US 2067660 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. J. EISEMAN Jan. 12, 1937.
PACKAGE Filed. July 31, 1934 4 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. Henry J. El'semdn BY Gi a/6&4
H. J. EISEMAN Jan. 12, 1937.
PACKAGE Filed July 51, 1934 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 'INVENTOR. Henry .1 Eiseman BY C CZm/w ATTORN Y H. J. EISEMAN 2,067,660
Jan. 12, 1937.
PACKAGE Filed July 31, 1934 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR. Henry j Eiseman ATTORNEY.
H. J. EISEMAN Jan. 12, 1937.
PACKAGE Filed July 31, 1954 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTOR Henry J. Eiseman ATTORN Y Patented Jan. 12, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE PACKAGE poration of Delaware Application July 31, 1934, Serial No. 737,783
This invention relates to the art of packaging and in particular, it pertains to combined display and protective packages, the contents of which are visible for inspection.
In recent years there has come into use a wrapping material of glass clear transparency consisting of a sheet of non-fibrous regenerated cellulose. This material is used to protect the packaged articles from odors, dust, dirt and other noxious influences and, when wrapped directly over the article to be displayed, at the same time affords a clear view of the material packaged. Under certain circumstances, however, it is deemed necessary to place the material to be packaged, such as articles of food, wearing apparel and the like, within a container of stiffer material, such as cardboard, before overwrapping with regenerated cellulose. In this case, however, no view is afforded of the packaged material and, accordingly, it has been customary in some cases to provide a window opening covered with the regenerated cellulose sheet material. This means, however, that on the side provided with the window opening the packaged material is not afforded as great protection from injury as on the other sides.
One object of the invention relates to a new protective and display package. Another object of the invention pertains to a novel and useful combination protective and display package formed from stiff material, such as cardboard and the like, provided with a window opening and a flap, the opening being covered with a translucent or transparent sheet material .and the flap affording a medium for exhibiting descriptive matter, advertising matter, and indicia for various other purposes. Another object relates to such a container in which the package, exclusive of the transparent or translucent material, is formed from a single blank of cardboard or the like. Other objects will appear hereinafter.
These objects are accomplished by the following invention which in general consists in furnishing a cardboard or similar carton with a window opening and a flap, and overwrapping with a translucent or transparent sheet material, such as regenerated cellulose, in such a way that the said flap lies outside and upon the portion of the wrapper covering the window opening, whereby to form a protective cover and, when raised to exhibit the contents of the package, afford a medium for advertising or other indicia. The invention can be more easily described by reference to the accompanying drawings illustrating a preferred embodiment thereof.
In the drawings, Fig. 1 is a plan view showing a cardboard blank before it is folded to make a container. Fig. 2 is a perspective view illustrating the partially formed box before receiving the regenerated cellulose wrapper. Figs. 3, 4 and 5 are 8 perspective views showing further successive steps in the formation of the package. Fig. 6 is a perspective view showing the completed package as it appears on a merchants counter for display purposes- Figs. '7 and 8 are perspective views 10 similar to'Figs. 3 and 5, illustrating a modified form of box and wrapping.
In the practice of my invention, I cut out a blank of cardboard or similar stiff material having the shape shown in Fig. l. This'blank is folded along indentations designated by the dotted lines indicated in Fig. 1 and as more fully described hereinafter. The blank is also pro-' vided with certain slits or cutsas indicated on the drawings and also more fully described hereinafter. These indentations and slits divide-the. blank into a certain number of rectangles numbered 2 to 9 inclusive, 32, 65, 15, 16, 85 and 86, and by reference to these rectangles, the making of the box will be described.
The box blank is first provided with slits 22, 23, 82, 63, 4| and 5|. Sections 15, 2 and 85 are then folded upwardly along the line 1l2l'-8| respectively, the rectangle 9 remaining fiat on the table. Sections 8 and I are next folded upwardly along the lines 84 and 14 respectively, causing sections 15 and 85 to come down adjacent to each other and on the inside of section 2. Section 3 is then folded downwardly along fold 24 and on to the inside of sections 15, 85 and 2, while at the same time folding section 32 along the line 3| backwardly from section 3 and at right angles thereto so that it lies flat on the bottom. section 9 (see Fig. 2). Sections A and 5 are then folded inwardly so as to interlock by slots 4| and 5|. After folding sections 18 and 86 downwardly towards each other along the folds I2 and 82 respectively so that they lie at right anglesto sections 1 and 8 and parallel to section .9, the box (Fig. 2) is ready for the reception of-thetransparent overwrap.
The partially folded box is now turned upside down, that is, placed with the window opening between flaps l8 and 86 face downward on a sheet of transparent regenerated cellulose indicated generally at I (Fig. 3), with the ends of the sheet extending outwardly from the edges of the box. The sides of the wrapper are now folded up in tubular form tightly about the box so that they just overlap along their longitudinal edges ap- 5 proximately at the middle of section 9 of the box. These longitudinal edges are next sealed together.
The package, on being reversed so as to have the window opening visible, now presents the appearance shown in Fig. 8.
The ends of the wrapper adjacent section 2 are now folded up against the box in a well known manner, such as by folding the sides I I inwardly to form the substantially triangular flaps I3, I q (as shown in Fig. 4) and then folding flaps I3 and I6 flat against section 2 of the container, and then sealed in position. On the opposite end, the upper portion I2 of the wrapper is folded downwardly to lie adjacent sections 4 and 5, thereby forming two opposing substantially triangular sections I5. The package now presents the appearance shown in Fig. 5. The outstanding fiap of the box, represented by sections 6 and 65, is now folded upwardly so that it stands at right angles to section 9 and section 6 will lie adjacent to portion I2 of the wrapper, the section 6 thereby functioning as'the back of the box. The flap I8 of the wrapper is folded up against the back of section 6, at the same time forming triangular flaps I0, II], and finally the flaps II) are folded inwardly until they lie fiat against portion I8 of the wrapper, and the wrapper sealed in this position. The box now presents the appearance shown in Fig. 6 and is ready for use as a display container.
, It will be seen that in this position the box can be used as a display container and the flap 65 may have positioned thereon suitable advertising or other indicia as shown. When, however, the flap 65 is folded down over the window opening, it serves as an effective protective container when the package is in transitor at other times when it needs special protection.
In Figs. 7 and 8, a modified form of construction is shown. Overlapping sections 2, 3, Hand 85' are provided with a window opening 21 for additional display purposes. In this case it is desired to present a smooth, unbroken surface of the transparent overwrap on this portion of the' box. This is accomplished by positioning the overwrap as illustrated in Fig. 7. Fig. 8 shows the completed box in display position according to this form of construction. The successive steps by which thisresult is arrived at are obvious from the above description relative to Figs. 3-7 and by an inspection of the drawings. Thus, the overwrap sheet, in the modification shown in Fig. 7, is laid down flat, the box blank is laid on top'of the sheet, and the sheet is folded over, as shown in Fig. 7, so that one edge-of the sheet meets the remainder of the sheet after it has been folded to cover sections 9, 2, I6, 86, 6 and 5, the box having been previously assembled as described in x the preceding partbf the specification with respect to Figs. 3-6 inclusive. Section 6 ofthe box. blank will thenoverlie a portion of the wrapping tissue.
- The rest of the wrapping tissue will then be posi-- tioned between section, 6 and sections 6 and 'of the box blank. Section 6 andtheportion of the wrapping tissue underlying it, together with section 65, is then moved upwardly against that portipn of the wrapping tissue which covers sections d and 5, and the overlapping ends of the wrapping tissue may then be suitably folded down over sections 1 and 8 and against the bottom of the box, and suitably sealed in-position.
. Additionally, section 65 may be provided with extending wings or flaps, such as shown at 66, to
= interlock with slots 81 on suitable portions of. the
box, in order to more securely close the box in against the wrapper covering the window opening.
I have not described the placing of the contents Within this container since it is obvious that this.
may bedone at almost any appropriate stage during the manufacture thereof, for example, after the box has attained the form shown in Fig. 2 except that sections I6 and 86 are not folded into position until after inserting the contents. Additionally, I have described a certain order of performing the necessary steps in the manufacture of the package although it is to be understood that any other appropriate order of procedure may be followed as desired. For example, flaps I6 and 86 may be folded down before flaps 6 and 5 are positioned.
From the above description of the manner in which the box is formed, it will be seen that it is not necessary to have any adhesive on the box blank since in many cases the mere positioning and sealing of the wrapper is sufficient to give the required stability. Furthermore, the contents may be reached by merely disrupting the wrapper and in no way injuring the box so that the box may be used again. In certain cases, however, it may be desired to use adhesive to adhere parts of the box together in order to secure additional rigidity, or parts of the wrapper to the box in order to prevent tampering.
In using the term sealing or its equivalent with respect to the transparent wrapping material, it will be understood that the wrapping material may be made heat-sealable, for example,
by using wrapping material which has been coated with a composition which is thermoplastic. Alternatively, the various folds of the overwrapping tissue may be positioned in place by the use of any suitable adhesive, such as glue.
Among the materials that can be used for the manufacture of my box are fibrous materials, such as cardboard or paper, metal, relatively thick non-fibrous flexible sheet materials, such as regenerated cellulose, and in fact an almost infinite variety of other materials.
Among the materials which are preferred as wrappings in my invention are moistureproofed transparent regenerated cellulose and moisturejoined together. It can be, made with two over-- lying covers or display flaps by substituting for sections 2, 3, 32, 15 and 85 the duplicates of sections 4, 5, 6 and 65. Other portions of the'box,
such as sections I or 8, may be provided with window openings. Sections 15 and 85 may be interlocked in a manner similar to sections 6 and 5 and in this case, sections 2, 3 and 32 may be dispensed with. Many other obvious modifications I are possible.
An advantage of my invention is the production of a package for merchandising and display which protects an article while allowing the purchaser to inspect it in detail. Another advantage of the invention is}. box which, once folded, will retain its shape indefinitely and even under se- Vere usage. Another advantage is providing a space for advertising matter on the face of the box. Other advantages of the invention are apparent.
As many widely different embodiments of this invention may be made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, it is to be understood that I do not limit myself to the specific embodiment thereof except as defined in the appended claims.
1. A new article of manufacture which comprises a box of substantially rigid material having an aperture therein, a transparent material covering said box and said aperture, and an uncovered member attached to said box, said member projecting upwardly from said box and from between layers of said transparent material whereby to. preserve the contents of the box in a substantially dustproof manner, said member being movable downwardly over said aperture whereby to form a protective cover therefor.
2. A new article of manufacture which comprises a box of substantially rigid material having an aperture therein, a transparent material covering said box and said aperture, and an uncovered member attached to said box, said member projecting upwardly from said box and from between layers of said transparent material whereby to preserve the contents of the box in a substantially dustproof manner, said member being movable downwardly over said aperture whereby to form a protective cover therefor, said member being provided with suitable indicia which is visible when said member is moved upwardly.
3. The article defined in claim 2, characterized in that said transparent material is regenerated cellulose sheeting.
4. The article defined in claim 2, characterized in that said transparent material is moistureproof regenerated cellulose sheeting.
5. A box comprising a bottom. member and having side, back and front members attached to said bottom member, said back being provided with a tab extending therefrom, said side members having inwardly extending tabs fastened to each other, and a transparent sheet enveloping said box exclusive of the tab attached to said back member, said transparent sheets being positioned between two of said inwardly I extending tabs and said back member.
6., A box comprising a bottom member and having side, back and front members attached to said bottom member, said back being provided with a tab extending therefrom, said side members having inwardly extending tabs positioned adjacent said front member, said front member having a tab folded inwardly over said lastnamed tabs and a transparent sheet enveloping said box exclusive of the tab attached to said back member, said transparent sheet being positioned between the back member and the ends of the side members adjacent to said back member.
7 A box comprising a bottom member and having side, back and front members attached to said bottom member, said back being provided with a tab extending therefrom, and a transparent sheet enveloping said box exclusive of said tab, said sheet also being folded between the back member and the ends of the side members adjacent said back member.
8. A box comprising a bottom member and having side, back and front members attached to said bottom member, said back being provided with a tab extending therefrom and movable with respect thereto, said side members being provided with inwardly extending tabs adjacent the front and back members, said front member having a tab attached thereto and folded inwardly over the adjacent tabs, and a transparent sheet wrapped tightly about said box exclusive of the tab attached to said back member, said sheet being folded inwardly between said back and the adjacent side member tabs and enveloping said back member.
HENRY J. EISEMAN.