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Publication numberUS2068792 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 26, 1937
Filing dateJun 15, 1935
Priority dateJun 15, 1935
Publication numberUS 2068792 A, US 2068792A, US-A-2068792, US2068792 A, US2068792A
InventorsJan Dekker Adriaan
Original AssigneeJan Dekker Adriaan
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Screw propeller, turbine rotor, and like device
US 2068792 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A. J. DEKKER 2,068,792

SCREW PROPELLER, TURBINE ROTOR, AND LIKE DEVICE .Ian. 26, 1937.

File d June 15. 1955 Patented Jan. 26, 1937 UNITED STATES SCREW PROPELLER, TURBINE ROTOR,

' AND LIKE DEVICE Adriaan Jan Dekker, Leiden, Netherlands Application June 15, 1935, Serial No. 26,875

11 Claims.

The present invention relates to screw propellers, turbine rotors and like devices, the term like devices being intended to cover rotary fans, windmills and other rotatable elements having 5 inclined blades and adapted either to transmit energy to a fluid medium when rotated or to be driven by the passage of a fluid medium parallel to their axes of rotation. For convenience the term rotary device will be employed hereinafter to designate such screw propellers, turbine rotors and like devices.

In the improved rotary device according to the present invention, which consists of a plurality of blades mounted on a hub, the length of each blade 15 from root to tip is between onequarter and one half the diameter of the hub, the cross sections of the blades taken on any cylindrical surface coaxial with the axis of rotation as well as the cross sections taken on any surface normal to the said 2!) axis are similar to those of lifting air foils and the mounting of the blades on the hub is such that the chords of the blades make an angle of between and 40 with planes containing the axis of rotation and intersecting said blades.

.3 When the rotary device according to the present invention is used in place of a screw propeller of the existing type, it will be found that a lower circumferential velocity is necessary to effect propulsion at a given horizontal speed and less fuel 30 is consumed after a given distance has been travelled. Further, the device operates more quietly than known propellers.

Further-constructional features which may with advantage be embodied in the rotary device 2.0-

35 cording to the present invention, but are not essential will be apparent from the following description of one embodiment of the invention which is illustrated diagrammatically in the accompanying drawing, in which:

40 Fig. l is a front view partly sectioned inthe line I-I in Fig. 2.

Fig. 2 is a side elevation. Fig. 3 is a cross section of a blade in the line III-III of Fig. 2.

45 The rotary device illustrated in the drawing consists of a hub l of streamline form which carries four blades 2 on its circumference. The

leading end of the hub either has the form of a semi-ellipsoid or is approximately semiellipsoidal.

The blades? are relatively short by comparison with the diameter of the hub l the length of each blade from root to tip being between one quarter and one half the greatest diameter of the hub.

55 In practice the best results have been obtained when the ratio of blade length to hub diameter is approximately 1:3.

The shape of the blades 2 is such that their cross sections taken on any cylindrical surface (Jo-axial with the axis of rotation of the device 5 as well as the cross sections taken on any surface normal to the said axis are similar to lifting airfoils (see Figs. 1 and 3). By lifting airfoils" I intend to refer to a blade or wing section bounded by an upper convex surface and a lower concave surface with the spacing between the upper and lower surfaces decreasing from the leading edge to the trailing edge.

The blades 2 are mounted on the hub I so that their chords 1 make an angle {3 of between 5 and 40 with planes containing the axis of rotation of the device and intersecting the blades. The best results have been obtained in practice when the blade angle 5 is approximately The blades 2 are not arranged radially of the 20 hub I, but are slightly tilted in the direction of rotation, so that the line 4 denoting the junction of the pressure surface 5 of a blade 2 with any plane cutting the blade and normal to the axis of rotation of the device (such as the sectional plane on which part of Fig. l is taken) makes with the tangent 6 to the surface of the hub l at the blade root an angle a of less than 90. The tip of each blade is slightly bent in the direction of rotation and, in the embodiment illustrated, '30 is provided with a thickened portion 3 on the pressure side.

As is clear from Fig. 2, the breadth of each, blade from leading edge to trailing edge increases from root to tip and the length from root to tip is less than the minimum breadth from leading edge to trailing edge.

The blade angle or, in other Words, the angle made by the chord of each blade 2 with planes containing the 'axis of rotation and intersecting 40 said blade also decreases from root to tip (,8 'y). For instance, at the root of the blade, the chord 8 forms an angle 1 with the plane containing the axis of rotation and intersecting the blade, and at the tip of the blade the chord I forms an angle 13 with said plane, the angle 7 being greater than the .angle 13.

When the present invention is applied to a rotary device serving as a propeller or for imparting energy to a fluid medium the blades 2 are arranged, as shown in the drawing, with their concave pressure, surfaces facing slightly towards the rear of the device. When however, the rotary device is designed to be dri en by the pas sage of a fluid medium parallel to its axis of roaxes of rotation, comprising tation, the only modification necessary is that the concave pressure surface faces slightly towards the leading end of the device.

I claim:

1. Improved rotary device, having inclined blades and adapted either to transmit energy to a fluid medium when rotated or to be driven by the passage of a fluid medium parallel to their a hub, a plurality of blades mounted on the hub, the cross sections of the blades taken on any cylindrical surface coaxial with the axis of rotation of the hub as well as the cross sections of the blades taken on any surface normal to the axis of rotation of the hub being similar to those of lifting airfoils.

2. Improved rotary device comprising a hub, a "plurality of inclined blades mounted on the hub, the cross sections of the blades taken on any cylindrical surface coaxial with the axis of rotation of the hub as well as the cross sections of the blades taken on any surface normal to the said axis being similar to those of lifting airfoils, the length of each blade from root to tip being between one quarter and one half the diameter of the hub.

3. Improved rotary device comprising a hub, a plurality of inclined blades mounted on the hub, the cross sections of the blades taken on any cylindrical surface coaxial with the axis of rotation of the hub as well as the cross sections of the blades taken on any surface normal to the said axis being similar to those of lifting airfoils, the length of each blade from root to tip being between one quarter and one half the diameter of the hub, the mounting of the blades on the hub-being such that the chords of the blades make an angle of between 5 and 40 with planes containing said axis of rotation and intersecting said blades.

4. Improved rotary device comprising a hub, a plurality of inclined blades mounted on the hub, the cross sections of the blades taken on any cylindrical surface coaxial with the axis of rotation of the hub as well as the cross sections of the blades taken on any surface normal to the said axis being similar to those of lifting airfoils, the length of each blade from root to tip being between one quarter and one half the diameter of the hub, the mounting of the blades on the hub being such that the chords of the blades make an angle of between 5 and 40 with planes containing said axis of rotation and intersecting said blades, and wherein the line denoting the junction of the pressure surface of each blade with any plane cutting said blade and normal to said axis of rotation makes with the tangent to the surface of the hub at the blade root in that plane an angle of less than 5. Improved rotary device comprising a hub, a plurality of inclined blades mounted on the hub, the cross sections of the blades taken on any cylindrical surface coaxial with the axis of rotation of the hub as well as the cross sections of the blades taken on any surface normal to the said axis being similar to those of lifting airfoils, the length of each blade from root to tip being between one quarter and one half the diameter of the hub, the mounting of the blades on the 'hub being such that the chordsof the blades make an angle of between 5 and 40 with planes containing said axis of rotation and intersecting said blades, and wherein the line denoting the junction of the pressure surface of each blade with any plane cutting said blade and normal to said axis of rotation makes with the tangent to the surface of the hub at the blade root in that plane an angle of less than 90, and wherein the tip of each blade is slightly bent in the direction of rotation.

6. Improved rotary device comprising a hub, a plurality of inclined blades mounted on the hub, the cross sections of the blades taken on any cylindrical surface coaxial with the axis of rotation of the hub as well as the cross sections of the blades taken on any surface normal to the said axis being similar to those of lifting airfoils, the length of each blade from root to tip being between one quarter and one half the diameter of the hub, the mounting of the blades on the hub being such that the chords of the blades make an angle of between 5 and 40 with planes containing said axis of rotation and intersecting said blades, and wherein the line denoting the junction of the pressure surface of each blade with any plane cutting said'blade and normal to said axis of rotation makes with the tangent to the surface of the hub at the blade root in that plane an angle of less than 90, and wherein the tip of each blade is slightly bent in the direction of rotation and is provided with a thickened portion on the pressure side.

7. Improved rotary device comprising a hub, a plurality of inclined blades mounted on the hub, the cross sections of the blades taken on any cylindrical surface coaxial with the axis of rotation of the hub as well as the cross sections of the blades taken on any surface normal to the said axis being similar to those of lifting airfoils, the length of each blade from root to tip being between one quarter and one half the diameter of the hub, the mounting of the blades on the hub being such that the chords of the blades make an angle of between 5 and 40 with planes containing said axis of rotation and intersecting said blades, and wherein junction of the pressure surface of each blade with'any plane cutting said blade and normal to said axis of rotation makes with the tangent to the surface of the hub at the blade root in that plane an angle of less than 90, and wherein the tip of each blade is slightly bent in the direction of rotation and is provided with a thickened portion on the pressure side, the hub being of streamline form.

8. Improved rotary device comprising a hub, a plurality of inclined blades mounted on the hub, the cross sections of the blades taken on any cylindrical surface coaxial withthe axis of rotation of the hub as well as the cross sections of the blades taken on any surface normal to the said axis being similar to those of lifting airfoils, the length of each blade from root to tip being between one quarter and onehalf the diameter of the hub, the mounting of the blades on the hub being such that the chords of the blades make an angle of between 5 and 40 with planes containing said axis of rotation and intersecting said blades, and wherein the line denoting the junction of the pressure surface of each blade with any plane cutting said blade and normal to said axis of rotation makes with the tangent to the surface of the hub at the blade root in that plane an angle of less than 90, and wherein the tip of each blade is slightly bent in the direction of rotation and is provided with a thickened portion on the pressure side, the hub being of streamline form and wherein the leading end of the hub is of semi-ellipsoidal form.

9. Improvedrotary a plurality of inclined blades mounted on the the line denoting the ing planes lifting airfoils, the length of each ,,said blades, and wherein blade from root to tip "being between one quarter and one half the diameter of the hub, the mounting of the blades on the hub being such that the chords of the blades make an angle of between 5 and 40 with planes containing said axis of rotation and intersecting said blades, and wherein the line denoting the junction of the pressure surface of each blade with any plane cutting said blade and normal to said axis of rtation makes with the tangent to'the surface of the hub at the blade root in that plane an angle of less than 90, and wherein the tip of each blade is slightly bent in the direction of rotation and is provided with ,a thickened portion on the pressure side, the hub being of streamline form and wherein the leading edge of the hub is of semi-ellipsoidal form, the length of each blade from root to tip being shorter than the minimum length from leading edge to trailing edge.

10. Improved rotary device comprising a hub,

a. plurality of inclined blades mounted on the hub, the cross sections of the blades taken on any cylindrical surface coaxial with the axis of rotation of the hub as well as the cross-sections of the blades taken on any surface normal to the said axis being similar to those of lifting airfoils,

the length of each blade from root to tip being between one quarter and one half the diameter of the hub, the mounting of the blades on the hub being such that the chords of the blades make an angle of between and 40 with planes containing said axis of rotation and intersecting the line denoting the junction of the pressure surface of each blade with any plane cutting saidblade and normal to said axis of rotation makes with the tangent to the, surface of the hub at the blade root in that plane an angle of less than 90. and wherein the tip of each blade is slightly bent in the direction of rotation and is provided with a thickened portion on the pressure side, the hub being of streamline form and wherein the leading edge of the hub is of semi-ellipsoidal form, the length of each blade, from root to tip being shorter than the minimum length from leading edge to trailing edge and the length from leading edge to trailing edge of the blades being shorter at their roots than at their tips.

11. Improved rotary device comprising a hub, a plurality of inclined blades mounted on the hub, the cross sections of the blades taken on any cylindrical surface coaxial with the axis of rotation of the hub as well as the cross sections of the blades taken on any surface normal to the said axis being similar to those of lifting airfoils, the length of each blade from root to tip being between one quarter and one half the diameter of the hub, the mounting of the blades on the hub being such that the chords of the blades make an angle of between 5 and 40 with planes containing said axis of rotation and said blades, and wherein the line denoting the junction of the pressure surface of each blade with any plane cutting said blade and normal to said axis of rotation makes with the tangent to the surface of the hub at the blade root in-- that plane an angle of less than 90, and wherein the tip of each blade isslightly bent in the direction of rotation and is provided with a thickened portion on the pressure side, the hub being of streamline form and wherein the leading edge of the hub is of semi-ellipsoidal form, the length of each blade from root to tip being shorter than the minimum length from leading edge to trailing edge and the length from leading edge to trailing edge of the blades being shorter at their roots than at their tips, and wherein the angle made by the chords of the blades with planes containing the axis of rotation and inintersecting.

tersecting said blades decreases from their roots

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5137417 *Jun 12, 1991Aug 11, 1992Lund Arnold MWind energy conversion system
US5181830 *Nov 21, 1991Jan 26, 1993Chou Rudy SBlade for axial flow fan
US5352093 *Mar 23, 1992Oct 4, 1994Hannon R DouglasWeedless propeller
US6981839Mar 9, 2004Jan 3, 2006Leon FanWind powered turbine in a tunnel
US7726933Dec 17, 2004Jun 1, 2010Envision CorporationWind powered turbine engine—horizontal rotor configuration
US7726935May 17, 2005Jun 1, 2010Envision CorporationWind turbine rotor projection
US7845899Dec 17, 2004Dec 7, 2010Envision CorporationFluid powered turbine engine
WO2005064151A1 *Dec 17, 2004Jul 14, 2005Bud T J JohnsonWind powered turbine engine
WO2005111413A1 *May 17, 2005Nov 24, 2005Bud T J JohnsonWind turbine rotor projection
Classifications
U.S. Classification416/202, 416/244.00R, 416/236.00R
International ClassificationB64C11/00
Cooperative ClassificationB64C11/00
European ClassificationB64C11/00