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Publication numberUS2066780 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 5, 1937
Filing dateJan 30, 1932
Priority dateJan 30, 1932
Publication numberUS 2066780 A, US 2066780A, US-A-2066780, US2066780 A, US2066780A
InventorsDaniel S Holt
Original AssigneeArmstrong Cork Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for and method of coating fabrics
US 2066780 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

D. S. HOLT Jan. 5,1937.

APPARATUS FOR AND METHOD OF COATING FABRI CS Filed Jan. 30, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 'Jan.19&z;

D. 's'. HOLT I I 'lAPPAfiA'rUs FOR AND METHOD OF COATING FABRICS Fi ledJ an. so, 1932- 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Jan. 5, 1937 UNITED STATES i APPARATUS FOR AND METHOD or COATING FABRICS Daniel S. Holt, Lancaster, 2a., assignor to Arnistrong Cork Company, ration of Pennsylvania Lancaster,.Pa., a corpo- Application January 30, 1932, Serial No. 589,860

11 Claims.

' My invention relates to an apparatus for and method of coating fabrics. It has particular reference to the application of a coating of paint to a web of surface covering material. Surface covering material, such as felt base, is commonly covered witha more or less uniform base coat of paintof asuitable color before the decorative design is printed thereon. The purpose of the base coat is two-fold. It serves to prevent the color of the surface covering material from showing through the decorative design and it furnishes a base upon which the design may be readily applied. The base coat is applied to the web of surface covering material 5 by means of a doctor blade, and covers the entire top surface area of the web-of surface covering material. The paint used to formthe decorative design is applied over the base coat by means'of conventional printing blocks. If desired, the decorative design may be applied over only predetermined portions of the base coat, so that the base coat itself constitutes part of the completed pattern appearing on the upper surface of the web of surface covering material.

tices has been the lack of uniformity in the application of the base coat to the web of surface covering material. Stiff doctor blades have proved to be unsatisfactory because the unevenness of the felt base being coated resulted in thick applications of paint over the low spots and thin applications over the high spots. In many cases the paint would be entirely scraped, oil? the high spots. Thin doctor blades are capable of following the contour of the material being coated, but have the disadvantage of lack of a thin doctor blade is used is the condition of,

the paint being applied to the surface covering material. If the pain uniform consistency, on of the lumps may force the doctor blade up as it passes and allow an excess of paint to flow under the doctor.

It is an object of my invention to provide simple and economical means of regulating the application of a coating of paint to a fabric. It is a The chief disadvantage in the prior art prachas lumps or is not of further object of my invention to provide means and will be economical and eflicient in use.

Other objects of my invention will become apparent upon reading the annexed specification taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which,

Figure 1 is a perspective view of my apparatus,

Figure 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of a modified form of my doctor blade inverted and enlarged to illustrate its structural details,

Figure 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of 5 another modified form of my doctor,

Figure 4 is an end view of Figure 3, and

Figure 5 is an end elevation of a driving mechanism forimparting rotation to the doctor roll of Figure l. 2

In the drawings, the reference numeral 2 indicates a web of fabric, such as felt base, used to form a surface covering. The web of surface covering material is fed over a belt conveyor 3 mounted on therolls 4 and 5. The conveyor 3 is formed of a thick rubber belt to provide a resilient base for the web 2. The roll {is provided with a shaft 6 which may be driven from any suitable motor (not shown). The shaft 6 is rotatably supported by the uprights I secured to 30 the base 8 of the machine.- The uprights I are provided with bearings 9 through which the shaft 6 extends. The roll 5 is provided with a shaft l0 mounted in bearings H in supporting members l2. The shafts 6 and H] are provided 35 with sprockets l3 and I connected by a chain IS, the sprockets and the chain being shown in dotted lines, so that both rolls 4 and 5 are driven 1 at the same speed.

The uprights l are cut out as indicated at I6 40 to receive a pair of blocks l1 and I8 adapted to support a primary doctor IS. The doctor shown in Figure 1 is in the form of a roll, the surface of which is provided with'a helical groove 20; If desired, a plurality of concentric circular 45 grooves may be shubstituted for the helical groove 20. The doctor roll I! is provided with a shaft 2| which is supported in bearings 22 secured in the blocks l1 and I8. One end of the shaft 7| is squared, asindicatd at 23, to adapt 50 it to receive a wrench. A ratchet 24 is secured to one end of the shaft 2! outside the block Ill. The block I8 is provided with a pawl 25 adapted to prevent undesirable rotation of the doctor roll IS. The blocks I1 and" are adjustably secured- 55 in the uprights T by means of the screw threaded bolts 26. The bolts 26 are provided with square heads so that they may be engaged by a wrench. A hand wheel may be secured to the top of the screw threaded bolts 26 if desired.

Guide plates 21 are secured to the uprights 1 by means of brackets 28. The guide plates 21 conform to the contour of the roll 4 and serve to retain a bank of paint 29 on the web of surface covering material so that it does not spread past the edges of the web. The 'roll 4 is mounted slightly higher than the roll 5 so that a pocket is formed in front of the doctor l9. The pocket is sufficiently large to maintain the bank of paint in front of the doctor.

The supporting members |2 have a pair of brackets 30 secured on their upper edge. The brackets 30 support a cross bar 3| to which a secondary doctor 32 is secured. The secondary doctor consists of a thin, flexible metal blade arranged at an angle to the web of surface covering material in flexed position with its exposed edge facing in the direction of travel of the web of surface covering material so that it spreads out the paint to form a coating of uniform thickness on the web as shown in Figure 1.

The operation of my coating apparatus is as follows: The paint to be applied to the web of surface covering material is placed directly in front of the primary doctor l9 and is confined by the guide plates 21 within limits defined by the edges of the web of surface covering material. As the web of material is fed under the primary doctor by the conveyor 3 a predetermined amount of paint is fed therewith through the grooves in the surface of the doctor roll. The primary doctor l9 does not spread the paint over the web of surface covering material. Its only function is to regulate the amount of paint to be applied to the surface covering material.

The amount of paint applied to the web may be regulated by adjustment of the vertical position of the blocks l1 and |8 in which the shaft 2| of the doctor I9 is mounted. When any surface of the doctor roll I9 becomes worn the do tor may be rotated so as to present a new surface to the web of surface covering material. If desired, I may provide means connected to the motor for imparting a continuous rotary motion to the doctor. A suitable driving means for imparting rotation to the doctor roll I9 is shown in Figure 5 and comprises a sprocket 5|) secured to shaft 6 and a similar sprocket 5| secured to shaft 2| upon which the doctor roll I9 is mounted. Sprockets 50 and 5| are connected by a chain 52 and motion is imparted to the roll l9 upon rotation of the shaft 6. Such rotation will prevent uneven wear on the surface of the doctor. The rate of rotation of the doctor will be relatively slow so as not to affect the distribution of the'paint over the web of surface covering material.

The bank of paint lying in front of the doctor l9 wets the entire upper surface of the web of surface covering material. The doctor roll l9 fits so closely against the web of surface covering material passing over the conveyor belt 3 that no paint can pass between the doctor roll and the web of surface covering material except that which passes through the grooves 20. The ridges of the doctor roll scrape the paint off the portions of the surface covering material not directly under the grooves. This causes the formation of-a plurality of continuous paint ridges 33 of uniform cross sectional area spaced equi-distantly across the width of the web of surface covering material. The cross sectional areas of the ridges of paint are equivalent to the cross sectional area of the corresponding grooves in the primary doctor. The primary doctor insures a uniform quantity of paint, and uniform distribution of the paint in front of the secondary doctor, so that the only requirement of the secondary doctor is that it smoothes the paint which passes thereunder.

The secondary doctor 32 engages the paint ridges 33 and smooths them so as to form a smooth uniform base coat covering the entire upper surface of the web of surface covering material. This smoothing action is accomplished easily because even those areas of the surface covering material which lie between the ridges of paint have been previously wetted by the paint in front of the primary doctor. The primary doctor allows the paint to pass only through its grooves, but the portions of the web of surface covering material from which the paint is removed by the'primary doctor retain the moisture imparted thereto by the paint. The presence of this small amount of moisture in the surface covering material facilitates the adherence of the paint to the entire upper surface of the web of surface covering material when the paint is spread and smoothed by the secondary doctor. The web of surface covering material is then capable of receiving any suitable decorative coating.

In Figure 2 I have-shown a rigid doctor blade 34 in the form of a flat bar which may be substituted for my primary doctor IS. The doctor 34 contains a plurality of slots 35 so that it may be secured to a suitable cross bar. The slots are preferably elongated so that the position of the doctor blade may be adjusted with reference to the cross bar to which it is secured. The cross bar would be mounted in a pair of blocks similar to the blocks l1 and l8. The bottom surface of the doctor 34 is provided with a plurality of grooves 36.

In Figures 3 and 4 I have shown another modification of my doctor. In this case the grooves 31 for the passage of the paint are formed by adjacent convolutions of a wire 38 wrapped around the roll 39. The end of the wire 38 is secured to the roll'39 by having its ends bent into suitable openings 40.

Although I have described my invention in considerable detail, it will be understood that I do not desire to be restricted to the specific details of construction described except as limited by the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In the method of coating a web of uneven surfaced material, the steps consisting in wetting the entire surface of the material with a coating material, removing the coating material substantially completely from portions of the surface of the web while maintaining a predetermined amount of coating on other portions of the surface of the web, and spreading and distributing the applied coating material evenly over the surface of the material.

2. In the method of coating a web of uneven hard surfaced material, the steps consisting in maintaining a quantity of coating material in contact with the surface of the web, moving the web under said quantity of coating material, removing all but a predetermined amount of coating material from the surface of the moving web and leaving a plurality of spaced longitudinally exthereof, without removing any substantial amount of applied coating material.

3. In a coating apparatus, a pair of doctors, one of said doctors having a discontinuous surface for engagement with a surface to be coated to apply a predetermined amount of coating material to the surface to be coated when the material to be coated is pressed into engagement therewith, and the other doctor being in the form of a flexed, thin, metallic blade and serving to evenl5 ly distribute over unevenly surfaced materials the bination of a support for holding said web in substantially horizontal position, primary doctor means extending transversely of said web over said support and presenting a discontinuous surface for contact with said web for applying a predetermined amount of coating composition nonuniformly over said web, means for causing relative movement between said web and said primary doctor, guides for maintaining a pool of coating composition in the path of travel of said web, anda thin, flexible blade secured in stationary, flexed position with its exposed edge facing in the direction of travel of said web and having an extended, uninterrupted surface for contact-with said coating composition, said blade being effective 'for uniformly distributing over l the surface of the web all of the coating com position non-uniformly applied by the primary doctor.

5. In an apparatus for applying coating mate- 40 rial to an irregular surface of a flat hard surfaced web, the combination of a yielding support for said web, rigid doctoring means extending transversely of said web over said yielding support and presenting a discontinuous surface for contact with 5 said web, means for; causing relative movement between said web and said primary doctor, guides cooperating with said doctor for maintaining a pool of coating composition in the path of travel of said web and in contact with said doctor and 50 a thin, flexible, metallic doctor blade secured in stationary, flexed position with its exposed edge facing in the direction of travel of said web and having an extended, uninterrupted, flexed surface for contact with said web,said blade 55 being effective for uniformly distributing over the surface of the web all of the coating composition non-uniformly applied by the rigid doctor.

6. Ina coating apparatus, means retaining a quantity of coating material on a surface to be coated, means moving the surface to be coated beneath the quantity of coating material, a rigid doctor blade presenting a discontinuous surface for contact with the surface to be coated'and acting to remove a portion only of the coating adhering to the moving surface to be coated and a thin, flexible blade secured in stationary, flexed position and comformable with the moving surface to be coated and acting to distribut th coating thereon evenly and uniformly over said surface.

7. The combination with a coating apparatus having a support for a web to be coated and means for moving the web, of a rigid doctor blade having a notched surface for engagement with the web and a thin, flexible blade secured in stationary, flexed position transversely of said support,

8. In a coating apparatus, a pair of rolls, a resilient band encircling said rolls and forming a supp a w t e d orated. a rigid, notched doctor extending transversely of said band, means for adjusting the position of said doctor with respect to said band, and a thin, flexible blade secured in stationary, flexed position transversely of said band and rearwardly of said doctor with respect to the direction of travel of the web.

The m nation with a coating apparatus havin a supp t for a web to be coated and. means for moving the web, of a rigid doctor roll extending transversely of the support and having a discontinuous surface for engagement with the web and means for imparting rotative movement to said doctor roll.

10. The combination with a coating apparatus having a support for a web to be coated and means for moving the web, of a. rigid doctor roll extending transversely of the support and having a discontinuous surface for engagement with the web and a thin, flexible blade secured in stationary, flexed position transversely of said support and adapted to evenly distribute over the surface of the web coating composition applied by the doctor roll.

11. The combination with a coating apparatus having a support for a web to be coated and means f r imp rtin movement to said support, a rigid doctor roll extending transversely of the support and having a discontinuous surface for engagem'ent with the web, means associated with the driving means for the support for imparting rotative movement to the doctor roll, and a thin, flexible, metallicblade extending transversely of the support and rearwardly of the doctor roll with respect to the direction of travel of the web, secured in stationary. flexed position.

DL S. HOLT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2672119 *Aug 23, 1951Mar 16, 1954Western Electric CoApparatus for coating webs, including adjustable doctor blade
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US2925800 *Jan 17, 1955Feb 23, 1960Marsh Wall Products IncRoller coating machine for rigid sheet material
US2995460 *Jun 19, 1958Aug 8, 1961Gerhard RitzerfeldMethod and apparatus of making an ink ribbon
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US3392041 *Mar 29, 1965Jul 9, 1968Moore Business Forms IncMethod and machine for manufacture of carbon paper
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Classifications
U.S. Classification427/356, 492/33, 427/445, 118/414, 118/419, 427/365, 427/278, 118/102, 118/126
International ClassificationD06B3/10
Cooperative ClassificationD06B3/10, D06B2700/27
European ClassificationD06B3/10