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Publication numberUS2066792 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 5, 1937
Filing dateOct 31, 1934
Priority dateOct 31, 1934
Publication numberUS 2066792 A, US 2066792A, US-A-2066792, US2066792 A, US2066792A
InventorsMcleod Neil R
Original AssigneeMcleod Neil R
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Collapsible tube container
US 2066792 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 5, 1937. N. R. M LEOD COLLAPSIBLE TUBE CONTAINER Filed Oct. 51, 1934 Patented Jan. 5, 1937 UNETED STATES rarest orriclz COLLAPSIBLE TUBE CONTAINER Neil B. McLeod, Upper Montclair, N. J. Application October 31, 1934, Serial No. 750,785

12 Claims.

The general object of the present invention is to provide an improved collapsible tube container for a semi-fluid material of the general consistency of cold cream and of the well known type in which the container is formed with a thin 'wall of soft metal, so that pressure applied to the container by the fingers of the user will compress or collapse the container to thereby expel through a restricted container outlet as much or as little of its contents as may be desirable at each compressing operation.

More specifically, the object of the invention is to devise a'container of the type specified including. provisions whereby the container may be used to spread a thin coating of the material in the 'containerover the face of the user or other surface which is to be coated with the mai terial expelled from the container by collapsing the latter. To this end, the container is provided with'a suitably shaped discharge outlet ordinarily and preferably in the form of a narrow elongated slot, and the container is provided with a suitably shaped and disposed spreader portion of considerable areal extent between which and the surface to be coated a layer or thin body of the coating material expelled from the container is held during the coating operation.

A further object of the invention is to provide the container with simple and effective closure means adapted to seal the discharge outlet of the container when the latter is not in use and which in its openposition may provide all or a partpf the spreading surface of the container, or will occupy a position at one side of the spreading surface provided by the body portion of the container. In preferred forms of the invention the closure member in its closed position covers a spreader surface formed on the body of the container, and when moved from its open into its closed position, forces back into the container through the discharge outlet of the latter excess material expelled from the container and remaining on the spreader surface at the conclusion of the preceding spreading operation.

The various features of novelty which characterize my invention are pointed out in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this specification. For a better understanding of the invention, however, its nature and specific objects attained with it, reference should be had to the accompanying drawing and descriptive matter in which I have illustrated and described preferred embodiments of the invention.

'Fig. 1 is an elevation of a collapsible container,

partly in section on the line l-l of Fig. 2;

Fig. 2 is an end elevation of the container shown in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a partial longitudinal section of a 6 container of modified form;

.of container; 7

Fig. 6 is an end elevation of the container shown in Fig. 5;

Fig.7 is a partial longitudinal section of a fourth form of container;

Fig. 8 is an end elevation of the container shown in Fig. 7; r

Fig. 9 is a partial longitudinal section of a container of still another form; and

Fig. 10 is an end elevation of the container shown in Fig. 9.

In the form of the invention shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the collapsible container A is in the form of a tube made of soft metal and of conventional shape, except that its discharge end wall portion A is thicker and more rigid than is customary'and is specially shaped in accordance with the present invention. The container dis- 7 charge orifice A is in the form of a slot in the thickened end wall portion A the slot extending transversely to the tube axis, and opening into a shallow recess A formed in the outer surface of the end wall portion A and adapted to be covered by a cover member B. The latter is'advantageously formed of a thin resilient sheet of. metal, such as tin or brass, and is hinge connected to the end wall A at one side of the recess A In the construction shown, the hinge pintle is a wire or small diameter rod 0 of suitable metal having its ends anchored in the portionsA of the container which form the end walls ofthe recess A the hinge edge of the cover plate 13 being bent about the wire C.

Suitable provisions are desirably made for normally holding the cover in its closed position. The provisions shown for the purpose in Figs. 1 and 2, comprise a tongue or rib 13 at the inner side of the cover, which is adapted to enter and be resiliently held in an undercut grove A in the outer surface of the end wall A at the lower edge of the recess A as the container appears in Fig. 1. The tongue B is advantageously formed by bending a portion of the cover plate B adjacent its free edge into, ,an open loop of proper dimensions to be compressed slightly as it is being moved into recess A so that it will expand and resiliently engage the undercut walls of that groove when fully entered therein.

When the cover is in its open position, shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the shaving cream or other material in the container may be extruded or expelled as required, by collapsing the body portion of the tube, and as the material is extruded it may be distributed over the face of the user or other surface onto which the material is to be spread, by moving the container around over said surface while keeping the edges of the recess A in more or less close contact with said surface. The end wall A is advantageously so shaped that the portions thereof at the margin of the recess A will lie in a plane, or, preferably, in a smooth rounded surface which can be defined generally as a cylindrical surface with its surface elements generally parallel to the hinge pintle 0. While the external contour of the end wall A may vary, it should be such as to insure that the material extruded into the recess will spread in a suitably thin layer on a surface over which the container is moved with the marginal edge of the spreading surface in more or less close contact therewith.

As shown, the cover B is provided at its ends with inwardly extending flange portions B which fit snugly between and may be in resilient engagement with the opposed end walls A of the recess A when the cover is in its closed position. The cover B in its open position forms an extension of the spreading portion of the container formed by the recess A and the spreading surface or portion of the container has a marginal scraping edge comprising the portions of the container body at the ends of the recess, the edge of the groove A remote from the orifice A and the flanges B' and rib B of the cover B.

With the arrangement shown in Figs. 1 and 2, at the end of each spreading operation the recess A is wholly or largely filled with material extruded from the container, and more or less of that material is held on the face or side of the cover B which is then exposed. The movement of the member B into its closed position will force the bulk of the material held on the cover and in the recess A back into the receptacle through the orifice A and the cover B, in its closed position, forms a seal for the material in the outlet A and in the recess A The end wall A with its outlet A recess A and groove A may readily be formed in the course of the metal extrusion operation commonly employed in forming a soft metal, collapsible container, and without requiring any change in the apparatus customarily employed to make collapsible tube containers, except for the necessary changes in shape of the male and female die parts of the apparatus. Furthermore, the wire C, if suitably mounted and held in female die part may be anchored in place during the tube forming operation, with the cover part B mounted on said wire. Alternatively, the cover part may be secured in place after the container is formed, by forcing the pintle wire C through one portion A and into the other portion A In the modified form of the invention shown in Figs. 3, 3A, and 4, the container AA may be identical in construction with the tube A of Figs. 1 and 2, except in respect to the provisions made for the mounting and movement of the cover member BA, which is slidingly connected to the container. As shown, the cover member BA is formed of resilient sheet metal and is provided with projecting end portions B received in guide slots A which are formed in the opposing inner faces of the container portions A at the ends of the recess A and extend transversely to the outlet A Advantageously, the edge A of the recess A engaged by the front edge of the cover plate in the closed position of the latter, is undercut so as to spring the engaging edge of the cover plate inwardly when the latter is moved into its closed position. To resiliently hold the cover plate BA in its closed position, the outer wall of each slot A may be formed with an outwardly extending jog A into which the rear edge of the corresponding end projection B will spring when the cover plate is moved into its closed position, the cover plate then turning about the outer edge A of the side of the orifice slot A remote from the under cut surface A as the latter is engaged by and deflects the adjacent edge of the cover. With the arrangement shown in Figs. 3, 3A, and 4, the cover plate and grooves or guideways A are preferably curved slightly as shown, the concave sides of the curves being toward the container.

The general operation of the form of the invention shown in the last mentioned figures is substantially the same as that of the construction first described, except that the action of forcing back material held in the recess A is less pronounced in the construction Figs. 3, 3A, and 4, than in the construction first described. Moreover, the movement of the cover plate BA into its closed position does not return into the container material which may have accumulated on the outer side of the cover plate. However, the container including the cover plate BA may be so proportioned and manipulated that the spreading surface of the container is wholly formed by the bottom wall of the portion of the recess A at one side of the cover member BA, in the open position of the latter, so that there will be no tendency to any significant accumulation of material on the outer side of the cover plate BA in the normal spreading operation of the container. As shown, the edge portion of the cover plate BA remote from the slot A is doubled back on itself to provide an edge or handle portion for engagement by the finger of the user in opening the container. By the use of metal extruding apparatus having suitable die parts, the grooves A may be formed with the projections B of the cover BB received therein, during, and in the course of, the extrusion operation by which the container is formed.

In the form of the invention shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the portions of the cover and of the container end wall at the margin of the spreading surface collectively formed by said end wall and cover provide a raised marginal rim extending all the way around the spreading surface, so that regardless of the direction in which the container is moved over the surface, there is a trailing rim portion which acts as an efiective scraping edge or rib and regulates the thickness of the coating applied. In general, however, the movement of the container may be, and in applying shaving cream to the face, is desirably uni-directional so that a scraping edge or rim is essential only at the trailing side of the spreader surface. Thus the container shown in Figs. 3, 3A and 4 may and for the best results should be moved over the surface to be coated A duringl the movementi andlzthe edge AZ. then performs the scraping; thickness. determining. function; of the. spreader; The, portions of 3 the,

end'walls A of therecessA adjacent the shoulder A fiperform a {guiding ;surface,; and tend to. prevent;:.extrusion 1 ofthe coating material longitudinally of .theribgA' beyond 'thez ends of the latter; but. are not. strictly ;.esse n tial,; and nothing equivalent thereto Lis -provided,1in the hereinafter. described constructions; showninfiigs. 5-58.

, .In the ,forrn; of; ;the invention shown in- Figs;

5:and; .themate al extmdedt rouehme tlet; opening A? in the thickened end-wall A is not received? in J a; recess, A3,, as; inthe construction previouslyrdescribed;but passes; through an; ori-.

fice,slot-;-Bf in the sliding-"covetmember-BB, the;

outer side of which forms all theefiective spreading, surface of the containen; The cover member BB isslidingly connected to-thecontainer-by; providing the cover member at its ,endswith reversely bent portions B backof andslightly spacedfrom the inner side of the cover-member.

The projections B entergslots A in the'oppo sitely facing walls A of recesses ,or rabbets, provided'at the opposite endsof and extending.

transversely; tothe orifice A As, shown, the cover plate. isshap ed toprovide. an internal rib Bi-wvhich is resiliently received in the outlet slot. A in the closed position-.ofthecover. B13,

and .in the open positionof-the latter is recived in a parallel grooveli formed in the outer face of the thickened end wall A sothat the 4 covermember is resiliently held both in its open and in its closed position. One edge of the covermemberBBis desirably shaped to form an outwardly. extending rib'B for engagement by the. user in movingthe coverbetween its opened and closed positions, also 1 serving as the scrapingv edge of the device and regulates the thickness of the coating applied. With the form of the invention shown in Figs. 5 and 6, the cover member BB may be moved into-placeafter the formation of the container by a. simple sliding. movement, if the slots, .A are open ended. The movement. of. .the. cover BB into its closedpositiondoesnotserve to return into the-container any significant portion of the material. pre.-.

viously dispensed fromlthe container.

In lieu of the provisions shown in Figs. 3to 6-.

for. slidingly mounting a cover member. on the container, the cover member 'may. be formed with slots receiving the shanks of headed integral extensions of the thickened endv wall A? of the container. Thus as showninFfigsp'l and 8, the sheet metal. cover member BC. is formed, with slotsBEi which. extend transversely to. the con tainer orifice A and through which extend the shanks of integralheadedextensions A from the end wall AT of the container, AC.' The cover member BC is shown as formed: witha. rib B at its inner side serving the functions of the rib B of Figs. Band 6. The cover member BC also isshownas including a folded portion B adjacent its. outlet. closing edge which may receive andresiliently holda strip-.E of corkor. the like which is in sealing engagement with the outer endof thewalhofthe outlet slot A in the closed position of the container. -The loop portion B also serves as an operating handle or portion for engagement by the finger of the user in opening and closing the container, and as the scraping rib. a

The form of the invention shown in Figs. 9

attach-the cover member B1) to the container- AD after the latter and the cover member are separately formed, by forcing the pintle wire G; into place. With the arrangement of Fig 9 and 10, the cover member BD may be locked-in its closedposition. by a button or latching member F pivotally connected to the thickened-end wall A of the container AD and engaging in a groove B formed for the purpose in the edge of the cover member BU remote from the pintle C. In the .closed position of the cover member BD, a. rib-portion at the free edge of the latteris re-.. ceived in a groove A formed in the outer surface of the thickened end A of the container.

The different forms of the invention illustrated; herein are all alike in that in'each, the end wall 0f the container is thickenedv and specially shaped to provide a spreading surface support of sufiicient rigidity to avoid objectionable deformation in the normal use of the container, re.-.. gardless of whether the spreading surface is formed wholly or partly on the end wall of the container or is formed in whole or in partyby the covenmembermovably mounted on the end wall. In each form of the invention also, the container outlet may be tightly sealed by the. cover memberillustrated, when the container is not in'use, so as to avoid the drying and hardening of the container contents which occurs on any; prolonged exposure to the air, and which is'especially objectionable because ofthetendencyfor the outlet opening to be plugged by.-.a= more or less hardened body of material.

In each form of the invention disclosed, also, the container alone or with its cover member forms an effective and easily manipulated implement for spreading the container contents over proved container is especially useful as a. container and spreader for a so-called brushless shaving cream, and in such use, the invention-is characterized injparticular by the economy in the useof the shaving cream obtainable as a result of the desirable uniformity with which it may spread over the face or other body por-- tion to be shaved and the avoidance of waste, and particularly the avoidance of any necessity for theaccumulation of the cream on the fingers of the user. I i The forms of the invention shown in Figs. 1-4,' 9 and 10 are especially advantageous becauseof the provisions which they include for covering all or the major portion of the spreading surface, when the container is closed, and the provisions for forcing excess material on the spreading surface, back into the container at the con; clusion of each spreading operation. With the container covers formed of thin sheet metal as in the constructions illustrated in all the figures. except Figs. 9 and 1 0, the ribs or folds with which th ver members are formed give a desirable stiffness to the cover members, as well as serving the special purposes previously mentioned.

With any of the formsof the invention disclosed, the container when originally made and filled may have its outlet opening A sealed by a thin integral portion of the container which can readily be cut out by the user preparatory to the initial use of the container.

While in accordance with the provisions of the statutes, I have illustrated and described the best forms of embodiment of my invention now known to me, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that changes may be made in the form of the apparatus disclosed without departing from the spirit of my invention as set forth in the appended claims and that in some cases certain features of my invention may be used to advantage without a corresponding use of other features.

Having now described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

Y 1. A collapsible tube container for semi-fluid material, having a thickened end wall and a narrow elongated discharge orifice therein and having an extended external spreading surface transverse to and through which said orifice opens and extends for substantially the full width of said surface.

2. A collapsible tube container for semi-fluid material having a thickened end wall and a narrow elongated discharge orifice therein, and having an extended spreading surface transverse to and through which said orifice opens, and a cover member mounted on said wall and movable into and out of position to cover said surface and close said orifice.

3. A collapsible tube container for semi-fluid material formed with a thickened end wall and with a narrow elongated discharge orifice extending through said wall, and with a shallow recess in the outer side of said wall into which said orifice opens, said recess being adapted to hold material expelled from the container through said orifice as the container is moved about over a surface to be coated with the mar" gin of said recess adjacent said surface.

4. A collapsible tube container for semi-fluid material having a thickened end wall with a narrow elongated discharge orifice therein, and with a shallow external recess in said Wall into which said orifice opens, said recess being adapted to hold material expelled from the container through said orifice as the container is moved about over a surface to be coated with the margin of said recess adjacent said surface, and a cover mounted on said thickened end wall for movement between open and closed positions in which the cover is respectively at one side of, and extends across said recess.

5. A collapsible tube container for semi-fluid material having a thickened end wall and a narrow elongated discharge orifice therein, and having a cover member slidingly connected to said end wall for movement into and out of the position to close said orifice, said container having an extended external spreading surface transverse to and through which said orifice opens.

6. A collapsible tube container for semi-fluid material having a thickened end wall and a nar-- row elongated discharge orifice therein, and having an extended spreading surface transverse to and through which said orifice opens, and a cover member hinge connected to said end wall to turn into and out of position to close said orifice.

7. A collapsible tube container for semi-fluid material having a thickened end wall and a narrow elongated discharge orifice therein, and having an extended spreading surface transverse to and through which said orifice opens, and a cover member hinge connected to said end wall to turn into and out of position to close said orifice and adapted when in its open position to form an extension of said spreading surface.

8. A collapsible tub-e container for semi-fluid material, having a thickened end wall and a narrow elongated discharge orifice therein, and having a sheet metal cover member connected to said end wall for movement into and out of the position to close said orifice, said cover member and end wall having cooperating provisions for resiliently holding said cover in said position, and said container having an extended external spreading surface transverse to and through which said orifice opens.

9. A collapsible tube container for semi-fluid material having a thickened end Wall and a narrow elongated discharge orifice therein, and a sheet metal cover member connected to said end wall to move into and out of position to close said orifice and being bent to provide a transversely extending rib stiffening said member and providing a part for engagement to move the cover.

10. A collapsible tube container for semi-fluid material having a thickened end wall and a narrow elongated discharge orifice therein and having an extended external spreading surface transverse to and through which said orifice opens, and having a raised portion at one side of said surface and generally parallel to said orifice and adapted to serve as a scraper edge determining the thickness of the coating of material spread on a surface over which the container is moved with said spreading surface generally parallel thereto and in such direction that said scraping edge is at the trailing side of said spreading surface.

11. A collapsible tube container for semi-fluid material having a thickened end wall and a narrow elongated discharge orifice therein and having an extended spreading surface transverse to, and through which said orifice opens and having guide slots extending transversely to said orifice at the opposite ends of said spreading surface, and a plate like cover member having end portions received in said slots and slidable therein for movement of said member between closed and open positions in which said member respectively does and does not close said orifice and cover said surface.

12. A collapsible tube container for semi-fluid material having a thickened end wall and a narrow discharge orifice therein of a length substantially greater than half the container diameter and having an extended spreading surface transverse to and through which said orifice opens, and a plate-like cover member connected to said container adjacent opposing sides of the latter for movement of said member between closed and open positions in which said member respectively does and does not close said orifice and cover said surface, said member tending in all positions to prevent distortion of said end wall.

NEIL R. MCLEOD.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2532690 *Jun 17, 1946Dec 5, 1950Zimmerman Jay VApertured cap for collapsible tube, having friction-biased reciprocable closure for the aperture
US5387044 *Dec 15, 1993Feb 7, 1995Accardo; Thomas A.Screen filler applicator for the screen printing industry
US5797692 *Jan 17, 1997Aug 25, 1998Poole; Daniel L.Apparatus and method for dispensing and spreading flowable material upon a surface
Classifications
U.S. Classification401/266, 222/560, 222/561
International ClassificationB65D35/00, B65D35/44
Cooperative ClassificationB65D35/44
European ClassificationB65D35/44