|Publication number||US2060005 A|
|Publication date||Nov 10, 1936|
|Filing date||Mar 16, 1935|
|Priority date||Mar 16, 1935|
|Publication number||US 2060005 A, US 2060005A, US-A-2060005, US2060005 A, US2060005A|
|Inventors||Fletcher William Arthur, Fletcher Nellie Pauline|
|Original Assignee||Fletcher William Arthur, Fletcher Nellie Pauline|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1936. N. P. FLETCHER ET AL.
COMBINED LIGHT AND FLOWER HOLDER Filed March 16, 1935 IHIIII imu Patented Nov. 10, 1936 UNITED STATES COMBINED LIGHT AND FLOWER HOLDER Nellie Pauline Fletcher, Leesburg, Va., and William Arthur Fletcher, Los Angeles, Calif.
\l Application March 16, 1935, Serial No. 11,474
This invention relates to a method of producing a variant visual beauty and ornamentation effects or design within or around lighting structures or fixtures, and has for one of its objects, radiation flow protection. Such radiation flow produces untimely wilting, as hereinafter disclosed.
Other objects and advantages of our invention will become apparent from the following description and the drawing, in which Figure l is a sectional view of one form of our invention, Figure 2 an elevational view of one embodiment of our radiation flow protection.
Referring to the drawing, more particularly, Figure 1, therein is a base I, with supporting standards I, a concealed well I0, having a nutritive substance I, an outlet I4, with a drain I5, a cover and holder 9, fitting in the lower section of niche 8, in wall 8'. foraminous design 20, holds flowers or the like I8. 20 A standard 2, is provided with an undermount 2, and uppermount 2". Within standard 2, extends an external circuit or circuits 6 to a lamp or lamps 3. Coupled to the standard 2, by lamp socket 5, is shade or reflector 4. A wilt protection member I9, is so constructed and arranged as to be a rigid member. Its supporting means I9 allows member I9, to be raised or lowered along the standard 2. The wilt protection member I9 may be flat or cup shaped. The protection member I9 can be constructed of materials of a mesh structure requisite to its manner of usage, and interposed between lamp 3, and flowers or the living cell of I8. The wilt protection member I9 can be constructed of a material having preferably, fluorescent properties, such as a regenerated cellulose; more preferably, cellophane, or cello-glass.
It is well known to those skilled in the art, that plants in the dark vitiate the air, and this in the same way as animals; in the light thesesame plants possess the power of purifying the air. We purpose to use the plants inherent properties, via, to use that natural action of the flower cells for vitiation of the air beyond a protection member in the dark and purification of the air beyond said protection member in the light by flower cells or other plant cells. This is accomplished in one form as illustrated, in Figure 2. Here in the upper section of niche 8 of wall 8 of Figure 1, is shown a protection member I6, which can be bell shaped, or other design, and may be constructed of materials having light transmissive properties, moulded to the desired form and shaped so that the higher portion of the said member I6 forms an open space I6,
Holder 9,, having a whereby, flowers or other objects IB maybe inserted in the holder 9, for growing or exhibiting, thus free from any external convection heat radiations, whose detrimental efiects are well known to the art, and need not be mentioned. Upon the standard 2, is the radiation flow protection member I9, which is attached in a suitable way to support I9 and is able to be moved up, closing the lower end of the reflector 4 or down, closing the open space I6, thereby sealing the protection member I6 from outside convection currents. It will be obvious said member I6,
- and member I9, can be made of a substance possessing fluorescent or phosphorescent characteristics, having light transmission properties. Such substance may be a regenerated cellulose, of such form and shape to conform to the open space I6, and transmitting light to flowers or the like I8, behind protection member I8.
The luminosity of light source 3 depends upon its manner of excitation. The light energy, beyond protection member I6 represents the emissive energy from light source 3, and member I9. the characteristics of said light energy, depend upon the particular fluorescent substance under utilization, and the flowers chromatic adaptation", to produce said vitiation of the air beyond the protection member IE, and its purification by such light and flowers to stop or delay the untimely wilting.
To still further the disclosure, it is long known that charged ions can serve as nuclei for the condensation of water vapor, and that the electric vector of light can produce said charged ions. Instead of relying solely upon the energy of the external air for oxidizing action and condensation which is necessary for the plant cells growth, we make use of charged ions which serve as nuclei for the condensation of water vapour behind a protection member I6, where the cut flowers or living cells are placed, having a radiation flow protection member I9, by which and through which light is projected on the flowers or other objects I8. In this way the plant cells vitiation and purification process can be modified, or controlled through the photochemical action of light energy projected thereon. The other remaining parts of Figure 2, can be constructed as illustrated and described, in Figure 1.
We use the term light to denote the visible or invisible electric wave spectrum. It is essential, in order to fully disclose our invention to notice the almost indispensable turn, of course, of light radiation, backward and forward over the same course, or spot of the flowers I8, or over 45 scope of the appended claims.
the section of colored object nuclei", formed beyond protection member I6, and of the flower cells of the flowers l8. The projected light from the source 3, and said light energy beyond protection member I6, combine with that natural light of the flowers, through the cytoplasmic substance and its circulation. Consequently, by the use of protection member IS, the quality or principle of said light energy, can be made a measurable factor, both as to quality and quantity. Thus the color or colors given off by light 3, and projected down on the member l8, and flowers l8, can be changed by various means, such as by changing the manner of excitation energy at 6, or by substituting other emissive mediums for the lamp 3, or screen IS, in order to given the flowers l8 the apparent beauty and ornamentation of preconceived desire or individual artistic creation.
It will be obvious, that by controlling the color of light by screen l9, or modifying the light source 3, the flowers l8, by reason of their selective absorption and reflection, will by impinging light rays thereon, lntermix the light rays and produce variant beauty and ornamentation. Members l6 and It! may be colored, and vertically adjustable. Member Is may be called a disk.
We do not claim the phenomena of fluorescence, because, it is a property long known, that some substances will fluoresce after exposure to light, or after electric stimulus of some kind, but we do claim as new wilt and radiation flow protection members, and interposing a fluorescent substance between asource of light and living cells beyond a protection member.
Accordingly, it will be understood, the combined light structure, or the essential features thereof, might also be practically applied in various ways and forms.
Although, we have described an electric illuminated combined flower structure; it is obvious, that, the form and embodiment of our improved method herein disclosed, various changes and modifications may be made herein, without departing from the spirit oi! our invention and the Having disclosed our invention, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A device of character described, comprising a bowl shaped base member adapted to serve as a flower pot; a standard secured to said base member; a light source supported on the upper end of said standard; a lamp shade supported on said standard, surrounding said lamp andadapted to direct light downwardly on said base member; nutritive material in said base member; living plant cells such as flowers in said nutritive material and exposed to said light; a protection member of transparent material resting on top of said base member extending upwardly therefrom to a point above said plant cells, and surrounding said plant cells, said protection member being open at the top; a second protection member comprising a flat disk of suitably colored fluorescent translucent material vertically'adjustably supported on said standard, said disk being of sufllcient size to close the lower portions of said shade when in its upper adjusted position, or to close the open top of said first mentioned protection member when in lower adjusted position.
2. An illuminated flower holder, comprising in combination, a bowl structure adapted to hold flowers, a lamp standard supported from the 2,060,005 l8, and the colloidal bowl, an electric lamp on said standard, a shade supported by said standard and surrounding said lamp, means for radiation flow protection, said means comprising a, disk of colored phosphorescent light transmitting material, of a size sufficient to completely close the lower end of the shade, and adjustably supported on said standard, whereby light emitted from said lamp traverses said disk before falling on flowers in said bowl, and illuminates said flowers in colors corresponding to said disk.
3. The herein described device, which comprises a plurality of protection members interconnected by a projection light source, said members interposed in a suitable adjustable manner between said light and living plant cells within an enclosure, whereby the color and quantity of said light is controlled and modified for said living cells within the enclosure.
4. The herein described method of vitiation and purification of air for living plant cells within an enclosure, which consists of treating with radiation from a projected light source, through suitable colored protection members, living plant cells within an enclosure, said members interposed and adjustable between said living cells and light source, whereby the said radiation, is
controlled and modified, to produce within the enclosure the vitiation and purification necessary for said living cells.
5. The method of the character described, consisting of radiation flow protection for plants within an enclosure, comprising projecting radiations on living plant cells within enclosure; separating the light rays falling on said cells, as regards their color, varying the intensity of such light rays, by interposition of a suitable protection member, having adjustable and fluorescent properties, thereby producing light and variant visual beauty.
6. A device of character described comprising a bowl shaped base member adapted to serve as a flower pot; a standard secured to said base member; a light source supported on the upper end of said standard; a lamp shade supported on said standard, surrounding said lamp and adapted to direct light downwardly on said base member; nutritive material in said base member; living plant cells such as flowers in said nutritive material and exposed to said light; a protection member of transparent material resting on top of said member extending upwardly therefrom to a point above said plant cells, and surrounding said plant cells, said protection member being open at the top; a second protection member comprising a flat disk of suitably colored light transmitting material vertically adjustably supported on said standard, said disk being of Sllfi'lcient size to close the lower portions of said shade when in its upper adjusted position, or to close the open top of said first mentioned protection member when in lower adjusted position.
7. The method of character described for controlling light electrical and light chemical reactions of living plant cells, consisting of impressing radiations through suitable colored irradiation members, interposed in an adjustable manner between a source of light and living plant cells within an enclosure, whereby said reactions are resultant.
NELIEIE PAULINE FLETCHER. WILLIAIVI ARTHUR FLETCHER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2720056 *||Jan 4, 1951||Oct 11, 1955||Albert H Levy||Combined lamp and flower receptacle|
|US2826864 *||Aug 20, 1954||Mar 18, 1958||Bradley Earl R||Display and preserving device for cut flowers and plants|
|US2874267 *||Apr 21, 1955||Feb 17, 1959||Shipley Margaret E||Candle support for flower holders|
|US3015024 *||Feb 24, 1961||Dec 26, 1961||Charchan Samuel||Illuminated flower pot holder|
|US3334222 *||Sep 28, 1964||Aug 1, 1967||Caro Anthony||Lamp shades|
|US3939338 *||Jan 8, 1975||Feb 17, 1976||The Raymond Lee Organization, Inc.||Combined terrarium and lamp|
|US4028848 *||May 21, 1976||Jun 14, 1977||Michael D. Murray||Lamp pedestal with terrarium bowl|
|US20130247459 *||Mar 26, 2012||Sep 26, 2013||Margaret Egiziaco||Vase|
|US20150223403 *||Mar 11, 2015||Aug 13, 2015||Valoya Oy||Method and means for acclimatizing seedlings for outdoor life|
|U.S. Classification||47/41.11, D26/55, 362/101|
|International Classification||A47G7/06, F21V33/00|
|Cooperative Classification||F21W2121/00, F21V33/0028, F21S6/002|
|European Classification||F21S6/00D, F21V33/00A4B|