US 2069738 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 9, 1937. C BUCHEN 2,069,738
CONTAINER SPOUT Filed Oct. 4, 1935 INVENTOR. JOSEPH C. Baa-HEN.
WW [am ATTORNEY Patented Feb. 1937 -con'ramna,sron'r i Joseph 0. Buchen, San Leandro, CaliL, 1 to Leslie Salt Company, a corporation of Delaware Application mm 4, 1935, Serial No. 43,5
My invention relates'to improvements in spout type closure'means for containers.
In the :type ofclosurefor containers which when opened forms a' pouring spout for pouring out the contents of the container, 'difficulty is experienced in satisfactorily attaching the spout to the container wallso that it cannot be pulled ofi. The problem confronting the manufacturer has been to remedy this unsatisfactory condition 1 without materially increasing the cost of manufacture. v
It is an object of my invention to provide a closure spout for containers which is inexpensive to make, easy to operate and yet will not get out 15 of order.
A further object of my invention is to provide novel means of construction whereby the spout cannot pull off at its point of attachment to the container.
g Other objects and advantages of my invention grill be apparent during the following descripion.
In the drawing forming a part hereof;
Fig. 1 is a perspective view showing the spout u in open position attached to the lid of a container,
Fig. 2 is a perspective view like Fig. 1 with the parts partially broken away, v
Fig. 3 is a top plan view showing construction .0 of the container wall before the closure spout is attached,
Fig. 4 is a side sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 6 showing the spout in open position,
Fig. 5 is like Fig. 4 showing the spout in closed 35 position, and Fig. 6 isa view taken on line 6-6 of Fig. 5.
In Fig. 1 is shown a container 1 such as is usually employed in packaging salt, sugar and similar materials, the container having a top 8 in do which is positioned closure spout Ill. The closure spout I0 is made of one piece of material, preferably thin metal and formed as shown and -consists of a top H and arcuately shaped sides, l2 and I3. Formed in the sides l2 and 13 are 65 two sets of outwardly disposed nipples l4 and V I5. Also formed as a continuation of the arcuately shaped sides l2 and I3, opposite the 'top H, is a pair of stops H. A pair of ears I8 is punched out of the top H and serve as a means for at '0 taching the spout to the container top 8.
The top 8 of the container is perforated as shown in Fig. 3 to form a discharge opening 2|]. The discharge opening comprises sides 2|, ends 22 and 23, and an integral tongue 24 which ex- 5 tends from end 23 about half of the distance towards end 22: The integral tongue 24 is made up of a shank portion 25 and enlarged end portions or anchor tabs 26'. The base of the shank portion 25 of tongue 24 forms the hinged connection between the spout l0 and container wall 8. P
Closure spout I0 is adapted normally to close the discharge opening 20 (see Fig. 5). The ears l8 formed in spout top ll (Figs. 1, 2 and 6) are constructed to clamp the shank portion 25 of the integral tongue 24 between themselves and top portion II. The ears l8 are so positioned with relation to the anchor tabs 26 of tonge 24 that when the ears l8 are bent downwardly onto the tongue they clamp the tongue firmly between themselves just in back of tabs 26. Considerable looseness can develop between the ears l8 and the tongue 24 and yet the spout l0 cannot slip off the tongue. The spout I0 is locked on the tongue 24 by the tabs 26. go
The arcuately shaped sides l2 and I3 of the J closure spout II) are constructed to press gently against sides 2| (Figs. 1 and 3) of the container wall opening 20. When the closure spout is in full open position (Figs. 1, 2 and 4) nipples I5 serve to-keep the spout in place and stops ll keep the spout sides from pulling out of the opening 20. Stops l1 and nipples l5 act together to maintain the spout in full open position. When closure spout I0 is in closed position nipples l4 3 press gently against sides 2| to hold it in this position.
It is to be understood that the form of my invention, herewith shown and described, is to be taken as a preferred example of the same, and that various changes in the shape, size and arrangement of parts may be resorted to, without departing from the spirit of my invention, or the scope of the subjoined claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim: 40
1. In a closure means for containers adapted to serve both as a pouring spout and as a closure, the combination of, a wall of said container having a perforation therein, a tongue attached to said wall, said tongue being characterized by a shape which is narrower at its base than at its end, a closure member adapted to fit in said perforation, and means for attaching said .closure member to said tongue on its narrower portion.
2. In a closure means for containers adapted 5 to serve both as a pouring spout and as a closure, the combination of, a wall of said container having a perforation therein, a tongue attached to said wall and projecting into said perforation, said tongue being characterized by a shape which is narrower at its base than at its end, a closure member adapted to tit in said perforation, and means for attaching said closure member to said tongue on its narrower portion.
3. In a closure means for containers adapted to serve both as a pouring spout and as a closure,
the combination of, a wall for said container having a perforation therein shaped to form a tongue which projects into the, Perforated area, said tongue having an enlargement near its end, a closure member having a top and side portions, and means on said top portion for attaching it to said tongue between its enlarged end and point of attachment to said wall.
4. In a closure means for containers adapted to serve both as a pouring spout and as a'closure, the combination of, a wall for said container having aperforation therein shaped to form a tongue which projects into the perforated area,
said tongue having an enlargement near its end,
tion and an enlarged end portion. a spout adapted to fit in said oDening said spout comprising a top, a pair of opposite spaced in saidtop, two arcuate sides. a projecting piece extending outwardly beyond the arc of each of said arcuate sides, said projections being positioned opposite said aforementioned top portion. a pair of outwardly disposed nipples in each of said arcuate sides, one nipple in each arcuate side being pcsitioned below said aforementioned top portion of said spout, and the other nipple in each arcuate side being positioned above said outwardly extending projecting piece of each arcuate side, said spout being connected to said tongueby slipping the shank portion of said tongue between :the aforementioned ears and bending the ears downwardly' onto said narrow shank portion'oi said tongue, whereby said spout. is hingedly connected to said container, and the enlarged end portion of the integral tongue retains the spouton the tongue regardless ofwhether there is a tight frictional lit between said ears and said narrow shank portion.
JOSEPH C. BUCHEN.