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Publication numberUS2073707 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 16, 1937
Filing dateApr 3, 1936
Priority dateApr 3, 1936
Publication numberUS 2073707 A, US 2073707A, US-A-2073707, US2073707 A, US2073707A
InventorsParkin Winfred T
Original AssigneeTheodore W Foster & Bro Compan
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Container closure
US 2073707 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

` Patented Man` 16,` `1937` ""comuummcLosmnL WinfredT. Parkin, Providence, R. 1.," assignorto f TheodoreW.` Foster a Bro.r` Company; Provi.`

dence,` R. I.,\a corporation of Maine i e "fnpnlininnnnrus, 193s, serial No. `"12,580 -f `invention ranges' `in' `corSteinen ensures such, for example, as arey used onfcans, bottles,

tubes. or similar4 receptacles `containing powder "or` granular material lto be dispensed in" `small quantities. l .l The principal cbjectsfof the invention "aref provide a closlewhich lsoffsimple design and 01' "pleasing and i vattractive` appearance, which is l5 `position so thatthere isno danger of thematermi-accidentallyleaking out, at least toany objectionableetent, when the container is not in use. .7 `Further objects relate i to `,various featuresf )of construction and will" be apparent] from4 a con# sideration ofthe following descriptionand a'ccompanying drawing; wherein,

3 3, respectively;i,of` Fig. 1; f I Fig. 4 isa perspective view cfa closureof `modi-- fledvconstruction; 1

G-LS; respectlvely,"'oiFigui;v i

Fig; '1 is alperspective View of a further modifie cation; i i

i Figs.8 and 9'are sections on thelinesLB-and ,-Fin 1o is aqsecuonni-e1evanner vn centaine;

closure` having a `shutter" jof modified! construc-` tlomrand prises adomedike shell I which may be vof metaLL i 'riieztop ofthe sheniis formed-with swan portions ofcylindricalcontour which^den`es a slldeway i Von, the innerisurface-ofthefshelLand this wall portionV is providedwith an outlet orifice, here;

shown as an aperture 5, and openings on slots "8 `f' and 11 which aredlsposedin spaced relation on `opp'ositegsides ofthe aperture 5. Along each side `offtlie slideway` the shell is provided with inwardiarefspacedjbelow themargins ofltheslideway pective view showing thetop of a container having a closuremember constructed i 25 `in accordancewiththepresent invention; l

l i Figs. 2 andra are sectionscn the lines 2-y-2 and y\`Theembodiment shown in Figs. 4,-5and` 6 is i cent to 'theilower ends of the jslideway 3 so as to `properlto provide retaininganges. The lower vpartof theshell isfshaped toiprovideas'kirt I2 which tightly ltsabout 4the neck Aor mouth of the container() (Fig. 1)..` i 1 L A shutter .I`5\ \conslsting of a cylindrical sleeve 5 or ring (Fig. 11) is rotatably mountedwithin the shell and is retained in `position in the slideway formed between the top ywall3 and-the protuberances 9 andil., The shutter l5 ispreferably of metal,cellulo id,or lother material capable of 10 being madeintoan elongate cylinder which may be cut up intov rings of thedesired width, as shown in Fig. 111, or` ofaresilient material which may bent into the form `of a, cylindrical sector, i5,-

as shown in Fig.-10. Ineithercase the shutter 15 isformed with an aperture `I6 which conforms in i size and shape to .the aperture 5 in the shell, and

outwardly extending nibs I8` and I9 are formed on opposite sides` ofthe aperture I6, the 1 nibs,` apertures fand, openings in both the `shell and the shutter-being so constructed and :arrangedthat when the shutter lsassembled Vwithin `the shell, the nibs It and I9 projectoutwardly through the openings `li and l, respectively, to `provide linger pieces by` means oflwhichthe shutter may be rocked rjslidso as tobrlngthe'apertures 5 and I6 into andout of register. i i In assembling the parts, the shutter is first positioned withinA the shell (preformed with -the enr--` ception `ofthe protuberances and lll) andlwhile the"shutter isgbeing held in position, the protuberancesa and I0 are then struckV inwardly by I, suitable dies, `thlls .Providing vflanges which slidably supportthe shutter within the shell.

substaritially;l similar tofthe `previously described 35 embodiment, and the same reference numerals i i `are used to designate like parts. In this `embodi- Fig; `11 is a perspective-view olfI the"Drp'elerred4 i form y of i shutter embodied inY the l constructions ment thesskirt `I`2` is `prm/ided with inwardly strucirfprotuberances 22,3and 23 (Eig. 5) adja-r 40 engage and Asiiaabiyslippen tne'shutter is, thus f dispensing with protuberances Sand I0, (Fig. 3) which extend along the sidelmargins of the slide-M wa'yl, as shown inthe previously described em` 5j d in the'exnbodiment shown inI Figs. 7, 8 and 9, i the'constructions are ksimilar` in ,all material` par- 'ticularsfas in the embodiment shownin Figs. 1

" to 6,-except that the shutte'rJS is slidably sup- 50 portedbya bridge 25, (Figs. sans 9)` instead of inwardly struck protuberances. The bridge 25 consists of anarcuatemember conforming to the! iystruck protuberancess and l0"(Fig.3) which curvatureof the shutterland having upstanding i the shutter in position, as shown in Figs. 8 and 9. The bridge 25 may be secured within the shell in any suitable manner, as for 'example an interior-shoulder formed by an inwardly struck circumferential rib 26 in the skirt I2 of the shell.

In each of the above embodiments, the shutter I is shown, by way of illustration, as a cylindrical shaped member, but it is to be understood'that, if desired, the shutter may be in the form of a cylindrical segment or arc-like member I5', as shown in Fig. 10, in which case it may be secured in position in the same manner as shown in Figs. 1 to 9. If desired, headed pins, .rivets or the like members I0 may be used vas nger pieces in place of the integralnibs i8 and i9, particularly where the shutter is made of celluloid or other material which does not possess the capability of being easily worked.

It will be noted that a closure constructed in accordance with the present invention may be easily opened or closed by the thumb or ngers of the hand holding the container to which itY ls attached, and that the closure may be adjusted so as to regulate the ow of material through the aperture 5.

Instead of a single, comparatively large d ispensing orifice formed by apertures B and I6, a number of smaller dispensing holes may be provided, especially when the closure is to be used for ilnely pulverized materialssuch as toilet powders. .AV series of small holes in the shutter corresponding in arrangement to a series of small holes in the topshell would be brought into and out of register by rocking the shutter in the manner. already described, n

Although the closures abovev described are shown as forming the top of a rigid container C,

it is to be understood that their utility is not limited for use with containers holding powdered Vor granular material, as such closures may also be used with collapsible `tubes containing'tooth paste, grease and the like plastic or semi-fluid substances, andv hence the term container", as herein used, is intended to include collapsible tubes as well as the various having rigid Walls.

While I'have shown and described different desirable embodiments of the invention, it is to be understood that this disclosure is for the purpose oi' illustration, and that various changes in shape, proportion and arrangement oi' parts, as well as the substitutionof equivalent elements for those herein shown and described, may be made without departing lfrom the fspirit and scope oi' the invention as set forth inthe ap# pended claims.

I claim: f

1. A container closure consistingr of a shell of fabricated sheet material Vand having a domelike closed end defining a semi-cylindrical wall terminating in'a continuous skirt adapted to flt the neck or mouth V'of va container, the width of said cylindrical wall being substantially less than the diameter or transverse dimension of said skirt, said cylindrical wall having at least one outlet aperture and an opening therein, afrotat-l able shutter having a semi-'cylindrical part con-r forming with said wall portion disposed Within said shell so that its cylindrical part snugly fits against said cylindrical wall,` said shutter hav-` ing an outlet aperture and an outwardlyprojecting member which extends through said opening to provide a finger piece by means of which said shutter may be rotated back and forth so types oi' containers as to bring the outlet apertures into and out of registry, and means for rotatably retaining said shutter within said shell.

2. A container closure consisting of a shell of fabricated sheet material and having a domelike closed end defining a semi-cylindrical Wall terminating in a continuous skirt adapted to ilt the neck or mouth of a container, the width of said cylindrical wall being substantially less than the diameter or transverse dimension of said skirt, said cylindrical wall having at least one outlet aperture and an Opening on each side of the outlet aperture, a rotatable shutter having a semi-cylindrical part conforming with said wall disposed within said shell so that its cylinvdrical part snugly ilts against said wall, said shutter having an outlet aperture and outwardly projecting members on each side of said outlet aperture which extend through the corresponding openings in said wall to.provide finger pieces by means of which said shell may be rotated back and forth so as to bring the apertures into and out of registry, and means for apertures retaining said 'shutter within said shell.

3. A container closure consisting of a shell of fabricated sheet material and having a domelike closed end defining a semi-cylindrical wall terminating in a continuous skirt adapted to fit the neck or mouth of a container, the width of said cylindrical wall being substantially less than the diameter or transverse dimension of said skirt, said cylindrical wall having at least one outlet aperture and an opening therein, a cylindrical shutter disposed Within said shell so that a section of its periphery snugly nts against said semicylindrical wall, said shutter having an outlet aperture and an outwardly projecting member which extends through said opening to provide a linger piece by means of which said shutter may be rotated back and forth so as to bring the outlet apertures into and out of registry, and means for rotatably retaining said shutter within said shell.

4. A container closure consisting of a shell of fabricated sheet material and having a dome- Iike closed end defining a semi-cylindrical wall terminating in a continuous skirt adapted to flt the neck or mouth of a container, the width of said cylindrical wall being substantially less than the diameter or transverse dimension-of said skirt, said 'cylindrical wall having at least one outlet aperture and an opening therein, and a rotatable shutter having a semi-cylindrical part conforming with said wall disposed within said shell so that its semi-cylindrical part snugly iits against said wall, said shutter having an outlet aperture and an outwardly projecting member which extends through said opening to provide a finger piece by means of which said shutter may be rotated back and forth so as to bring the outlet apertures into and out of registry, said shell having inwardly struck, protuberances constructed and arranged slidably to retain said shutter within said shell.

l5. `A container closure consisting of a shell of fabricated sheet material and having a 'domelike closed end defining a semi-cylindrical wall terminating in a continuous skirt adapted to fit y the neck or mouth of a container, the Width of said cylindrical wall being substantially less than the diameter or transverse dimension of said skirt,

said cylindrical wall having at least one outlet' aperture and an opening on eachf'side of the outlet aperture, andra cylindrical shutter disposed within said shell so that a section or its wall, said shutter having an outlet aperture and an outwardly `projecting member on each side v of its outletlaperture `extending through the `cor- I responding opening in said semi-cylindrical wall,

" thereby to provide finger pieces by means of `which said shutter` maybe rotated back and `forth so as to bringthe apertures into and out 1` 1 of registry, said shell having inwardly struck protuberances constructed and arranged slidably to retaihsad shutter Within said shell.

6. A container closure consisting of a shell havl ing a dome-like closed end deiining a semi-cylindrical wall" terminating in a continuous skirt `adapted to fit the neck or mouth of a container,

` n fthewidth of said cylindrical wall being substantially less than y,the diameter or-transverse dimension of said skirt, said cylindrical wall having at` least one outlet aperture and an opening thereinI and arotatable, shutter having a semi-'cylindrical part conforming withsaid wanA disposed within "saidshell 'so that its semi-cylindricalpart snugly iits against said semi-cylindricalfwall, said shutter having anoutlet apertureand an outwardly pro- `iecting member which extends through said opening to provide a iinger piece by means of which said dome-like end having inwardly struck `pro- `liltuberances extending along the edges of said semi-cylindrical wall for rotatably retaining said `shutter within said shell.

`'7. A container closure consisting of a shell hav,-

ing a dome-like closed end defining a semi-cylinmit `5 aperture and an outwardly projecting member on each side of its 'outletaperture and arranged to extend through the corresponding opening in said Wall to provide iinger pieces by means of which said shutter may be rotated back and forth to Y o bring the apertures into and out of registry, said dome-like end having inwardly struck protuberances extending alongA the edges ofgsaid semicylindrical wall for rotatably retaining said shutfter within said shell.

.5 8. A container closure consisting of a shell having a dome-like closed end defining a semicylindrical wallterminating in a continuous skirt adapted to fit the neck or mouth of a container, the width of said cylindrical wall being substan- 0 tially less than the diameter ortransverse ldl- `mension of said skirtysaid cylindrical wall having at least. one outlet aperture vand an opening i therein, and a` rotatable shutter having a semi- `cylindrical part conforming Vwith saidsemi-cy- `5 undricai wan dispqsed witmnlsaid sneu so that said shell may be rotated back and forth so as l to bring the apertures into and out of registry,

drical wall terminating in a continuous skirt,`

ter may be rotated back and forth so as to bring the aperturesinto and out of registry, said shell having inwardly struck protuberances adjacent to the ends of said semi-cylindrical wall for rotatably retaining said shutter Within said shell.`

9. A container closure consisting of a shell having a dome-like closed end dening a semicylindrical wall terminating in a continuous skirt adapted to fit the neck or mouth of a container, the width of said cylindrical wall being substantially lessthan the diameter or transverse dimension of said skirt, said semi-cyclindrical wall having at least one outlet aperture and an opening therein, Y struck protuberances adjacent to the ends of said semi-cylindrical wall, and a cylindrical shutter disposed within said shell and slidably secured against said semi-cylindrical wall by said protuberances, `said shutter having` an outlet aperture and a finger piece which projects outwardly through said opening to provide actuating means for rotating said shutter back and forth so as to bring the apertures into and out "of registry.

10. A container closure consisting of` a shell having a dome-like closed end defining a. semicylindrical Wall terminating in a continuous skirt adapted to nt the neck or mouth of a container, the width of said cylindrical'wall being substantially less than the diameter or transverse dimension of said skirt. said cylindrical wall havingat least one outlet aperture and an `opening therein, a rotatable shutter having a semi-cylindrical part conforming with said semi-cylindrical wall disposed withinA said shell so `that its semi-cylindrical part snugly fits against said semi-cylindrical wall',` said shutter having an outlet aperture and an outwardly projecting! member which extends through said opening to provide a finger piece by means of which said shutter may be rotated back and forth so as to bring the apertures into and out of registry, and a bridge member secured within said shell so as rotatably to retain said shutter within said shell.

, 11.` A dome-like shellhaving a. wall portion of cylindrical contour dening a slideway and a continuous skirt portion below said slideway, said wall portion having an outlet aperture and an opening spaced therefrom, said skirt portion having acircumferential b'ead extending about its inner surface, a. cylindrical shutter slidably mounted against said` slideway, saidshutter having an outlet aperture andan outwardly pro- `jectingpart extending through said opening to provide a linger piece by means of which the shutter may be actuated, and a bridge member retained iti-position by said bead so as slidably to support said-shutter.

` WINFRED T; PARKIN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2480733 *Jun 1, 1945Aug 30, 1949Continental Can CoPowder dispensing container
US2739852 *Mar 21, 1952Mar 27, 1956Nat U S Radiator CorpBearing
US6354454 *Jun 22, 2000Mar 12, 2002Tommy Chi-Kin WongBottle cap
US7156251 *May 28, 2003Jan 2, 2007Solo Cup Operating CorporationReclosable container lid
US8376165 *May 20, 2011Feb 19, 2013Yat San ChiangDrinking container having slidable cover and drinking straw
US8490804 *Oct 30, 2008Jul 23, 2013Obrist Closures Switzerland GmbhClosure with movable tamper-evident member
US20100264145 *Oct 30, 2008Oct 21, 2010Claude Benoit-GoninTamper evident closure
US20120160851 *May 20, 2011Jun 28, 2012Yat San ChiangDrinking container with suction pipe
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/560
International ClassificationB65D47/26, B65D47/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65D47/268
European ClassificationB65D47/26D6