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Publication numberUS2063829 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 8, 1936
Filing dateMar 14, 1934
Priority dateMar 14, 1934
Publication numberUS 2063829 A, US 2063829A, US-A-2063829, US2063829 A, US2063829A
InventorsRiley Homer W
Original AssigneeMcnally Pittsburg Mfg Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Crusher
US 2063829 A
Images(3)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

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CRUSHER Filed March 14, 1934 3 Sheets-Sheet l HIS ATTORNEYS Dec. 8, 1936; H. w. RILEY 2,063,829

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Homer W BY Az HIS ATTORNEYS H. W. RILEY CRUSHER Filed March 14, 1934 Patented Dec. 8, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CRUSHER Application March 14, 1934, Serial No. 715,549

4 Claims. (01. 83-14) My invention relates to coal reduction machinery, and has among its objects and advantages the provision of an improved single roll coal crusher.

In the past coal crushers of the single roll type have been provided with a single breaker plate arranged in operative relation with the roll for crushing the material passing between the roll and the breaker plate. Such breaker plates must of necessity be yieldingly mounted with respect to the roll, to compensate for large pieces of nonbreakable material in the nature of rocks, tramp iron, etc.; otherwise, the passage of the nonbreakable material through the crusher would break the machinery. Thus, the passage of nonbreakable material through crushing machinery embodying a single roll and one breaker plate causes large quantities of uncrushed coal to pass through the machinery with the non-breakable material, thereby preventing complete uniformity to be attained.

An object of my invention is to associate a second breaker plate with the usual single breaker plate in such a manner as to attain a series of .crushing actions at different points around the roll. Both breaker plates are yieldingly mounted with respect to the roll, but the arrangement is such that the movement of the first breaker plate away from the roll when non-breakable material passes through the machine causes the second breaker plate to be shifted to a position closer to the roll, thereby effectively crushing the otherwise unbroken coal. The second breaker plate is also mounted in such a manner that it may be moved away from the crusher roll, as when non-breakable material is passing between the roll and the second breaker plate, without materially shifting the position of the first breaker plate with respect to the crusher roll.

Another object is to yieldingly support the two breaker plates in operative relation with the crusher roll by adjustable spring tension rods radially arranged with respect to the crusher roll, thereby providing a maximum crushing action between the breaker plates and the roll.

A further object is to provide novel adjustment means for the first breaker plate for adjusting the width of the throat, to accommodate cubes of different size. I also provide an adjustable hopper operatively connected with said means, to be simultaneously adjusted with the adjustment of the breaker plate.

In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is a top plan view of a crusher embodying my invention;

Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken along the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is an end view taken from the position indicated by line 33 in Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a sectional View taken substantially along the line 44 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view illustrating the operation of the breaker plates when nonbreakable material is passing through the crusher; and

Fig. 6 is a sectional view taken substantially along the line 6-6 of Fig. 4.

In the embodiment selected to illustrate my invention, I make use of a frame I0 having flanges [2 provided with openings l4 to permit the base of the frame to be bolted to a suitable supporting structure. This frame is provided with two bearings l6 supporting a shaft l8 upon which a crusher roll 20 is mounted. Referring to Fig. 1, the shaft I8 is provided with a gear 22 arranged in mesh with a pinion 24 mounted upon a shaft 26 carried by bearings 28 associated with the frame I0 in the same Way as the bearings 16. A drive pulley 30 is connected with the shaft 26 for connection with a suitable source of power, to operate the crusher roll 20.

Referring to Figs. 2 and 4, the crusher roll 20 comprises disc portions 32 keyed to the shaft l8, as at 34. These discs are hexagonal when viewed from the end of the roll, see Fig. 4, and have segments 36 bolted thereto through the medium of bolts 38. Each segment is provided with a plurality of large teeth 40 and a plurality of smaller teeth 42, both of which are arranged in operative relation with a pair of breaker plates 44 and 46.

In Figs. 4 and 6, I illustrate the breaker plate 44 as being cut away at 48 to receive a shoe 50 having slots 52 in its face adjacent the crusher roll 20, to accommodate the large teeth 40. I fasten the shoe 50 to the plate 44 by means of bolts 54. Thus, the shoe may be replaced for repair purposes. Similarly, the plate 46 is provided with a shoe 56 fastened in place by bolts 58 and grooved at 60 in the same way as the shoes 50.

The breaker plate 44 is pivotally mounted upon a shaft 62 having its ends journaled in blocks 64 riding upon rails 66, see Fig. 6. Means for adjusting the shaft 62 toward and away from the crusher roll 26, to change the position and/or angularity of the crusher plate 44 with respect to the crusher roll, comprises a screw 68 associated with each of the two blocks 64. Referring to Fig. 4, the block 64 is cutaway at 10 to receive the head 12 of the screw 68 and is slotted at 14 for acconmiodating the screw proper. I place a plurality of slotted washers I6 between the block 64 and an abutment I8, which washers determine the position of the shaft 62.

Each screw 68 is provided with a nut housed within its respective abutment I8, a lock nut 82, and a squared end 84 for the reception of a wrench. In adjusting the shaft 62, the lock nuts 82 are loosened and washers I6 removed or added. The screws 68 are then tightened for clamping the washers between the blocks 64 and abutments l8, and the lock nuts 82 screwed down.

The hopper 86, for conveying coal tobe crushed to the crusher roll and its associated breaker plates, is made in two parts 88 and 90. The part 88 is bolted to the frame III, while the part $0 is made adjustable with respect to the other part. Referring to Figs. 1 and 4, the part of the hopper is provided with a plurality of extensions 92 riveted to an angle iron 94, which in turn is bolted to the blocks 64 through the medium of bolts 98. Thus, the part 90 is automatically adjusted with the adjustment of the shaft 62 for varying the width of the throat, to accommodate the machine to coal made up of larger or smaller pieces.

Means for yieldingly holding the breaker plate 44 in operative relation with the crusher roll 20 comprises rods 98 mounted upon a shaft IIlIl projecting beyond each lower side of the breaker plate. In Fig. 4, the rod 98 passes through an opening I02 in the frame I0 and is provided with a threaded end I04 having lock nuts I88 and a disc I 68 pressing a coil spring IIIJ against the bottom of a bore II2 housing the spring. Both rods 98 are similarly constructed.

Thus, the breaker plate 44 can move away from the crusher roll during operation by a pivotal action about the shaft I52, as when non-breakable material is passing through the crusher. It is important that either the breaker plate or the crusher roll be yieldingly mounted to accommodate non-breakable material; otherwise, such material would break the crusher. However, displacement of the breaker plate 44 during operation of the crusher permits large lumps of coal to pass through the crusher during the period of displacement.

To crush the largepieces of coal passing the crusher roll 26 during the forced displacement of the breaker plate 44, I provide the second breaker plate 46. In Fig. 3, I illustrate the breaker plate 46 as being provided with aligned enlargements I I4 alternately positioned between similar enlargements I I6 formed integrally with the breaker plate 44. Both the enlargements I I4 and I16 have aligned bores to receive the shaft I00. Thus, the breaker plate .6 is pivotally connected with the shaft I89.

Means for yieldingly holding the crusher plate 46 in yielding relation with the crusher roll 26 comprises a pair of rods H8 pivotally connected with a shaft I29 carried by the lower end of the breaker plate and passing upwardly at an angle.

Each rod is threaded at I22 and is provided with lock nuts I24 and a disc I26 arranged to press against a coil spring I28 in the same way as the disc I08.

In Figs. 1 and 4, I illustrate the springs I28 as lying within pockets I39 comprising a part of the frame structure Ill. Referring to Fig. 4, it will be noted that both sets of rods are arranged substantially radially with respect to the crusher roll 20, or substantially at right angles to the crushing surface of their respective breaker plates, so that direct crushing action is attained between the breaker plates and the crusher rolls.

In operation, the large pieces of coal escaping between the roll 26 and the breaker plate 44, during forced displacement of the latter, are thoroughly crushed by the breaker plate 46. It will be noted, in referring to Figs. 4 and 5, that a pivotal movement of the breaker plate 44 away from the crusher roll 20 causes an endwise movement of the breaker plate 46 in the same direction, namely, away from the crusher roll. The angularity of the rods I I8 is such that it tends to move the lower end of the breaker plate 46 closer to the crusher roll 20, when the breaker plate 44 is moved away from the crusher roll. Thus, it will be seen that the crushing action between the breaker plate 46 and the crusher roll is increased when the crushing action depends upon a single breaker plate, in addition to providing a construction in which a series of crushing actions is attained about a single roll during normal operation. Further, the rods 98 hold the breaker plate 44 in normal relation with the crusher roll during the passage of the non-breakable material between the breaker plate 46 and the crusher roll. Thus, I have provided a construction in which practically all the lump coal passing through the crusher is reduced to a uniform size, which size may be determined by adjusting the breaker plates with respect to the crusher roll.

Should it be desired to operate my device with a single breaker plate only, the breaker plate 46 may be positioned according to the dotted line illustration in Fig. 4 by moving the lock nuts I24 back upon the threaded portion of the rods I I8.

It will be noted in referring to Figs. 2, 4, and 6, that the frame Ill comprises in part a double wall I32 and I34. I position the rods 98 between the two walls and the rods I I8 adjacent the inner wall. The arrangement is such that the walls I32 hold the looped ends of the rods 98 upon the shaft I00, while portions of the walls I34 hold the looped ends of the rods II8 upon the shaft IZBI.

Without further elaboration the foregoing will so fully explain my invention that others may, by applying current knowledge, readily adapt the same for use under various conditions of service.

I claim:

1. The combination with a frame having a crusher roll supported thereby, of a breaker plate arranged in operative relation with the crusher roll, bearing means for pivotally connecting the breaker plate with said frame, a pair of tension rods connected with the frame and said breaker plate to yieldingly hold the latter in operative relation with the crusher roll, a second breaker plate pivotally connected with said first-named breaker plate, and tension rods connected with said frame and said second breaker plate, to yieldingly hold the latter in operative relation with the crusher roll.

2. The combination with a frame having a crusher roll supported thereby, of a breaker plate arranged in operative relation with the crusher roll, bearing means for pivotally connecting the breaker plate with said frame, a pair of tension rods connected with the frame and said breaker plate to yieldingly hold the latter in operative relation with the crusher roll, a second breaker plate pivotally connected with said first-named breaker plate, tension rods connected with said frame and said second breaker plate, to yieldingly hold the latter in operative relation with the crusher roll, said bearing means being adjustable for changing the position of the first-named breaker plate with respect to the crusher roll,

and an adjustable hopper having a part connected with said bearing means, to be adjusted by shifting of the bearing means for varying the capacity of the hopper.

3. The combination of a frame, a crusher roll mounted thereon, a first breaker plate pivotally connected with said frame, means for yieldingly holding the breaker plate in operative relation with the crusher roll, a second breaker plate, a pivotal connection between the first breaker plate and the second breaker plate, and means for yieldingly holding the second breaker plate in operative relation with said crusher roll, said last-named means being so constructed and arranged as to move the second breaker plate closer to the crusher roll when the first breaker plate is forced away from the crusher roll by the passage of non-breakable material through the crusher.

4. The combination of a frame supported crusher roll, a first breaker plate, an adjustable pivotal connection between said frame and the breaker plate, means for yieldingly holding the first breaker plate in operative relation with the crusher roll, a second breaker plate, a pivotal connection between the first breaker plate and the second breaker plate, means for yieldingly holding the second breaker plate in operative relation with said crusher roll, said lastnamed means being so constructed and arranged as to move the second breaker plate closer to the crusher roll when the first breaker plate is forced away from the crusher roll by the passage of nonbreakable material through the crusher, and an adjustable hopper connected with said adjustable pivo-tal connection for adjustment therewith.

HOMER W. RILEY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3684196 *Apr 15, 1970Aug 15, 1972Hankins Glen WMethod and means for selectively crushing aggregate
US5881959 *Jan 11, 1996Mar 16, 1999Cmi CorporationMaterials grinder with infeed conveyor and anvil
Classifications
U.S. Classification241/240, 241/241.5, 241/239
International ClassificationB02C4/00, B02C4/12
Cooperative ClassificationB02C4/12
European ClassificationB02C4/12