US 2065936 A
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Dec 29, 1936. HARDIE 2,065,936
BAND FOR WEARING APPAREL Filed Sept. 6, 1934 M A ORNEYS Patented Dec. 29, 1936 UNITED" STATES PATENT OFFICE BAND FOR WEARING APPAREL Harry Hardie, Baltimore, Md., assignor to The Faultless Manufacturing Company, Baltimore, Md., a corporation of Maryland Application September 6, 1934, Serial No. 742,886 3 Claims. (01. 2,-240) The present invention relates broadly to a band for wearing apparel and more especially to an anchoring band in the upper portion of a stocking or sock. I I
The invention resides primarily in a band comprising a strip of elastic rubber whichpresses a roughened surface. against the wearer in such manner that the roughened surface is effective through thin textile covering material to provide an anchoring bond to retain the band in position on the wearer. The roughness may be on the strip of rubber or it may be produced by 21. separate piece of material.
Where the present invention has been applied to stockings, a roughened rubber strip may be sewed in position in a tubular welt knitted in the upper end of the stocking in such manner that when the stocking is in place on the wearer, the rubber strip encircles the leg. above the knee and the roughened surface holds the upper end of the stocking securely in place without discomfort to the wearer. The rubber strip is treated to withstand laundering processes without deterioration of the rubber and the roughened surfaces of the rubber are preferablypermanently formed thereon during the manufacture of the rubber sheet. Where the roughness is in the rubber, it applies localized pressure in a yielding manner when the band is stretched, so that the roughness which is effective through the silk side wall of the stocking does not become apparent to the wearer and yet it affords a secure anchorv age for the upper end of the stocking at a-lesser restricting pressure on the leg of the wearer than where the roughness is omitted.
The embodiments of the inventionillustrated in the drawing herewith relate to a type of stocking known in the trade as full, fashion. This type of stocking is knitted or woven flat and is completed by being sewed together by a seam at the back of the stocking which secures the edges of the stocking together to form a complete tubular member.
While the present invention is illustrated in connection with hosiery, it is to be understood that it is also applicable to other forms of garments and that it comprises an improvement upon the smooth rubber strip disclosed in the Harsh Patent 1,593,631 (Re. 16,641) as well as upon the stocking disclosed and claimed in my co-pending application Serial No. 707,279, filed January 19, 1934.
It is recognized that the present invention may be embodied in constructions other than those specifically shown herewith, and, therefore, this disclosure is to be considered as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
Fig. 1 illustrates a portion. of the top of a stocking showing the ends of a rubber strip with both sides thereof roughened.
Fig. 2 illustrates the top of a full fashion hose with a portion broken away to illustrate the roughened rubber strip in the top of the stockmg. r
Fig. 3 is a modification of the invention in which the roughened effect is produced by net material.
Referring now more especially to the drawing,
which illustrates preferred embodiments of the present invention, Fig. 1 discloses a portion of the top of a stockingcomprising a body I preferably of knitted silk or similar stretchable material which is provided at its upper end with a welt forming a hollow tubular member, preferably made during the knitting of the. stocking, and which unites at the point 2 with the body I of the stocking. A strip of soft elastic rubber 4 .extends through the welt and is locked therein by elastic stitches 5. The strip of elastic rubber is provided on its surfaces. 6 and I. with small scale-like raised portions that form roughened surfaces which do not disappear when the strip of rubber is stretched aroundthe leg of the wearer sufiiciently to become a constricting band which acts as a garter member to hold the stocking in place. The roughened surface next to the skin of the wearer is such that the roughness acts through the thin inner wall of the welt to more securely hold the upper edge of the stocking in place.
a serrated line of stitches on one side of the stocking and running thread joined by loops on the other side of the, stocking. This type of stitch is very elastic and yields readily with the stretching of the body of the garment and with the elastic strip of roughened rubber inside the welt.
Where the present invention is embodied in a fullfashioned hose or stocking, the edges of the stocking and the ends of the. rubber strip are sewed together at 8 (Fig. 2) by an overcast seam which securely locks the side portions of the ends of the rubber strip together so that. there is no danger of the stitches tearing out of the ends of the rubber. Where the roughened rubber construction is utilized in garments of the type This has been thoroughly demony strated by commercial use of the present invenfective way of producing thisresult is to-enclose welt between the inner face thereof and the.
inner surface of the rubber strip so that the pattern of the threads of the open net may beef fective through the thin wall of the stocking-or garment when the rubber strip is constricted around the leg or body of the wearer. One efthe flat strip of rubber in a tube of open mesh stretchable net such as is illustrated in Fig. 3,
wherein the flat rubber strip 9 is enclosed in a tube of netting I0, so that the strip and netting are within the welt of the stocking l, and are sewed in position therein by the elastic seam 5. Where desirable, the net may be'cemented directly on one or both faces 'of the plainsheet rubber strip 9.
The embossed rubber illustratedin Figs. 1 and 2 is the preferred form of the invention since the feature of embossment adds very little to the cost of the manufacture of the rubber strip and is very efiective and gentlein its action as a sustaining, constricting band. The open mesh net associated with the plain strip of rubberhas the advantage of retaining its full roughness when the band is stretched, whereas the rubber protuberances directly-on the rubber strip-itself are somewhat lowered in height when the rubber strip is stretched. It is to be understood that where the net structure is used, the net material should be of thetype'which is easily stretchable without imposing any substantial additional resistance against the stretching of the rubber band.
The invention is particularly adaptable for use in connection with stockings made' in such fashion that the welt is so joined to the body portion of the stocking as to prevent runslwhich start in the welt from continuing in the body portion. Such results are usually achieved primarily by means of the union of the welt portion with the body portion of the stocking, and since this construction is not novel with applicant, being disclosed in the Hadfield Reissue Patent 16,052, April 28, 1925, the particular. union construction is not illustrated in, detail herein. Since the present invention requires the. use-of stitches passing through the 'welt portion and through the rubber strip oftentimes threads in the welt portion will be ruptured by the needle during the stitching. Accordingly, if thestocking is ofthe' run proof type a run in the welt caused by the rupture of a thread therein will not continue in the body portion of the stocking. The ob-' jectionable extension of runs from the welt portion oftenoccur in stockings in which the welt is formed merely by a folding back .of the top,
part of the stocking with the upper edge of the stocking secured to thebody thereof to forma pocket. In that type, runs starting in the welt portion may very readily continue into the body portion of the stocking. l
The present inventiona is applicable to long.
stockings reaching above the knee, to short stockings or socks terminating below the knee, and also to bands for use generally as wearing I apparel.
What I claim is: a 1.,A supporting band fjor garments comprising a sheath of stretchable textile material, a sub- 1 stantially solid strip of elastic rubber within said a sheath, stitching passing. through said strip and said sheath and fastening said sheath and said strip together to permit said sheath to stretch when said strip is stretched, the solidity of said strip being interrupted only by the minute'openings through which said stitching passes, and
rib formations within the sheath and extending at least partially longitudinally relative to said strip, said rib formations being pressed by said strip against the inner layer of the sheath so that the rib formations are effective through the t inner 'la'yer'of the sheath to provideadditional anchorage when the sheath is stretched toc'on strict the same on the wearer;
2. A hosiery memberthaving a substantially tubular sheathoportion in the upper end, and a substantiallysolid strip of thin sheet .rubber in the sheath portion, stitching passing through said strip and said sheath and fastening said stripv and said sheath together to permit said sheath to stretch when said strip, is stretched, the
solidity .of said strip being interrupted only by the minute openings through which said stitching passes, the inner face of said strip being roughened to provide ribs extending at least partially longitudinally thereof, said ribs being ef-. fective throughthe inner layer of said sheath to act as additional anchorage'against transverse movement of the sheath when the sheath is constricted on the wearer. r a
3. A hosiery member having a" substantially tubular sheath portion in, the upper end, a substantiallysolid strip of thin sheet rubber in the tubular portion, stitching passing through said strip and said sheath and fastening said strip and said sheath together to permit said sheath to to stretch when said strip is stretched, the sol iditygof said strip being interrupted only by .the
minute openings through which said stitching passes, and an open m'esh fabric interposed between the inner surface of said strip and the inner layer of said sheath to provide ribs extending ,at least partially longitudinally of the strip, said ribs being efiective throughthe inner layer of said sheath to produce additionalfianchorage against transverse movement of the sheath when the same is constricted on the wearer.
. HARRY HARDIE.