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Publication numberUS2054535 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 15, 1936
Filing dateNov 2, 1934
Priority dateNov 2, 1934
Publication numberUS 2054535 A, US 2054535A, US-A-2054535, US2054535 A, US2054535A
InventorsDiack Archibald W
Original AssigneeDiack Archibald W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Colostomy bag
US 2054535 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A. W.y DIACK COLOSTOMY BAG Sept. 15, 1936.

Filed Nov. 2, 1934 Patented Sept. 15, 1936 UNITEDH STATES PATENT OFFICE Y 2 Claims.

This invention relates to surgical appliances, and more especially to devices of the sort known as colostomy bags, aiming particularly to provide an attachment to the same adapted to add greatly to the comfort of the wearer.

As a result of certain abdominal operations, it is necessary to provide an opening through the abdominal wall through which extends the end of the severed intestine. This so-called artificial anus then becomes the outlet for the feces. Owing to peristalsis and lack of complete nervous and muscular control, there is a more or less constant discharge of the contents of the bowel, solid, liquid, and gaseous. The comfort of the patient has been greatly enhanced by attaching a receptacle over the opening. 'Ihis attachment, usually made of pliable material, is known as a colostomy bag, and is quite successful in receiving and retaining the solids and liquids excreted. The bag is usually provided with a soft circular mouth of rubber or the like fitting over the articial anus. The rim surrounding the mouth is also formed of pliable material on its side which is to be applied to the abdominal Wall, so as to obtain close adaptation and virtual sealing, and is held in place by suitable body straps. The bag is periodically emptied when the toilet is made. This affords a convenient and not entire-- ly uncomfortable device so far as liquid and solid material is concerned, but in many cases the gases and odors are not entirely retained, and their escape proves most embarrassing to the patient.

It is the object of this invention, therefore, to provide means by which such gases and disagreeable odors are rendered innocuous, and whereby distention of the colostomy bag from gas contained in it is prevented.

Other objects and advantages will be apparent from the following description, wherein reference -is made to the accompanying drawing illustrating a preferred embodiment of my invention and wherein similar reference numerals designate similar parts throughout the several views.

In the drawing:

Figure l is a side elevation of a colostomy bag incorporating the principles of my invention;

Figure 2 is a front elevation of the same;

Figure 3 is an enlarged detail section taken substantially on the line 3-3 of Figure 1 and looking in the direction of the arrows;l

Figure 4 is a substantially diametrical detail section of the purifying device.

My preferred construction for accomplishing the above mentioned ends, as shown in the drawing, comprises a limp bag l0, formed of soft rub- (Cl. 12S-283) ber or the like, having a reduced top portion in which is an opening l 2 facing the side which is tobe applied to the body of the patient. The opening is surrounded by a soft rim as I3 to promote tight engagement as well as the comfort of the wearer. Loops as I5-I6 may be provided for the reception of straps or other tying means as |8I9, which may be passed around the body of the patient toy hold the bag in place, in the usual or any desired fashion.

.In the particulars of its construction so far described, the bag will be recognized as similar to those now in use. Another outlet is provided in my improved bag, however, preferably at the top, for permitting the escape of gas. Such outlet (undesignated) is preferably reinforced by a similarly ape-rtured valve supporting plate 20, secured therebeneath, and inside the bag in the illustrative construction shown. The plate 20 slidably supports the outlet valve and coupling member 22 which projects through and from the bag, being provided with a coupling portion as 23 at its outer end and an outlet opening as 25 at its end which normally projects into the bag, which opening may be opened by pushing in the element 22 and closed by pulling it out, as will be readily apparent.

To the portion 23 is connected a flexible tube 2l, to which in turn is connected a deodorizing device in the form of a cartridge 30, detachably affixed to the bag, as by spring clips 32, and charged with some such absorbent material as cocoanut charcoal (40). The clips may be attached to the cartridge and adapted to slip over and retain themselves upon the rim of the bag by friction.

A suitable cartridge construction, shown in Figure 4, includes a generally cylindrical body portion having an outlet 33 in one end and to which is removably applied a screw cap as 34 having an inlet coupling 35 for attachment tio the tube 21 which connects the cartridge 30 with the outlet of the bag.

When the cartridge is so attached to the bag and the valve opened, it will be seen that gases in the bag may readily nd their way into the cartridge to be absorbed and purified, while when the charge is spent it may be readily renewed, during which time the valve may be closed.

While it will be apparent that the illustrated embodiment of my invention herein disclosed is well calculated to adequately fulfill the objects and advantages primarily stated, it is to be understood that the invention is susceptible to 2. A flexible colostomy bag of flat construction having a marginal bead, an inlet adapted to be substantially sealed against escape of gas when the bag is in use, and a gas outlet, valving means enabling selective closing of said outlet, a deudor-f izing device removably clipped to the edge of said bag and over said bead, a flexible tube connecting said device and outlet, said device comprising a casing through which gases from the bag are directed containing a quantity of permeable de- 10 odorizing material.

ARCHIBALD W. DIACK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2544579 *Jun 20, 1949Mar 6, 1951Ardner Frank JColostomy protector
US2667167 *Nov 16, 1951Jan 26, 1954Davol Rubber CoColostomy pouch
US2688327 *Jul 31, 1951Sep 7, 1954Samuel BergColostomy device
US3439677 *Nov 5, 1965Apr 22, 1969Bonfils KjeldColostomy or ileostomy bag
US3690320 *Oct 12, 1970Sep 12, 1972Int Paper CoOstomy bag and deodorizing packet therefor
US3804091 *Sep 18, 1972Apr 16, 1974Hollister IncOstomy appliance
US4211224 *Jun 12, 1979Jul 8, 1980Kubach John SFilter venting devices for ostomy appliances
US4232672 *Aug 2, 1978Nov 11, 1980Kingsdown Medical Consultants LimitedOstomy coupling including a venting valve
US4296749 *Jul 18, 1980Oct 27, 1981Louis B. FineColostomy appliance
US4372308 *Jul 10, 1978Feb 8, 1983Kingsdown Medical Consultants Ltd.Ostomy bag including filter means
US4411659 *Mar 16, 1982Oct 25, 1983Hollister IncorporatedDrainable collection pouch and filter assembly therefor
US4417891 *Oct 8, 1981Nov 29, 1983The Kendall CompanyCollection device with antiseptic liquid for body fluids
US4810250 *Jul 28, 1983Mar 7, 1989Ellenberg William JOstomy apparatus
US4863447 *Jun 9, 1988Sep 5, 1989Smith Harry CValved vent assembly for a body collection pouch
US6033390 *Feb 25, 1998Mar 7, 2000Zassi Medical Evolutions, Inc.Continent ostomy port
US7087041Nov 26, 2001Aug 8, 2006Zassi Medical Evolutions, Inc.Pad for use with continent ostomy port
US7090664Oct 2, 2003Aug 15, 2006Dwight Jerome HolterOstomy tools, and systems and processes for their use
DE19752598C1 *Nov 27, 1997Aug 26, 1999RiesingerBag for surgical stoma opening
EP0023781A1 *Jul 11, 1980Feb 11, 1981Kingsdown Medical Consultants LimitedDetachable filter and ostomy bag including same
EP0116363A1 *Feb 7, 1984Aug 22, 1984HELSA-WERKE Helmut Sandler GmbH & Co. KGColostomy pouch with an assembly for the filtering and controlled venting of gases
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/333
International ClassificationA61F5/445
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/445
European ClassificationA61F5/445