Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2061384 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 17, 1936
Filing dateOct 30, 1935
Priority dateOct 30, 1935
Publication numberUS 2061384 A, US 2061384A, US-A-2061384, US2061384 A, US2061384A
InventorsRobert Manegold John
Original AssigneeRobert Manegold John
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Catamenial receptacle
US 2061384 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1936. J. R. MANEGOLD CATAMENIAL RECEPTAGLE Filed Oct. '30, 1955 FlG. 3

FIGJ

FIG. 2

INVENTOR Wi ATTORN EY Patented Nov. 17, 1936 CATAMENIAL RECEPTACLE John Robert Manegold, Milwaukee, Wis.

Application October 30, 1935, Serial No. 47,331

Z Claims.

This invention relates to an improvement in catamenial receptacles adapted to be inserted in the vagina of the human female for the purpose of receiving and entrapping the menstrual and other vaginal discharges. Catamenial receptacles of this nature are known but are not in general use because they do not effectually prevent the seepage of the menstrual discharge past the receptacle, because they are uncomfortable to wear and diflicult to insert, and because they cannot be depended upon to resume their original shape after being compressed for the purpose of insertion.

The reason for the seepage of the menstrual discharge past the former receptacles, even when of the proper shape and size, is that the surfaces of the receptacle which come in contact with the vaginal walls were of homogeneous materials with a smooth exterior which could not adapt themselves to the ridges and folds in the vaginal wall, especially during bodily movements and under the varying internal pressure exerted by the bladder and the intestines.

One object of this invention is to provide a catamenial receptacle which furnishes an effective seal against the escape of the menstrual and other discharges from the vagina.

Another object is to provide such a receptacle which may be worn with comfort and which will remain in place.

Another object is to provide such a receptacle which is easily withdrawn and inserted.

The foregoing objects and others ancillary thereto are accomplished by providing a receiving and retaining cup of relatively small proportions and surrounding its lateral sides with a layer of resilient, sponge-like material.

The novel features considered characteristic of the invention are set forth with particularity in the appended claims. The invention itself, however, both as, to its organization and method of operation, together with additional objects and advantages thereof, will be best understood from the following description of a specific embodiment when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, in. which:

Figure 1 is an elevationof the catamenial receptacle of this invention.

Figure 2 is a plan view of the receptacle.

Figure 3 is a sectional view of the receptacle along the line 3-3 of Figure 2.

Referring now to the drawing, I is a cup preferably made of elastic material such as soft rubber. On the rim of the cup II) is a reinforcing ridge or band I l which is of such size and resiliency that it tends to open the cup i0 against the pressure of the vaginal walls. The base of the cup carries the knob i2 by means of which the receptacle may be conveniently grasped and withdrawn from the vagina and held while cleaning the receptacle.

Surrounding the lateral side of the cup it, and

' preferably secured thereto, is a layer of soft sponge rubber l3. Sponge rubber with pores of approximately inch has given good results. The upper surface it of this layer of sponge rubber I3 is preferably inclined to form a funnel shaped surface at the top of the receptacle. To this funnel shaped surface M and to the rim I I of the cup Hi is secured a thin, imperforate covering of soft rubber 45 which covering is preferably continued for a short distance it over the outer edge of the sponge rubber it. In the drawing, the thickness of this covering I is exaggerated for the sake of clearness.

The purpose of this covering i5 is to seal the pores on the upper surface it of the sponge rubber i3 so that the discharge does not soak into the sponge rubber i3 through this surface l4 but instead will be guided down the funnel into the cup ill. The covering i5 is continued over theedge and down the lateral side of the sponge rubber It a short distance it to smoothen this edge to facilitate the insertion of the receptacle in the vagina.

To the lower surface ll of the sponge rubber l3, and attached to the base of the cup in, may be secured a second thin, imperforate covering of soft rubber Hi. The purpose of this covering I8 is to seal the pores of the sponge rubber H3 at the surface ll-to prevent the escape of any discharges and secretions which may have soaked to the bottom of the sponge rubber l3. Under ordinary circumstances, this covering is not required, asnone or at most only a small quantity seeps past the upper seal 55.

The catamenial receptacle, comprising the cup Hi; the layer of sponge rubber l3, and the rubber coverings I5 and i8, is of such resiliency and softness that it may be compressed with the fingers and inserted through the entrance of the vaginal canal with the mouth of the cup l0 towards the cervix. After insertion, the catamenial receptacle tends to return to its original shape, the rim ll opening the mouth of the cup 80 even though the sponge rubber I3 may be considerably compressed. At intervals the receptacle may be Withdrawn by means of the knob 12, emptied, cleaned, and reinserted.

The sponge rubber I3, because of the relative freedom of movement of its individual particles, effects an intimate contact with the irregular walls of the vaginal canal and establishes a seal which prevents substantially all seepage along these walls. In most cases the menstrual discharge does not seep past the outer edge l8 of the rubber covering l5. If, because of some unusual condition seepage past the edge l8 occurs, the fluid is thereafter forced to travel through the passages connecting the pores of the sponge rubber i3 and is retained in these pores, cavities. and passages. The passages connecting the pores and cavities of the sponge rubber i 3 are minute and offer a substantial resistance to the flow of the discharge so that a retardation of the seepage is effected. In the few cases where the seepage past the edge iii of the rubber covering i5 is large, the fluid will be retained by the covering IE on the lower portion of the sponge rubber i3.

The sponge rubber i3, because of its resiliency and softness, adapts itself to the shape of the vaginal canal so that the receptacle of this invention is comfortable to the wearer. By absorbing the secretions on the walls of the vagina, the particles on the surface of the sponge rubber l3 are permitted to come into intimate contact with these walls and cling to them so that the device of this invention is not displaced during violent exercise of the wearer.

This invention is to be limited neither to the shape nor the materials shown in the specific embodiment of the invention. The use of rubber, for example, is not an essential element of the invention as the cup i0 may be made of other elastic and even rigid materials and for the sponge rubber i3 may be substituted other resilient and porous materials.

A tube with a suitable closing device may be connected to the cup iii to permit periodic drainage of the cup l0 without removing the receptacle. The cup ill may also be replaced by an extended tube for continuous drainage. The invention is not to be restricted except in so far as is necessary by the prior art and the spirit of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A catamenial receptacle comprising a cup, 9. layer of sponge rubber secured to the outer surface of the side walls of said cup, 2. covering of thin and imperforate soft rubber extending from the rim of said cup to the outer edge of the surface of said sponge rubber adjacent to said rim, a second covering on said sponge rubber of thin and imperforate soft rubber extending from the base of said cup and over the lower portion of said sponge rubber said sponge rubber and rubber coverings being of a softness to permit compression with the fingers for insertion of the catamenial receptacle into the vaginal canal with the mouth of said cup towards the cervix said sponge rubber being also of a resiliency and size to tend; to return to its original shape after insertion against the pressure of the side walls of the vaginal canal and effect a sealing engagement with the side walls of said canal.

2. A catamenial receptacle comprising a cup, 3. layer of sponge rubber secured to the outer surface of the side walls of said cup, sealing means for closing the pores of the sponge rubber on the surface adjacent to the rim of said cup said catamenlal receptacle being of a softness'to permit compression with the fingers for the insertion of the catamenial receptacle into the vaginal canal with the mouth of said cup towards the cervix said catamenial receptacle beingalso of a resiliency and size to tend to return to its original shape after insertion against the pressure of the side walls of the vaginal canal to distend said canal and effect a sealing engagement with theside walls of said canal.

3. An article of the character described comprising a vessel having an opening at one end and a layer of absorbent and resilient material on the outer sides of said vessel, said article being of a softness to permit of its being compressed with the fingers and inserted in the vaginal canal with said opening towards the cervix said article being also of a resiliency and size to return after insertion to substantially its original form against the normal pressure of the walls of the vaginal canal to distend said canal and effect a sealing engagement with said walls.

4. An article of the character described comprising a cup, a layer of sponge rubber on the outer side of said cup, and means extending from said cup to the outer side of said layer of sponge rubber for sealing the pores of said sponge rubber said article being adapted to be inserted in the vagina with the mouth of said cup towards the cervix and fit snugly against the walls of the vagina to effect a sealing engagement with said walls.

5. An article of the character described comprising a cup, a layer of resilient absorbing material on the outer side of said cup, said material resisting fluid passage through said layer lengthwise of said cup said article being adapted to be inserted in the vagina with the mouth of the cup towards the cervix and fit snugly against the walls of the vagina to efiect a sealing engagement with said walls.

6. An article of the character described comprising a vessel having an opening at one end and a layer of sponge rubber on the outer side of said vessel said article being of a softness to permit of its being compressed with the fingers and inserted in the vaginal canal with said opening towards the cervix, said article being also of a resiliency and size to return after insertion to substantially its original form against the normal pressure of the walls of the vaginal canal to distend said canal and effect a sealing engagement with said walls.

7. An article of the character described comprising a cup and a layer of absorbent and re,- silient material on the outer side of said cup an upper portion of said material being sealed against fluid passage lengthwise of said cup, said article being of a softness to permit of its being compressed with the fingers and completely inserted in the vaginal canal with the open end of said cup towards the cervix, said article being also of a resiliency and size to return after insertion to substantially its original form against the normal pressure of the walls of the vaginal canal to distend said canal and effect a sealing engagement

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4381771 *Dec 21, 1981May 3, 1983Kedma, IncorporatedFemale contraceptive
US4607630 *Jun 6, 1984Aug 26, 1986Fundatech S.A.Intravaginal contraceptive device
US5005589 *Mar 22, 1990Apr 9, 1991Hwang Ying TehCondom
US6241846Jul 3, 1997Jun 5, 2001Ultrafem, Inc.Apparatus for manufacturing elastomeric articles
US6264638Mar 28, 1997Jul 24, 2001Ultrafem, Inc.Intravaginal drug delivery system and discharge collection device
US6796973Mar 21, 1994Sep 28, 2004Instead, Inc.Vaginal discharge collection device and intravaginal drug delivery system
EP0129271A1 *May 24, 1984Dec 27, 1984Fundatech S.A.Intravaginal contraceptive device
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/330
International ClassificationA61F5/455, A61F5/451
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/4553
European ClassificationA61F5/455B