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Publication numberUS2075432 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 30, 1937
Filing dateJul 18, 1934
Priority dateJul 18, 1934
Publication numberUS 2075432 A, US 2075432A, US-A-2075432, US2075432 A, US2075432A
InventorsDunbar Ernest W
Original AssigneeCambridge Rubber Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 2075432 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 30, 1937. E. w. DUNBAR 2,075,432


Filed July 18, 193.4`

Patented Mar. 3),V 1937 PATENT OFFICE suonl Ernest W. Dunbar, Hudson, Mass., assignor to Cambridge Rubber Co., Cambridge, Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts vApplication July 18, 1934, Serial No. 735,759

3 Claims.

'I'his invention relates to shoes and to the insole construction of shoes. g

Many persons find rubber soled shoes very uncomfortable to wear. They complain that the rubber solesI burn their -feet and make them smart and sting. This is even true of those shoes having a leather insole. Such sensations are apparently caused primarily by the fact that the bottom of the shoe is substantially impervious to the passage of air\ and moisture, so that there is little ventilation at the bottom of the foot and accordingly, evaporation of the moisture lfrom this part of the foot proceeds at a very low rate.

The present invention is especially concerned with these considerations. It aims to improve the construction of shoes with a. view to avoiding the foregoing diiiiculties, and to devise an insoling material which will have a high degree of porosity,

.while at the same time possessing those characteristics necessary to give good wearing qualities, to unite securely with adjacent elements of a shoe, and to aord the desirablecomfortable feel under the foot, in addition to avoiding the burning and smarting sensations when used in a shoe of the rubber soled type.

The naturey of the invention will be readily understood from the following description when read in connection with the accompanying drawing, and the novel features will be particularly pointe out in the appended claims.

In the drawing,

Figure 1 is a perspective view illustratinga step in the process of making insole stock according to the present invention;

Fig. .2 is a perspective view of an insole embodying features of this invention; -and Fig. 3 is a perspective view, with parts cut away, of a shoe constructed in accordance with this invention. I v

I have found that a very satisfactory insoling can be made from sisal iber and other similar coarse fibers used in the manufacture of ropes.

According to the method which I prefer at present to use, the long sisal bers are iirst worked into the form of a layer'or sheeted body having considerable thickness. This operation can be performed by hand or in various kinds of machinery used for the purpose of working fibers into'a sheeted web or bat in which the bers are loosely matted together. It is not desirable for the purposes of this invention to'have these bers arranged in a parallel relationship but rather to prevent such an arrangement and to have the bers disposed promiscuously. but so distributed such as rubber latex. At this stage of the process, 10

however, an adhesive of the former nature usually is preferable, and the quantity used should be onlyv enough to hold the matted body of fibers together in the form of a layer or sheet. This sheeted product can be made in plants equipped to handle rope making fibers and then shipped to the rubber plant where the remaining manufacturing operations are to be conducted.

The sheeted stock produced in the manner above I described is next impregnated with a' binder adapted to bond the bers together permanently. A exible .waterproof binder should be used for this purpose. Such a binder maybe of an as# phaltic nature, or may be made from some of the synthetic gums or resins and balsams, the desired flexibilitybeing produced by the use of suitable The vulcanized latex, however, has the-important 3 advantage of avoiding any necessity for subsequent vulcanization.

The impregnating step may be performed in any convenient manner as, for example, by running the sisal fiber sheets through the liquid binder, and then through squeeze rolls to remove the surplus, after which the sheets so treated should be dried to evaporate the solvent or the dispersing liquid'used. Usually it is necessary to combine two or more of these treated sheets in order toyproduce a brous body having the dey sired thickness' for an insole. and this combining operation may conveniently be performed when the drying operationhas proceeded to such a stage that most of the dispersing medium has been driven off and the surfaces of the sheets have acquired the desired degree of tackiness. At thisy they may be compressed in a reciprocating press of any suitable form. Fig. 1 shows two such sheets or layers of sisal ber 2 and 3 partly coinbined. A 5 While, as above stated, I prefer to use sisal fiber, a good grade of hemp ber can be used equally as well and-is an equivalent for the sisal ber. Other coarse bers, such as jute, and others used in the manufacture of rope, can also be substituted for part, or all, of the hemp or sisal,

but they do not produce, when used alone, as satisfactory a product as do either sisal or hemp. The common textile bers, such as cotton, are not suitable for this purpose. l5 The sheeted body'produced in the manner described has an open reticulated structure'sorthat air ows very freely through it. Ihis is a highly desirable property in an insole. impregnating, combining and compressing layers of this material to produce a sheet having the desiredthickness for insoles, some of this extreme porosity is lost. However, it is entirely possible to retain an exceptionally high degree of porosity while still producing the mechanical characteristics desired in such a material, by properly controlling the quantity of binder left in the brous layers. Such a control may be eifected by properly regulating the consistency of the impregnating liquid or bath; or, in other words, by suitably proportioning the quantity of liquid in which a s gvenlweight of solids is dispersed or dissolved. In this product, therefore, the fibers are united to each other at their crossings or intersections, but the intersticial spaces are not substantially reduced by the presence of binding material.

After the impregnated sheet material has dried, the insoles, toe stiieners, counter blanks, or other parts to be made from this insoling, are cut out of it, this cutting operation being performed with cutting dies. Usually it is desirable before dieing out the parts to cover one or both surfaces of the sheeted material with a suitable fabric or other cover stock. The nature of this covering material necessarily will depend upon the use to be made of the individual articles. In Fig. 2 the body 4 of the insole there shown is made of the fibrous stock illustrated in Fig. 1and a cover sheet`5 of rubberized fabric is bonded to one surface of the body Il by the rubber binder with which both elements are impregnated. Such an insole, and shoe stiffeners made in the same way, may be used in rubber shoes, particularly those which are to be vulcanized, in exactly this condition. Usually, however, an insole would include an upper layer of sheet material to cover the upper surface of the lbrous'body 4, this material being selected primarily to give the desired feel under the foot. Such a cover sheet is shown at 6 in Fig. 3 applied to an insole of typical form Naturally in and thickness. In a large percentage oi.' cases this cover would be made of leather, but various other smooth surfaced sheet materials could be used in place of it, care being taken to see that it has the desired degree of porosity. In using some sheet materials 'which do not have this property, but which are desirable in other respects, the necessary porosity may be imparted to them by perforating them, as indicated in Fig. 3.. v Ihe particular shoe illustrated in Fig. 3 has a fabric or leather upper 1, a rubber outsole, and the usual iiller 9, all the parts being adhesively united as in the usual rubber shoe constructions. This, however, is simply illustrative of one type of shoe in which the insole provided by this invention is useful. It has been demonstrated in practice that insoles, s'tiieners, and the like,- made in the manner above described, obviate, ina very high percentageof cases, the objection which people with sensitive feet nd to wearing rubber soled shoes. Such an insole has a high degree of porosity, possesses the mechanical strength and wearing qualities required in articles of this type, and it lends itself readily to those modiiications necessary to using it in different types of shoes.

While I have herein shown and described a preferred embodiment of -my invention,.it will be understood that the invention may be embodied in other forms without departing from the spirit or scope thereof.

Having thus described my invention, what I desire to claim as new is:

1. A shoe having a rubber outsole and an lnsole including a highly porous body layer of sisal fibers loosely matted together but secured to each other at their intersections by a rubber binder, said outsole being cemented to said insole.

2. A shoe comprising an upper, an outsole, and an insole including a highly porous body layer of sisal iibers loosely matted together but secured to each other at their intersections by a iiexible waterproof binder, said insole being of such thickness and porosity as to maintain between the wearers foot and the outsole a relatively thick layer of air.

3. A shoe comprising an upper, an outsole, and an insole including a. highly porous body layer of sisal fibers loosely matted together but secured to each other at their intersections by a iiexible Waterproof binder, said insole being of such thickness and porosity as to maintain between the wearers foot and the outsole a relatively thick layer of air, and a porous cover of sheet material bonded to the upper surface of said layer and having a smooth upper face for contact with the wearers foot.-


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2869253 *Apr 7, 1955Jan 20, 1959Louis SachsMoisture absorbent and selfventilating footwear
US6029372 *Jul 14, 1998Feb 29, 2000Pan; Kung-ShengThong
U.S. Classification36/3.00B, 36/44, 36/43
International ClassificationA43B13/38
Cooperative ClassificationA43B13/38
European ClassificationA43B13/38