US 2072816 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 2, 1937., v. J. HILL. JR 2,072,315
VALVE FOR AERATING LIQUID VESSELS Filed July 5, 1935 INVENTQR Vnuuruvc J HILLJR.
p own Patented Mar. 2, 1937 .rrso STATES- "PATENT OFFICE Valentine J. Hill, Jr., Bloomfield, N. .r., assignor to Walter Kiddo Sales Company, Bloomfield, N. .17.,
a corporation of Delaware Application July 5, 1935, Serial No. 29,812
The present invention relates to a valve for vessels which are used in aerating liquids.
It more particularly relates to a valve used with a rechargeable syphon bottle'which is used 5 to aerate water with carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide under high pressure is introduced into the bottle from a small capsule which is associated with the valve when it is desired to aerate the water. The valve will control the admission of the gas to the bottle and at the same time it serves to regulate the discharge of the aerated or charged liquid in the vessel when it is to be used.
Various constructions of valves of this type have been employed in the past but there has always been one great disadvantage attending their use. Whenever they have been used on a syphon bottle there has always been the danger that the bottle or the valve would burst or ex- ,20 plode due to the existence of a high pressure in the vessel. The danger of the vessel bursting has been present particularly when the vessel has been made of a material which could not withstand high pressure, as for instance a glass 5 bottle. This danger of excessive pressure may arise from various causes such as an undisclosed defect in the vessel itself, an overcharge of gas in the capsule, or the presence of too much liquid in the vessel. Obviously this is a danger which 30 must be avoided in order to make the use of the.
syphon bottles safe for the ordinary consumer.
Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to prevent any bursting of the vessel.
It is a further object to provide a means in 3:, the valve which will burst and relieve the excess pressure in the bottle when the pressure rises provision of a disc on the valve which will burst 45 before the vessel can burst, if the pressurein the vessel becomes excessive.
' These and other objects will be apparent upon reference to the following specification of which the drawing is a part and in which like numerals -50 of reference refer to the same parts in each of the' views.
Figure 1 is an elevational view of an embodiment of the invention. Figure 2 is aview in cross section of the valve 55 taken on 8 Plane through the center of the valve and at right angles to the view shown in Figure 1. With reference to Figure 1, the valve l is mounted on the vessel 3 in any appropriate manner. The valve is provided with a spout 5 through which the contents of the bottle are dis- 5 charged after the liquid has been aerated.
Opposite to the spout is the connection 7 to which is attached the holder 9 in which the capsule containing the fluid under pressure is placed when it is desired to aerate the liquid in 10 the vessel 3. The details of the capsule holderv and gas releasing means are not described since they form no separable part of the present invention and are well known in the art.
Referring to Figure 2, the valve consists of the 15 body H which is provided with threads l3 by means of which the valve is attached to the vessel 3. In thebody H is a recess l5 which is designed to overlie the top of the bottle or vessel 3. The bottle usually carries a washer which fits into the recess I! and this insures a tight joint between the valve and the vessel. The body is also provided with a chamber I!) which is terminated at its upper end by a seat 2| surrounding a passage 23 leading from the chamber I9. 25 There is a restricted portion 25 in the passage 23 which serves as a guide for the valve stem 21 which may be longitudinally moved in the passage.
Secured to one end of the stem 21, by the threads 29, is the valve proper 3| which carries a valve facing 33 made of rubber or some other resilient material. By using a material of this nature the contact between the valve proper and the seat is made leakage proof so that none of 35 the excess aerating medium, over that required to aerate the liquid and which is the pressure medium employed to discharge the liquid from the vessel, can escape.
At the opposite end of the stem 21 is a push 40 button 33 which is guided by the walls of the chamber 35 in the body II. Formed on the wall of the chamber 35 are projections 31 which limit the downward movement of the button 33.
.A recess 39 is formed in the upper surface of a portion 40 of the valve body ll projecting within the chamber 35. A resilient rubber gasket 4| closely encompassing the valve stem 21 is received within the recess and serves to make a gas tight joint with the stem. A coiled spring 45 bears at one end against the inner surface of the push button and at the other end on a cupped washer 43 resting on the gasket 45, and encircling the valve stem 21. This spring serves to yieldingly maintain the valve proper 3| in its normally seated position and also to insure a leak.-,
the spout opening W and out through the spout 5. V
In order to prevent the bursting, of the vessel upon development of an excess pressure for any reason whatever a safety device is provided comprising a frangible disc 55 and a sealing gasket 53 secured in position over the outer end of a the cap of the bushing 51 is provided a slot SI.
The slot serves two valuable functions. It serves as a means to remove the bushing when it is desired to replace the frangible disc, by using a' screw driver, coin or other similar object as a tool. It also is the means by which the gas may be relieved into the atmosphere when the frangible disc bursts due to an excessive pressure.
The frangible disc 55 is made of some material which will rupture'at a predetermined pressure. Hence, if the pressure in the bottle should rise to that pressure, the disc will rupture and allow the pressure to fall. It can thus be seen that if the rupturing pressure is carefully chosen the pressure in the bottle can never rise to a point where it would be suflicient to burst the vessel or valve head. Hence all dangers of explosion of any part of the syphon bottle and valve are entirely removed.
With the present construction the disc may be replaced very easily and the vessel may again be used with safety once the dangerous condition has been eliminated.
From theforegoing disclosure it will be apparent that this invention resides in certain principles of construction which may be employed in other physical forms of apparatus without departure. therefrom. It is apparent, therefore, that the form of apparatus illustrated in the drawing for the purpose of disclosure has been given solely in an illustrative sense and not in any limiting sense. The scope of this invention is best defined by the appended claims.
1. A valve adapted for use with a vessel for aerating a liquid comprising a valve body, a chamber in the body, a discharge passage communicating therewith, a spout associated with the passage, a valve proper normally sealing the passage from the chamber, a stem in the passage associated with the valve proper, a second chamber in the valve body, a button in the second chamber associated withthe stem, a recess in the valve body in the second chamber, a gasket in the recess surrounding the stem, a cupped washer resting on the gasket, a spring in the. second chamber surrounding the stem and bearing on the button and the cupped washer to thereby maintain the passage closed, a relief outlet communicating with the first chamber, a frangible disc in the re-- lief outlet, 9. capped bushing in the relief outlet, and a slotted opening in the capped bushing to permit iirect communication 1 between the vessel and the atmosphere upon rupture of the franj gible disc.
2. A valve-adapted for use with a vessel for aerating a liquid comprising a valve body, a
chamber in the body, a discharge passage com-' municating'therewith, a spout associated with the passage, a valve proper normally sealing the passage associated with the valve proper and extending within said recess, a dome shaped button associated with the stem in such a manner that the rim thereof is directed toward and is received within said recess, a gasket in said recess encompassing the stem in fluid iiow preventing relationship therewith, and a spring encompassing the stem and lying within both said recess and said button and tending to expel the button from the recess, whereby to yieldingly maintain the valve proper normally closed.
3. A valve adapted for use with a vessel for aerating a liquid comprising a valve body provided with a chamber, a discharge passage communicating therewith, a spout associated' with the passage, a valve proper normally closing oi the passage from the chamber, a stern inth'e passage associated with the valve proper, means on the valve stem adapted to be depressed to open the valve proper, a spring encompassing the stem and bearing on the last named means and the valve body to yieldingly maintain the valve proper normally closed, a relief outlet in the valve body communicating with the chamber and terminating in a seat, a sealing gasket and a frangible disc adapted to rest on said seat-and overlie said relief outlet, means to secure the sealing gasket and frangible disc on said seat, and a passage in the last named means to permit relief of the pressure in the vessel when it is suflicient'to rupture the frangible disc.
4. A valve and charger assembly for use with a.
- vessel for'aeratinga liquid comprisingavalve body provided with a chambena discharge passage communicating therewith, a spout associated with the passage, a valve proper normally closing off the passage from the chamber, astem in the passage associated with the valve proper, means on the valve stem adapted to be-depressed to open the ing capsule holder adapted to receive a charging capsule and to engage the valve body to secure the charging capsule to the charging passage, a relief outlet in the valve body communicating with the chamber and terminating in a seat, a sealing gasket and a frangible disc adapted to rest on said seat and overlie said relief outlet,
means to secure the sealing gasket and frangible disc on said seat, and a passage in the last named means to permit relief of the pressure in the vessel when it is sufficient to rupture the frangibleclisc..
5. A valve adapted for use with a vessel for aerating a liquid comprising a valve body, a chamber in the body, a safety relief outlet in the valve body communicating with the chamber and terminating in a seat, a sealing gasket and a frangible disc adapted to rest on said seat and over-' lie said relief outlet, a-capped threaded bushing to removably secure the scaling gasket'and frangible disc on said seat, and a slot in the bushing to permit relief of pressure when the frangible disc bursts, said slot being adapted to receive a fiat object like a coin for enabling the bushing to be moved with respect to the seat;
. VALENTINE J. HILL, JR.