|Publication number||US2075773 A|
|Publication date||Mar 30, 1937|
|Filing date||Aug 9, 1935|
|Priority date||Aug 9, 1935|
|Publication number||US 2075773 A, US 2075773A, US-A-2075773, US2075773 A, US2075773A|
|Inventors||Vass Michael G|
|Original Assignee||United States Gypsum Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (11), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
v March 30, 1937. MG. me; 2,075,173l BILDINGCONSTRUCTION l Filed Aug 9, 1,935 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ha.. Y* nu "Mn:
ATTORNEY l i M. G. VASS BUILDING CONSTRUCTION March 3o, 1937.
. Fi1edAAug. 9, 1935 ma if' e" l y ai X BEEN 2 Sheets-Shea?l 2 INVENTOR 4 `Mlm-Imaz. Ci. V955- l AORNEY V;
Patented 'Man 30, 1937 UNITED STATESl amarla BUILDING coNs'raUc'noN Michael G. Vass, Maywood, Ill.. assi'llor to United States Gypsum Company, Chicago, Ill., a corporation oi Illinois Application 4August 9, 1935, Serial No. 35,421 11 Claims. (Cl. 'l2-d8) This invention relates to building constructions, and has reference more particularly to factory made partition units suitable for quick erection and dis-assembly.
constructions, it is desirable to provide factory made unit-s which can be made cheaply at a central manufacturing point, shipped to the job, and quickly erected with a minimum of costly labor. It is also desirable that these partition units be easily dis-assembled to permit rearrangement of rooms. In the manufacture of said units,
lit is desirable that standard building boards be used, such as gypsum board, hard board, insulation board, sheet metal, plywood, asbestos board,
structions in other respects hereinafter specified and claimed.` 3 Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings'forming a part of this speciiication, in which Fig. l is a fragmentary elevation o a building unit joint with parts broken away to disclose the 35 construction,
. Fig. 2 is a sectional plan view through the partition joint taken on line 2--2 of Fig. l,
Fig. 3 is a sectional planview througlfll the vpar- I.
p tition unit. 49 Fig. l is a perspective view of a channel strip used in constructing the partition unit,
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary elevation oi a modified forni of partition joint,
Fig. 6 is a sectional plan view through the modied joint taken on line i-- of Fig. 5,
Fig. 'I is a sectional plan view through the modified partition' unit,
Fig. 8 is a sections perspective view of a por-` tion of a unit edge strip, and 50 Fig. 9 is a perspective view of a channel strip used in the modiiied partition unit.
Referring to the drawings by numerals, building boards i5 are arranged in pairs inpspaced parallel relation, and are connected at their edges 55 by channel strips i6, the latter including webs il In the erection of partitions and other buildingv and outstanding flanges I8. The boards i5 may be any suitable building board well known in the art, such as gypsum board with a cementitious core i9 and paper cover sheets 2li, hardv or pressed board, insulation board, sheet metal, plywood, 5 asbestos board, etc. T he flanges I8 are preferably provided with a series of perforations Zi which ordinarily need not be threaded to receive screws 22 of the type commonly known as 'drive screws. intermediate the edges of the iboards, these channels 23 comprising webs 2li and angesz which are secured by screws 2li to the boards it. These channels 28 retard deflection of the boards between the channels It. The channels it and 2t 15 support the boards i6 to form a hollow building unit of considerable area adapted to be secured at the bottom and top to the floor and ceiling, respectively, (not shown) ola room. The edge channels it are arranged with their webs il outermost so that when the building units are placed in edge abutting relation, the webs `Il or adjoining units will be abutting. In order to loci: the webs il together, each of the webs is provided with complementary slots 2l and struck out 4loops id, the loops of one web il being so spaced 25 as to register with and extend through the slots 2l oi the abutting web. Screws it are then insorted through the boards i5 and through holes in the cnnel danses it to engage in the loops 30 2t and thus loch the building units together to form a partition. The exposed screw heads and the joints between building units are then othed up with putty or other cementitious material. and plastic paint, wallpaper, etc., is ap-a plied to the exposed faces olthe boards. The partition is easily dis-assembled by removing the screws 29 and disconnecting the units at top and bottom.
ln the form of the invention shown inl Figs. o 5 9, boards 3i are secured to perforated flanges ci formed on webs di oi channel strips mi. Complementary Z-shaped metal strips iii and ed extend between the adjoining edges oi the finished partition units. Outstanding ilanges ti 45 and 3d are formed on the strip 35, and embrace the edges oi the boards 3l, the edges being secured by screws Se between each ange Si and di and the anges 3i. Similar ilanges it and ii are provided on. the strip le, being secured to the boards in the same manner as described for strip Si. 011e oi 'the boards 3i .of each unit is somewhat `offset from the other board of the unit to produce an outstanding edge da which provides clearance between the -units for Similar channel strips tiere provided 10 Z-shaped sections 44 and 45 of the strips 35 and 36. Lugs 46 are struck out from the flanges 38 and extend at right angles to the plane of the boards 3|v when the units are being assembled 5 in edge-to-edge relation. In order to lock the 'Z-sections 44 together, lugs 46 are then bent at right angles to lie in the plane of boards, being received in clearance slots 41 formed in the flanges 40 (Figs. 5 'and 8). If desired, the boards 3| may be coated at the factory with plaster 49 or other cementitious material, over most of their area, leaving only sufficient uncoated area at the edges of the units to receive the flanges 37, 38, 4!! and 4l. After assembling the units, the uncoated area at the joint is filled up level with plaster, a plurality of holes 50 being provided in the flanges 31, 38, 40 and 4l to provide a better bond for the joint plaster. Intermediate channels 5I similar to channels 34 are provided in the center of the building unit to impart added stiffness to the boards. The units are dis-assembled by removing the joint cement, bending up the lugs 46 to a position vertical to the plane of the boards, and disconnecting the Z-sections 44 by a lateral relative movement of the partition units.
I would state in conclusion that while the illustrated examples constitute practical embodiments of my invention, I do not wish to limit myself precisely to these details, since manifestly the same may be considerably varied without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:-
1. A building unit, comprising a pair of wall panels in spaced, parallel relation, complementary stud members secured along each opposite edge of said panels to form a preformed unit, said studmembers being arranged to interengage one with the other to form a partition, and means for rigidly and removably locking said stud members together.
2. A building unit, comprising a pair of wallA panelsin spaced, parallel relation, channel shaped stud members having webs and outstanding ilanges, said :flanges being secured to adjoining edges of said wall panels to form preformed building units, and means associated with said webs for rigidly and removably locking said Webs together to form a partition of building units.
3. A building unit, comprising a pair of wall v panels in spaced, parallel relation, metallic channel strips having webs and outstanding flanges.
said flanges having a series of perforations, and
abutting adjoining edges of said wall panels,
' screws passing through said wall panels and engaging in said perforations to form a preformed building unit, and means for rigidly and removably locking said units together in edge abutting relation to form a partition.
4. A building unit, comprisinga pair of wall panels in spaced, parallel relation, a pair of channel strips connecting opposite edges of said wall panels, said strips having Z-shaped complementary webs and outstanding flanges secured to said edges, and bendable lugs struck from some of said flanges and being adapted to be bent into locking engagement with an adjoining channel strip.
5. A structure as defined in claim 4 characterized by spacer strips between said panels adjacent said Z-shaped webs, said panels being connected to said spacer strips to form a preformed building unit.
6. A building unit, comprising a pair of Wall panels in spaced, parallel relation, a pair of channel strips connecting opposite edges of said wall panels to form a preformed building unit, said strips each having a web and outstanding flanges, said Webs being providedwith alternating slots and struck out loops, said units being adapted to be arranged in edge-to-edge relation with the loops of one web extending through registering slots of an adjoining web, and locking members extending through said interlocking loops to connect said units together.
7. A preformed hollow partition unit comprising a pair of composition building boards in spaced, parallel relation, spacer strips secured along opposite edges of said boards to form a hollow unit, and means for rigidly and'removably securing complementary strips of said units together to form a partition.
8. A structure as deiined in claim 7, characterized by spacer strips intermediate the edge spacer strips and secured to the boards of a unit to reduce deflection of said boards intermediate said edge spacer strips.
9. In a building construction, a plurality of hollowv building units arranged in edge abutting relation, each of said units comprising a pair of building boards in spaced, parallel relation, spacers for the edges of said boards comprising channel strips having perforated flanges to which said boards are attached by screws, and means for rigidly and detachably securing ad-V joining channel strips together.
10. In a building construction, a plurality of hollow building units arranged in edge abutting relation, each of said units comprising a pair .of building boards in spaced, parallel relation, spacers for the edges of said boards comprising channel strips having ilanges to which said boards are attached, said strips being arranged in web abutting relation and being rigidly and detachably secured together.
11. A building construction, comprising a pair of building boards in spaced, parallel relation, channel strips connecting the edges o said boards to form a unit, said strips having flanges and Z-shaped complementary webs, said webs being adapted to interengage when said units are in edge abutting relation so as to form a partition, and means for removably locking said units together.,
MICHAEL G. VASS.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3196499 *||May 21, 1962||Jul 27, 1965||Dow Chemical Co||Sandwich panel fasteners|
|US3488904 *||Mar 6, 1968||Jan 13, 1970||Nat Gypsum Co||Screw-holding frangible board|
|US3527006 *||Mar 15, 1968||Sep 8, 1970||Hanson Russell G||Partition module construction|
|US3849235 *||Jul 10, 1972||Nov 19, 1974||Bpb Industries Ltd||Cementitious building board with edge reinforcing strips|
|US6374561 *||Nov 16, 1999||Apr 23, 2002||Nichiha Co., Ltd.||External wall panel construction|
|US7661511 *||Apr 27, 2005||Feb 16, 2010||Yoshino Gypsum Co., Ltd.||Board building material, board building material producing method, board building material installation method|
|US7938361 *||Oct 20, 2006||May 10, 2011||Blastwell Ltd.||Jet blast wall structures|
|US8745950 *||Feb 10, 2011||Jun 10, 2014||Nichiha Corporation||Construction structure of wall surface|
|US20120204511 *||Feb 10, 2011||Aug 16, 2012||Hiroshi Ito||Construction structure of wall surface|
|DE3210609A1 *||Mar 23, 1982||Oct 20, 1983||Db Schallschutz Gmbh||Apparatus for connecting two U-profiles placed flat against each other|
|EP0469801A2 *||Jul 26, 1991||Feb 5, 1992||Edgar Gudmundsson||Wall|
|U.S. Classification||52/592.1, 52/415, 52/600, 52/601|
|International Classification||E04B2/76, E04B2/78|