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Publication numberUS2066177 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 29, 1936
Filing dateOct 24, 1935
Priority dateOct 24, 1935
Publication numberUS 2066177 A, US 2066177A, US-A-2066177, US2066177 A, US2066177A
InventorsJohnson Wilfrid E
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lubricating system
US 2066177 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 29, 1936. w. E. JoHNsoN LUBRICATING SYSTEM F'led Oct. 24, 1935 u. .mw ,1. inkl? L4 l Wilfrid EJohnson 195 is ttor` Patented Dec. 29, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT oFFlcE LUBRICATING SYSTEM Wilfrid E. Johnson, Schenectady, N. Y., assigner to General Electric Company, a. corporation of New York My invention relates to lubricating systems and more particularly to lubricating systems especially adapted for use in refrigerating machines.

It is frequently desirable to utilize a variable displacement pump to circulate oil or other lubricant in a refrigerating machine or the like because of the simplicity and efiiciency of such pumps. By the term variable displacement pump I mean a pump which has a varying volume of discharge during. each stroke or rotation of' the impelling element thereof as contrasted with a constant displacement pump, such as a centrifugal pump which delivers a constant quantity of fluid during all parts of the cycle of operation of its impelling element. A variable displacement pump, such as a rotary pump having radially movable blades delivers a constant net volume of iiuid whenoperating at constant speed, but the instantaneous rate of delivery varies periodically throughout each rotation or cycle thereof. The quantity of fluid passing into the pump also has a similar periodic variation. Such periodic variations in flow in the suction and discharge connections of a variable displacement pump set-up vibrations in the apparatus which frequently result in objectionably noisy operation.

It is an object of my invention to provide a lubricating system for a compressor or the like including a variable displacement pump and an arrangement for obtaining a uniform ow of lubricant in the suction and discharge connections lof the pump.

Further objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent as the following description proceeds and the features of novelty which characterize my invention will be pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed t-o and forming a part of this specification.

For a better understanding of my invention, reference may be had to the accompanying drawing, in which Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a refrigerating machine provided with a lubricating system embodying my invention: Fig. 2 is a side elevation, partly in section, of the motor driven compressor unit `of the refrigerating machine shown in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a detail View in section along the line 3-3 of the lubricant pump shown in Fig. 2; and Fig. 4 is an exploded perspective View of the lubricant pump and flow regulator shown in Fig. 2.

Referring to the drawing, I have shown in Fig. 1 a refrigerating machine including a motor driven .refrigerant compressor contained in a 'cylindrical hermetically sealed casing IIl made of sheet steel, or the like, from which compressed gasepus refrigerant is supplied through a conduit II to an air cooled condenser I2. The condenser I2 includes a sinuous refrigerant circulatory conduit I3 mounted on a series of vertical heat conducting metallic fins I 4. The compressed vaporized refrigerant passing through the condenser I2 is cooled by the forced circulation of cooling air over the surfaces thereof and is liquefied thereby. The refrigerant thus liqueed in the condenser I2 is supplied through a conduit I5 to a suitable evaporator or the like (not shown) located in a compartment to be cooled. The liquid refrigerant in the evaporator is vaporized by the absorption of heat and the refrigerant thus vaporized is returned through a, conduit I5a to the motor driven compressor contained in the casing Ill. This cycle is repeated and continued until the region in which the evaporator is located is cooled to a desired temperature.

As shown in Fig. 2, an electric driving motor I6, having a stator I'I and a rotor I8 carried on a vertical driving shaft I9, is mounted in the hermetically sealed casing III on a series of vertical helical compression springs 20. The lower ends of the springs are tted in helical grooves 2l formed in supporting studs 22 which are welded, or otherwise rigidly secured, to the bottom of the casing III. 'I'he upper ends of the springs 20 are fitted in similar helical grooves formed in the plugs 23 which are secured to brackets 24 by bolts 25. 'I'he brackets 24 extend laterally from the sides of the stator I'I of the motor I 6 and are welded, or otherwise rigidly secured, thereto. A two cylinder scotch yoke type refrigerant compressor 26 is rigidly mounted on the tcp of the motor I6 and the horizontally reciprocating pistons 21 thereof are driven by an eccentric crank pin 28 through a suitable yoke 29 and slide 3|). The crank pin 28 is driven by the motor shaft I9 and is eccentrically located with respect thereto on the upper side of a counterweight 3| which is secured to the upper end of the shaft I9.

Lubricant is 4supplied from a variable displacement pump to the bearings of the driving motor I6 and compressor 26, and in addition lubricant is circulated thereby over the surfaces of the compressor and driving motor in order to cool the same. In the illustrative form of my invention, this variable displacement` pump includes a radially movable impeller blade 32, which is slidably mounted in a slot 33 extending diametrically across the bottom of the motor shaft I9. The pump blade 32 rotates within a bore 34 formed in the substantially cylindrical pump casing 35. The inlet and discharge openings of the pump are formed by ports or openings 36 and 31 in a disk-shaped plate 38 which is secured to the bottom of the pump casing 35.

I provide an arrangementfor obtaining a uniform iiow of lubricant in the connections both to and from the variable displacement pump de,

scribed above. This arrangement preferably includes a lubricant iiow regulator, 'which periodically supplies additional quantities of lubricant to the inlet or suction side 36 of the pump near the end of the suction line. In this manner a constant rate of iiow is had through the suction line toward the inlet side 36 of the pump, and the suction side 36 of the pump Aperiodically receives excess lubricant supplied thereto by the'regulator .in accordance with the variations in the quantity `of lubricant discharged from the pump.

This

' lubricant flow regulator also preferably includes a spring vbiased piston 49 which is subjected to the pressurelof the lubricant discharged from the pump and which in turn exerts a corresponding pressure on the body of lubricant, the latter pressure being utilized to supply an additional quantity of lubricant'to the suction side 36 of the pump. Since from 9the construction of the pump iluctuations in the rate of iiow of lubricant on the suction side of the' pump and, as a result, the ow of lubricant from the main lubricant circuit to the suction side of the pump is uniform. In addition, an arrangement is provided which ailords a space near the discharge port of the pump of peri'odcally varying volume for receiving lubricant-discharged from the pump at 31 when the rate of discharge exceeds the mean rate and for supplying lubricant when the rate of discharge is less than the mean rate. Consequently. the rate of flow of lubricant from the pump into the discharge line is also uniform.

In the illustrative form of' my invention, my flow regulator includesl a substantially cylindrical ow regulator casing 39 having a cylindrical iiange 40 extending about the upper end thereof andsecured to the lower side of the plate 38. A vertical passage 4|A is formed in the casing 39, the lower endthereof opening below the surface of the A.lubricant 42 contained ina lubricant reservoir 43 vformed in the bottom of the `casing I0. The upper end of the vertical passage 4| communicates with an open slot 44 formed in the top of the casing 39. As best shown in Fig. 3, the slot 44 extends beneath a portion of the inlet port 36 formed in the plate 38. The vertical passage 4| 4and slot 44 formed in the casing 39 thus constitute an inlet or suction conduit for the Apump through which lubricant iiows from the cant passes to the inlet port 36 through the suction conduit or passage 4| and slot 44 from the reservoir 43. The rate of flow of lubricant from the inlet port 36 into the interior of the pump behind the end 32a of the blade increases as the end 32a of the blade moves from the inlet port 36 around to a position in which the blade is substantially horizontal as viewed in Fig. 3. Upon continued rotation from this position, the volume of the space behind the blade 32a continues to increase, but at a lesser rate untildthe end 32a of the blade reaches the outlet port 31.

' Consequently, lubricant is drawn into the pump from the 4inlet 36 at a varying rate which increases during a first part of the movement of the end 32a of the blade, described above, and decreases during the latter portion of the rotative movement thereof. The lubricant thus drawn into the interior of the pump behind the end 32a of the blade is discharged therefrom by the opposite end 32h of the blade. The rate of discharge also varies periodically since the volume in front of the end of the blade 32h decreases at a gradually increasing rate until the blade reaches a substantially horizontal position, as Viewed in Fig. 3, and then at a diminishing rate until the end of the blade 32h reaches the discharge port 31. At the latter point, all of the lubricant drawn into the pump behind the end 32a of the blade has been expelled therefrom by the end 32b of the blade. It will thus be seen that the instantaneous rate of flow of lubricant through the inlet and discharge ports 36 and 31, respectively, varies periodically'with the rotation of the pump blade at 32. s

As indicated by the arrow 45 in Fig. 3, the lubricant discharged from the pump passes there- 4from through the outlet port 31 into an open slot 46 formed in the top of the casing 39. The slot 46 extends beneath a portion of the discharge port 31 in the plate 38 and communicates at its opposite end with a vertical bore 41 formed in the casing 39. The communication between the slot 46 and the bore 41 is formed by a passage 48 located at the top of the bore 41.

Lubricant is thus supplied under pressure from` the pump to the interior of the bore 41 in the regulator casing 39 and forces a cup-shaped sheet metal piston 49 downwardly against the force exerted by a helical compression spring 50. 'Ihe piston 49 isslidably mounted in the bore 46 and the spring 50 and piston 49 are retained in position Within the bore 41 by a cover plate 5| .which extends across the bottom of the casing 39 and closes the lower end of the bore 41. The cover plate is secured in position by screws 52 and 53 which pass through the holes 54 and-.55, therein, respectively, and are threaded in suitable tapped holes 56 and 51 formed in the casing 39. The piston 49 is thus forced downwardly against the spring 58 by the pressure of the lubricant supplied to the bore 41 until the end of a horizontal discharge passage 58 is uncovered.' The lubricant in the bore 41 then iiows therefrom through the passage 58, as indicated by the arrow 59 in Fig. 3, into a conduit 69 which extends about the motor I6 and communicates at its opposite end through a connecting box 6| with a conduit 62 located outside the lcasi-ng I0. I'he lubricant then flows through the conduit 62 to a sinuous cooling conduit 63, which is supported by the heat conducting flns |4 of the refrigerant condenser I2. The sinuous conduit 63 is relatively long and contains a comparatively large body of lubricant.

'I'he lubricant circulating through the cooling conduit 63 is cooled by the circulation of cooling air over the surfaces of the conduit and the surfaces of the heat conducting ns which are arranged in thermal contact therewith. The cooled oil is then returned through a conduit 64 to the upper portion of the casing Ill. The conduit 64 communicates with a distribution head 65 within the casing I9 which is provided with laterally extending discharge nozzles 66 and 61. 'I'he lubricant discharged from the nozzles 66 and 61 flows downwardly over the surfaces of the compressor 26 and motor I6 in heat exchange relatien therewith, as described more in detail below.

Lubricant is also supplied under pressure from the interior of the pump casing 35 to a helical lubricating groove 68 formed in the lower portion of the shaft I 9, which groove opens into the pump cylinder bore 34. The surfaces of the lower bearing of the motor I6 are thus supplied with lubricant, this lower bearing being formed by an inwardly projecting portion 69 of a lower end shield 19 of the motor I6. Lubricant is also supplied from the pump under pressure from the slot 46 and through a hole 1Ia in the plate 38 into a vertically extending passage II formed in the center of the motor shaft I9 and which registers with the hole 1Ia. A portion of the lubricant flowing upwardly through the passage 1I formed in the shaft I9 passes therefrom through a laterally extending passage 12 into a helical groove 'I3 formed in the surface of the shaft I9 and lubricates the upper motor bearing. This upper bearing is of the sleeve type and includes a bearing sleeve 14 which is fixed in a bore formed in an upper end-shield 15 of the motor I6. The remainder of the lubricant in the passage 1I passes upwardly therefrom through a passage 16 into a lpassage 11 formed in the interior of the crank pin 28. The lubricant in the passage 11 flows out of the open top thereof and is carried through a helical groove 18 formed in the exterior surface of the crank pin 28 to the contacting bearing surfaces of the crank pin 28 and slide 30. Lubricant is thus supplied under pressure to the bearings of the motor I6 and refrigerant compressor 26.

I provide an arrangement for periodically supplying additional quantities of lubricant to the suction side of the pump near the end 4Ia of the suction conduit 4I and for periodically receiving excess lubricant supplied thereto in order that the lubricant 42 in the lubricant reservoir 43 shall flow at a uniform rate through the suction conduit 4I into the pump, The inlet port 36 of the pump communicates with the bore 41 on the lower side of the piston 49 through a vertical passage 19 formed in the casing 39 and a horizontal passage 80 formed therein. The horizontal passage- 89 communicates with the lower portions of the passage 'I9 and bore 41. When the pump is in operation, the passages 19 and 80 are filled with lubricant and also the lower portion of the bore 41. This lubricant is in part supplied by the leakage of lubricant past the piston 49 in the bore 41. This lubricant in the passages 19 and 80 and the lower portion of the bore 41 is then forced to ow back and forth therein, as indicated by the arrow 8l in Fig. 3, in accordance with the oscillations of the piston 49. The piston 49 is caused to oscillate in synchronism with the periodic variation in flow of lubricant discharged from the pumpI since the volume of oil contained in the cooling coil 63 is sufiiciently large that its inertia and friction tend to resist any oscillatory ow of lubricant in the cooling coil. 'I'he oscillatory flow of lubricant thus set up in the passage 19 by the oscillations of the piston 49 periodically supplies additional quantities of lubricant to the suction side of the pump and periodically receives excess lubricant supplied thereto. The oscillations are inherently so timed that the total rate of ow of lubricant into the inlet port 36 of the pump is greater than the mean rate of ow, whenever the rate of change of volume of the suction side of the pump is greater than the mean rate of change. Conversely, the total rate of ow of lubricant into the inlet port 36 is less than the mean rate of flow whenever the rate of change of volume of the suction side of the pump is less than the mean rate of change. In .this manner, the lubricant Vflow regulator completely compensates for any uctuations in ow on the suction side of the pump and the flow in the suction passage 4I from the oil reservoir 43 will in consequence be uniform. Thus, any disturbances in the ow of lubricant from the oil reservoir, are obviated as well as noise which would otherwise be caused thereby. In addition, the bore 41 and piston 49 form a space of variable volume above the piston, which receives excess lubricant from the pump when the rate of discharge is greater than the mean, and which supplies additional lubricant when the rate of discharge is less than the mean. Consequently, the Arate of flow of lubricant to the cooling coil 63 is also substantially constant.

The volume of oil contained in the passages 19 and 60 and the lower portion of the bore 41 are preferably soproportioned in relation to the resilient characteristics of the spring 50 that the dynamic system composed of the mass of oil in these passages together with the mas of the piston 49 has a natural frequency substantially equal to the natural frequency of the oscillations imposed on the piston 49 during normal running of the motor I6. Since the motor I6 operates at a substantially constant speed during the normal operation thereof, it is possible to maintain a natural frequency relation or resonant condition noted during the normal operation of the machine. When this condition prevails, no force is required, except that required to overcome slight friction to actuate the piston 49 at the normal running speed and, consequently, there will be no rst harmonic pulsations in either the inlet pasage 4I or in the cooling coil 63. Higher harmonics may be present, but their magnitudes are comparatively small and will not be disturbing.

A relief passage .41a extends through a side wall of the casing 39. This relief passage limits the downward movement of the piston 49 since, if the piston moves far enough down to uncover the relief passage, lubricant escapes therethrough and the pressure in the piston 49 is lowered.

In the operation of the machine, described above, the cooled lubricant which is discharged from the nozzles 66 and 61 in the upper portion of the casing I iiows downwardly over the surfaces of the cylinders of the refrigerant compressor 26 into an outwardly fiared cylindrical baille 82, the lower portion of which is secured to the upper end-shield I of the motor I6. The lubricant thus accumulated in the baie 82 flows through a passage 83-in the upper motor end-- shield 15 into a reservoir 84 formed in the top ofthe motor I6. A vertical cylindrical baiiie 85 is secured to the top of the motor stator I1 and surrounds the air gap between the rotor I8 and stator I1. A horizontal disk-shaped baille 86 is `positioned on the top of the baille 85 and the I1 and over the surfaces of energizing" windings 'I'he lu-. brcant then flows from the lower ends of the 88 which are arranged in the slots 81.

slots 81 into a reservoir 89 formed by the lower end-shield 10 of the motor I6. An outlet opening 90 is formed in the side of the lower endshield 10, but at a sufficient height from the bottom thereof so that lubricant is maintained in the reservoir 88 covering the lower end turns of the energizing windings 88. A cylindrical baille 9| forms the inner wall of the reservoir 89, a small` hole 92 being formed in the baille 9| in order that anylubricant escaping from the oil groove 68 of the lower motor bearing into the space surrounded by the baille 9| may flow into the reservoir 89. The lubricant escaping'from the reservoir 89 through the outlet opening 90 ows into the main lubricant reservoir 43 in the lower portion of the casing I and mingles with the lubricant 42 therein. A cup-shaped/bailie 93 is positioned in the lower portion of the lubricant reservoir 43 and surrounds the lower end of the suction passage 4I formed in the flow regulator casing 39 so as to prevent the entrance of dirt or other foreign matter into the pump. 'I'he lubricant, which is supplied t`o the surfaces of the crank pin 28, also ows into the baille 82 which surrounds the upper portion 4of the motor I6 and lcompressor 26 and flows therefrom downwardly through the s tator slots ,81, as described above.

The hermetically sealed casing I0 contains vaporized gaseous refrigerant atlow pressure which is drawn into a tubular intake mufller 94 through inlet openings 95 in the end thereof. The intake muiiler 94 extends about halfway around the upper portion of the driving motor I6 and the vaporzed refrigerant is supplied therefrom through suitable inlet valves to the compressor -26. Compressed vaporized refrigerant Ais then discharged from the compressor 26 through a tubular discharge muiiler 96, which also extends approximately halfway around the upper portion of the driving motor I6. The compressed gaseous refrigerant then flows from the'- discharge muiiler 96 through a helical discharge conduit 91 which extends about the driving motor I6 into the conduit Il through which it is conveyed to the air cooled condenser l2. The compressed vaporized refrigerant is liquefied in the condenser I2 kdue to the absorption of heat therefrom by the cooling air flowing over the surfaces of the condenser l2. Liquid refrigerant is then supplied from the condenser I2 through an outlet conduit I to a suitable refrigerant evaporator located in thespaceto be cooled. The liquid refrigerant in the evaporator is vaporized by the absorption of heat from the interior of the compartmentl in which it is located and the refrigerant thus vaporized is returned through a conduit |5a to the interior of the casing I0. It will be noted that the conduit I5a,- communicates with the interior of the casing I 0 above the level of the lubricant 42 therein. The interior of the casing I0 is thus maintained at substantially the same low pressure prevailing within the refrigerant evaporator.

From the foregoing, it will be seen that I have provided a lubricating system for a refrigerating machine which includes a simple easily manufactured variable displacement pump and an arrangement for insuring a uniform ow of lubricant from the reservoir 43 into the pump, as 5 well as a uniform flow of oil from the-pump through the cooling coil 63 and through the motor shaft passage 1I to the bearings of the motor andy compressor.

While I have shown a particular embodiment of l0 my invention in connection with a compression type refrigerating machine, do not desire my invention to be limited to the particular construction shown and described and I intend, in the appendedl claims, to cover all modifications within the spirit and scope of my invention.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is:

. l. A lubricating system for refrigerant compressors or the ,like providing a substantially uniform ow of lubricant through said system comprising a variable displacement lubricant pump having inlet and outlet ports and discharging a periodically varying quantity of lubricant through s'aid outlet port, means including a suction conduit communicating with said inlet port for supplying lubricant thereto, and means for periodically supplying additional quantities of lubricant to said inlet and for periodically receiving excess lubricant supplied thereto in accordance with the periodic variations in the quantity of lubricant discharged from said outlet of said pump to minimize variations in the rate of flow of lubricant through said suction conduit.

2. A lubricating system for refrigerant compressors or the like providing a substantially uniform flow of lubricant through said system comprising a variable displacement lubricant pump having inlet and outlet ports and discharging a periodically varying quantity of lubricant through 40 said outlet port, means including a suction conduit communicating with said inlet port for supplying lubricant thereto, means including a discharge conduit for receiving lubricant discharged from said pump, means for periodically supplying additional quantities of lubricant to said inlet and for periodically receiving excess lubricant supplied thereto in accordance with the periodic variations in the quantity of lubricant discharged from said outlet of said pump to minimize variations in the rate of flow of lubricant through said suction conduit,- andmeans for periodically supplying additional quantities of lubricant to said discharge conduit and for periodically receiving excess lubricant supplied thereto to minimize va'ri- 55 ations in the rate of iiow of lubricant therethrough.

3. A lubricating system for refrigerant compressors or lthe like providing a substantially uniform iiow of lubricant through said system comprising a variable displacement lubricant pump having inlet and outlet ports and discharging a periodically varying quantity of lubricant through said outlet port, means including a suction conduit communicating with said inlet port for supplying lubricant thereto, a second conduit communicating with said inlet port and containing an additional quantity of lubricant, and means for varying the pressure on the. lubricant in said conduit in accordance with the periodic variations in the quantity of lubricant discharged from said outlet port of said pump.

4. A lubricating system for refrigerant compressors or the like providing a substantially uni- 7'.

form ow of lubricant through said system comprising a variable displacement lubricant pump having inlet and outlet ports and discharging a periodically varying quantity of lubricant through said outlet port, means including a suction conduit communicating with said inlet port for supplying lubricant thereto, a second conduit communicating with said inlet port and containing an additional quantity of lubricant, and means including a spring biased piston subjected to the variations in pressure of the lubricant discharged from said outlet for varying the pressure on the lubricant in said second conduit in accordance with the periodic variations in the quantity of lubricant discharged from said outlet port of said pump. Y i.

5. A lubricating system for refrigerant compressors or the like providing a substantially uniing with said inlet port and containing an additional quantity of lubricant, means including a discharge conduit for receiving lubricant discharged from said pump, and means including a spring biased piston subjected to the variations in pressure of the lubricant discharged from said outlet for varying the pressure on the lubricant in said second conduit in accordance with the periodic variations in the quantity of lubricant discharged from said outlet port of said pump and for periodically supplying additional quantities of lubricant to said discharge conduit and for periodically receiving excess lubricant supplied thereto to minimize variations in the rate of flow of lubricant through said discharge conduit.

6. A lubricating system for refrigerant compressors or the like providing a substantially uniform flow of lubricant through said system comprising a variable displacement lubricant pump having inlet and outlet ports and discharging a periodically varying quantity of lubricant through said outlet port, an enclosure communicating with said outlet port and containing a body of lubricant of relatively large inertia, means including a suction conduit communicating with said inlet port for supplying lubricant thereto, means for, periodically supplying additional quantities of lubricant to said inlet port and fo-r periodically receiving excess lubricant supplied thereto 'in accordance with the periodic variations in the-quantity of lubricant discharged from saidoutlet port of said pump to minimize variations in the rate of flow of lubricant through said suction conduit, and means for periodically supplying additional quantities of lubricant to said outlet port and for periodically receiving excess lubricant discharged therethrough to minimize variations in the rate of flow of lubricant from said pump to said enclosure.

7. A lubricating system for refrigerant compressors or the like providing a substantially uniform flow of lubricant through said system comprising a variable displacement lubricant pump having inlet and outlet ports and discharging a periodically varying quantity of lubricant through said outlet port, an elongated cooling coil vcommunicating with said outlet port and containing a body of lubricant of relatively large inertia, means including a suction conduit communicating with said inlet port for supplying lubricant thereto, means for periodically supplying additional quantities of lubricant to said inlet and for periodically receiving excess lubricant supplied thereto in accordance with the periodic variations in the quantity of lubricant discharged from said outlet port of said pump to minimize variations in the rate of ow of lubricant through said suction conduit, and means for periodically supplying additional quantities of lubricant at said outlet port and for periodically receiving excess lubricant discharged therefrom to minimize variations in the rate of ow of lubricant to said cooling coil.

8. A lubricating system for refrigerant compressors or the like providing a substantially uni-V form flow of lubricant through said system comprising a variable displacement lubricant pump having inlet and outlet. ports and discharging a periodically varying quantity of lubricant through said outlet port, means including a suction conduit communicating with said inlet port for supplying lubricant thereto, an elongated cooling coil communicating with said outlet port and containing a body of lubricant of relatively high inertia, a second conduit communicating With said inlet port and containingv an additional quantity vof lubricant, and means including a chamber and a spring biased piston therein subjected to the variations in pressure of the lubricant discharged from said outlet port for varying the pressure on the lubricant in said second conduit in accordance with the periodic variations in the quantity of lubricant discharged from said outlet port of said pump and for periodically receiving excess lubricant discharged from said outlet port and for periodically supplying additional quantities of lubricant thereto.

9. A lubricating system for refrigerant compressors or the like providing a substantially uniform flow of lubricant through said system comprising a variable displacement lubricant pump having inlet and outlet ports and discharging a periodically varying quantity of lubricant through said outlet port, means including a suction conduit communicating with said inlet port for supplying lubricant thereto, an elongated cooling coil communicating with said outlet. and containing a body of lubricant of relatively high inertia, a second conduit communicating with said inlet port and containing an additional quantity of lubricant, and means including a chamber and a spring biased piston therein subjected to the variations in pressure of the lubricant discharged from said outlet port for varying the pressure on the lubricant in said I second conduit in accordance with the periodic variations in the quantity of lubricant discharged from said outlet of said pump, said body of lubricant in said cooling coil and said piston having a combined natural frequency substantially equal to the frequency of said periodically vary ing quantity of lubricant discharged from said outlet of said pump.

l0. An electric motor having a vertically disposed shaft, a hermetically sealed casing surrounding said motor, said casing having a lubricant reservoir formed in the lower portion thereof, a variable displacement pump driven by said shaft and secured to the bottom of said motor and having inlet and outlet ports, a flowregulator casing secured to said motor below said pump, said regulator casing having a bore therein communicating with said outlet port, means including a suction conduit for conveying lubri- 75 cant from said reservoir to said inlet port, and means including a piston slidably mounted in said bore and subjected to the pressure of lubricant discharged from said outlet port for periodically supplying additional quantities of lubricant to said inlet port and for periodically receiving excess lubricant supplied thereto in accordance with the periodic variations in the quantity of lubricant discharged from said outlet port of said pump to minimizeI variations in the rate of ow of lubricant through said suction conduit and for periodically receiving` excess lubricant discharged from said outlet port and for periodically supplying additional quantities of lubricant thereto. v

11. In combination, an electric motor having a vertically disposed shaft, a hermetically sealed casing surrounding said motor, said casing having a lubricant reservoir formed in the lower portion thereof, a variable displacement pump including a blade slidably mounted on the lower portion of said shaft Vand driven thereby and a 4substantially cylindrical pump casing surround- "reservoir and with said inlet port, and means including-a piston slidably mounted in said bore and subjected to thepressure of lubricant discharged from said outlet port for periodically supplying additional quantities of lubricant to said inlet port and for vperiodically receiving excess lubricant supplied thereto in accordance with the periodic variations in the quantity of lubricant discharged from said outlet port'of said pump to minimize'variations in the rate of ow of lubricant through said suction conduit and for periodically receiving excess lubricant discharged from said outlet port and for periodically supplyingy additional quantities of lubricant thereto.

12. In combination, a refrigerant compressor and an electric driving motor therefor having a vertically disposed shaft, said compressor and said motor having contacting bearing surfaces, a hermetically sealed casing surrounding said compressor and motor, said casing having a lubricant'reservoir formed in the lower portion thereof, a variable displacement pump including a blade slidably mounted on the lower portion of said shaft and driven thereby andal substantially cylindrical pump casing surrounding said blade and secured to the lower portion of said motor, a disk-shaped plate secured to the lower side of said pump casing and having passages therein forming inlet and outlet ports f or said pump, a ow regulator casing secured to the lower side of said plate and having a vertical bore formed therein communicating with said outlet port, said flow regulator casing having a passage formed therein communicating with said reservoir and with said inlet port, means including a piston slidably mounted in said bore and subjected to the pressure of lubricant discharged from said outlet lport for periodically supplying additional quantities of lubricant to said'inlet port and for periodically receiving excess lubricant supplied thereto in accordance with the periodic variations in the quantity of lubricant discharged from said outlet port of said pump and for periodically receiving excess lubricant discharged from said outlet lport and forv periodically supplying additional quantities of lubricant thereto, and means including a passage extending substantially throughout the length of said shaft for vconveying lubricant under pressure to said contacting bearing surfaces of said motor and compressor.

W'JLFRID E. JOHNSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2450468 *Oct 1, 1943Oct 5, 1948Cornelius Richard TMotor-driven compressor
US2458813 *Feb 13, 1943Jan 11, 1949Murray & Tregurtha IncOutboard propeller mechanism for barges, scows, and the like
US2504528 *Sep 6, 1944Apr 18, 1950Philco CorpRefrigeration apparatus
US2628016 *Mar 5, 1946Feb 10, 1953Tecumseh Products CoRefrigerating apparatus
US4462772 *Oct 27, 1981Jul 31, 1984Hitachi, Ltd.Oil feeding device for scroll fluid apparatus
US4730988 *Nov 6, 1986Mar 15, 1988American Standard Inc.Oil foam enhancing and turbulence reducing apparatus in a compressor
US4895496 *Jun 8, 1988Jan 23, 1990Copeland CorporationRefrigeration compressor
US5064356 *Oct 1, 1990Nov 12, 1991Copeland CorporationCounterweight shield for refrigeration compressor
US5380170 *Oct 12, 1993Jan 10, 1995Copeland CorporationScroll compressor oil pumping system
USRE34297 *Jan 23, 1992Jun 29, 1993Copeland CorporationRefrigeration compressor
USRE37019Dec 23, 1992Jan 16, 2001Copeland CorporationRefrigeration compressor
DE1171448B *Nov 12, 1960Jun 4, 1964Danfoss Ved Ing M ClausenSchmiervorrichtung fuer einen Motorverdichter einer hermetisch gekapselten Kleinkaeltemaschine
Classifications
U.S. Classification184/6.16, 184/27.1
International ClassificationF25B31/00
Cooperative ClassificationF25B31/002
European ClassificationF25B31/00B