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Publication numberUS2059653 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 3, 1936
Filing dateFeb 14, 1936
Priority dateFeb 14, 1936
Publication numberUS 2059653 A, US 2059653A, US-A-2059653, US2059653 A, US2059653A
InventorsPretzfelder Millard
Original AssigneePaper Novelty Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Christmas tree ornament
US 2059653 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Filed Feb. 14, 1936 WITNESS ATTORNEYS Patented v Nov. 3, 1936 UNITED STATES CHRISTMAS TREE ORNAMENT Millard Pretzfelder, St. Albans, N. Y., assignor to Paper Novelty Manufacturing 00., New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application February 14, 1936, Serial No. 63,821

9 Claims.

My invention relates to an ornament, and more particularly to a reflector structure to be used in connection with an incandescent lamp, the unitary structure of ornament and lamp being used in the decoration of a Christmas tree.

An object of my invention is to provide an ornament in simulation of a star constituted of a plurality of apertured conical elements secured together to form a body, to which may be applied a miniature incandescent lamp, the entire unitary structure being adapted to be secured to the upper extremity, for instance the central stem, of a Christmas tree. A more particular object of my invention is to provide such a structure of ornamental character which is effective to so diffuse the rays of light emanating from the centrally disposed incandescent light bulb, through a multiplicity of apertures provided throughout the body of the ornament, as to present a most pleasing and effective display of the star.

In attaining these objects, I provide an ornament made up of a plurality of conical sections joined together at their bases and having their apices extend in a multiple of directions, depend- 25 ing upon the number of conical sections constituting the ornamental device, each of such conical sections being provided with a multiplicity of apertures through which light rays are reflected from the interior surfaces .of such conical 3 sections.

A further feature of my invention consists in the provision of means for mounting the ornament upon a Christmas tree.

The ornamental device forming the subject 5 matter of the present invention, may advantageously have applied to the conical sections making up the same, an exterior surface finish of any desired color, or combination of colors. The ornamental effect of such coloring of the exterior 40 surfaces of the sections of the ornament are appreciably enhanced by providing the inner surfaces of such conical sections with a highly reflective surface, for instance, as may be secured by forming such sections from highly polished 45' metal foil. Thus, the rays of light emanating from the incandescent bulb disposed centrally of the ornament, will be reflected from the interior surfaces of the conical sections through the multiplicity of apertures therein against the colored 5o exterior surfaces of adjacent conical sections of the ornament, thereby producing an effective diffusion of the light rays emanating from the single source, namely the electric-light bulb, throughout the exposed surfaces of the ornament.

55 A particular embodiment of my invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which Fig. 1 is a face view of a Christmas tree ornament constructed in accordance with my invention; Fig. 2 is a vertical section therethrough; Fig. 3 is a plan view of a blank of material from 5 which one of the conical elements of the ornament is formed; Fig. 4 is a side view of one of the conical elements; Fig. 5 is a rear view of the centralportion of the ornament; and Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the disc and spring fingers con- 1 stituting the mounting structure for the incandescent lamp socket.

,Referring more particularly to the drawing, in which similar reference characters identify similar parts in the several views, ll) designates 15 one of the plurality of conical elements forming the ornament. In the illustrated embodiment, I have shown five such conical sections as forming the ornamental structure, but it is to be understood, of course, that a lesser or greater number of such conical sections may be utilized to form the ornament. I

Each of the conical sections I0 is formed from a flat blank I I (Fig. 3) joined at the edges l2 and I3 of such blank by a rivet I4. The arcuat'e base of the blank I I is preferably provided with a plurality of semi-circular extensions I5 forming, when the blank has been turned into the conical section, a scalloped edge along the bottom thereof. Each of the blanks II has formed integrally therewith extensions l6 and H which, when the blank I I has been formed into the conical section II), depend, from the cone, as tabs I8 and I9 indicated in Fig. 4. I

The blank II is provided with a large number 5 of apertures 20 which, when the conical section! III has been formed from the blank, are distributed throughout the surface of thesection. a

One side of the blank II has a highly polished reflective surface, while' the other face thereof 40 may have applied thereto a particular color, or combination of colors. In forming, the conical section II), the face of the blank Il, having the highly reflective surface, constitutes the interior surface of the conical section, and the colored face'of such blank becomes the exterior surface of the conical section.

In forming my novel Christmas tree ornament,

a plurality of conical sections III are joined together by means of adjacent tabs I6 and corresponding adjacent tabs IT, on the opposite side, in the manner indicated in Fig. 1, such adjacent tabs being fastened together by means of rivets 2|. The disposition of the conical sections In in. forming the ornament, is such that they constiof an annular disc 22 having a plurality of apertute a unitary structure in the form of a star, the apices of the conical sections lying in substantially the same plane, and corresponding to the apices of the segments of the star. o

When the ornament has thus been assembled, there may be applied to the central portion therea plurality of convolutions 25', increasing in di-.

ameter downwardly; The upper end of the wire '25 is passed through one of the apertures 23 of the annular disc 22 and is then led along the periphery of the disc beneath such disc and anchored within another of the apertures 23. Such aperture 23 vmay conveniently correspond to the rivets 2| which, in such case, are of the eyelet type. upon a vertically extending stem of the Christmas tree by passing the convolutions 25 of the wire 25 over-such stem until the ornament is securely seated upon such stem.

In assembling my novel Christmas tree ornament preparatory to the securement thereof upon the Christmas tree as just described, a socket 26 is passed through the central aperture of the annular disc 22 until a. flange 21 provided on such socket is seated within the curved extremitiesof'the spring fingers 24. The incandescent lightbulb 28,-usually of miniature size, may be secured within the socket 26 before such socket is clamped within the spring fingers 24, or it may be inserted into such socket from the front of the ornament through the space between the bases of the conical sections I0.

When the light bulb '28 is illuminated, the rays of light emanating therefrom are diffused throughout the interior space of the ornament and are reflected by the highly polished interior surfaces of the conical'sections l0. Such reflected rays of light, being greatly enhanced in effect by reason of the repeated reflection thereof by the highly polished surfaces which act in the nature of mirrors, and emanating from the apertures 20 of the various cone sections are diffused in all directions, some striking the colored exterior surfaces of the adjacent. conical sections and thereby producing an extremely effective illumination of the entireornamental strucsecured centrally of the rear face of the -orna-- ment and having a plurality of spring fingers extending into the body of the ornament and se-' curing an electric light bulb within the body of the ornament.

2. As an article of manufacture, a reflector The ornament may thus. be mounted ornament adapted for use in the decoration of a Christmas tree, comprising a plurality of substantially conical sections joined together at their lower extremities to form a unitary body, and means for securing said unitary body to a Christmas tree in upright position, the conical sections being provided with a multiplicity of apertures and the interior surfaces thereof being of a highly reflective character.

3. A Christmas tree ornament comprising a plurality of substantially conical sections, each having a pair of tabs extending from its lower edge, and joined together at their lower extremities by means of such tabs to form a unitary body, means for securing said unitary body to a Christmas tree in upright position, and .an annular disc secured centrally of the rear face of the ornament and having a plurality of spring fingers extending into the body of the ornament and securing an electric light bulb within the body of the ornament.

4. As an' article of manufacture, a reflector ornament adapted for use in the decoration of a Christmas tree, comprising a plurality of substantially conical sections having highly polished reflective interior surfaces and colored outer surfaces, said conical sections being joined together at their lower extremities to form a unitary body having the apices of the conical sections lying in substantially the same plane, and means for seating said unitary body upon a branch of a Christmas tree in upright position.

5. As an article of manufacture, a reflector ornament adapted for use in the decoration of a Christmas tree, comprising a plurality of substantially conical sections having light reflecting surfaces, joined together at their lower extremities to form a unitary body having the apices of the conical sections lying in substantially the same plane, and means for seating said unitary body upon a branch of a Christmas tree in upright position, said conical sections being provided with a multiplicity of apertures.

6. As an article of manufacture, a reflector ornament adapted for use in the decoration of a Christmas tree, comprising a plurality of substantially conical sections having light reflecting surfaces, joined together at their lower extremities to form a unitary body having the apices of the conical sections lying in substantially the same plane, means for seating said unitary body upon a branch of a Christmas tree in upright position, and an annular disc secured centrally of the rear face of the ornament and having a plurality of spring fingers extending into the body of the ornament and securing an electric light bulb within the body of the ornament.

7. As an article of manufacture, a reflector ornament adapted for use in the decoration of a Christmas tree, comprising a plurality of substantially conical sections having light reflecting surfaces, joined together at their lower .extremities .to form a unitary body having the apices of the conical sections lying in substan- -tremities by means 01' such tabs to form a unilower edge, the sections being joined together at their lower extremities by means of such tabs to form a unitary body having the apices of the conical sections lying in substantially the same plane, and means for seating said unitary body upon a branch of a Christmas tree in upright position.

9. A Christmas tree ornament comprising a plurality of substantially conical sections; each having a pair of tabs extending from its lower edge, and joined together at their lower extary body having the apices of the conical sections lying insubstantially the same plane, means for seating said unitary body upon a branch of a Christmas tree in upright position, and an annular disc secured centrally of the rear face of the ornament and having a plurality of spring fingers extending into the body of the ornament and securing an electric light bulb within the body of the ornament.

MILLARD PRE'IZFELDER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2653216 *Nov 14, 1949Sep 22, 1953William F ProtzChristmas tree ornament assembly and supporting means therefor
US2722317 *Aug 2, 1952Nov 1, 1955Miller Electric CoLamp support
US3582641 *Aug 23, 1968Jun 1, 1971Choquette Ronald MDecorative light holders
US4118762 *Apr 5, 1976Oct 3, 1978Fennell John COrnamental light arrangement
US4452836 *Feb 1, 1983Jun 5, 1984The Decor Noel CorporationCap and clip assembly for attachment to ornament
US4555429 *Jun 21, 1984Nov 26, 1985Dick Martin Design, Ltd.Curved needlepoint canvas
US4568615 *Oct 21, 1983Feb 4, 1986Divincenzo MaureenCraft substrates
US6000820 *May 28, 1998Dec 14, 1999Murray; Kenneth J.Low voltage light novelty decorations
US7341360Sep 29, 2005Mar 11, 2008Hallmark Cards, IncorporatedDecorating with a lighted device
US7380956Jun 14, 2005Jun 3, 2008Hallmark Cards, IncorporatedOrnament with image projector
US7540622 *Jan 5, 2007Jun 2, 2009Bechtol Bryan FTree ornament
US7547111May 6, 2008Jun 16, 2009Hallmark Cards, IncorporatedOrnament with image projector
US7611261Jan 3, 2008Nov 3, 2009Hallmark Cards, IncorporatedDecorating with a lighted device
US20110114807 *May 19, 2011Jonathan Rees RichardsonTree top decoration holder
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/121, 428/11, 428/131, 362/438
International ClassificationF21S4/00, A47G33/08
Cooperative ClassificationA47G33/08, F21W2121/00, F21W2121/04, A47G2033/089, A47G2033/0827
European ClassificationA47G33/08