US 2071163 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 16, 1937. c. EMMEY 2,071,163
METHOD OF MULTICOIJORING A FABRIC Filed March 19, 1936 INVENTOR. I
' Patented Feb. 16,1937
uni-Tao STATES PATENT orrlce METHOD on MUL'riooLoamG A-FABRIC 7 Charles Emme'y, New York, N. Y.- Application March 19, 1936, Serial No. 69,689
13 Claims. (on. 4143) This invention relates to a method of multi- Fig. 3 is a plan view of the applique with the coloring a fabric and to a product thereof. More strip overlay, showing corresponding placement particularly, the invention relates to a method of ,thereon;
- delineating and multi-coloring a fabric to form an ornamental design for use as an emblem.
- Fig. 4 is a plan view of applique after the applique multi-coloring operation. j
Figure 5 is a section taken along lines 5 -5 and In the preparation of applique emblems and looking in the direction of the arrows thereof, of the like, the fabric material ,is cut or died out Fig. 3 showing the applique ready to be colored; I as a flat unitary piece which may be of a white and,
or other color. The outlineof the emblem bein flat, is sim le and crudenot showing anymultition of multi-coloringthe applique, and of joincolored e ect. If the emblem is made of white ing the same to a wearing apparel in one opermaterial a flat printing process is used for im-' ation.
parting a color surface. In such cases, the emblem has no appearance vof surface unevenness reference charactersrelate to like parts thru 15 Referring to the drawing in which similarto bring out in bold relief, its ornamental design. out, a color receptive fabric in, is cut out into It is one of-the objects of this invention, -to any desired outline depending up'on the type of provide a simple, effective and relatively inex-, design to be made." For purposes of illustrating pensive method of making a configuratipn and the present invention, the fabric as shown is an delineating a fabric, and then multi-coloring cerapplique having the outline of an elephant which tain areas of said fabric, to impart an ornamencontains certain delineated areas effected by any tel appearance to the fabric.
suitable means, preferably by an embroidering It is another object of the present invention to stitch ll. The purpose of the stitch in from the provide a method of forming a configuration on contour of the fabric-is to effect a natural outline a fabric, delineating certain portions of the conand relief to the fabric in which the limbs and figuration, and multi-coloring the same while adother parts of the elephant are more boldly de-' hering the configuration onto wearing apparel, lineated. Also certain areas of the emblem are in a simple and effective manner.
delineated, for exampleas shown in the present It is another object of this invention to provide illustration at l2 to permit coloring of this area.
a novel method of making an article of manu- Such area will have by the present method a diffacture having a delineated area with colors on ferent color from the remainder of the delineated certain portions of the area to impart an ornaarea.
mental appearance thereto.
After the area of the outline is delineated, cer- It is One u h Object of thisinvention t9 tain parts thereof are colored as desired. This provide a method of forming an applique emblem coloring is-eifected by means of a carrier strip i3, 35
of decorative and soft uneven sur face, P v de having on one side a plurality of colors or pig- With a delineatedarea} imparting a b r l e ments l4 and I5 respectively. Each .of the colors effect to the surface thereof.
has an area corresponding with the respective With the above and other objects in view, area of the delineated fabric or applique. In the 4 the various features of the invention will be appresent instance color I4 is red and color IS on 40 parent from the detailed description of a preth strip i brown.
- ferred embodimenthereinafter given.
The carrier strip I3 is made preferably of paper The invention preferably includes, the method having a glassine or glazed surface and a rough 0 Outl a design 0 mak a c nfi u ation n under surface for carrying pigments H and I5 applique fabric by delineation, then applyinga as shown in Fig. 2. The pigments are well known multi-colored transfer strip, over the delineated in the art and are mixed with a suitable vehicle a a t correspond t with a depplvine suitsuch as paraffin wax or beeswax which is easily able heat and pressure on the strip whereby cerfusible at temperatures of about 125 and 250. tain sections of the-delineated area are colored Fahrenheit, depending on the amount of pig-- 0 to impart a; relief appearance tothe fabric.
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a delineated applique;
with the, melted wax and applied to the underface of strip l3 while in a plastic condition, and
Fig. 2 is a plan view of'atransfer strip having allowed to dry thereon.
a mnlti-oolored outline for laying over the ap- Fig. 6. is a sectional view, showing the opera- 10.
merit added. Said pigments are incorporated plique as shown in Fig. 3. Suitable heat and pressure are then applied over the strip whereby colors I and I 5 are melted and transferred to the surface of the applique imparting thereto a multi-colored effect. Very slight heat and pressure are necessary in such color transfer operation, and in order to accomplish said operation, an ordinary'hot fiat iron is used. The temperature should not exceed 250 Fahrenheit, and the pressure applied is the weight of the iron. The transfer operation is almost instantaneous because of the relatively low melting point of the colors I4 and I5.
The heat and pressure of the ordinary fiat iron when applied over the transfer strip as shown in. Figures 3 and .5 cause the pigments or colors to penetrate the surface area of the applique Ill without scorching or injuring the same.
In the present illustration it will be noted that the applique is colored red and brown leaving an intermediate uncolored area l2 shown in Fig. 4, thus imparting to the applique a three-colored eflect pleasing to the eye and attractive. Also, the color does not pass beyond the delineations as shown in the drawing.
By the present method the applique may be simultaneously colored. and applied to a wearing garment. The applique has a coating I6 on its underface, made of any thermoplastic material 'such as vinyl acetate or chloride with a suitable 'plasticizer such as dibutyl phthalate and the like. The appliquev is placed over any desired part of wearing apparel l'l' as shown in Fig. 6 whereupon carrier strip 13 is laid over the applique so that the outline thereof corresponds with that of the applique. Upon application of the heat and pressure of a hot iron the color is transferred from strip l3 to the applique so that the outline thereof corresponds with that of the applique. At the same time the film I6,.of thermoplastic material penetrates the wearing apparel forming a permanent union therewith.-
While the above method has been described with reference to an applique having the appearance of an elephant, itis to be noted that the invention includes any applique of ornamental outline on the surface of which there are several delineated areas. Any or. all of said areas may be multi-colored to impart a natural appearance to the applique. Furthermore, the applique may be of any outline such as of a flower, circus animal, fiag, or other decorative appearing arcle.
The invention, furthermore, includes any applique made of-felt or like material having a plurality of delineations on its surface, the confines of several of thedelineations being colored to impart an ornamental effect thereto. The surface of said applique is uneven having the eifect of an outline in bold relief due to the multi-color' effect. The delineations are made on the applique by any suitable means such as by pressing dieshaving sharp outlines, on the face of-the applique without cutting. into the same, or by embroidering the different areas of the outline to locate boundaries within which different colors are to be placed.
Changes as to form, appearance, use of materials, methods of arrangement of partsand outlining of delinoations onthe surface of the materials may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
like material which consists in preforming an ornamental outline thereon, applying a strip carrier, having an outline'of coloredmaterial thereon, onto the outline on the fabric so as to correspond in configuration therewith, and finally applying suitable heat and'pressur'e on the carrier whereby the color istransferred to the fabric within the limits of the outline on the fabric.
2. The method of ornamenting a surface which consists in' preforming a sketch thereon, forming intermediate delineations on the sketch applying a carrier having transferable variegated colors on one face forming an outline corresponding with the sketch, applying heat and pressure to the carrier whereby the colors are transferred to the surface to color desired parts of the sketch, and finally removing the carrier therefrom whereby a pictorial colored design is obtained on: the
outline corresponding with that of the emblem,
subjecting the strip to suitable heat and pressure whereby the colors are transferred to. the emblem and finally removing the strip.
5. 'Ihe method of decorating an applique e'mblem of fabric which consists in makinga desired sketch on the fabric by embroidering to impart the design in bold relief and as an uneven surface, laying a strip on the fabric, having 1. The method of ornamenting a fabric and a transferable multi-colored outline thereon corresponding with the sketch of the fabric, applying suitable instantaneous heat and pressure on the strip whereby the colored part of the strip coats the corresponding part of the sketch, and finally removing the strip.
6. The method of. decorating fabric material which consists in making a configuration on said material, delineating limited portions of the configuration to obtain an uneven surface thereof. and then applying variegated colors within desired limited portions of the-material to impart a multi-colored efl'ect to the fabric.
7. The method of decorating applique material,
which consists in making a configuration on the material, embroidering desired intermediate portions in the configuration to bring out details in the configuration laying a strip having removable colors thereon over the configuration, andapplying suitable heat and pressure to the strip whereby the colors are received within the corresponding intermediate portions of the material.
. 8..The method according to claim Tin which the intermediate portions are delineated, and the configuration is cut out from the remainder of the material.
9. The method of decorating fabric material forming applique emblems which consists in forming a configuration in said material, delineating certain desired areas of the configuration to bring out the details of the configuration, applying different colors to the areas by overlaying a strip having colors thereon in corresponding areas. a: d It g 2,071,163 subjecting the strip to heat and pressure, and
finally removing the strip to obtain a multi-colored emblem. v
10. The method of decorating an applique em blem, which consists in forming a configuration by reinforcing the outline thereof, delineating certain limited areas wlthin the configuration by means of an embroidering stitch whereby to receive color coatings on said areas, and simultaneously applying a'plurality of colors on certain of said areas within the configuration to impart .a decorative appearance thereto.
11. In the making of decorative applique emblems, the steps including cutting a configuration from i'abric material, reinforcing the edge of said configuration, embroidering certain intermediate portions of the configuration to bring out the details more boldly and to form an uneven surtace thereot, laying a strip carrying variegated color pigmentsthereon over corresponding limited portions within the configuration, and finally applying heat and pressure to a the strip'whereby the pigments coat certain of said portions and impart a multi-colored efiect to the configuration simulating a natural object.
12. In the method of decorating applique emblems, the steps which comprise cutting a decorative outline from a fabric or like material, em-
broidering said outline to impart a bold efiect to the appearance thereof, delineating intermediate parts of the surface of the outline to bring out said parts in bold relief, and finally applying colors on the intermediate parts by means of simultaneous heat and pressure.
13. In the method ofdecorating applique em.-
' blems, the steps which consist in cutting a decorative outline from fabric and the like, making its enmnns EMMEY. 2s-