigidity as a house built by carpenters. I'llhe house can be quickly disassembled without the loss of any parts and transported to any place desired. Windows rnd doors are provided in panels so that the mere placing of these panels in position will also correctly position the windows and doors.
While i have shown only the preferred form of 'my invention, it should be understood that various changes or modications may be made within the sco o the appended claims without departing from the spirit of the invention..
The sleeve iii is provided with a kel-i at each end for aiding in assembly purposes. in like manner the cylindrical member 2i ancA the nut 2li are provided with keris so that these members may be readily rotated by screws drivers.
l. An anchoring device for a sectional building comprising four tubular internally threaded portions extending at right angles from a common center and all lying in the same plane and a post enclosing all but the outer ends of the portions.
2. An anchoring device for a sectional building comprising four tubular internally threaded portions extending at right angles from a common center and all lying in the same plane, an anchoring shank connected to the center of the tubular portions and extending at right angles to the plane thereof, and a. pt enclosing all but the outer ends of the portions and the anchoring shank.
3. An anchoring device comprising a shank f having a bifurcated end and its other end provided with a threaded bore, a sleeve having a reduced portion receivable between the legs of the bifurcated end, said legs and reduced portion having registering openings, a tubular member having a threaded portion passed through the registering openings, a tubular nut threaded onto the portion, said sleeve, tubular member, and nut having their axes lying in the same plane and extending at right angles to the axis of the shank and a post enclosing all but the outer ends of the shank, sleeve, tubular member and nut.
4. An elongated structural member having four sides with openings in each side, the axes of the openings lying in the same plane, and tubular threaded members receivable in the openings, and an anchoring shank extending at right angles to the tubular members and being connected thereto, said structural member being provided with a longitudinal bore for receiving the anchoring y shank.
5. A box-like form for connecting two horizontal members forming a corner, and a vertical member, said form having top and bottom plates with two vertical walls connecting the plates and spaced from two edges of the plates for forming three recesses two of these receiving the horizontal members, and a cover for the third recess removably secured to the vertical walls.
6. A box-like form for connecting three horizontal members and a vertical member, said form having top and bottom plates, a U-shaped member connecting the plates and being spaced from three edges of the plates for forming four recesses three of these receiving the horizontal members, and a cover for the fourth recess removably closing the open end of the U-shaped member.
7. A box-like form for a roof corner having top and bottom plates with two vertical walls connecting the plates and being spaced from two edges of the plates for forming member receiving recesses, and a cover removably secured to the vertical walls, the top plate having a portion inclined into the box and designed to contact with a roof structural member.
8. A box-like form for a roof construction having top and bottom plates, a U-shaped member connecting the plates and being spaced from three edges of the plates for forming three member receiving recesses, and a cover removably closing the open end of the U-shaped member, the top plate having a portion inclined into the box and designed to contact with a roof structural member.
9. A box-like form for connecting two horizontal members forming a corner, said form having' top and bottom plates and two vertical walls forming recesses for receiving the ends of the members, the widths of the vertical walls being equal to the widths of the abutting ends of the members.
10. A box-like form for connecting three horizontal members, two of which are aligned, and the third extends at right angles to the rst two, said form having top and bottom plates, a U-shaped member connecting the plates and being spaced from three edges of the plates for forming three recesses for receiving the ends of the members, the widths of the vertical walls being equal to the widths of the abutting ends of the members.
' ing top and bottom l and bottom plates for 11. A box-like form for a roof corner having top and bottom plates with two vertical walls connecting the plates and Y'being spaced i'rom two sides of the plates for forming member-receiving recesses, the top plate having an inclined portion for supporting a rooi' structural member.
12.` A box-like form for a roof construction havplates, a U-shaped member connecting the plates and being spaced from three edges of the plates for forming three memberreceiving recesses, the top plate having an' inclined portion for supporting a roof structural member.
13. In a sectionaly building construction, two rows of parallel structural floor members o! a given length or a multiple of that length for forming the bases for two parallel Walls, a vertical member disposed at the juncture of two aligned floor members of one row and constituting an end of another wall, a box-like form disposed at the juncture of the two aligned iloor members and the vertical member, said form having top and bottom plates for receiving the adjacent ends of the aligned members and having vertical walls for spacing Jthese ends apart, a distance equal to the width of the .vertical member, the top plate of said form also supporting the bottom of the vertical member ush with the tops of the aligned iloor members, and a similar form placed between adjacent ends of the other parallel row of floor members, whereby the overall length of both rows of members are identical.
14. A sectional building in which the overall length of the structural boundary members of each room are equal to the inside dimensions o! the room and comprising structural members arranged to form the boundaries of a room iioor, box-like forms disposed at the corners of the oor for connecting the adjacent ends of they structural members together, said forms having top receiving the ends of the members, said forms having top and bottom plates the ends of the members in such a manner that only the inner corners of the members abut each other.
15. A sectional building in which the overall length of the structural horizontal and vertical boundary members of each room are equal to the inside dimensions of the room` and comprising structural members arranged to form the boundaries of a room iloor, walls and ceiling, box-like forms disposed at the corners of the oor and vertical members, and at the ceiling and vertical members, sad forms having top and bottom plates for receivingthe ends of the horizontal members, and having vertical walls abutting the ends so that only the innercorners of adjacent ends abut each other, the top plates of the floor forms also positioning the lowerQends o1' the vertical members flush with the upper surfaces of the floor members and the bottom plates of the ceiling forms positioning the upper ends of the vertical members ilush with the lower surfaces of the ceiling memb'ers.
16. In a. sectional building, horizontal structural members and a vertical member forming a corner in a building, a box-like form having top and bottom plates for receiving the ends of the horizontal members adjacent to the corner, vertical walls spacing the plates apart so that the plates lie iiush with the tops and bottoms of the horizontal members, said vertical walls spacing fastening the horizontal members to the-form, said walls providing access to tighten or loosen the fastening means, and means for securing the vertical member to the top plate.
1'7. Ina sectional building, floors, walls, and ceilings formed from structural members, boxlike forms connecting the ends of the members together, said forms having top and bottom plates for receiving the horizontal members, vertical walls connecting the plates together and abutting the ends of the adjacent horizontal members, said Walls being aligned with corresponding sides of the vertical members connected to the forms, and fastening means securing the walls to the members and the vertical members to the plates.
OREN M. CHAPHN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2481350 *||Mar 25, 1947||Sep 6, 1949||Universal Steel Equipment Corp||Joint bar for sectional tables|
|US2606802 *||Nov 3, 1950||Aug 12, 1952||Inpyn Anthony||Folding leg support for furniture|
|US2666233 *||Jan 12, 1949||Jan 19, 1954||Klemm Edwin O||Prefabricated building construction|
|US2747236 *||Sep 30, 1952||May 29, 1956||Aetna Steel Products Corp||Work station fixtures|
|US3063104 *||Jul 29, 1958||Nov 13, 1962||Emerald V Troxel||Utility building|
|US3432147 *||Apr 5, 1967||Mar 11, 1969||Standard Pressed Steel Co||Decking construction with rail members|
|US3513606 *||Feb 21, 1968||May 26, 1970||Vernon H Jones||Structural framework and connector joint therefor|
|US3729881 *||Apr 12, 1971||May 1, 1973||Marvin Glass & Associates||Children's playhouse|
|US3935921 *||Sep 12, 1974||Feb 3, 1976||Caterpillar Tractor Co.||Engine enclosure having a counterweight mounting device secured thereon|
|US4562681 *||Feb 5, 1985||Jan 7, 1986||Gte Products Corporation||Web section for a space frame|
|US4677804 *||Aug 27, 1984||Jul 7, 1987||Holt Richard E||Demountable frames|
|US5022209 *||Dec 29, 1987||Jun 11, 1991||Shelter Home Co. Ltd.||Method for construction of building and joint apparatus for construction members|
|US8132979 *||Oct 7, 2006||Mar 13, 2012||Orava Applied Technologies Corporation||Assembly for constructing responsive structural elements|
|US20040103612 *||Dec 3, 2002||Jun 3, 2004||Tsuzuki Co., Ltd.||Connection device for connection of building members and building|
|US20120269572 *||Oct 25, 2012||Krones Ag||Framing kit and framing|
|DE29500034U1 *||Jan 3, 1995||Feb 1, 1996||Horstmann Rainer||Element zur Festlegung von Schraubverbindern|
|WO1993010314A1 *||Nov 13, 1992||May 27, 1993||Glezerman Josef||Connecting element for connecting construction units|
|U.S. Classification||52/655.1, 403/173|
|International Classification||E04B1/24, E04B1/26|
|Cooperative Classification||E04B1/2403, E04B1/26, E04B2001/2406|
|European Classification||E04B1/24B, E04B1/26|