US 2065874 A
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S.-R. SALVIO HAIR CURLER WITH ELECTRIC ATTACHMENT Filed Nov. 6, 1934 7 lN\, ENTOR Ja/mfamEAZ/w'a ATT NEYS Patented Dec. 29, 1936 HAIR CURLER WITH ELECTRIC ATTACHIVIENT Salvatore Robert Salvio, New York, N. Y. Application November 6, 1934, Serial No. 751,754
This invention relates to improvements in hair curlers and has more particular relation to improvements in combined hair curlers and dryers.
One of theprincipal objects of the invention is to provide a hair curler which not only grasps and curls the hair, but at the same time, and with the same operation, locally applies a curling or setting lotion.
A further object of the invention is to provide a hair curler which may be employed for curling the hair either with or without the application of heat.
A still further object of the invention is to provide an improved hair curler which may be applied to'the hair and heated after being so applied.
A still further object of the invention is to provide an improved hair curler which may be applied to the hair along with a chemical solution which, when dried, sets the hair in its curled condition.
The invention also has other objects, all of which will be hereinafter pore particularly set forth and claimed.
In the accompanying drawing,
Figure 1 represents a side elevation of my improvements applied to a womans hair.
Figure 2 represents a perspective view of one of my improved curlers; the parts being separated by pressure.
Figure 3 represents a detail perspective view of one of the solution tubes.-
Figure 4 represents a detail vertical section of one of the tubes applied to one of the holding bails.
Figure 5 represents a detail perspective view of one of the insertable solution wicks.
Figure 6 represents a side elevation of one of the solution tubes being saturated with the solution.
Figure 7 represents a perspective view of a modified form of my invention; the parts being separatedby pressure, and
Figure 8 represents a further modified form of a solution holding strip for application to one of the pivoted bails.
Described in general terms, the invention comprises two clamping members I and 2 pivoted at leaf spring 3a near said pivotal pin 3, this strucmember I is formed with a series of perforations the point 3 and normally forced together by a connected by double cords l with a source of electricity. These cords I are all bound into one cable Ia, as shown in Figure 1, and the negatives and positives connected together whereby the 15 whole number of wires may be supplied with current from the ordinary house socket.
As it is particularly desirable to supply the part of the hair being curled with a chemical composition or solution which, when dry, will stifien and 20 set the air into the desired curl, I provide a series of s ll fabric tubes 8 preferably composed of gauze. Each of these tubes is provided at one end with an elastic 9 which acts to hold the tube in position as hereinafter described. The oppo- 25 site end of each of the tubes 8 is provided with a soft metal clamp Ill, for a purpose hereinafter described.
A holding bail I I has its opposite ends pivoted upon the journal pin 3. This bail is arranged to 30 receive the fabric tube 8 thereon, as shown in the drawing. When so applied, the elastic 9 prevents the tube 8 from dropping off the bail when the fabric is being dipped into the chemical solution and before the soft metal clamp III is clamped 35 in position.v
After the hair has been clamped between the members I and 2, and the hair wound about both members I and 2, the bail is brought towards the assembled members after first having the 40 tube saturated and then clamped tightly down upon the hair by binding the extended ends of the clamp I!) about both of the members I and 2.
The treated solution with which the tube 8 is saturated is thus transferred to the hair at the 45 sufiicient of the setting solution, I provide a stem-like-wick [2 having a handle l3 at one end. This wick may be dipped in the setting solution and placed within each one of the members I, after the curl has been wound thereon.
After this operation has taken place, the wick may be withdrawn and the curl either allowed to dry naturally or artificially by the introduction of the electric heating element 6.
It will, of course, be understood that before the curl is wound about the sections l and 2, the curler is dipped into the solution and retains considerable of the solutionwhich is trapped in the apertures 4 and 5b and the grooves 5 and 5a. 7 The handle of each of the sections l and 2 is provided with a rubber cap Ma. The oilice of these caps is to prevent the ends of the handles irritating the scalp or the face when the curlers are worn at night by a sleeper.
As it is desirable at times to apply more'of the setting fluid to the portion of the hair 'to be curled, I contemplate also using two of the tube holdingbails H, as shown in Figure 7, the extra bail being also journalled by its free ends on the pin 3. This form of the invention enables the solution holding fabric. This form includes a flat fabric strip l4 with one of the flexible metal strips l5 secured thereto at each end. In this form of the invention, the fabric is secured over either one or both of the bails H as desired.
After the curls are wound upon the members I and 2 and the bails applied in position, it is sometimes desirable to apply heat to the interior of the member I. This I contemplate doing by the devices shown in Figure 1. These devices comprise a series of resistance pencils having interior insulated heating resistances and connected in circuit with .both the positive and negative wires of the house-circuit.
It will be seen from the above that the curls may be all applied to the hair and the heating element 6 applied to the interior of the tubes I without disturbing the curls. These heating elements may be withdrawn at any time after the parts are sufficiently heated. This is particularly desirable as the curls m y be first formed, the parts then heated by the application of the pencil 6, the pencils then withdrawn and the remainder of the drying process allowed to proceed bynatural evaporation while the user is asleep at night.
It will, of course, be understood that the pencil 6 may remain in position until the curls are entirely dry if desired to quickly dry the hair.
A particularly desirable feature of the present invention resides in the fact that all of the hair does not have to be moistened, but only the curl itself, and the curling operation can thus be accomplished more quickly'and with a minimum of trouble.
With this improved curling process with its setting feature, curls may be formed in theshortest possible time if it is desired to curl'the hair without waiting for the natural process of drying overnight. For instance, as its use in preparing the hair rapidly for a special occasion.
What I claim is:
1. In a combined curling and setting device, the combination with a tubular member having apertures and solution trapping grooves, of a clamping device movable in relation to the tubular member for clamping the curl to the latter.
2. In a combined curling and setting device, the combination with a tubular member having apertures and trapping grooves, of a clamping member also having apertures and trapping grooves and pivoted to the first mentioned membar and means for securing the two members to-,
gether with the curl thereon.
3. In a combined curling and setting device, the combination with perforated tubular member having solution trapping grooves and means for clamping the hair thereto movably mounted on said tubular member and an electric heating elecuring all of the parts together after the curl is formed.
5. In a combined curling and setting device, the combination with pivoted curling elements about which the hair is to be wound. of a movable part pivotally secured to said elements for holding the curl in position and absorbent material attached to and carried by said movable part to'be moved into contact with the formed curl as desired.
6. In a combined curling and setting. device, the combination withpivoted curling elements about which the hair is to be wound, of a movable part pivotally secured to said elements for bolding the curl in position, absorbent material attached to and carried by said movable part to be moved into contact with the formed curl as desired, and a clamp attached to the absorbent ma-.
- terial and arranged to secure the material to the clamping member movable "in relation thereto, a\ curl holder and an absorbent device carried by the curl holder and clamping means carried by theabsorbent device and arranged for clamping the absorbent device against the curl after-the latter is formed.
8. In a combined curling and setting device, the combination with two pivotally connected members, of a bail pivoted to said members, an absorbent device carried'by the bail and provided with a means arranged to clamp about the free ends of the two clamping members.
9. In a combined curling and setting device. hair curling members movable towards and away from each other, and one of which is formed with solution trapping grooves, and means for clamping said members in contact with each other.
SALVATORE ROBERT SALVIO.