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Publication numberUS2064955 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 22, 1936
Filing dateApr 18, 1934
Priority dateApr 18, 1934
Publication numberUS 2064955 A, US 2064955A, US-A-2064955, US2064955 A, US2064955A
InventorsFriedman Julius H, Joseph Silverman, Louis Bercovitz, Saul Singer
Original AssigneeFriedman Julius H, Joseph Silverman, Louis Bercovitz, Saul Singer
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lock
US 2064955 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 22, 1936.

' s. SiNGER Er AL LOCK Y Filed April 18 1934 {Sheets-Sheet 1 mvem'ons,

GER ILVERM AN MAN 'TZ SA SIN J Pl'l's I I J'ULIUS LOUIS BY 7 f 2 Z fir ATTORNEY.

I H. FRIED BERCOVI s. SINGER EI'AL 2,064,955

LOCK

Filed April 18, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IHVENTORS SAUL SINGER 1 16 Y JOSEPH SILVERMAH JULIUS H. FRIEDMAN LOUIS BERCOVITZ THEIR ATTORNEY.

Patented Dec. 22, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE LOCK Saul Singer, Joseph Silverman, and Julius H.

Friedman, Ossining, and Louis Bercovitz, Dannemora, N. Y.

Application April 18, 1934, Serial No. 721,134

10 Claims.

duce a positive locking-device which cannot be actuated unless the proper key is used.

The pin tumbler lock in its several variations is relatively old in the lock art, and up until recent years has been regarded as substantially pick-proof. It has been found, however, that some of the persons more skilled in the surreptitious and unauthorized opening of locks have experienced little difficulty in opening, without the aid of a key, even the highest grade o'fpin' tumbler locks, fine needles or picks being employed to move the individual tumblers in order that the cylinder or barrel may be revolved to perform its bolt operating function.

The present invention has for its principal object the provision of an improved lock having a new combination of elements which render it virtually impossible to actuate without the proper key.

To this end the invention includes the provision of a lock having a modified arrangement in the pin tumbler structure and having a plurality of opposed key hole guards which normally close the key aperture and which, when they are moved out of their normal position, by

the introduction of some foreign lock opening means into the aperture, positively lock thebarrel against rotation. The invention further includes the provision of a rear locking dog which is releasable only by means of engagement with a member which is held rigidly in a proper position within the slot, the end of the special key being employed for this means.

or will become apparent, as the specification proceeds.

With the above indicated objects in view, the

invention resides in certain novel constructions and combinations and arrangements of parts,

clearly described in the following specification 'and fully illustrated in the accompanying draw.

ings, which latter show embodiments of the invention as at present preferred.

In said drawings:

Fig. 1 is a vertical longitudinal section taken substantially through the center of the embodiment in its presently preferred form.

Fig. 2 is a transverse vertical section taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a transverse vertical section taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a longitudinal vertical section taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 3, this view showing the position of the key when the tumblers and the other elements are in position to be actuated.

Fig. 5 is a transverse vertical section taken on line 5--5 of Fig. 1..

Fig. 6 is a transverse vertical section taken on line 6-6 of Fig. 4.

The preferred embodiment of the invention which is chosen for illustration in the drawings, includes a cylindrical casing 10 within which is mounted a cylindrical barrel structure which is formed from two elongated semi-cylindrical portions II and I2. The two portions of the barrel are provided with an annular flange [3 around the outer end thereof, said flange engaging a seat M formed in the outer casing, in order to limit the inward movement of the barrel structure.

The section in Fig l, as heretofore stated, is taken substantially through the center of the barrel, whereas the section shown in Fig. 4 is taken slightly to the right thereof, this view showing a side elevation of the flat vertical face of the semi-cylindrical portion II. This portion H is provided with a longitudinal slot l5 which is substantially rectangular in transverse section, as shown in Figs. 3 and 6, this slot functioning as the aperture into which the key is inserted. The barrel portion II is further provided with a .vertical slot [6 extending from the 40 upper edge thereof to the slot l5, and also with another slot ll extending from the lower surface thereof, upwards to the slot 15.

Aligned with slots l6 and I1, respectively, in the barrel portion II, are a pair of slots l8 and. I9 respectively, in the outer casing It), all as shown in Figs. 1 and 4. A substantially U shaped fiat steel slot guard or zero tumbler 20 having an angular point 2! at the inner end thereof, is positioned in the upper vertical s10t= I6, and also in the lower vertical slot II.

It will be noted from Figs. 1 and 4 that the point 22 which forms the inner end of the upper and lower slot guards, respectively, extends slightly more than half the depth and height,

respectively, of the slot l5, in order that any foreign member which may be introduced into the slot horizontally will engage one or the other of these slot guards.

The inward movement of the slot guards is limited by means of a horizontal extension portion 23 in the barrel l i, said extension portion engaging a cut-away portion 25 in the slot guards. The following means are provided for normally urging the slot guards inwardly to the position shown in Figs. 1 and 4. The barrel structure is provided with annular slots 26 and 21, respectively, said slots being positioned in the center of the slots I5 and i7, respectively.

It will be noted from an examination of Figs. 1 and 3, that the annual slots 26 and 21 are formed eccentrically of the barrel, the slot 26 being formed somewhat below the center of the barrel, and the slot 2! being formed above the said center, the latter slot being illustrated in detail in Fig. 3. Within each slot a flat annular spring 23 extends substantially two-thirds of the periphery of the slot, each of said springs being secured at one end thereof by a pin 30. The opposite end of the spring is free to move outwardly when the slot guards are actuated as stated heretofore. The fiat springs 29 also function to retain the two portions of the barrel together when the lock is unassembled, although no such support is needed when the lock is completely assembled.

It is obvious that when a key or other member is inserted into the slot l5, the first members which will be engaged by the key will be the slot guards 20. Any such engagement, however slight, will move said slot guards rearwardly into the slots I8 and L9 in the outer casing, thereby positively securing the barrel against any rotative movement. In order to permit the slot guards to return to their normal position when the proper key, which is designated 32, is inserted inits key aperture, said key is provided with a triangular cut-away portion 33 on the upper longitudinal edge thereof, and another triangular cut-away portion 34 on the lower edge, said cut-away portion being positioned relative to the slot guards 20.

The pin tumbler arrangement, which constitutes the primary locking element, is as follows: The barrel member is provided w1tn a plurality of vertical apertures 36 extending downwardly from the upper surface thereof to the slot I5, said apertures having a reduced portion 31 to form a seat to limit the downward movement of a plurality of headed tumblers 38, said tumblers having tapered lower end portions 39. The tumblers are of varying lengths, as shown in Figs. 1 and -l, in order that when the key is inserted within the key aperture, the upper ends thereof will be moved upwardly, by the varying slots 40 in the key, to the same level, to wit, level with the upper surface of the barrel structure, as shown in Fig. 4.

The outer casing is provided with an upwardly extending portion 47 having apertures 42 which are aligned with the apertures 36 in the barrel structure. A plurality of short pins 53 are normally positioned in both apertures, said pins engaging the upper surfaces of the tumblers. The pins are urged downwardly by means of small coil springs 44, said springs being supported at their upper ends by means of a retaining plate 45 which is positioned in a slot 46 in said upwardly extending portion 4|.

Thus, it will be seen that be ore t e b rrel member may be revolved, the slot guards 20 must return to their normal position and the pin tumblers elevated so that their upper surfaces will be flush with the upper surface of the barrel structure. The embodiment, however, provides one further releasable locking means which must be actuated before the barrel may be turned. A substantially E shaped locking dog 4! is mounted in a circular cap-shaped housing 48 which is connected with the outer casing it by means of an elongated plate 49 which is arcuate in transverse section, said plate being secured to the casing and the housing 48 by means of screws 49. The housing is provided with opposed slots 50 in which the semi-circular end portions of the locking dog are positioned. The rear vertical edge 5! of the locking dog is engaged by a relatively heavy conical compression coil spring 52, the larger end of which rests in a recess 53 in the inner vertical face of said housing. The central protruding portion 54 of the locking dog is rounded or substantially ballshaped, and the end portions 55 of the upper and lower protruding portions normally reside in opposed apertures 56 in a circular member 51 which is secured to the inner end of the barrel member by means of screws 58. The circular member 51 is shown in Fig. 6 as being provided with spaced teeth 59 to provide a gear to transmit the motion of the cylinder to the lock rnechanism when said cylinder is revolved. It will be appreciated. of course, that this gear structure may be replaced by a cam or any other means well known in the lock art. In order to provide ample clearance for the rotative movement of the gear, the plate 49 is provided with a transverse slot 60.

As just stated, the upper and lower protruding portions 55 of the locking dog are normally urged by the spring 52 in the apertures 56 in the circular member 57, which is rigidly carried by the barrel structure. Thus, it will be appreciated that no rotative movement of the barrel member can take place, regardless of the position of the slot guards and the pin tumblers until the locking dog has been moved rearwardly to a point where the upper and lower protruding portions 55 thereof have moved completely out of the apertures 56 as shown in Fig. 4. When all three things are accomplished, the barrel may be readily revolved one complete revolution, thereby performing its bolt operating function.

From the foregoing construction, it will be apparent that practically any effort to move the locking dog rearwardly will be thwarted because of the rounded construction of the central protruding portion 54, inasmuch as unless the instrument is firmly supported from without, it will certainly pass to one side or the other of the central portion 54 which will cause the looking dog to jam in its guiding slots. Also, in view of the fact that the spring 52 is of substantial strength, any means which could be employed to retain the locking dog in its retracted position would most assuredly engage one or the other of the slot guards, thereby preventing rotative movement of the cylinders. Even though, in an exceptional case, the slot guards are permitted to stay in their normal position, there would still be no room left in the slot to actuate the tumblers by wires or otherw1se.

The hereinbefore described construction admits of considerable modification without departure from the invention; therefore, it is the wish not to be limited to the precise arrangements shown and described, which are as aforesaid, by Way of illustration merely. In other Words the scope of protection contemplated is to be taken solely from the appended claims, interpreted as broadly as is consistent with the prior art.

What we claim is:

1. In a combination of the type described, a substantially cylindrical housing having a cylindrical bore therethrough, said housing having two pairs of spaced apart opposed radial openings therein, a cylindrical barrel having a centrally disposed aperture therethrough rotatively disposed in the bore of said housing, a pair of retractable opposed slot guards carried by said barrel, and normally extending into the aperture therein, said slot guards being provided with integral 7 feet" adapted upon actuation of the guards to engagement. with the housing at the radial holes therein, means for normally causing said guards to extend into the central aperture in said barrel, an integral extension of the main housing radially extending therefrom at one end thereof, a plurality of tumblers carried in said extension, means for resiliently normally urging said tumblers into the aperture extending through the center of the barrel, means adapted to receive said tumblers when forced out of their normal position within the barrel, 2. bolt actuating means secured to the end of said rotatable barrel, said last mentioned means being provided with a plurality of longitudinal orifices, an end cap for said housing, means for securing said end cap to said housing, said end cap being provided with longitudinal slots there-in, a dog adapted to slide within said slots, said dog having a pair of opposed feet adapted to engagement in the longitudinal holes in the bolt actuating means, and a central integral projection thereon adapted to extend into the aperture in the barrel at one end thereof, and means between the inner surface of the cap and said dog for normally urging said dog into engagement with the bolt actuating means.

2. In a lock having a housing provided with opposed spaced-apart apertures therein, a rotatable member positioned within said housing, a longitudinal key aperture in said rotatable member, and a primary locking element, the combination of yieldable means normally lying within said rotatable member and extending into said key aperture, said means comprising a pair of fiat, substantially U shaped opposed spaced-apart key aperture guards adapted tomove into the opposed apertures in the housing when a member is inserted into said key aperture, thereby securing the rotatable member against rotation, said guards being of substantially the same width as that of the apertures, the inner terminals of each of said guards, respectively, normally lying at a point beyond one half the depth of said aperture, and a pair of spaced annular springs engaging said key aperture guards and urging same inwardly.

3. In a lock having a housing, a rotatable member positioned within said housing, a longitudinal key aperture in said rotatable member and a primary locking element, the combination of a plurality of supplemental locking elements, one of said supplemental locking elements comprising a pair of opposed spaced-apart key aperture guards normally lying within the rotatable member and extending into the key aperture and adapted to be moved outwardly to engage the housing when a member is inserted into the key aperture, the other of said supplemental locking elements comprising a latch member positioned at the rear end of the rotatable member and normally seeming same against rotation, an outwardly protruding portion formed substantially at the center of said latch member and adapted to be engaged by the end portion of a key to move the latch member out of locking engagement.

4. In a lock having a housing, a rotatable member positioned within said housing, a longitudinal key aperture in said rotatable member, and a primary locking element, the combination of yieldable means positioned at the rear end of said rotatable member to normally secure the latter against rotation, said yieldable means comprising a locking member, the end portions of which normally engage the end of the rotatable member, the central portion of said locking member being rounded and positioned adjacent to the end of the key aperture and adapted to be engaged by the end portion of a key.

5. In a lock having a housing, a rotatable member positioned within said housing, a longitudinal key aperture in said rotatable member, and a primary locking element, the combination of yieldable means positioned at the rear end of said rotatable member to normally secure the latter against rotation, said yieldable means comprising a substantially E shaped locking member, the transverse end portions of which normally engage the end of the rotatable member, the central portion of the locking member being rounded and positioned adjacent to the end of the key aperture and adapted to be engaged by the end portion of a key.

6. In a lock of the class described, a cylindrical housing, an elongated, rotatable apertured member disposed within said housing, yieldable means normally extending from said elongated member into the housing to secure the former against rotation, a second yieldable means normally disposed Wholly within said elongated member but being outwardly moveable in the same plane as said first yieldable means, and a third yieldable means positioned at one end of said elongated member normally securing same against rotation, said third means comprising a locking member having end portions which engage the elongated member, a central portion adapted to be engaged by means within the aperture, and slideways for supporting the end portions of said locking member.

'7. In a lock of the class described, a cylindrical housing, an elongated rotatable apertured member disposed within said housing, yieldable means normally extending from said elongated member into the housing to secure the former against rotation, a second yieldable means positioned in advance of the first yieldable means normally disposed wholly within said elongated member but being outwardly moveable in the same plane as said first yieldable means, said means comprising a pair of opposed. spaced apart, substantially U-shaped tumblers normally in unlocking position, annular springs passing between the arms of said tumblers for urging said tumblers inwardly of the elongated member, a third yieldable means positioned to the rear of said first yieldable means normally securing said elongated member against rotation.

8. A lock of the class described including, in combination, a housing, an apertured rotatable member positioned within said housing, a primary locking element comprising pin tumblers normally extending into the housing and into the aperture in the rotatable member to lock said rotatable member against rotation, a supplemental locking element positioned in ad Vance of the primary locking element, said supplemental locking element normally residing Wholly within the rotatable member and being outwardly moveable in the same plane as said primary locking element, and a second supplemental locking element positioned at the rear of said rotatable member and being operable by means extending into the aperture therein, said latter locking element comprising a yieldable member having terminal portions which engage the rear end of the rotatable member, a centrally disposed portion adapted to be engaged by the means insertable into the aperture, and supporting means having slideways to receive the end portions of said yieldable member.

9. In a lock of the class described, a cylindricalhousing, an elongated rotatable apertured member disposed within said housing yieldabIe means for locking said member against rotation normally extending from said elongated member into the aperture thereof, a pair of spaced, opposed guard tumblers normally in unlocking position carried by said rotatable member and movable in the same plane as said yieldable means, annular springs engaging said tumblers and urging same inwardly, the inner terminals of each of said guard tumblers normally lying in the aperture in the rotatable member at a point beyond one-half the depth thereof.

10. In a lock having a cylindrical housing, an elongated rotatable apertured member disposed Within said housing, yieldable means normally extending from said elongated member into the aperture thereof for locking said member against rotation and having means adapted to extend into said aperture for forcing said last mentioned means out of locking engagement, the combination of a second yieldable means disposed Within said elongated member, said means comprising a pair of opposed, spaced apart, substantially U-shaped slot guards which are normally out of engagement with said housing, the rotatable member having a pair of spaced annular recesses, annular springs positioned within said recesses and passing between the arms of said slot guards to urge said guards inwardly, each of said slot guards extending into the aperture in said elongated member substantially half the depth thereof.

JULIUS H. FRIEDMAN. JOSEPH SILVERMAN. SAUL SINGER.

LOUIS BERCOVITZ.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2857753 *May 24, 1954Oct 28, 1958Biro Ladislao JCylinder lock
US3216230 *Dec 5, 1963Nov 9, 1965Independent Lock CoPick resistant lock
US3633394 *Apr 29, 1970Jan 11, 1972Explotation Des Brevets NeimanSafety device for antitheft device
US3670540 *Mar 1, 1971Jun 20, 1972Fernandez J De JesusDoor lock
US3713310 *Jun 28, 1971Jan 30, 1973Emhart CorpLock cylinder
US3788110 *Dec 9, 1971Jan 29, 1974Showa Sargent LtdPin-tumbler lock cylinder
US4470278 *Nov 9, 1981Sep 11, 1984Schlage Lock CompanyLockset
US4732022 *Oct 14, 1986Mar 22, 1988Medeco Security Locks, Inc.Key for an improved twisting tumbler cylinder lock
US7681425 *Nov 2, 2009Mar 23, 2010Stanley Security Solutions, Inc.Key and core with side pin
US8065897 *Mar 23, 2010Nov 29, 2011Stanley Security Solutions, Inc.Key and core with side pin
US8186194Mar 27, 2009May 29, 2012Medeco Security Locks, Inc.Cylinder lock and auxiliary locking mechanism
US8479545Nov 29, 2011Jul 9, 2013Stanley Security Solutions, Inc.Key for use with lock core having side pin
DE3216481A1 *Apr 30, 1982Nov 3, 1983Winkhaus Fa AugustKey-actuated lock cylinder
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/493, 70/421
International ClassificationE05B27/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05B27/00
European ClassificationE05B27/00