US 2064683 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 15, 1936. A C, QLSENV 2,064,683
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Sept. 4, 1935 ,lllllllllllllllllllllllll/lllIIIIllllll/ :1.1i
Patented Dec. 15, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,064,683 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Anders C. Olsen, Garden City, N. Y. Application September 4, 1935, Serial No. 39,154
This invention relates to building constructions and particularly to partition structures of the single wall type.`
It is frequently desirable," both in originally completing the interiors of buildings and in remodeling the same, to erect partitions of light type in the creation of rooms, closets, or walled oi spaces of other kinds. Generally speaking, it has heretofore been customary practice in the erection of partitions to first position studs and then to secure to the opposite sides of the studs plaster receiving and supporting means such, for instance, as plaster boards, laths. expanded metal, or the like, the resulting partition thus having two spaced walls, enclosing between them a narrow air space. It has heretofore been suggested also that partitions might be erected by supporting plaster receiving members in such manner that plaster may be directly applied to both faces thereof, the resulting partition thus having no intermediate air space. This invention relates particularly to this last mentioned class of partition structures and has for its object the provision of a structure of this nature which, while being of substantial nature when erected, may be actually installed quickly and easily and at small expense. The invention contemplates particularly a partition structure which`comprises essentially a plurality of vertlcallydisposed hollow sheet metal studs and panels of plaster board or the like intermediate the studs, the vertical edges of the plaster board panels being received within and firmly supported bythe studs and the whole structure being coated upon both sides with a layer of plaster.
By way of example one form of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing.
In the drawing:
Figure 1 is a perspective View of portion of such a partition, the plaster layers being broken away to more clearly disclose the supporting elements; l
Figure 2 is a horizontal section through one of thestuds and the-adjacent portions of the plaster board panel supported thereby, together with the plaster coatings; y
Figure 3 is a similar view but showing the manner in which a second partition disposed at right angles to the main partition may be tied into the main partition.
It will be understood that the partition may Y have any length whatever and, within reasonable limits, any height. The sheet metal studs I0 are vertically disposed and, in the general case, will be disposed in the same vertical plane. Each of (CI. Y2-46) these studs comprises a body portion II, preferably rectangular in cross-section, and having formed in one side thereof a longitudinally extending slot. Integral with the edges of this slot i are outwardly extending parallel flanges I2 and 5 integral with the outer edges of these anges are the oppositely extending flanges I3, each flange I2 and its associated flange I3, defining, together with the adjacent outer surface of the body II of the stud, a groove for receiving and supporting 10 the adjacent edge of a plaster board panel, such as indicated at I4. The stud is formed of resilient metal and flanges I3 are so disposed that, when the edge of the plaster board is inserted between such ange and the parallel adjacent outer surl5 face of the body portion I I, the iange I3 must be sprung outwardly to a slight extent. Hence, after insertion of the panel edge this edge is resiliently gripped by the ange I3 and body I I and thereby rmly supported without looseness. The side of 20 each stud I0 opposite the longitudinal groove is provided with a series of apertures I5 into which" plaster may project for binding or tying purposes.r` The plaster layers are indicated at I6 and I'I, respectively, and it will be perceived also that a 25 tongue of plaster projects inwardly between the parallel flanges I2 and in through the interior of the body I I of each stud, further binding being thus effected between the plaster coating and the rigid supporting structure therefor. A conduit is 30 indicated at I8 and it will be appreciated that electrical or other conduits may be conveniently positioned closely adjacent to and in parallelism with the studs, being thereafter wholly concealed by the plaster coatings.
To impart added transverse stiffness to the parts, successive studs Ill are reversed with respect to each other, as indicated in Figure 1, the body portion II of the left hand stud (Figure 1) being upon one side of the central plane of the 40 partition and the body portion II of the right hand stud being upon the opposite side. It is, of course, necessary. to secure the upper and lower ends of the studs firmly to ceiling members or iioor members but the means for e'ecting 45 this connection is not disclosed, as it forms no part of the present invention. Any suitable securing device, such as a bracket or the like, may be used for securing the end of a stud to the ceiling or floor of a building.
In the form of the invention shown in Figure 3 a partition is disclosed having a laterally extendlng branch partition. Such a secondary partition m'ay be readily created by simply using the slot intermediate flanges I2 as a recess for the recep- 55 tion of a plaster board or panel such as indicated at 20, this boa-rd being disposed in a plane which makes a right angle with the main partition. Such a lateral branch partition may be erected at any point along the main partition at which a stud occurs and of course a stud may be placed anywhere along the main'partition by making use of panels cut to the necessary length, from` vertical edge to vertical edge.
A partition constructed in accordance with the present invention may be very rapidly erected, the plaster support of the partition comprising only standard studs and standard panels, readily iitted together and without the necessity for using securing devices of any nature save only at the tops and bottoms. of the studs. The completed partition has unusual strength for its thickness and may be used with eminently satisfactory results wherever it is not necessary, for one reason or another, to make use of partitions of the double Wall type previously referred to. A
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new and. desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:
1. A partition constructionfor buildings comprising a plurality of`spaced vertically extending metallic studs and plaster' board panels alternating therewith, each of the metallic studs having slots formed in opposite sides for the reception of the edges of the adjacent panels and being also provided with a cavity for the reception of portions of a plaster coating, and an aperture of less Width than the cavity for the passage of plaster into the cavity from outside, whereby such coating may be tied to the studs.
2. A partition construction for buildings comprising a plurality of spaced vertically extending metallic studs and plaster board panels alternating therewith, each of the metallic studs having slots formed in opposite sides for the reception of the edges of the adjacent panels and also having a continuous cavity extending longitudinally thereof and an aperture through which plaster may enter said cavity from the outside, said aperture being relatively restricted as compared with the width of the cavity, whereby a plaster coating will be tied to the studs.
3. A partition construction for buildings comprising a plurality of spaced vertically extending metallic studs and plaster board panels alternating therewith, each of the metallic studs having slots formed in opposite sides for the reception of the edges of the adjacent panels and also having a continuous cavity extending longitudinally thereof, a portion of which cavity is intermediate said slots, the studs having apertures formed therein to permit the entrance of plaster into said cavity from both sides of the partition, for bonding purposes.
4. The combination setforth in claim 3 in which one of said apertures is continuous and coextensive in length with the stud, the stud being provided upon the side opposite said continuous aperture with a plurality of spaced, non-continuous apertures.
ANDERS C. OLSEN.