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Publication numberUS2054859 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 22, 1936
Filing dateAug 27, 1934
Priority dateAug 27, 1934
Publication numberUS 2054859 A, US 2054859A, US-A-2054859, US2054859 A, US2054859A
InventorsKitching Roy E
Original AssigneeKitching Roy E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Drill stem
US 2054859 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 22, 1936. R. E- K|TCH|NG 2,054,859

DRILL STEM Filed Aug. 27, 1954 2 sweeps-sheet 1v Sept. 22, 1936. R. KlTcHlNG 2,054,859

DRILL STEM Filed Aug. 27, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 In van Zar which serves as a conduit for liquid and the inner-i Patented Sept. 22, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT' yoi-rlc i DRILL STEM Roy E. Kitching, Pasadena, Calif.

Application August 27,

11 Claims.

This invention relates to a drill stem of the character adapted to be employedln connection with a pneumatic well drill of the character set forth in an application Serial No. '741,563 of August 2'7, 1934, now Patent No. 2,033,527 of March 10, 1936, led coincidently herewith and wherein both liquid and air are delivered through the drill stem.

An object of the invention is to provide a drill stem of the above character embodying a plurality of conduits consisting of at least three telescoped lengths of tubing, the outermost of most of which serves as a conduit for air under pressure and the intermediate of which serves as a conduit for exhaust air, and in which the tubingl is so assembled and arranged in forming drill stem sections that the several tubes or conduits of one section may be united with the complementary tubes or conduits of another section by a single connection.

Another object is to provide a drill stem of the above character in which interconnection and disconnection of adjacent section may be rapidly effected with the facility of a single tube assembly by a screw threaded connection of the character known as a tool-joint.

Another object is to provide an arrangement whereby on disconnecting adjacent depending sections liquid draining from the upper section may be prevented from being directed into the air conduits of the lower section.

A further object is to provide a means and method for assembling a plurality of telescoped conduits into a drill stem section in such fashion that when the sections are assembled in a depending drill stem the longitudinal strains occasioned by the load of the drill stem and a drill thereon will be carried in most part by the outer tubing so as to relieve the inner lines of tubing of such strains and whereby stretch of the drill stem will occur in the outer tubing independent at least in most part to the inner tubing so as to minimize accidental loosening of the inner tubing from their connections and consequent leakage of the air conduit.

With the foregoing objects in view together with such other objects and advantages as may subsequently appear the invention resides in the parts and in the combination, construction and arrangement of parts and also in the steps and features, hereinafter described and illustratedin the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a view in elevation of a section of drill stem with portions broken away and showing the parts in vertical section:

Fig. 2 is a view in Vertical section of a fragmentary portion of the drill stem showing the manner of interconnecting adjacent drill stem f sections:

1934, Serial No. 741,564

Fig. 3 is a view in horizontalsection taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2: y 'i Fig. 4 is a detail in horizontal section taken on the line 4 4 of Fig. 2:

Fig. 5 is a detail In horizontal section taken on 6 theline 5-5 of Fig. 2: f

Fig. 6 isla. detail In horizontal section taken on the line 6-6 of Fig. 1; i

Figs.v '7, 8 and 9 are diagrams illustrating the manner of assemblingthe elements of a drill 10 stem section.

Fig. 10 is a view in elevation with portions broken away of a length of the drill stem section showing the manner in which a slack is formed in the iiner tube sections: l5

Fig. 11 is a view in section taken on the line II.-II of Fig. 10.

Referring tothe drawings more specifically A indicates generally a length of drill stem section which embodies a plurality of telescoped tubes 20 here shown as comprising an outer tube B, an intermediate tube C, and an inner tube D, which tubes are collectively carried by tool-joint members E. and F4 constituting the upper and lower end portions of the drill stem section; the tooljoint member E embodying an externally threaded tapered outer end portion I2 and the tool joint member F having an internally threaded outer end portion I3 adapted to receive the threaded end portion I2 of a tool-joint E on an adjacent drill stem section to eifect interconnection between adjacent lengths of drill stem sections.

'I'he tool-joint member F is in the form of a. tube the walls I4 of which are circular in cross section and the threaded outer end portion I3 of which is enlarged relative to its inner end portion which latter is formed with internal threads I5 and is screwed into engagement with the outer tube B as particularly shown in Fig. 2.

l Formed intermediate the ends of the member F interiorly thereof is a pair of spaced concentric annular walls I6 and I1 connected together by radial webs I8 with the wall I6 spaced concentrically from the inner periphery of the wall Il and connected to the latter by radial webs I9 as particularly shown in Fig. 3. By this arrangement passages 20 are provided between the walls I4 and I6, passages 2lV are provided between the walls I6 and I1, and a passage 22 is encircled by the wall I1.

The lower end of the intermediate tube C is screwed into engagement with the wall I6 as indicated at 23 in Fig. 2 with its interior communicating with the passages 2i, and the lower end of the tube Dis screwed into engagement with the wall I'I as indicated at 24 in Fig. 2 with the interior of the tube communicating with the passage 22. In this fashion a series of passages are provided through the tool-joint member F 60 which passages are connected independently with the interiors lof the tubes B, 'C and D respectively.

The lower margins of the walls il and l1 terminate on a corresponding plane and are formed respectively with annular channels 23 and 21 on their endvfaces for the'reception of packing rings 28 and 29; the plane of termination of the walls I6 and l1 being spaced inwardly from the threaded end portion I3 of the member F so as to be recessed relative to the outer end of the latter.

Mounted on the lower end of the wall I8 and projecting downwardly therefrom is a thin cylindrical sleeve 30 the lower end of which terminates adjacent to but spaced inwardly from the lower or outer end of the member F and which sleeve forms a continuationjof ,the passage 20 beyond the lower ends ofthe passages 2| and 22. Y The tool-joint member E'embodies a tubular wall 3| the upper end of which terminates in the4 tapered threaded portion I2 and the lower end of which is formed with screw threads 32 which are screwed into engagement with the upper end of the outer tube B. The upper end of the intermediate tube C extends into the lower end portion of the member E and is screwed into engagement with the lowerend of a cylinder 33, as indicated at 34, which cylinder is spaced concentric from the inner` periphery of the upper portion of the member E; the cylinder 33 being formed on its exterior with a series of longitudinally extending radial webs 35 which seat on a shoulder 36 formed on the interior of the Wall 3| and are affixed to the latter by a Weld joint 31 as particularly shown in Fig. 2. The upper end portion of the cylinder 33 projects above the upper end of the memberE and is adapted to abut against the lower end of the wall I6 of the mem-` ber F and is formed with an annular groove 38 in which is mounted the packing ring 28. The cylinder 33 is adapted to extend into the sleeve 30 in telescoped relation thereto.

Arranged interiorly of the cylinder 33 concentric therewith is a cylinder having longitudinally extending webs 4| on the exterior thereof certain of which seat on an annular shoulder 42 formed on the interior of the cylinder 33, and which cylinder 40 is afxed to the cylinder 33 by a weld joint connection as particularly shown in Fig. 2.

The upper end of the inner tube D extends interlorly of the cylinder 40 and is screwed into engagement with the latter as indicated at 44. The upper end of the cylinder 40 terminates on a plane with the upper end of the cylinder 33 and carries the packing ring 28.

By the provision of the cylinders 33 and 40 passages 45, 46 and 41 are formed in continuation of the tubes B, C and D respectively through the tool-joint member E, which passages will on interconnecting the tool-joint members E and F communicate with the passages 20, 2| and 22 in the latter communicating with the lower ends of the tubes B, C and D respectively of an adjacent drill stem section. Y

An important feature of the invention resides in the manner of assembling the tubes and connecting their end portions to the tool-joint members E and F whereby a slack will be formed in the inner tubes C and D so as to permit the stretching of the outer tube B Without imposing excessive longitudinal strains on the inner tubes and whereby the load of a string of the drill stem sections will be carried entirely by the outer tube B.

This assemblage is effected as follows: Lengths of the tubes B, C and D are telescoped relatively to each other with spacers G interposed between the tubes B and- C, and spacers H interposed between tubes C and D, the inner tube D being formed of such length so arranged that its ends will protrude from the ends of the intermediate tube C. and the latter being formed of a greater length than the outer tube B and arranged so that its ends will protrude from the ends of the latter. One end of the inner tube D is then screwed into engagement with the anl,screwed into engagement with the wall I4. 'I'his operation is preferably effected with the parts extended horizontally as shown in Fig. 7.

After having thus assembled the tubes B, C and D on the tool-joint member F the outer ends of the tubes B, C and D will extend in oil-set relation to each other as shown in Fig. '7. .'I'he tooljoint member E is then screwed into engagement with the outer end of the tube B, but may obviously be attached to the latter coincident with or prior to the attachment therewith of the tooljoint member F. On thus completing the assemblage as shown in Fig. 7 the cylinder 33 is inserted in the outer end of the member F and is screwed into engagement with the intermediate tube C, being advanced on the threaded other end of the latter until the inner ends of the webs 35 are spaced a short distance from the shoulder 36 to form a gap J between the webs and shoulder as shown in Fig. 8. The webs 35 are then forced to their seated position on the shoulder 36 by subjecting the cylinder 33 and its connected tube C to a-longitudinal compression strain relative to the outer tube B thus placing a bend or slack in the tube C whereupon the cylinder 33 is aixed to the member F by the weld joint 31 as shown in Fig. 9, which weld is applied to the outer end of the webs 35. On this being accomplished the cylinder 40 is inserted in the cylinder 33 and screwed into engagement with the outer end of the tube C until the inner ends of certain of the webs 4| are brought to a position close to but spaced from the shoulder 42 to provide a gap K between the webs 4| and shoulder 42 as shown in Fig. 9. The connected cylinder 40 and tube C are then subjected to longitudinal compression strains to force the webs 4| against the shoulder 42 thus placing a slack in the tube C whereupon the weld joint 43 is applied to fasten the cylinder 40 to the cylinder 33.

The spacers G and H as here shown embody ring portions 50 and 5| respectively which encircle the tubes C and D and are affixed thereto, as by shrinking the rings thereon or by spot welding, so as to hold the rings against longitudinal movement on the tubes; the rings 50 and 5| being formed with a series of radial projections 52 and 53 respectively which are designed to abut at their outer ends against the inner peripheries of the tubes B and C.

In order to permit sagging of the tubes C and D the projections 52 and 53 on the spacers disposed intermediate. the ends of the tubes are of such length as to permit the tubes C and D being positioned olf-center or out of concentric relation to each other and to the outer tubes B as particularly shown in Fig. 11.

In the operation of the invention a string of the drill stem sections A are assembled in the manvner commonly employed in the assembling of upwardly projecting end portion of the cylinder 33 and to bring the internally threaded lower end portion I3 of the upper section into engagement with the threaded upper end portion I2 of the lower section.

The tool-joint members E and F are then screwed into engagement with each other and ln so doing the upper ends of the cylinders 33 and 40 of the member E are brought into abutting position against the lower ends of the walls I6 and I'I of the member F and compressing the packing rings 28 and 29 to eiectively seal the joints in which they are interposed. Drill stems of any suitable length are thus formed and lowered into well bores.

vBy providing the slack in the inner tubes C and D any material stretch of the drill stem will occur in the outer drill stem tube B thus relieving the inner tubes C and D of longitudinal or tensile strains apart from such` as are occasioned by the weight of the individual lengthsof the inner tubes C and D.

In order to avoid any possibility of the tubing B being advanced on its threads relative to the tool-joints during this operation the ends of the tubes B are screwed into the tool-joint members E and F to abut tightly against shoulders 55 therein as particularly shown in Fig. 2. v

In operation a liquid is forced downwardly through the drill stem B for purposes of the usual mud circulation, the liquid passing through the passages 20 and 45 of the assembled tool-joint members F and E respectively.

Compressed air is directed downwardly through the inner tube D, which air flows through the passages 22 and 41 in the connected tool-joint members and after effecting operation of pneumatic actuated drill mechanism carried by the drill stem is exhaust to atmosphere through the intermediate tube C; the exhaust air flowing upwardly around the inner tube D and flowing through the passages 46 and 2I of the tool-joint members E and F.

The drill stem thus formed is rotated in the usual manner through the medium of a rotating table equipped with grips engaging the outer tubes B in the manner common in rotary well drill operations.

In a drill stem of this character it is essential that no liquid be admitted to the interior of the tubes C and D and it therefore becomes important when disconnecting adjacent depended lengths of the drill stem sections to prevent liquid draining from the upper section into the air conduits of the lower section. This is accomplished by the shield afforded by the sleeve 30 which is of a length exceeding the length of the threaded connection between the portions I2 and I3 of the tool-joint, so that when the connections are unscrewed to a point where the lower end of the member F is just clear of the upper end of the member E the sleeve 30 will still encircle the upper end portion of the cylinder 33 whereby liquid draining from the pipe B of the upper section will either be delivered into the pipe E of the adjacent section or overow outwardly from the upper end of the tool-joint member E. This arrangement permits liquidv being blown from the upper section by directing forced currents of air downwardly therethrough, and thus permits thorough cleansing of the upper section before lifting ,it clear of the lower section.

While I have shown and described a specific embodiment of my invention I do not limit myself to the exact details of construction and arrangement shown but may employ such changes therein as occasion may require coming within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In a drill stem, a series of at least three telescoped tubes, a pair of tool joint members between which said tubes extend and to which said tubes are connected, each of said members having separated passages leading therethrough communicating with the interiors of said tubes.

2. In a drill stem, liquid conveying tube, a pair of telescoped air conveying tubes extending longitudinally through said liquid conveying tube, a pair of tool joint members to which said tubes are connected, each of said members having passages leading longitudinally therethrough communicating with the interiors of said tubes, said telescoped air conveying tubes being formed with a longitudinal slack to permit stretching of the liquid conveying tube relative thereof and independent thereof.

3. A drill stem comprising a liquid conveying tube, a pair of telescoped air conveying tubes extending longitudinally through said liquid conveying tube, a tool joint member affixed to each end of said liquid conveying tube, connections between the ends of said air conveying tubes and said tool joint members, an externally threaded end portion on one of said tool joint members, and an internally threaded end portion on the other of each of said tool joint members, said tool joint members having separated passages leading therethrough communicating with the interiors of said tubes.

4. In a drill stem, a series of at least three telescoped tubes, a tool joint member connected to the corresponding ends of said tubes having separated passages intermediate its ends communicating with the interiors of said tubes and formed with an internally threaded outer end portion, a sleeve arranged interiorly of said threaded end portion and spaced from the inner periphery thereof, a second ltool joint member connected to the other ends of said tubes having separated passages leading therethrough communicating with the interiors of said tubes and having an externally threaded outer end portion, and a cylindrical end projection on said last named tool joint member of a diameter slightly less than that of the sleeve in the other tool joint member.

5. In a drill stem, a pair of telescoped air conducting tubes, a liquid conducting tube surrounding said air conducting tubes, a tubular tool joint member having one end afxed to said liquid conveying tube, a pair of spaced annular walls intermediate the ends of said tool joint member affixed to corresponding ends of said air conveying tubes, said annular walls being arranged with their outer ends recessed relative to the outer end of said member, a second tool joint member affixed to the other end of said liquid conveying tube, and a pair of telescoped cylinders extending into the outer end of said last named tool joint member and aixed thereto to which said air conveying tubes are attached, said cylinders projecting beyoud the outer end of said last named tool Joint member.

6. In a drill stem, a pair of tool joint members having screw threaded interconnection with each other, a liquid conveying tube leading from each of said members, a pair of telescoped air conveying tubes connected to each of said members and leading through said liquid containing tubes, each of said tool joint members being formed with passages affording a communication between the liquid conveying tubes and also having separated passages affording a communication between the air conveying tubes.

7. In a drill stem, a pair of tool Joint members screwed into engagement with each other, liquid conveying tubes leading from the 'outer ends oi' said members, a pair of spaced annular walls arranged intermediate the ends of one of said members, a pair of telescoped cylinders arranged in the other of said members and -aillxed thereto, said cylinders having their outer ends abutting against the ends of said annular walls, packing rings interposed between said cylinders and annular walls, a pair of telescoped air conveying tubes connected to said pair of annular walls, and a pair of air conducting tubes connecting with said pair of cylinders.

8. A drill stem section comprising a tubular tool joint member having an internally threaded outer end portion, a pair of spaced annular walls formed intermediate the ends of said member, a pair of telescoped air conveying tubes having screw threaded connections at their corresponding ends with said annular walls, a liquid conveying tube surrounding said pair of tubes having screw engagement with the inner end of said member, a second tubular tool Joint member having screw engagement with the outer end o1' said liquid conveying tube formed with an externally threaded end portion, a pair of telescoped cylinders arranged in the outer end of said last named member and aixed thereto and having screw engagement with said air conveying tubes, and means rigidly connecting said cylinders together.

9. A drill stem section comprising a tubular tool joint member having an internally threaded outer end portion, a pair of spaced annular walls formed intermediate the ends of said member, a

pair of telescoped air conveying tubes having l screw threaded connections at their corresponding ends with said annular walls. a liquid con'- veying tube surrounding said pair of tubes having screw engagement with the inner end of said member, a second tubular tool Joint member having screw engagement with the outer end of said liquid conveying tube formed with an externally threaded end portion, a pair of telescoped cylinders arranged in the outer end of said last named member having screw engagement with said air conveying tubes, and means for fastening said cylinders relative to said last named tool Joint member with a slack in said air conducting tubes.

10. In a drill stem, a coupling member, having a seriesl of at least three concentrically arranged passages leading therethrough, telescoped tubes connected to said member and leading therefrom there being a tube communicating with each of said passages, a second coupling member connected to the outer end of the outermost tube, a plurality of telescoped cylinders in the last named coupling member to which the outer ends of the inner tubes are attached, spacing webs on the outermost cylinder abutting the inner periphery of said last named coupling member and connected thereto, and spacing webs on the innermost cylinder contacting the inner peripheryof its surrounding cylinder and aiiixed thereto.

1l.` In a drill stem, a coupling member having a series of at least three concentrically arranged passages leading therethrough, telescoped tubes connected to said member and leading therefrom there being a tube communicating with each of said passages, a second coupling member connected to the outer end of the outermost tube, a plurality of telescoped cylinders in the last named coupling member to which the outer ends of the inner tubes are attached, spacing webs on the outermost cylinder abutting the inner periphery of said last named coupling member and connected thereto, and spacing webs on the innermost cylinder contacting the inner periphery of its surrounding cylinder and aillxed thereto, internal shoulders on said last named coupling member and the outermost cylinder against which certain of said webs abut; said inner tubes being formed with a slack relative to the outer tube.

ROY E. KITCHING.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2657016 *Jan 20, 1950Oct 27, 1953Grable Donovan BFluid circulation head for drill strings
US2701122 *Aug 25, 1951Feb 1, 1955Grable Donovan BMethod and apparatus employing compressed gas for drilling wells
US2751194 *Dec 1, 1950Jun 19, 1956California Research CorpCorrosion prevention
US2850264 *Sep 18, 1953Sep 2, 1958Grable Donovan BDual passage concentric pipe drill string coupling
US3077358 *Aug 26, 1959Feb 12, 1963Modiano Dr IngWell-drilling pipe
US3087408 *Oct 24, 1960Apr 30, 1963Dura Vent CorpFactory-built chimney
US3120705 *Oct 8, 1958Feb 11, 1964Alois KaltenbachHigh-speed angle-handpieces for dental purposes
US3161243 *Jul 22, 1960Dec 15, 1964Davis Frank FDrilling system with plural below ground motors
US3273660 *Oct 30, 1963Sep 20, 1966 Method and apparatus for changing single drill pipe strings to
US3638970 *Feb 12, 1968Feb 1, 1972Becker Drilling Alberta LtdJoint for double-walled drill pipe
US4412584 *Aug 26, 1982Nov 1, 1983Halliburton CompanyDownhole tool intake port assembly
US4676563 *May 6, 1985Jun 30, 1987Innotech Energy CorporationAntiarrhythmic
US4688831 *May 20, 1985Aug 25, 1987Preussag AktiengesellschaftThreaded or push-type coupling
US5088774 *May 7, 1990Feb 18, 1992Tylan General, Inc.Coupling for interconnection of coaxial tubing
US5524937 *Dec 6, 1994Jun 11, 1996Camco International Inc.Internal coiled tubing connector
US6409219 *Nov 12, 1999Jun 25, 2002Baker Hughes IncorporatedDownhole screen with tubular bypass
US6464261 *Mar 23, 1999Oct 15, 2002Reslink AsPipe coupling
DE3418892A1 *May 21, 1984Nov 21, 1985Preussag Ag Berlin HannoverGewinde- oder steckverbinder
EP1009908A1 *Nov 12, 1997Jun 21, 2000Technology Commercialization CorporationMethod and device for production of hydrocarbons
Classifications
U.S. Classification285/123.2, 175/320, 285/123.1
International ClassificationE21B17/00, E21B17/18
Cooperative ClassificationE21B17/18
European ClassificationE21B17/18