US 2062417 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
lDec. l, 1936. A E, JAY 2,952,417
cLosURE v vFiled sept. 16, 1935 l 2' Sheets-sheet 1 Y UNITED 'v1 aoszdri structure, and. which'will preventrunauthorized access to the contents of the safety deposit' box.
Another object ofthe inventionfis to @provide a closure having alock'thereon which-iszadapted to be opened by means of a key to be carried by the device priorA tosale and. atalltime'sItov bein possession of the lessorl ofthe safety deposit `:box
so that officials of the institution'having the box therein will be blamelessin articles in-the box.. n f .l
Another object of'` the invention isto' provide a closure for safety deposit boxes which-will .engage the .walls adjacent the safety deposit box andwill lock Vthe box in closed position between the walls. 1: '-1
Avfurther .object of the invention'isto provide the event vofvl'oss of a device of this character which, after unlocking,A .f
may be readilyremovedfrom the safety deposit box for permitting access to thebox.
And a still further object o f the inventionV is to provide'a closure which may be'manufactured cheaply and easily to sellat a nominal figure. 1
Other and incidental objects of the invention not specifically mentioned in the-foregoing" will render themselves apparent as thedescription of the invention proceeds.
My improved device is illustrated in the accompanying drawings wherein: l
Figurev 1 is a perspective view `showing my im-v proved closure-as it wouldfappear attached toy a safety` deposit box, the device being shown in open position, andthe view, being. partly'brcken away and 'shownin section. Y f 1 Figure 2 isan enlargedlongitudinal horizontal sectional view showing my improved closurein' position on a'y safety depositboxand showing the entire structure in closed position. f l
Figure 3 `is an enlarged. fragmentary' sectional view on the line 3 3 ofFigure 2', looking in the direction indicated by thelarrows. f v
Figure 4 ris an enlarged fragmentary detail sec- 6 6 of Figure 5,
. panying drawin'gs, wherein like numerals of refermounted door'zhafving'a lock s thereon; It shoum l isy a. web 'a y`which is 'projected'm'ediailywoff its .are a pair of bolts Ill vadapted:to-.engage infre- 8.' 'f The central portion yoftri'eiiang`e' l'I 2 is struck' Referringnow more particularly to the accomenceindicatef like parts;the'nuxner`a 1 I'indicates v a compartmentf'whiehisI 'of-conventional 'Iconstruction' andi lisprovided"witlif a'f swingirigly 5 be understoodl that the-:usual lock lconstruction MY *il'nprovedy closure-"comprises afraine sectionfliwhich is providedwitha'bottom wall 5 10 andfa top kwall 6.rv Angend wall 1 `eonnects'the walls'l and '6 at` one venti;y Connecting `corresponding opposite ends of thewallsat theirrredges height tdform al-,ninge'fleop-s.- Threaded i, throughthe wall 'Ifin'yertical lrelation casses Il in the' -side-Wallsof the safety deposit Y box. f Springr washers 10i may Vbefused to retain" the bolts under-tension. The purpose for this will bevv vset forth hereinafter. Formed on the top wall and extending throughout'the major portion of itsflen'gth rxijldiallyv thereof isfan attaching iiange I2"wl.'iich'istapered`toward its free end and" isv bent near its inner end f to project downwardly substantially parauei'with vthe web 25 out tov denne a retaining"sriringf*I3 which is adapted to friction'ally engage theinner surface of the front -w'all of a'safetydeposit box.y 'As 30 best seen in Figure 1 of the drawings, the lange I2 is provided with an opening toreceive a soft lead'study I l which is adapted to carry the key to be' used in lo king'the device. The key is shown` at i5" and isjpr'eferably embeddedin a coating orcovering ofV relatively softm'etal i6, l The keywill not be noticeable/by the casual vobserver prior to sale ofthedevice and itL is thought that this feature will eifectually eliminate many robberies which are caused by lzeys being xfe- 40| moved from safety depositboxes. `After purchase,V rwith suitable directions, kthe key may be removed from .y the stud lIl 'by shearing, tearing, or in any'other'manner.l Asthe metal is soft,lno trouble wiilbe experienced 'in removing. the key. 45|
VSwingingly connected `with the yframe' section k4` is `a idoor section I1 having upperjand lower v flanges flt'andv Il whichfare adapted to straddle, thev top and bottom walls 6v and 8 so tl'iatfwhexrl the door section has beenjmoved y to closed position,i;he flanges lan'clvr I9`wi1l overlie and under-Vv lie, respectively, the top 1 and" bottoni walls Y 6 andA 5; v A completely'closeddevice will be4 thus pro" vided. 'The door sectionl is l'adapted to "terminate substantially :lush withftheend wall 1 and,
carries a lock 20 having a. keeper which, as sh'own in Figure 2, is adapted to engage behind a lip 2| formed on the wall 1 in locked position. Formed on the opposite end of the door section I1 are vertically spaced hinge loops 22 which are adapted to cooperate with the hinge loop 9 and a pin 23 for hingedly connecting the door section and framesection; The door I1 is projected bebetween the hinge loops 22 and rolled at its end to .define a cam or wedging face 24.
Formed on the free edge of the top flange I8 of the door section', substantially medially thereof, and adapted to project inwardly over the top of a safety deposit box, is an offset locking lip 25.
A roller 26 is rotatably mounted in the cam face and said roller will permit more ready engagement of said cam with a surface, such as the interior of a compartment.
'I'he bolts I0 are provided with coil springs thereabout, as shown at 26, and these coil springs retain the bolts I0 under tension at all times and also permit ready adjustment of the bolts so that the device may be inserted in safety deposit box recesses of different sizes. A locking plate 21 is carried by the bolts I0 and projects throughout the height of the wall 1, said locking plate being formed with flanges 28 engageable with the bolts for preventing accidental rotation thereof.
In use, when one of my closures ispurchased separately, the key is removed from the-flange I2 and this ange is engaged over the front wall of a safety deposit box. The bolts I Il are simultaneously engaged in the sockets II and, of course, the door section I1 is swung to open posi,- tion duringins'tallation. AThe spring-I3 will retain the frame section rmly in position on the front wall of the safety deposit box. rIhe door 1 is then swung to closed position and, as best seen in Figures 3 and 4 of the drawings, as the door is swung to closed position, the cam 24 and roller 26 will engage the inner surface of the wall of the compartment and will cooperate with the bolts I0 for binding the devicey in position. When the section is in closed position the locking lip 26 will overhang the top wall of the safety deposit box and will prevent access being gained thereto. After the door section has been swung to closed position the key may be inserted in the lock 20 and the keeper turned home behind the lip 2l. The outer door 2 may ,then be swung to closed position andthe lock 3 lockedlso that a complete seal will be provided for the safety deposit box.
Referring now to the modification shown in Figures 5.and 6 of the drawings, the compartment is designated at 30 and is Aprovided with a door 3I and a lock 32 which may be of any desired construction. A safety deposit box is shown in dotted lines at 33 and this box will preferably be of a construction identical with that of the preferredform.
A frame section is indicated in general by the numeral 34 and said frame section includes an end `wall 35 which is bent laterally to dene a stop or jamb 36 at the front of the frame. ,The frame section also includes top and bottom walls 31 and 38 which are connected by integral webs 39 and-40. A rear plate 4I is secured to the webs 39 and 40 and is projected rearwardly and bent laterally and then is bent downwardly to define an attaching flange 42. A portion of the iiange42 may be struck inwardly todene a retaining spring, as in the preferred form of the invention. The web 40 is formed with a reduced portion which is proclaim is:
rear plate 4I is formed at each end with a pair? of vertically spaced lugs 44 which are, as shown in Figure 5, adapted to engage theA forward wall of the safety deposit box and space the frame section therefrom. It will be understood that, as in the preferred form, the framesection 34 is secured in position on the front wall of a safety deposit box by engagement of the attaching flange with said front Wall.
Carried in the frame section 34 substantially medially of its'depth and near one end thereof, is a mounting plate 45 which is bentlaterally'at each end and riveted in place, as shown `at 46. On the plate 45 at its inner portion is mounted a guide 41.
I provide a latch member, which is indicated generally at y48, and this latch member has an inner U-shaped portion 49 which is formed with oppositely disposed rack teeth 50. Secured to the inner portion 49 at its inner end is a latch 'portion 5I including spaced parallel legs 52. The latch portion 5I is, as shown, oisetwith respect to the inner portion and is secured thereto by means of rivets, screws, or the like. The legs extend longitudinally of the frame section 34 and are adapted to project through suitable openings in the Wall35. It should be noted that the inner portion 49 and the latch portion 5I may be formed of a single piece of material and said portions need not, necessarily, be offset in respect to each other.
A bearing plate 53 is rivetedor otherwise secured to the mounting plate 45 and is disposed between the legs of the inner portion 49. 'I'he bearing plate 53 is formed with an integral stub shaft or pin 54 which is adapted to receive. a worm 55, the thread of which meshes with the teeth50 of the inner portion 49. l
Associated with the frame section 34 is a door section 56 which is swingingly connectedv to said frame section by vmeans ofV a hinge pin 51 which extends through .the loop 43 and loops 58, formed on the door section 56.V The door section has one end adapted to overlie the jamb 36, in closed position. A lock 59 is carried by the door section, and the keeper thereof is adapted to engage behind said jamb 36. y,The opposite end of the door section is extended and rolled to form a cam 60 which carries a, roller 6I.
In use, the device is rst placed in the box or compartment 30. The worm 55 is then rotated for extending the ends of the legs 52 through the wall 35 into engagement with the wall of the box 30. If desired, openings to receive these ends may be provided in the box. After the legs have been placed in proper position, the doory section is closed, when the cam 60 and roller 6I will be engaged with the wall opposite that engaged by the legs for firmly .clamping the device in place.
The device is characterized by the utmost simplicity in use and is fool-proof for the reason that it has few working parts and is very effective. It may be manufactured to sell to the. trade at a low cost. s. j l
Having thus described .the invention', what I l. In a closure, a frame sectionl adapted to engage a wall of anV article to be sealed, a door section swingingly connected therewith, and having means overhanging the article'tb sealed, and means locking the door section and frame section ,as a unit for disposing the first mentioned` means in overhanging relation tothe article whereby s aid article will be effectually locked.
2. In a closure, a frame section'having a flange adapted to engage over a wall of a containerto be sealed, said frame section having top and bottom Walls and an end wall, a door section swingingly connected with the frame lsection and having anges overhanging the top and bottom walls, one of said flanges having a lip adapted to project above the container for preventing access thereto, and a lock carried by the door section and having a keeper engageable with the end wall of the frame section for locking the two sections as a unit.
3. In a closure, a frame section having top and bottom walls, an end wall and a web, said top wall being projected and turned outwardly to dene a flange adapted to engage behind a wall of a container for mounting the device thereon, bolts cari ried in the end wall and adapted toengage in recesses in` agwall adjacent the container, a door section carried by the framegsection and having upper and lower flanges, said upper flange being adapted to engage the surface opposite the recesses for locking the device and container in position, and means carried by the door section.
for locking the door section in closed positiononj-Ar the frame section.
4. In a closure, a frame section having top and bottom walls, an end wall and a web provided with a hinge loop, a bolt carried by the end wall and adapted to engage in a recess, an attaching ange carried on the top wall and having a retaining spring, 'said flange being adapted to engage over a Wall of a container to be locked, a door section swingingly connected with the frame section and having hinge loops adapted to cooperate with said first mentioned hinge loop, said door section having a lip adapted to overlie the lid of the container and having a cam` adapted to cooperate with the bolt for locking the closure and the container in a compartment, said bolt being adjustable for adapting the device to compartments of various sizes, and a lock carried by the door section and adapted for engagement by a key for locking the frame section 1 and door section in closed position.
5. A device of the class described including a frame section, means removably securing the frame section to a safety depositl box, aflatch member carried by the frame section, said `latch member including a latch portion having legs' adapted to project into engagement with a wall of a compartment housing the safety depositv "closed position,and a lock carried by the door the frame section, a'latch 'member slidable on the mounting plate, said latch member including a latch 'portion having legsv adapted'to project into engagement with a wall of acompartmentv housing the safety deposit box, a worm carried by the mounting plate and engageable with the, latch member for advancing the'legs into en" gagement with said last mentioned wall, a door; section carried by the frame section and having a cam engageable with the wall opposite the wall Y of the compartment for cooperatingl with 'they legs yand securing the deposit box and device' within the compartment when the door`is`in and engageable with the frame section for retaining said door in closedpositiom 7.. A device of the class described including a frame section,` means for securing ysaid. framey section to a safety deposit box within a housing.. means spacing the frame section from the'deposit box, a latch member carried in the frame section, means removably engaging the latch member with a wall Vof the housing, .and a door section hingedly connected to the frame section,
said door section1 .having a cam engageable with a wall opposite the first mentioned wall and cooperating with the legs for latching the device and deposit box within the housing when the door is in closed position.
-8. A device of the class described including a frame section, a door section swingingly connected therewith and having means overhanging in'locked position an 'article to be sealedmeans for, locking the door section and frame section the device in a compartment.
9. A device of the class described including a framesection, bolts carried by the frame section and being adapted for engagement with 1a wall of a compartment, a door section carried by the frame section and having a cam face, and a roller carried by the cam face, said cam face, roller and bolts cooperating to permit vthe wedging of the device in` ,the compartment as the door is closed. v
10. In a closure,a frame section. means carried by the frame section and adapted for engagement with a Wall of a compartment, and a door section carried by the frame section and having a cam face, said vcam face .and said meanscooperating to permit the wedging of the closure in the compartment as the `door section is closed.
' 11. In a closure, a frame section, means carried thereby and adapted for engagement with a wall of a compartment, a door section carried by said frame section and having a cam iace,A and a roller carried by the cam face, said cam face, roller and means cooperating to'fpermit the Wedging of the closure in the compartment as'the do section is shifted to closed position-,
, ALLEN E. JAY.