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Publication numberUS2075287 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 30, 1937
Filing dateFeb 27, 1936
Priority dateFeb 27, 1936
Publication numberUS 2075287 A, US 2075287A, US-A-2075287, US2075287 A, US2075287A
InventorsJagusch Peter
Original AssigneeJagusch Peter
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sample box making machine
US 2075287 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

fyi

ch 30, '1937. I JAGUSCH 2,075,287 u SAMPLE Box MAKING MASHINE I 'Filed Feb. 27, 193e 2 sneetsfsheet 1 L X Peter Jq'gusc INVENTOR. /45 4 v v l BY `5 f `Hfs ATTORNEYS.

SAMPLE B0X `MAKING MACHINE P. JAGUscH 2,075,5 287l Filed Feb. 27, 1936 2 sheets-Sheet 2 E Peter NVENTOR.

)EUSy ATTORNEY 5.

Patented Mar. so, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE SAMPLE BOX MAKING MACHINE Peter Jagusch, Elmwood Park, Ill.

Application February 27, 1936, Serial No. 66,006

7 Claims.

-This invention relates to sample box making machines.

It is an object of this invention to provide an improved sample box making machine which is relatively simple and inexpensive in construction and efficient in use.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a new and improved device for forming score or crease lines in fibrous material or stock such, for example, as cardboard, from which a sample box or carton may be made.

A further object of the present invention is to construct the new sample box making device in such a manner that the material or stock from which the sample box is made may be readily positioned, relative to the scoring and creasing dies, so as to form the score or crease lines at the desired and predetermined points in the material.

An additional object of the invention is to provide, in the new sample box making machine, a novel gauge for properly and accurately positioning the stock or material relative to the scoring or creasing dies so as to form sample boxes of 25 various sizes.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide a novel box making machine which is especially adapted for use in forming sample boxes of cardboard or analogous material.

In the art of making boxes or cartons of fibrous stock, it is common for a box manufacturer to be called upon to make numerous specimens or sample boxes, and the customary practice heretofore in the art has been to form these specimen g5 or sample boxes upon the machines which are used for making commercial boxes, thereby mak- Y ing it necessary to stop the operation of the machines which are used for making the commercial boxes in order to make -the specimen or 40 sample boxes, thus causing a considerable loss of time and labor in stoppingV and starting the machines upon which the commercial boxes. are made.

u Another object of the present invention there- 40 fore is to provide a sample boxmaking machine by means of which specimen or sample boxes may be formed independently of, and without interfering with, the operation of the machines on which the commercial boxes are made.

Other objects will appear hereinafter.

The invention consists in the novel combination and arrangement of parts to be hereinafter described and claimed.

The invention will be best understood by ref (Cl. S33-58.2)

erence to the accompanying drawings showing the preferred form of construction, and in which:

Fig. 1 is a front end elevational view of a pre-` ferred form of the new sample box making machine;

Fig. 2 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view of the same on line 2-2 in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view on line 3-3 in Fig. l;

Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view of the slidable guide and indicators, on line 4-4 in Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 isa .fragmentary perspective detail view of the new machine vshowing the creasing dies associated with the same;

Fig. 6 is a vertical sectional view on line 6 6 in Fig. 5;

Fig, y'7 is a fragmentary perspective view of the new machine showing the scoring dies associated with the same;

Fig. 8 is a vertical sectional View on line 8'-8 in Fig. 7; and

Fig. 9 is a fragmentary plan view of a piece of stock used in making a sample box and is herein used to illustrate the various steps which are described in the annexed specification.

A preferred form of the present invention is shown in the drawings, is therein generally indi-- cated at I0, and comprises a supporting frame II upon which is rotatably mounted a horizontally extending shaft I2. Carried by the shaft I2, at oneend thereof, is a die I3 and associated with the die I3 is a second but smaller die I4, which may be either in the form of a creasing die 53 or a scoring die 5d. The dies. I3 ,and I4 form a y creasing and scoring unit which is generally indi- ,l

cated at I5, and which will be described more fully hereinafter.

The shaft I2 and the die I3 carried thereby are, in the preferred embodiment of the invention shown in the drawings, driven by an electric motor IG although they may, if desired, be operated by some other suitable prime mover, or they may be manually operated, if desired. Y

In the preferred form of the invention whichis shown in the drawings, the shaft I2 is rotated by the motor I6, through the medium of a small pulley or sheave 2 I 'which is carried by the shaft 22 of the motorv I6, and this pulley 2| frictionally engages a larger and speed-reducing disc 23. The power-transmitting device I'I also includes a pulley or sheave I8 which is attachedto the shaft I2, and an endless flexible power-transmitting member or belt I9 which works around the sheave or pulley I8 and around a smaller sheave ,or pulley 20, this pulley 20 vbeing mounted on a frame II.

stub shaft-24 which is, in turn, mounted in the This shaft 24 also carries the disc 23.

The die I4 is rotatably, that is, loosely mounted upon a shaft 25 (Fig. 6) and this shaft 25 is, in turn, mounted in a slide block 26 which is slidably mounted upon an upright wall 21 of the frame I I,

at oneend of the latter, this slide block 26 and the die I4 carried thereby being adjustable vertically relativeto the wall 21 of the frame II by means of a set screw 28 (Fig. 6) K The creasing .die 53 is normally disposed in a position as shown in Figs. 5 and 6 with the flange portion 55 thereof disposed in Vertical Y alignment with an annular groove 41Y which is toward the die I3 by means of the set screw 28.

The shaftf25 has a threaded stud portion 58 which is adapted to receive a. threaded sleeve 59 and the latter is held in a fixed position upon the shaft 25 by a set screwV 29, the threaded portion of which ts into Vthe tappedrgportion of the sleeve 59 so as to bear against the stud portion 58 of the shaft 25. The dies 53 and 54 are held in their respective positions byuthe Ysleeve 59 and the set screw 29. Y L

Attached to the wall 210i rtheframe4 II is a guard 30. Formed in the wall 21 of the frame IIis an elongated slot or opening 32 and slidably :mounted in `this slot or opening 32, `for movement in a direction parallelrtoV the axis of .the shaft `I2 and the die I3 is a supporting block 33. 'Attached to this block 33 for movement therewith, is a channel shaped combination guide and supporting member 3| (Fig. 4).

Carriedby the supporting block 33 is a set screw ,Mounted on the upright wall 21 of the Vframe II is a scale 35 and the slide block 33 hasan upwardly extending. portion 36 which includes two indicatorsor fingers 31 and 38,- the'function of which will be explainedhereinafter; k

MountedV in the slideblock 33 is a shaftj or arm k39 and rotatably mounted on this arm 39 is a bearing wheel or disc 40 which bears upon the horizontal wall or guideway 4I of the guide 3|, this disc or wheel 40 being urged into bearing engagement with the Vwall 4 I of the guide V3| by means of a spring 42 which bears upon the shaft 39 (Fig. 5). Y l, Pivotally mounted at one end, as at 50 upon the horizontal base 49 of the machine, is a shearing knife 5I which is provided at one end with a'handle 52, and arranged upon the base 49, for use .in conjunction With the knife 5I, in a .manner which will be described more fully hereinafter, is a scale 44 (Fig. 2).

` VOperation;

In the Vuse of the new machine the shaft I2 and the die I3 may be rotated through the medium of the power-transmitting device I1, or by any other suitable power-transmitting deviceLor manually, if desired. Y

It will be assumed, for example, and forV the purpose of illustrating the present mbhie, that it is desired to crease a piece of brous stock or material for making a sample boxl or carton which is three (3) inches over all, that is, a cube having dimensions of three (3) inches.Y In this event the operator of the present machine will first see that the die 53 is properly mounted upon the shaft 25 with the ange 55 thereof in vertical alignment with, anddirectly above,

the annular groove 41 which is formed in the I. peripheral surface46 of thejdie-I3. `If the stock Whichis tofbe used is not Aapproximately of the desired dimensions the operator may first place the same upon the work table or bed plate 49 and trim the same, by means ofthe knife 5I f to exactly the proper dimensions, using the scale 44`as aguide, whereupon he may then move the slide block33 along the frame II, in the guide slot 32, until the indicator finger 31 comes oppobottom of the same resting upon the bottom wallV 4I of the member 3| and with'thefright hand edge thereof (as the same would be seen in Fig. 5) bearing `against the vertical side wall 46 of the guide 3|. The free (left side, Fig.V 5) end of the stock 45, being supported by the operator, the rotating action ofthe die I3 (counterclockvwise, Fig. 5) will draw lt through Lthe machine,A

that is,vbe,tween the dies I4 and I3 whereupon the die 53, traveling in the groove 41, will form the desired crease line in -the` stock and thisl crease line will thus be formed in lthe stock a. distance, in the present example, which is` exactly three inches from Vthe marginal edge of the stock which is disposed in engagement with the vertical Wall 46 of the guide 3| it being noted that when the indicator or finger 31 Ais inregistration with the 3 inch mark on the scale 35 thevertical side wall 46 of the guide 3| is disposed exactly three inches from the vertical center line of the annular groove 41 which is formed in the die I3 and, likewise, exactly three inches from the vertical center of the flange 55Yof the die 53 when the latter isin vertical alignment or registration with the annularjgroove 41 in the die I3. It will be seen,`therefore, that the indicator or finger 31 indicatesVon the'scale 35, the distance which the vertical wall 46 ol the guide 3| is disposed from the .annular` creasing groove i41 in the .die I3, whereas, as will `Vbe explained more fully hereinafter, the indicator `or finger 38 indicates the distanceY which the vertical side,

wall 46 of the guide 3| is disposed from the vertical center line of the knifeedge 56 on the scoring die 54 Ywhen the latter is disposed in vertical wall.46 of the guide 3|,Vthe free end of the stock 45 being supported at each operation, so as to draw the latter through the machine, that is, between the dies I4V and I3. `During' this operation, as well as during the' cutting or scoring operation presently to be described, the member 30 acts as aV guard lto prevent theoperator from getting his ngers between the dies I4 and I3.

It will be seen from the foregoing description that by adjusting the guide 3I and the slide 5 'block 33 carried thereby, yrelative to the scale 35, and then performing the Aforegoing creasing operation, crease lines may be formed in the stock at various predetermined distances -from the marginal edges of the stock, .that is, the stock may be creased for forming sample 'boxes of various sizes or dimensions. with relatively little or no difficulty.

In the present example, and having reference to Fig. 9, the four crease lines 51 for-med in lthe l5 stock `45 divide the latter into nine (9) sections ofwhich one section identified as b forms the bottom of a sample box for carton, and the four identified by the letter s form the side vwalls of the said sample container. The lfour other and vremaining sections of the piece of stock shown in Fig. 9, and each 4of which is identified by a letter fr, are removed from the stock by a cutting operation which is as follows:

The creasing die '53 which is 'used in the creasing operation is removed lfrom the shaft 25, by rst removing the set screw 29 and the sleeve 59, and this creasing die 53 is replaced by the cutting die 54 which is fixed into .its relative position `upon the shaft 25, with respect to the 30 die I3, by the sleeve .and set screw 5 9 .and 29 respectively (Figs. 'l and 8). In this position the cutting edge oi the die 154 will be disposed in bearing engagement or .contact with the peripheral surface 43 of .the die I3. whereupon the slide block 33 and the guide 3I may be adjusted (left to right, Fig. 5) until .the indicator finger 38 comes into registration or alignment with the numeral 3 on the .scale .35, and at this time the side wall 46 of the guide 3l will 40 be disposed exactly three inches from the center line .of the cutting edge .5.6 .of the die 54 (when the latter is disposed in cutting position, as in Fig. 8). The guide 3i and slide block 33 'may then be clamped in position, by means of the set screw 34, whereupo-n the stock may be run through the machine, that is, between the dies I3 and I4 (the die I4 being at this .time .the cutting die 54 which `is positioned as in Fig. 8)..

During this operation, the die I4, being ,disposed in bearing engagement with the peripheral surface 48 of the die I3, at one side of the groove 41, will cut the stock 45 along the line 60 (Fig. 9) and by turning the stock around .and repeating the foregoing operation the necessary number-of lines till may be cut in the stock 45.

It will be noted that by adjusting the slide block 26 and the die I4 vertically, relative to the die I3 and the annular creasing groove 41 therein, 4by means of the set screw 28, the `,die I4 may be adjusted or spaced vertically, relative to the die I3, to accommodate the same `to the thickness of the stock.

In the use of the present machine the small wheel or disc 453 bears under the action of the spring 42, against the horizontal wall 4I of the guide 3i, and being disposed at an angle, relative to the stock and the guide 3l, the disc 46 urges the right hand marginal edge of the stock against the vertical wall 46 of the guide 3l, as the stock is drawn between the ldies I4-I3, so as to assure that the crease line formed in the stock or the line cut therein. will be disposed at the desired and intended distance 'from the 'vertical wall 46 of the guide 3I.

While I have illustrated and described the preferred -form of construction for `carrying my invention into effect. this is capablerof variation and modification, without departing from lthe spirit of the invention. 5I, therefore, do not wish to be limited to the precise details of construction set forth, but .desire .to ,avail myself of such variations and modiiications as come within the scope of the appended claims. f f

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new .and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:

1. .A sample boxe-making machine comprising a supporting frame, a shaft rotatably mounted upon saidsupporting frame. means for operating said shaft, a .circular die .carried by :said .shaft at lone axial end of the latter, and having a-n annular groove formed in its peripheral surface, a circular transversely yof the said supporting frame and .shaft and .said guideway including ,a vertically extending side wall, a horizontally extending scale mounted upon said supporting frame and extending axially of said shaft and .having in- .dicia thereon representing the distance between the vertical center of the said annular groove in the said first-named die and the said vertically extending wall of said guideway, a slide block carried by said guide Vand including an indicator portion or finger movable along and :relative to said scale, and means for releasably clamping said guide and indicator vin a xed position relative to said supporting frame and said scale whereby Vwhen the said second-named `die is adjusted Vso .that the vertical center line of the same and the vertical center line of the said groove are coincidental a piece of stock moved through the machine between the said dies and having one marginal edge thereof Vbearing against the said side wall of said guide will have a crease line formed therein a distance from the said marginal edge of said stock corresponding to the distance indicated .by the said finger upon sai-d scale.

2. A .sample box making .machine comprising a ysupporting frame, ashaft rotatably mounted upon said supporting frame, means for .operating said shaft, a circular die carried by said shaft at one axial end of the latter, a circular scoring die rotatably mounted upon saidframe above the said first-named die, means for adjusting the said second-named .die vertically relative to the said first,- Vnamed die as to move the same into and out of `engagement with the peripheral surface of the said rst-named die whereby the said dies may coact to form, at diierent times, score lines in pieces of stock of various thicknesses inserted therebetween, a guide slidably mounted upon said supporting frame for horizontal movement axially relative to said dies and shaft, said guide including a horizontal guideway extending transversesaid guideway including a vertically extending side wall, a horizontally extending scale mounted upon said supporting frame and extending axially of said .shaft and having indicia Vthereon reprely of the said supporting frame and shaft and said guide and indicator in a fixed-position relative to said supporting frame and said scale, and

means carried by said slide block for lurging, a s

marginal edge portion of a piece of stock disposed upon said guideway against the said vertical wall of the same whereby when the said second-named die is adjusted so that the vertical center line of the same is a predetermined'distancefrom the said vertically extending Wall of said guideway, and a piece of stock is inserted into the machine between the dies, and with one marginal edge thereofbearing against the said wall of saidk guideway, the said stock'will havea score line formed therein a distance from Vthe said marginal edge of said stock corresponding Vto the distance indicated by the'said finger on said scale.

3'. A box making machine comprising a supporting frame, a circular die rotatably mounted upon said supporting frame and having an annular groove formed in its peripheral surface, a creasing die including a substantially cylindrical member havingY an annular flange formed thereon, and means carried by the said supporting frame above the said first-named die for rotatably mounting the said creasing die so that the said flange thereon is disposed in vertical alignment with the said annular groove formed in said firstnamed die, said means including a devicefor optionally and rotatably mounting a scoring die thereon, in place of said creasing-die, and in a position wherein the vertical line of the said scoringV die is out of vertical alignment with the said annular groove, said device comprising a shaft-adapted to support both of Ysaid dies, at different times, said shaft having an axially inner end portion rotatably mounted in said supporting frame and having a threaded axially outer end portion, a sleeve having a threaded opening formed therein for the reception of the said outer upon said supporting frame and having an annular groove formed inritsy peripheral surface, a creasing die including a substantially cylindrical member having an annular flange formed thereon, means carried by the said `supporting frame above the said `first-named die for rotatably mounting the said creasing die so thatfthe said ange thereon is disposed in vertical alignment with the said annular groove formed in said firstnamed die, said means including a device for optionally and rotatably mounting a scoring die thereon, in place of the said creasing die, and in f .a position wherein the vertical line of the said scoring die is Aout of vertical alignment with the ysaid annular groove, and means for adjustably relative tothe said first-named die so` as to accommodate the said dies yto pieces of stock of various thicknesses inserted therebetween, said device comprising ashaft adapted to support both of said dies, Vat different times, said shaft having an axially inner end portion `rotatably mounted in saidfsupporting frame and having 'a threaded axially. outer end portion, a sleeve having athreaded opening formed therein for ,the reception of the said outer end portion of said shaft, a set screw having an axially inner end portion threaded into the said opening in said sleeve and adapted to bear at its axially inner end against the axially outer end of said shaft so as to hold the saidk dies,

at different times, inrtheir proper and preselected positions relative to the said first-named die.

5. A box making ymachine comprising a sup-W porting frame, a circular die rotatably mounted upon said supportingframe and having an annular groove formed in its peripheral surface,` ,a

creasing die including a substantially cylindrical member having an annular flange formed thereon, means carried by the said supporting frame`A above the said first-named die for rotatably m'ountingthe said creasing die so that the said flange thereon is disposed in vertical alignment with the said annular groove formed in saidl firstnamed die, said means including a device for op- Y tionally and rotatably mounting a scoring die from the marginal edge' of said marginal edge portion to the vertical center line of said annular groove, said 1device comprising a shaft adapted to support both of said dies, at different times, said shaft having an axially innerV end portion rotatably mounted in said supporting frame and having a threaded axially outer end portion, a sleeve having a threaded opening formed therein for the reception of the said outer end portion threaded into the said opening in said sleeve and adapted to bear at its axially inner end against the axially outer end of said shaft so as to hold the said dies, at different times, in their proper and preselected positions relative to the said first-named die.

' 6. A box making .machine comprising a supporting frame, a circular die rotatably mounted upon said supporting frame and having an annular groove formed in its peripheral surface, a

Ycreasing die including a substantially'cylindrical member having an annular flange formed thereon, means carried by the said supporting frame above the said first-named die for rotatably mounting the said creasing die so that the said flange thereon is disposed in vertical alignment with the said annular groove formed in said'flrst-named die, said means including a devicefor optionally and yrotatably mounting a scoring die thereon, in place of the said creasing die, andin a position wherein f the vertical line of thesaid scoring die is out'V ofVV vertical alignment with the said annular groove,

said supporting frame having a horizontally eX-` tending scale thereon, a combination guide and supporting member slidably mounted on said supporting frame for supporting a marginal edge portion of a piece of stock insertedbetween said'dies, and an indicator carried by said guide member for movement therewith along said scale and"` indicating on the latter the distance from the marginal edge of said marginal edge portion to the vertical center line of said scoring die, said device comprising a shaft adapted to support both of said dies, at diilerent times, said shaft having an axially inner end portion rotatably mounted in said supporting frame and having a threaded axially outer end portion, a sleeve having a threaded opening formed therein for the reception of the said outer end portion of said shaft, a set screw having an axially inner end portion threaded into the said opening in said sleeve and adapted to bear at its axially inner end against the axially outer end of said shaft so as to hold the said dies, at ditferent times, in their proper and preselected positions relative to the said firstnamed die.

7. A box making machine comprising a supporting frame, a circular die rotatably mounted upon said supporting frame and having an annular groove formed in its peripheral surface, a

v creasing die including a substantially cylindrical member having an annular flange formed thereon, means carried by the said supporting frame above the said rst-named 'die for rotatably mounting the said creasing die so that the said lange thereon is disposed in vertical alignment with the said annular groove formed in saidfirstnamed die, said means including a device for optionally and rotatably mounting a scoring die thereon, in place of the said creasing die, and in a position wherein the vertical line of the said scoring die is out of vertical alignment with the said annular groove, said supporting frame having a horizontally extending scale thereon, a combination guide and supporting member slidably mounted on said supporting frame for supporting a marginal edge portion of a piece of stock inserted between said dies, and an indicator carried by said guide member for movement therewith along the said scale, said indicator having two spaced fingers, one of said fingers indicating on said scale, the distance between the marginal edge of the said marginal edge portion and the vertical center line of said annular groove, and the other of said fingers indicating on said scale the distance between `the marginal edge o the said marginal edge portion and the vertical center line of the said scoring die, said device comprising a shaft adapted to support both of said dies, at different times, said shaft having an axially inner end portion rotatably mounted in said supporting frame and having a threaded axially outer end portion, a sleeve having a threaded opening formed therein for the reception of the said outer end portion of said shaft, a set screw having an axially inner end portion threaded into the said opening in said sleeve and adapted to be-ar at its axially inner end against the axially outer end of said shaft so as to hold the said dies, at different times, in their proper and preselected positions relative to the said first-named die.

PETER JAGUSCI-I.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2706001 *Jul 5, 1951Apr 12, 1955Wilder Loren WMetal slitting machine with sheet and scrap strip guides
US2982189 *Sep 6, 1957May 2, 1961S & S Corrugated Paper MachPower driven adjusting means for slotting, scoring, creasing and slitting machine
US4544367 *Sep 29, 1982Oct 1, 1985Meurer Druck & Carton GmbhSheet processing apparatus
US4816015 *Aug 1, 1986Mar 28, 1989Karl HolderMachine for producing pattern cardboard articles
USRE32817 *Sep 24, 1987Jan 3, 1989Meurer Nonfood Product GmbhSheet processing apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification493/370, 493/396
International ClassificationB31B1/25
Cooperative ClassificationB31B2201/257, B31F1/10, B31B2201/255, B31B1/25
European ClassificationB31B1/25