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Publication numberUS2054320 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 15, 1936
Filing dateFeb 15, 1932
Priority dateFeb 15, 1932
Publication numberUS 2054320 A, US 2054320A, US-A-2054320, US2054320 A, US2054320A
InventorsHanson Martin C
Original AssigneeElectric Sorting Machine Compa
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sorting apparatus
US 2054320 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 15, 1936. M. c;. HANSON SORTING APPARATUS File Feb. 15, 1952 s Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENT Marfin C. fia gon M. C. HANSON SORTING APPARATUS Sept. 15, 1936.

N WW Q&IIH=.NI NH. li m E O Q we. n g g i .A Q E M AM a F M i w @Tw E Q? Q w H g i f E l: r SQ I. NH -i| Q Q r a g g 3 a 2 Exp a 3 mm m L & Q E i Sept. 15,1936. M. c. HANSON SORTING APPARATUS 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR C. Han 5on ORNEYS Filed Feb. 15, 1932 Mart in Ratented- Sept. 15, 1935 son'rme APPARATUS Martin 0. Hanson, Grand Rapids, Mich, assignor to Electric Sorting Machine Company, Grand Rapids, Mich.

Application February 15, 1932, Serial No. 593,145

The main objects of this invention are:

First, to provide a sorting machine or apparatus which is well adapted for use in sorting beans, removing the fractured and discolored beans, and which is of very large capacity.

Second, to provide a machine of this character which is very simple and compact in structure and requires little care or attention in operation.

Objects pertaining to details and economies of my invention will definitely appear from the description to follow. The invention is defined in the claims.

A structure embodying the features of myinvention is clearly illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an apparatus or machine embodying my invention, the suction pipe being partially broken away as is also the discharge spout for the rejected material.

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary view mainly in vertical section on line 2-2 of Figs. 3, 4 and 5.

Fig. 3 is a front elevation of the lamp housing showing the operative relation of the selector mechanism thereto.

Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary section on line 4-4 of Figs. 2 and 3.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary section on line 5--5 of Fig. 2 showing details of the hopper.

Fig. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary view showing details of the commutator.

Fig. 7 is a diagrammatic View of the electrical equipment of the apparatus.

Fig. 8 is a fragmentary side elevation of a modified form or embodiment of my invention.

The embodiment of my invention illustrated is an adaptation of and in some respects an improvement upon the sorting apparatus shown in my application for Letters Patent filed October 20, 1930, Serial No. 489,798.

The structure illustrated in the drawings comprises a base I of suitable dimensions to support the operating parts. On this base are pedestals 2 supporting the drum-like conveyor 3, which has a suitable hollow journal communicating with the suction pipe 4. v

The conveyor in the embodiment illustrated is made up of a pair of castings 5 and 6, see Fig. 4, having shouldered joint, the casting 5 having a series of radial bores or suction passages l therein .which terminate in shouldered seats 9 forthe tips Ill. These tips project through a rim H which is of a uniform neutral color, preferably white. The color, however, might advantageously be varied, depending upon the articles to be sorted.

This rim is of hard surfaced material such, for' example, as some of the pyroxylin or synthetic resin products, which permits a ready cleansing and provides a smooth durable uniformly colored surface. The tips [0 are of metal or other suitable material to protect the rim from wear. 5

At one side of the conveyor is a feed hopper l2, the articles being sorted, such as beans, being illustrated at I3 therein. This hopper is provided with a feed spout M which projects into the hopper the desired distance to determine the normal 10 level of the material I3 therein. The hopper is open at one side to receive the conveyor so that a portion of its periphery sweeps upwardly through the hopper in supporting relation to the contents of the hopper so that the beans are 15 picked up by the suction orifices. An agitator l5 depends into the hopper in close proximity to the periphery of the conveyor so that the beans are agitated and brought into proper relation to the conveyor.

A pair of stripper fingers I6 is mounted within the hopper above the material level thereof so that the beans are carried upwardly between these fingers and, in the event of a cluster of beans having collected on one of the orifices the excess beans 25 are knocked off. Further, these fingers serve in a measure to position the beans on the conveyor.

The agitator I5 is mounted on a rocksha'ft l5 having an arm I! engaged by the crank pin' i 8 on a gear conventionally shown at l9 cooperating with the driving means for the conveyor,-which, as stated, is not illustrated.

Opposite the hopper I mount a lamp housing 20, preferably of general cylindrical shape, provided with a face plate 2 I having a slot 22 therein into which a portion of the periphery of the conveyor projects so that the articles on the conveyor are successively carried into the housing. The lamp housing has a discharge passage 23 with a chute 24 for the rejected beans leading there- 4 from. The lamps 25 are arranged in uniformly spaced radial relation in the housing 20, there being a pair of lamps on each side of the vertical plane of the conveyor.

A color-sensitive element, such as the photo- 45 consists of a pivoted tappet or strike 28 pivoted 5 at 29 on the lamp housing, its lower end being connected to the armature-30 of a solenoid or electromagnet 3|. A spring 32 acts to retract the tappet.

An amplifying unit indicated generally by the numeral 33 is provided, preferably including a relay 34, and I have found the mercury-vapor relay "'I'hyratron to be quite satisfactory in this relation; Between this amplifying unit and the.

solenoid I provide a commutator or. cut-out 35,

the contacts thereof being indicated at 36 andcontinuously driven at a considerable peripheral speed and at the same time the action of the selecting mechanism is suficiently rapid so that the selected or discolored beans are dislodged from the conveyor within the lamp housing and fall into thechute 2d. The good beans are carried along until the suction orifices reach the valve 4!, which is mounted within the conveyor on a spindle 42 disposed axially of the conveyor. Springs 43 carried by the valve support 88 urge the valve yieldingly against the inner periphery of the conveyor so that the orifices are successively brought into operative relation to the valve, and as soon as the suction is cut off the beans fall into the discharge chute 45. A scraper might be employed for this purpose, or the wall 46 of the chute would serve the purpose, although I prefer to use the valve since it prevents any particle, hull or the like being carried beyond the discharge point. I

My sorting apparatus is, as stated, of very large capacity and is highly eflicient.

In Fig. 8, I illustrate a double u'nit having a pair of conveyors 3 associated with a single hopper Ill which has openings in its opposite end walls to receive the peripheries of the pair of conveyors. The feed spout 48 depends centrally into the opening and an agitator i5 is provided on each side of the spout in operative relation to the convey-' ors. Otherwise, the apparatus is substantially that of the single unit.

The Thyratron? is used in association with the circuit for operation by direct current. For

this reason, after the Thyratron is once excited or actuated, it continues to glow and the current continues to pass through the circuit until the latter is broken. The commutator or circuit breaker accomplishes this by mechanically breaking the, circuit regularly between orifices. If the Thyratron or similarly operating relay could be may be located at any place in the circuit since it is only necessary for the circuit to be broken and made as desired as the orifices pass before the aperture.

I have illustrated and described my improvements in an embodiment which I have found highly successful in commercial use. I have not attempted to illustrate and describe other embodiments or adaptations which I contemplate as it is believed that this disclosure will enable those skilled in the art to embody or adapt my improvements as may be desired.

Having thus described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In a sorting machine, the combination with a feed hopper, of a rotatable drum-like conveyor disposed so that a portion thereof sweeps upwardly through the material within said feed hopper and having an annular series of suction orifices, a cylindrical lamp housing disposed so that a portion of the conveyor sweeps downwardly therethrough as the conveyor rotates, said housing having a discharge chute at the bottom thereof, lamps disposed radially within said housing on opposite sides of thepath of said suction orifices, a photo-electric cell disposed to focus on the portion of said conveyor within said lamp housing and centrally relative to said lamps to focus successively on the articles carried by the conveyor, 2. pivoted tappet adapted to disengage selected articles from said conveyor within said lamp housing whereby they are discharged through said discharge chute thereof, and an electromagnet controlled by said photo-electric cell operatively connected to said tappet.

2. In a sorting machine, the combination with a rotatable drum-like conveyor having a peripherally disposed series of suction orifices, a cylindrical lamp housing disposed so that a portion of the periphery of the conveyor sweeps downwardly therethrough as the conveyor rotates, said housing having a discharge at the bottom thereof, lamps disposed radially within said housing on opposite sides of the vertical plane of said conveyor, a photo-electric cell disposed to focus on the periphery of said conveyor within said lamp housing and centrally relative to said lamps to focus successively on the articles carried by the conveyor, a tappet adapted to remove selected articles from said conveyor within said lamp housing whereby they are discharged through said discharge. thereof, an electromagnet operatively connected to said tappet, a relay operatively associated with said photo-electric cell and electromagnet, a commutator interposed between said relay and electro-magnet and driven in synchronism with said conveyor, and a valve disposed within said conveyor at the rear of said lampv housing to successively close said suction orifices.

3. In a sorting machine, the combination with a rotatable drum-likeconveyor having an annular series of suction orifices, a cylindrical lamp housing disposed so that a portion of the conveyor sweeps downwardly therethrough as the conveyor rotates, said housing having a discharge at the bottom thereof, lamps disposed radially within said housing on opposite sides of the path of said suction orifices, a photo-electric cell disposed to focus on the portion of said conveyor within said lamp housing and centrally relative to said lamps to focus successively on the articles carried by the conveyor, a tappet adapted to remove selected articles from said conveyor within said lamp housing whereby they are discharged through said discharge thereof, an electromagnet operatively connected to said tappet, a relay operatively associated with said photo-electric cell and electromagnet, and a commutator interposed in the circuit of said relay and electromagnet and driven in synchronism with said conveyor.

4. In a sorting machine, the combination with a feed hopper, of a rotatable conveyor disposed so that aportion thereof sweeps upwardly through the material within said feed hopper and having an annular series of suction orifices, a

lamp housing disposed so that a portion of the conveyor sweeps downwardly therethrough, as theconveyor rotates, said housing having a discharge chute at the bottom thereof, illuminating means within said housing, a photo-electric cell disposed to focus successively on the articles car.- rled by the conveyor while within said lamp housing, a tappet adapted to remove selected articles from said conveyor within said housing whereby they are discharged through said chute, an electromagnet controlled by said photo-electric cell and operatively connected to said tappet, and means at the rear of said lamp housing acting to discharge the articles from said conveyor.

5. In a sorting machine, the combination of a rotatable conveyor having an annular series of suction orifices, a lamp housing disposed so that a portion of the conveyor sweeps downwardly therethrough as the conveyor rotates, said housing having a discharge chute at the bottom thereof, illuminating means within said housing, a photo-electric cell disposed to focus successively on the articles carried by the conveyor while within said lamp housing, a tappet adapted to remove selected articles from said conveyor within said housing whereby they are discharged through said chute, an electromagnet operatively connected to said tappet, a relay operatively asso-' ciated with said photo-electric cell and electro magnet, a commutator interposed in the circuit of said relay and electromagnet and driven in synchronism with said conveyor, and means at the rear of said lamp housing acting to discharge the articles from said conveyor.

6. In a sorting machine, the combination with a feed hopper, of a conveyor disposed so that a portion thereof sweeps upwardly through the material within said feed hopper and having a series of suction orifices, a lamp housing disposed so that a portion of the conveyor sweeps downwardly therethrough as the conveyor rotates, illuminating means within said housing, a photo-elem tric cell disposed to focus successively on the articles carried by said conveyor while within said lamp housing, a tappet adapted to disengage selected articles from said conveyor, and an electromagnet controlled by said photo-electric cell and operatively connected to said tappet, the suction being maintained on the articles carried by the conveyor until they are released by or carried past the tappet.

7. In a sorting machine, the combination of a conveyor having a series of suction orifices, a lamp housing disposed so that a portion of the conveyor sweeps downwardly therethrough as the conveyor rotates, illuminating means within said housing, a photo-electric cell disposed to focus successively on the articles carried by said conveyor while within said lamp housing, a tappet adapted to disengage selected articles from said conveyor, an electromagnet operatively connected to said tappet, an amplifying means including a mercury vapor relay operatively associated with said photo-electric cell and electromagnet, and a commutator interposed in the circuit of said relay meansand electromagnet and articles from said conveyor, a discharge tappet for removing selected articles from said conveyor,

and means for electrically actuating said tappet I including a color-sensitive element positioned so that it is successively focused upon the articles carried by the conveyor.

9. A sorting machine comprising a rotatable conveyor having an annular series of suction orifices, a feed hopper disposed so that a portion of theconveyor sweeps upwardly therethrough, an agitator for said hopper, means supporting said agitator for swinging movement toward and away from said conveyor, the axis of the agitator being substantially parallel to the .axis of the conveyor. a stripper disposed above the material level of the hopper for removing excess articles from said conveyor, a discharge means for removing selected articles from said conveyor,

and means for actuating said discharge means '30- including a color-sensitive element positioned so that it is successively focused upon the articles carried by the conveyor.

10. A sorting machine comprising a rotatable conveyor having an annular series of suction orifices, a feed hopper disposed so that a portion ofv the conveyor sweeps upwardly therethrough, an

agitator for said hopper, said agitator comprising a substantially rigid arm hinged at its upper end for swinging movement toward and away from said conveyor, a discharge means for removing selected articles from said conveyor, and means color-sensitive element positioned so that it is successively focused upon the articles carried by the conveyor. I

11. A sortlngmachine comprising a rotatable conveyor having an annular series of suction orifices, a feed hopper disposed so that aportion at the conveyor sweeps upwardly through the material within the hopper, a discharge means for removing selected articles from said conveyor, means for electrically actuating said discharge means including a color-sensitive element positioned so that it is successively focused upon the articles carried by the conveyor, an amplifying means, and a commutator,said commutator being driven in synchronism with'saidconveyor.

12. A sorting machine comprising conveyor having a series of suction orifices, a discharge means for removing selected articles from said conveyor, means for electrically actuating said discharge including a color sensitive element positioned so that it is successively focused upon the articles carried by the conveyor, an amplifying means, and a commutator, said commutator being driven in synchronism with said conveyor.

13. In a sorting machine, the combination of a conveyor having a series of suction orifices, a,

hopper through which a portion of said conveyor it is focused successively upon the articles carried by said conveyor, and operating connections for said color-sensitive element to said solenoid including a relay and a circuit breaker driven in synchronism with said conveyor and interposed in the circuit of said relay and saidsolenoid.

14. In a'sorting machine, the combination of a, conveyor having a series of suction orifices, a hopper through which a portion of said conveyor passes so that it sweeps'upwardly through the material within the hopper, whereby the articles to be sorted are picked up bythe conveyor, means for removing selected articles from said conveyor comprising a tappet located at the selecting station, an actuating solenoid for said tappet, a color-sensitiveelement positioned so that it is focused successively upon the articles carried by said conveyor, and operating connections for said color-sensitive element to said solenoid including an ionizing tube, and de-ionizlng means,

for periodically restoring said tube to its deionized condition between the arrival and departure of articles at said selecting station, the suction being maintained on the articles carried by the conveyor until they are removed therefrom by said tappet or carried past the tappet.

15. In a sorting machine, the combination of a conveyor having a series of suction orifices, means for removing selected articles from said conveyor comprising a tappet, an actuating solenoid therefor, a color-sensitive element positioned so that it is focused successively upon the articles carried by said conveyor, and operating connections for said color-sensitive element to said solenoid including a relay and a circuit breaker driven in synchronism with said conveyor and interposed in the circuit of said relay and said solenoid.

16. In a sorting machine, the combination of a conveyor having aseries of suction orifices, electrically actuated means for removing selected articles from said conveyor comprising a colorsensitive element positioned so that it is focused successively upon the articles carried by said conveyor, and operating connections for said color-sensitive element to said selecting means including a relay and a circuit breaker driven in synchronism with said conveyor.

17. In a sorting machine, the combination with a, conveyor provided with a plurality of suction orifices, a lamp housing disposed so that a portion of said conveyor travels therethrough, lamps disposed within said housing on opposite sides of said conveyor, a color-sensitive element disposed to focus successively on the articles carried by said conveyor while within said lamp housing, a discharge member for removing selected articles from said conveyor, a relay operatively associated with said element and said discharge member,

and a circuit breaker in the circuit of said relay and said discharge member and driven in synchronism with said conveyor.

18. In a sorting machine, the combination with -a conveyor provided with a plurality of suction orifices, a lamp housing disposed to receive the articles carried by said conveyor, lamps disposed within said housing, 'a color-sensitive means disposed to focus successively on the articles carried by said conveyorwhile within said lamp housing, a discharge means for discharging selected articles from said conveyor, a relay operatively associated with said color-sensitive means and said discharge member, and a circuit breaker in the circuit of said relay and said discharge means and driven in synchronism with said conveyor.

20. In a sorting machine, the combination with a pair of spaced rotatable drum-like conveyors having an annular series of suction orifices, a hopper interposed between said conveyors and having openings in the opposed ends thereof to receive portions of the peripheries of said conveyors, the conveyors constituting walls for the hopper, a centrally disposed feed spout depending into said hopper, and agitators disposed on opposite sides of said spout and having driving connections to said conveyors.

21. In a sorting machine, the combination with a pair of spaced rotatable drum-like conveyors having an annular series of suction orifices, a hopper interposed between said conveyors and having openings in the opposed ends thereof to receive portions of the peripheries of said conveyors, the conveyors constituting walls for the hopper, and a centrally disposed feed spout depending into said hopper.

22. In a sorting machine, the combination with a pair of spaced rotatable drum-likeconveyors having an annular series of suction orifices, a hopper interposed between said conveyors and having openings in the opposed ends thereof to receive portionsof the peripheries of said conveyors, the conveyors constituting walls for the hopper, and agitators disposed on opposite sides of said spout and having driving connections to said conveyors.

23. In a sorting machine, the combination with a rotatable drum-like conveyor having a series of peripheral suction orifices, a hopper disposed to receive a portion of said conveyor, the conveyor constituting a side for the hopper, a feed spout depending into said hopper, and an agitator at the lower end of said spout adapted to agitate the contents of the hopper at a point adjacent the, periphery of the conveyor.

24. In a sorting machine, the combination with a rotatable drum-like conveyor having a series of peripheral suction'orifices, a hopper disposed to receive a portion of said conveyor, the conveyor constituting a side for the hopper, and an agitator adapted to agitate the contents of the hopper at a point adjacent the periphery of the conveyor, said agitator comprising a member of substantially less width than the thickness of the sorted articles and movable toward and away from said conveyor in a plane normal to the axis thereof and positioned centrally of the conveyor.

25. In a sorting machine, the combination of a rotatable member having an annular series of suction orifices for individually picking up an article to be sorted from a mass thereof, and means for agitating the mass of articles to keep them near the orbit of said suction orifices, said agitating means being mounted for oscillatory movement in a plane normal to the axis of the conveyor.

26. A sorting machine comprising a rotatable conveyor having an annular series of suction orifices, a feed hopper disposed so that a portion of the conveyor sweeps upwardly therethrough, a pair of spaced stripper fingers mounted within and disposed above the material level of the hopper and at the sides of the orbit of the orifices for removing excess articles from said conveyor and for positioning the article picked up by each orifice, a discharge means for removing selected articles from said conveyor, and means for actuating said discharge means including a color sensitive-element positioned so that it is focused upon successive articles carried by the conveyor.

27. A sorting machine comprising a conveyor, discharge means for removing selected articles from said conveyor, means for electrically actuating said discharge means including a colorsensitive element positioned so that it views successive articles carried by the conveyor, an amplifying means, an ionizing tube operatively associated with said amplifying means, and a deionizer for said tube, said de-ionizer being ,operated .in synchronism with said conveyor to deionize the tube if ionized after the operation of said discharge means and between successive articles.

28. In a sorting machine,the combination of a conveyor adapted to convey articles to be sorted through a selecting station at uniformly timed intervals, article selecting means located at said station and adapted to be influenced by a certain characteristic of the articles, amplifying means operatively associated with said article selecting means, an ionizing relay controlled by said amplifying means and adapted to ionize when said article selecting means is influenced, article discharge means located at said station and operatively associated with said relay to operate on the ionizing thereof, means for de-ionizing said relay between the arrival and departure of articles at said selecting station, and means synchronizing the operation of said conveyor and tie-ionizing means.

29. In a sorting machine, the combination of a conveyor adapted to convey articles to be sorted through a selecting station, article selecting means located at said station and adapted to be influenced by a certain characteristic of the articles, amplifying means operatively associated with said article selecting means,'an ionizing relay controlled by said amplifying means and adapted to ionize when said article selecting means is'influenced, article discharge means located at said station and operatively associated with said relay to operate on the ionizing thereof, and means for de-ionizing said relay between the arrival and departure of articles at said ticle selecting means and adapted to ionize when said article selecting means is influenced, article discharge means located at said station and operatively associated with said relay to operate on the ionizing thereof, and means for de-ionizing said relay between the arrival and departure of articles at said selecting station.

31. In a sorting machine, the combination with a feed hopper, of a rotatable drum-like conveyor disposed so that an annular portion thereof sweeps upwardly through said feed hopper,-such annular portion having an annular series of suction orifices, a housing disposed so that said annular portion of the conveyor sweeps therethrough as the conveyor rotates, said housing having a discharge chute, means for illuminating the said annular portion of the conveyor as it sweeps through the housing and the articles carried by the conveyor, a light sensitive element disposed to focus on 'the said annular portion of the conveyor within the housing and to focus on the articles as they are successively carried by the conveyor into the housing, means operatively associated with said light, sensitive element for disengaging selected articles from the conveyor within the housing whereby they are discharged through said discharge chute thereof, and means at the rear of said housing acting to discharge from said conveyor the article carried thereby through the housing, the suction being maintained on the articles carried by said conveyor until they are disengaged or discharged therefrom by said light sensitive control means or discharging means at the rear of the housing.

MAR'I'IN C. HANSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2682802 *Aug 23, 1946Jul 6, 1954Owens Illinois Glass CoGauging and detecting apparatus
US2960258 *Oct 12, 1953Nov 15, 1960Dodwell John MApparatus for seed planting
US3105151 *Apr 14, 1959Sep 24, 1963Paul NashPhotoelectric inspection and sorting machines
US3142383 *Jan 6, 1961Jul 28, 1964Jacques Boyer JeanMachine for sorting
US3928753 *Jan 22, 1974Dec 23, 1975Engineering Dev Associates IncSmall object counting apparatus
US3960292 *Oct 23, 1974Jun 1, 1976Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyApparatus for singulating and depositing seeds
US4690301 *Feb 6, 1986Sep 1, 1987Jydsk Teknologisk InstitutApparatus for individually depositing articles
US4951825 *May 25, 1989Aug 28, 1990Cra Services Ltd.Apparatus for classifying particulate material
EP0118856A1 *Mar 3, 1984Sep 19, 1984Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd.Supply hopper assembly
WO1987001974A1 *Sep 30, 1986Apr 9, 1987Cra ServicesParticle feed apparatus
WO1987001975A1 *Sep 30, 1986Apr 9, 1987Cra ServicesClassifier
Classifications
U.S. Classification209/581, 209/652, 221/211, 361/175, 226/190, 250/214.00R, 250/223.00R, 226/95
International ClassificationB07C5/342
Cooperative ClassificationB07C5/3425
European ClassificationB07C5/342D