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Publication numberUS2062978 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 1, 1936
Filing dateMar 25, 1935
Priority dateMar 25, 1935
Publication numberUS 2062978 A, US 2062978A, US-A-2062978, US2062978 A, US2062978A
InventorsGeorge S King
Original AssigneeJohnson & Johnson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Disposable diaper
US 2062978 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

G. S. KING DISPOSABLE DIAPER Filed March 25, 1935 Patented Dec. l,A 193,6A

UNVITED STATESA PATENT f OFFICE I I 2,052,978- l DISPQSABIE DIAPEB George S. King, South Orange, N. J., assigner to Johnson & Johnson, New Brunswick, N. Ji, a corporation of New Jersey Appucntinn'rrnrch z5, icas, semi No. 12,917


. 'This invention is directed ,to an improvement in diapers of an inexpensive disposable type, constructed in a manner to be readily conformable is directed along definite channels lengthwise of the garment and thus prevented from seeping through the edges of the narrower width 4and at the same time lmaterially increasing the absorptive capacity.

20 The description is directed to a specic embodiment, more particularly shown in the accompanying drawing, wherein: l f

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the garment.

Fig. 2 is a transverse section of the same. .25 Fig. 3 is a broken perspective view showing the various layers of the garment.

Fig. 4 is a view illustrating the application of the garment. v

The improved garment is constructed with an 30 inner layer l of fine grade gauze which has been treated preferably for softness and non-absorbency. A lm of high grade absorbent cotton 2 is applied directly against the outer surface of the gauze, the effect of which is to make the 35 gauze materially softer upon skin contact and y thus less` irritating. Beyond the lm of cotton there is applied several layers of absorbent cellulose 3, these layers forming the absorbent element. Beyond the absorbent element there is 40 arranged an outer layer of waterproof paper I. The edges of the gauze layer l are extended-over the side edges of all layers, as at 5, except the outer layer, passed beneath or inwardly of the outermost layer of the absorbent element, and

45 secured firmly to the outer layer of waterproof paper by Aadhesive or like means, indicated at 6.

Securing tapes 1 are applied to the outer side of the paper layer and extendy beyond the sidel edges of the garment to permit securing the gar- 50 ment about the body of the infant as indicated in Fig. 4. The garment is applied with the longitudinal side edges passed between the legs, the

^ respectiveY ends of the garment encircling the body, whereby the projecting' ends of the tapes 55 may be tied to secure the garment in place weith- (Cl. 12S-284) out liability of slipping and without the use of the usual safety pins-or like fastening means. The tape connection is at the waist line and directly above each hip.

As the garment is necessarily of greater length 5 than width it would result, in the absence of special provision, that the absorptive capacity without leakage would be governed by the width, for the moisture would saturate the absorptive element in all directions and thus reach the sides more quickly than the ends. To avoid this and to materially increase the absorptive capacity without increase in size, the/ respective layers of the cellulose absorptive element are provided with lines of Wax or like material, as at 8, extending more or less in parallel direction longitudinally i of the garment. These lines function as guides for the moisture and tend to d irect it longitudinally of the garment, and thus the. length of the garment rather vth its width governs the absorptive capacity wi out leakage. l

Where the absorptive element is of crepe formation', the tendency of the same is to direct the moisture toward the side edges, and -this s tendency is directly opposed by the lines through which'v the moisture does not pass, and by which the accumulated moisture is compelled to travel longitudinally of the garment.

The capacity of the garment for moisture absorption is thus materially increased without 30 leakage, and as the outer layer is waterproof. there is no tendency to leak therethrough, and thus the usual outer garment of rubber or the like is unnecessary.

The garment is one in which the various layers may be readily assembled by machinery if desired, thus further reducing the cost, a desirable item 'as the garment is to be disposed of after use. It is completely soft and non-irritating; has the maximum absorptive capacity incident to its 40 size; is generally prooi` against leakage through its edges even under maximum moisture conditions; is waterproof against outer garments worn next to it: and is so inexpensive to manufacture as'to render it advantageous to 'use in comparison 45 with other garments designed for the same purpose.

Having described the invention, what is claimed as new isz-- 1. A-body garment comprising a casing for that facing vwhich comes nextthe body constructed of soft-textured, conformable, permeable materialland having outlying portions constructed of fluid-repellent material, and a filling comprising laminated sheets. of soft porous cellulosic matel 55 rial, vwith spaced apart wax stripings extending longitudinally of the sheets for the purpose and with the result of preventing escape of uid at the sides of the garment without impairing nor--V mal ow through the filling.

2. An article as deilned in claim 1, in which the plies are so arranged that the wax stripings are in substantial registry.

3. A pad for absorbing body fluids having on lanes defined by the stripes.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2667168 *Oct 4, 1951Jan 26, 1954Louise G LovekinDisposable diaper
US2695025 *Apr 8, 1950Nov 23, 1954Int Latex CorpDiapering garment
US2730788 *Oct 2, 1952Jan 17, 1956Ralph E PiattUndertaking appliance for covering portions of the torso
US2800906 *Apr 30, 1952Jul 30, 1957Edward M HintonAbsorbent pad
US2894511 *Jan 19, 1955Jul 14, 1959L Ancienne Maison Devaud SaSwathing means for infants
US3036573 *Apr 10, 1957May 29, 1962Kimberly Clark CoCellulosic product
US3603314 *Sep 11, 1964Sep 7, 1971Molniycke AktiebolagDiaper
US3610244 *Oct 20, 1969Oct 5, 1971Jones Sr John LIntegral diaper waistband fasteners
US3921627 *May 14, 1974Nov 25, 1975Spartan Mills IncSurgical drape with drainage troughs
US4232674 *Dec 5, 1978Nov 11, 1980Lever Brothers CompanyLiquid absorption devices
US4287153 *Nov 30, 1979Sep 1, 1981Towsend Marvin SDisposable article with non-leachable saline water indicator
US4315508 *Mar 31, 1980Feb 16, 1982Kimberly-Clark CorporationSelf-centering multiple use garment suspension system
US4352356 *Nov 10, 1980Oct 5, 1982Humanicare International Inc.Urinary incontinence garment
U.S. Classification604/375, 428/311.91, 604/381
International ClassificationA61F13/15
Cooperative ClassificationA61F13/534, A61F13/494, A61F13/532
European ClassificationA61F13/534, A61F13/532, A61F13/494