US 2055270 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 22, 1936. v v WLLARD ET AL 2,055,270
FINGERS I Filed Oct 30, 1954 K Fillezzd. m'Z/L'am Iii/afd.
Patented Sept. 22, 1936 UNITED STATES PIN CERS Virgil V. Villard and William Villard, Massillon, Ohio; said William Villard assignor to said Virgil V. Villard Application October 30, 1934, Serial No. 750,681
2 Claims. 12-84) This invention is a tool of the pincer type intended especially for the use of shoe repair men, the object being to provide pincers which will be comfortable to the hand of the user and which may be easily opened or closed in use. The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing and consists in certain novel features which will be hereinafter fully described and particu-- larly defined.
In the drawing:
Figure 1 is a side elevation of my improved pincers.
Figure 2 is a plan view of the same.
Figure 3 is a detail section on the line 3-3 of Figure 2.
The pincers embodying my invention comprise two jaws l and 2 which are semi-circular as viewed from the side so that they will provide an even leverage when extracting nails and will operate with equal efiiciency in all positions. These jaws I and 2 have reduced portions, indicated at 3, which intersect each other and are pivoted together, as at 4, the reduced portions being elongated at the rear of the jaws to provide handle members 5 and 6, as clearly shown. Upon reference to Figure 2, it will be noted that the handle members 5 and 6 are bent laterally at the rear of the pivot 4 so that said members converge toward their free ends and are brought into overlapping relation and therefore will be brought into a comparatively narrow compass so that they may be very easily grasped by the user and will prove comfortable to his hand. The upper handle member 6 is slightly arched toward its free end, while the lower handle member 5 is formed upon a curve approaching the handle member 6 in the closed position of the pincers, as clearly shown in Figure 1, and is then turned outwardly, as shown at I, so that the two handle members will not come into contact but will always be somewhat spaced apart and the little finger of the users hand may be accommodated between the extremities of the handle members and rest upon the down-turned extremity of the lower member 5, as clearly shown in Figure 1. It is also to be noted that the handle members are slightly twisted, as best seen at 8 in Figure 3,
so that the surfaces presented to the palm of the hand will follow the natural contour of the hand as it grasps the tool. A very firm grip upon the tool may be thus obtained without causing discomfort or fatigue to the user and a slight pressure exerted through the little finger of the users hand will open the pincers to release a nail held thereby or to engage around a nail which is to be extracted.
The device is simple and inexpensive and has been found highly efficient in actual use. Nails may be extracted and heels or soles removed very easily and rapidly, and it is to be understood that, while the tool is designed primarily for use by shoe repair men, its usefulness is not confined 1 to that field.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is:
1. Pincers comprising a pair of pivotally connected jaws and elongated handle members extending from the respective jaws, said handle members converging transversely towards their free rear ends to dispose one handle member in overlying relation to the other for the major portion of its length, said handle members having their rear end portions twisted transversely whereby the surfaces presented to the fingers and palm of a hand grasping the same will be inclined transversely and fit the hand in its gripping position.
2. Pincers comprising a pair of jaws pivotally connected, and elongated handle members extending from the respective jaws, said handle members being curved longitudinally to present a convex surface to the palm of a hand and a concave surface to fingers of the hand, the lower handle member being curved away from the upper handle member at its free rear extremity whereby the little finger may be accommodated between the two handle members and exert pressure against the inner surface of the lower handle member to open the jaws, and both of the handle members having their rear portions twisted transversely to conform to the contour of the hand.
VIRGIL V. VILLARD. WILLIAM VILLARD.