US 2057943 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 20, 1936. G. A. FRIEDRICHS CANDLE HOLDER Filed Dec. 14, 1935 INVENTOR.
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Patented Oct. 20, 1936 UNITED sTArEs PATENT OFFICE CANDLE HOLDER George A..Friedrichs, Erie, Pa. Application December 14, 1935, Serial No. 54,387 6 Claims. (01. (av-23$ This invention relates to candle holders, and more particularly to candle holders which may be disposed to accommodate different sizes of candles as wellas candles having different shapes of base portions.
All devices of this character made according tothe prior art and with which I am familiar, are satisfactory for only one size of candle having a particular shape of base portion and where there has been some adjustability, the candles were disposed off-center with relation to the axis of the base of the candle holder resulting in an unsightly candle holder which either falls over due to the distribution of its own weight or which may fall over upon the slightest force being exerted on the sideoi the candle thereby causing damage from fires or melted Wax. These prior devices also permitted the candle to be tilted to one side causing the uneven burning of the candle with wax dripping over the side of the base supporting the candle holder. These candle holders were not only unsightly and hard to keep clean, but also cost considerable to manufacture and their adjustment to accommodate different sizes 5 of candles was very inefficient and unsatisfactory resulting in an impractical candle holder and therefore an unmarketable candle holder.
It is, accordingly, an object of my invention to provide a candleholder which may be adapted for use with different sizes and shapes of candles with either plain or tapered base portions.
Another object of my invention is to provide a candle holder disposed to accommodate various sizes and shapes of candles which is simple in construction, easy to maintain, easy to keep clean,
and economical in manufacture.
Another object of my invention is toprovide a candle holder disposed to accommodate various sizes of candles having plain or tapered base portions which has a distinctive external appearance.
Another object of my invention is to provide a candle holder disposed to accommodate various sizes of candles having plain or tapered base portions which is so simple to arrange for size or shape that the youngest boy may perform this operation.
Another object of my invention is to provide a candle holder adaptable for various sizes of candles having plainor tapered base portions which positions all sizes of candles having either tapered or plain base portions centrally in the holder with the axis of the center of the holder in line with the axes of any of the candles placed 5 in the holder.
Other objects of my invention will become evident from the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, in which Fig. 1 is a view in side elevation of my novel 5 candle holder for use with candles having tapered base portions.
' Fig. 2 is a plan view of the candle holder shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 3-3 10 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a side elevational view of my novel candle holder for use with tapered end candles showing a key for removing one of the sections to v arrange the size of the candle holder. 5
Fig. 5 is a side elevational view of my novel candle holder for use with plain end candles.
Fig. 6 is a side elevational View partly in crosssection of my novel candle holder for use with large candles requiring spikes. 20
Fig. 7 is a side elevational view of the spike shown in Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is a side elevational view of the candle holder shown in Fig. 6 with the inner section partially removed. 25
Referring to the drawing, the candle holder l shown in Figs. 1, 2, 3 and 4 comprises a plurality of tapered cup-shaped sections 2 each provided with a threaded aperture 3 in the base portions thereof-for engagement with a threaded stud 4 30 in the supporting base 5. Each of the sections 2 V have definite internal diameters to accommodate a plurality of different sizes of candles having tapered base portions such as candle 6 shown in Fi 1. Any of the sections may be removed in 5 dividually or the assembled sections 2 may be removed as a whole unit by rotating the assembled unit on the threaded stud 4. Slots 1 are provided on the upper portion of the sections 2 in order that a key 8 may be used to rotate the sections 40 2 individually and remove them when a change of size of the candle is desired.
Fig. 5 shows a candle holder 9 having a plurality of sections ll! designed for candles having plain ends. Each section ID has a threaded aper- 45 ture H for engagement with a. threaded stud I2 and operates in identically the same manner as the candle holder I in Fig. 1. It will be readily apparent that the candle holders as shown in Fig.
l or in Fig. 5 may be used on the same supporting 50 base 5 thereby requiring only the candle holders of both types to accommodate all difierent sizes of candles with either plain or tapered bases. It is not necessary that the apertures 3 and ll be threaded in that any form of means (not shown) may be utilized for securing the sections together and to the base. All of the sections are interfitting and each unit assembly is interchangeable with the other unit assembly on the same stem or stud.
Figs. 6 and 8 show a type of candle holder [3 for use with large size candles and particularly with large size paschal candles. The cup-shaped sections l4 comprising the candle holder I3 have apertures IS in the bases thereof, which may or may not be threaded, for engagement with the threaded bolt 16. A spike I! having a threaded aperture 18 engages the threaded bolt Hi to secure the sections I 4 together and to the base I9. In the preferred embodiment, the apertures l5 will not be threaded so that the sections l4 may simply be removed by the fingers upon removal of the spike ll. All large sized candles are provided with apertures to receive a spike and therefore the spike I! is utilized only on large sized candles such as paschal candles and projects in the aperture in the base of the candle (not shown) to hold the candle and especially the base thereof in a firm position.
The outer section of any of the candle holders described above may be of any ornamental design (not shown) to give a pleasing outer appearance not'possible in other types of candle holders disposed to accommodate various sizes of candles.
It will be apparent that this candle holder can be very cheaply manufactured out of tubing and for the smaller sizes of candles, a wide range of candle sizes are usable and the base portions may be tapered or plain. Only one supporting base is required and the change from one size to another is very simple by merely removing one of the sections. When the base portions of the candles are changed, the unit assembly is removed from the threaded stud on the supporting base and other unit assembly adapted for tapered or plain end candles is screwed on the threaded stud.
Various changes may be made in the specific embodiment of the present invention without diverting from the spirit thereof, or within the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim is:
1. A candle holder comprising a supporting base, a threaded stem projecting from said base, and a plurality of interfitting sections having threaded apertures formed in the bases thereof for engaging said stem, said sections adapted to hold various sizes of candles having plain or tapered ends.
2. A candle holder disposed to accommodate various sizes of candles having plain or tapered ends comprising a supporting base, a stem projecting from said base, and a plurality of interchangeable interfitting sections engaging said stem, each of said sections adapted to accommodate a particular size of candle.
3. A candle holder disposed to accommodate Various sizes of candles having plain or tapered ends comprising a supporting base, a stem projecting'from said base, a plurality of cup-shaped sections tapered to accommodate candles having tapered ends and having apertures in the bases thereof to engage said stem, and a plurality of cup-shaped sections for accommodating plain end candles and having apertures in the bases thereof for engaging said stem, each of said plurality of sections being interchangeable on said stem.
4. A candle holder disposed to accommodate various sizes of candles having plain or tapered ends comprising a supporting base, a plurality of interfitting sections disposed on said base, each of said sections adapted to accommodate a particular size of candle, and means for securing one or more of said sections on said base.
5. A candle holder disposed to accommodate various sizes and shapes of candles comprising a supporting base, a stem projecting from said base, a plurality of interchangeable interfitting sections having apertures in their bases for en- 1 gaging said stem, each of said sections adapted to accommodate a particular size of candle, and a spike for engaging the base portion of a candle carried on said stem and securing said sections together.
6. A candle holder disposed to accommodate various sizes and-shapes of candles having plain or tapered ends comprising a supporting base, a fixed outer section disposed on said base, a plurality of inner interfitting sections disposed in said fixed section, said fixed section and each of said inner sections disposed to accommodate a particular size of candle, and means for securing said fixed section onto said base.
GEORGE A. FRIEDRICHS.