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Publication numberUS2054418 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 15, 1936
Filing dateApr 27, 1934
Priority dateMay 4, 1933
Publication numberUS 2054418 A, US 2054418A, US-A-2054418, US2054418 A, US2054418A
InventorsHse Hartmann
Original AssigneeKupfer Asbest Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Safety razor
US 2054418 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept 15, 1935-l HARTMANN NEE BHM 2,054,418

SAFETY RAZOR Filed April 27, 1954 e i 129 4 y 2 ,af 34 69 7e 4f 20- 0 4.9/ y w 3 .3 l

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:w faim Petented sept. 1s, 193s SAFETY RAZOR Ilse Hartmann, ne Bhm, Stuttgart, Germany. assigner to Kupfer-Asbest-Co.. Gustav Bach, Heilbronneon-the-Necknr, Germany Application April 27, 1934, sensi No. 722,775

In Germany May 4, 1933 Claims.

My invention relates to safety razors of the kind in which a cutting movement is imparted to the blade by means of a suitable supply of energy.

It has already been suggested to impart to the razor blade reciprocating movement parallel to its cutting edge, i. e., at right angles to the direction of cutting, by means of an electromagnet, and it has also been suggested to accomplish a similar result by a crank mechanism operatively connected to an electric motor. It has further been suggested to rotate circular blades by means of a spring motor in order to improve the cutting action. All these apparatuses, however, involve the drawback that the blade is permanently pressed to the skin during the use of the apparatus, with increased risk of cutting into the skin of the user, and that the blade exerts a painful pull on the hair. Apparatus in which the blade slides in guides, involve the additional drawback that the power demand is increased by the fric= tion of the blade in the guides.

It is an object of my invention to improve safety razors having a driven blade by imparting to the blade a movement by which the cutting action is considerably improved. According to my invention this is accomplished by causing the blade to vibrate 'at high frequencies in such a manner that each point of the blade is moved along a closed curved path, for instance, a circular or oval path, while the cutting edges of the blade remain parallel to the longitudinal axis of the razor head. In consequence thereof the blade is vibrated in such manner that a gyratory cutting action is obtained wherein each point of the cutting edge simultaneously makes substantially circular oscillations of equal amplitude in a plane which substantially coincides with a plane perpendicular to the axis of thehandle. The resulting cutting action is very advantageous. In order to impart high frequency vibrations to the razor blade preferably the razor head is moved in a similar manner. In apparatuses of this kind it does not matter what position the head has with respect to the razor, and in this respect my apparatus compares favorably with apparatuses whose blades are reciprocated along a straight line only, as I may screw the head into the handle to a greater or lesser extent so that the curvature of the blade may be adjusted in similar manner as in safety razors well known in the art.

The Vibratory movement of the razor head is preferably .produced by rotating a solid member by means of a motor about an axis eccentric to the gravity centre of the member. The member tends to rotate about an axis passing through its own gravity center and in consequence thereof it imparts circular oscillations to its bearings in the razor head, and to the head itself.

It should be understood that an elliptical or 6 oval oscillation may be imparted to the blade instead of a circular one.

In the drawing affixed to this specification and forming part thereof some embodiments of my invention are illustrated diagrammatloally by way of example.

In the drawing,-

Fig. 1 is a plan view of a razor blade, illustrating the oscillating movement thereof,

Fig. 2 is an elevation, partly in section, of an l5 embodiment in which an electromotor is arranged in the casing of the razor and supplied with current from a current line,

Fig. 3 is an elevation of a razor head equipped with camming means for clamping the blade,

Fig. is a section on the line IV-IV in Fig. 3,

Fig. 5 is an elevation, partly in section, of an= other embodiment of my invention, in which current is supplied to the motor in the casing by a battery arranged in the handle of the razor.

Referring first to Fig. l, 6 is a razor blade of the usual shape provided with perforations 22 and straight cutting edges 30. When the blade is inserted into the razor and oscillated in the manner described hereinafter each point of the 3U razor, for instance point I, describes a circular or oval path. The circular path described by a point l is indicated at 3l, in Fig. l, on an exaggerated scale. While the razor blade carries out oscillations of this kind the cutting edges are subjected to parallel translations so that they always remain parallel to the longitudinal axis of the blade. y

Referring now to Fig. 2, 2 is the casing of the razor in the lower portion of which an electromotor 3 is arranged. The shaft 4 of the motor 3 issupported by bearings 34 and 35, bearing 35 being arranged in the head portion 32 of the razor. I6 is the stator winding of the motor to which current is supplied from a line (not shown) by means of a plug i8 and a connection i1. 20 is the pole pieces of the motor energized by the winding I6. I9 is the rotor of the electromotor, the shaft 4 of which extends through the hollow central portion of the casing 2. It should be understood that a spring motor or the like (not shown) may be used instead of an electromotor. To the upper end of the motor shaft 4 a solid member, for instance, a fly wheel 5, is eccentrically secured. As will be seen from the drawing, the ily wheel 5 is arranged in the head portion 32 of the razor, to which the guard plate 2| is screwed at 33. 'I is a clamping plate provided wlth studs 8 engaging the perforations 22 of the blade 6 and corresponding perforatlons 36 and 31 provided in the guard plate 2| and a suitably shaped blade spring 9 arranged at the lower side of the guard plate 2| for engaging in grooves II of the studs 8. If desired, the clamping plate may be connected to the razor by means of a screw connection well known in the art, and not illustrated.

The operation of this apparatus is as followsz The blade 6 is put on the guard plate 2| and the clamping plate 'I is secured to the razor head so that its studs extend through the perforations 36 and 3'I, and the grooves II provided in the studs 8 are engaged by the spring 9, the blade 8 being clamped between the guard plate 2| and the clamping plate 1. The motor is energized by putting the plug I8 into a suitable wall socket (not shown) or the like and in consequence thereof its rotor I9 rotates. This rotation is transmitted to the fly wheel 5 by means of shaft 4. Since, however, the gravity center of the ily wheel is not in alignment with the shaft 4, the y wheel, when rotated, exerts a force on the bearing 35 which is transmitted to the razor head 32 and causes the head to oscillate along a circular path with respect to the casing or handle 2 of the razor. A corresponding movement is imparted to the razor blade 6 on the razor head.

As compared with the crank mechanism re-v ferred to, or with a mechanism having two eccentrics rotating in unison, by which a similar result might be'accomplished, my mechanism, as described with reference to Fig. 2, involves the advantage of lower power deman-d, as internal frictional resistance is practically eliminated.

If it is desired to adjust the curvature of the blade 6 an adjustable clamping device as shown in Figs. 3 and 4 may be used. In these figures the razor head 32 is provided with cams or ribs 23 in the shape of portions of a male external interrupted thread adapted to engage the grooves I I provided in the studs 8. 'Ihe thread portions 23 are slightly inclined and by screwing the razor head more or less into the guard plate 2| the clamping plate 'I is more or less approached to the guard plate, the blade 6 being more or less curved thereby. It should be understood, however, that the same eITect may be obtained by providing the clamping plate with means (not shown) well known in the art for screwing it tothe handle of the razor.

Referring now to Fig. 5, the winding I6, the pole pieces 20 and the rotor I9 of the motor 3 are arranged in the upper portion of the casing 2 and a dry cell battery I3 is arranged in the lower portion or handle I5 of the casing. 24 is a switch provided at the lower end of the handle portion I5 for closing the circuit of the motor. 'Ihe connections between the battery I3 and the motor 3 are not shown and may be designed in similar manner to the connections in pocket lamps or the like. Since the energy necessary for imparting the oscillating movement to the blade is very small it is sulcient to provide a single dry cell battery I3, as shown in Fig. 5, for driving the blade.

The operation of the razors shown in Figs. 3 to 5 is substantially the same as that of the razors shown in Fig. 2, and does not require detailed description.

I wish it to be understood that I do not desire to be limited to the exact details of construction shown and described for obvious modications will occur to a person skilled in the art.

I claim 1. A safety razor comprising in combination, a handle, a blade holder and blade mounted on said handle substantially at right angles to the longitudinal axis thereof and means for causing said blade holder and blade to execute high frequency vibrations along a closed curved path in a plane substantially at right angles to said axis.

2. A safety razor comprising in combination, a hollow handle, a blade holder and blade mounted on said handle substantially at right angles to the longitudinal axis thereof, a spindle rotatably mounted in said handle, a gyrating massv eccentrically mounted on said spindle and means for rapidly rotating said mass in said handle to set said handle vibrating at a high frequency, thereby rapidly moving the blade mounted thereon in a closed curved path in a plane at right angles to said axis, the cutting edges of said blade being subjected to parallel translations.

3. A safety razor comprising in combination, a hollow handle, a blade holder and blade mounted on said handle substantially at right angles to the longitudinal axis thereof, a spindle rotatably mounted in said handle, a gyrating mass eccentrically mounted on said spindle and means for rapidly rotating said mass in said handle while maintaining said mass out of direct contact with said handle, blade holder and blade, thereby setting said handle vibrating at a high frequency and causing the blade mounted thereon to rapidly move in a closed curved path in a plane at right angles to said axis, the cutting edges of said blade being subjected to parallel translations.

4. A. safety razor comprising in combination, a hollow handle, a blade holder and blade mounted on said handle substantially at right angles to the longitudinal axis thereof, a spindle rotatably mounted in said handle, a gyrating mass eccentrically mounted on said spindle and an electric motor also mounted on said spindle for rapidly rotating said mass in said handle, thereby setting said handle vibrating at a high frequency and causing the blade mounted thereon to rapidly move in a closed curved path in a plane at right angles to said axis, the cutting edges of said blade being subjected to parallel translations.

5. A safety razor comprising in combination, a hollow handle, a blade holder and blade mounted on said handle substantially at right angles to the longitudinal axis thereof, a spindle rotatably mounted in said handle, a gyrating mass eccentrically mounted on said spindle and an electric motor also mounted on said spindle and a source of current in said handle for rapidly rotating said mass in said handle, thereby setting said handle vibrating at a high frequency and causing the blade mounted thereon to rapidly move in a closed curved path in a plane at right angles toy said axis, the cutting edges of said blade being subjected to parallel translations.

ILSE man BHM.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3052981 *Aug 17, 1960Sep 11, 1962Minitone Electronics IncVibrated knife
US3077663 *Oct 30, 1958Feb 19, 1963Tann DavidVibrating electric razor
US3077664 *Feb 21, 1961Feb 19, 1963Phonex Instr Company IncElectric grass trimmer
US3157804 *Sep 12, 1961Nov 17, 1964Goodwin Mfg & Dev Company IncRazor motor and casing therefor
US3636627 *Aug 11, 1969Jan 25, 1972Victor TiffinRazor with oscillating head
US4744144 *Apr 2, 1986May 17, 1988Wellington Investments, Inc.Oscillating razor
US4819330 *Oct 5, 1987Apr 11, 1989Fenn Lawrence ELive-action blade shaver
US5007169 *Dec 11, 1989Apr 16, 1991Warner-Lambert CompanyVibrating razor
US7251894Jul 14, 2003Aug 7, 2007Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.Device for shaving hair having a cutting member with a periodical motion
US7797834Dec 1, 2004Sep 21, 2010Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.Shaving device with a pivotable shaving head carrying an actively driven cutting member
EP0521086A1 *Mar 21, 1991Jan 7, 1993Gillette CoSafety razor.
WO2004018165A1Jul 14, 2003Mar 4, 2004Koninkl Philips Electronics NvA device for shaving hair having a cutting member with a periodical motion
WO2005053917A1Dec 1, 2004Jun 16, 2005Marinus C HansenA shaving device with a pivotable shaving head carrying an actively driven cutting member
Classifications
U.S. Classification30/45
International ClassificationB26B21/38, B26B21/08
Cooperative ClassificationB26B21/38
European ClassificationB26B21/38