|Publication number||US2076124 A|
|Publication date||Apr 6, 1937|
|Filing date||Dec 31, 1935|
|Priority date||Dec 31, 1935|
|Publication number||US 2076124 A, US 2076124A, US-A-2076124, US2076124 A, US2076124A|
|Inventors||Greenwood James E|
|Original Assignee||Liberty Glass Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 1937. J. E. GREENWOOD 2,076,124
MILK BOTTLE 7 Filed Dec. 31, 1935- Jnesfl Gz erzwaagii, g5;
Patented Apr. 6, 1937 UNITED STATES.
MILK BOTTLE James E. Greenwood, Sapulpa, kla., assignor to Liberty Glass Compa Sapulpa, Okla.
7 Application December 31, 1935, Serial No. 57,030
Claims. ((1215-31) 7 This. invention relates to bottles, more especially milk bottles, and it is a continuation in part of my copending application filed June 25, 1934, Serial Number 732,376.
Bottles of this class such as commonly made frequently slip from the hands holding them,
thereby causing breakage and the resultant objectionable loss. The difliculty in holding the bottle occurs generally when they are wet, as while being washed, or while being handled under adverse weather conditions. Another cause of breakage in handling is found in the fact that many bottles are handled by children who frequently are not strongenough to handle them properly.
It is an object of the present invention to provide milk bottles with simple and eflicien't gripping surfaces adjacent to the mouth portions thereof these surfaces being so shaped and proportioned as to provide an anti-slipping area which can be gripped and held with the minimum effort and will be unaffected by the presence or moisture. I
Another object is to provide a bottle with a gripping surface which can be formed readily in the usual bottle making machines and which is not onlyan efficient means for preventing bottles from slipping out of the grasps of persons holding them but also constitutes a means for quickly identifying the bottle by the sense of touch so that it can be selected in the absence of light.
Antoher object is to provide a bottle having a gripping surface which is also useful as a means for securely engaging and holding overall caps and more particularly caps of this type formed of aluminum foil which have heretofore been diilicult to attach firmly to the outer surfaces of the neck portions of bottles.
With the foregoing and other objects in view 40 which will appear as the description proceeds, the
invention consists of certain novel details of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter more fully described and pointed out in the claims, it being understood that changes may be made in the construction and arrangement of parts without departing from the spirit of the invention as claimed.
In the accompanying drawing the preferred forms of the invention have been shown.
In said drawing Figure 1 is a view partly in elevation and partly in section of the neck portion of a milk bottle showing the preferred form of the invention.
' Figure 2 is a similar view showing a modifica tion thereof.
Figure 3 is a similar view showing another form of the invention.
Referring to the figures by characters of reference, l designates the'neck portion of a milk bottle provided with a pouring lip or bead 2 the outer surface of which extends downwardly to an annular shoulder 3. Below this shoulder are ad- Y ditional annular shoulders which are stepped downwardly, each shoulder being of greater diameter than the next adjoining one thereunder. 10 Each of the shoulders provides an edge portion 5 which extends around the bottle and all of these edge portions cooperate to provide a gripping area which is gradually reduced in diameter away fro the pouring lip 2. I 15 It will be obvious that when the gripping area of the bottle is grasped by the hand of a user, the edges 4 will operate in effect like blunt teeth which will frictionally engage the hand asping the bottle and act to prevent the bottle from slip- 9 ping out of the grasp of the hand. Obviously the efiiciency of this gripping area will not be impaired should it be wet from any'cause. Thus the bottle can beheld efficiently while being washed, delivered, or otherwise handled in a wet 25 condition.
It will be noted that each shoulder .4 is disposed at right angles to the adjoining annular surfaces of the bottle neck. Thus there are no grooves or pockets which cannot be easily cleaned. Consequently the bottle can be washed as readily and efiiciently as bottles of ordinary constructions.
If desired, and as shown in Figure 2, the shoulders 6 can be intersected by ribs or bars 1 extending across all of them and terminating at the shoulder 8 of the pouring lip 9. If preferred, however, intersecting grooves l0 can be used instead of bars or ribs and either the ribs or bars" or the grooves can be obliquely disposed across the shoulders H as shown in Figure 3. In the modi- 40 fied construction using intersecting grooves l0, blunt points are formed at the ends of each shoulder, as, shown at I2 in Figure 3, these points providing additional means for engagement with the hand grasping the bottle so as to provide a 5 moreefficient gr pping area.
The annularshoulders described will not interfere with the use of overall caps commonly used in connection with milk bottles because these caps have their flanges seated firmly in, engagement 50 with the upper annular shoulders. Should an overall cap of aluminum foil or the like he employed, the annular shoulders will provide an extensive gripping area into which the foil can be pressed, thereby insuring a tight interlock p between the foil and the bottle and at the same ,time preserving the shoulder gripping area which,
1. A bottle of the class described including an upper portion having a series of exteriorannular shoulders steppedv downwardly from near the end of the upper portion, each shoulder being of less diameter than the next adjoining one thereabove, said shoulders being discontinued at spaced intervals to form grooves intersecting the shoulders, having gripping points formed by the shoulders at the sides of the grooves.
2. A bottle of the class described including an upper portion having a series of. exterior annular shoulders stepped downwardly from near the end of the upper portion, each shoulder being of less diameter than the next adjoining one thereabove, said shoulders being discontinued at spaced intervals to form longitudinally disposed grooves intersecting the shoulders, there being gripping points formed by the shoulders at the sides of the grooves.
3. A bottle of the class described including an upper portion having a series of exterior annular shoulders stepped downwardly from near the end of the upper portion, each shoulder being of less diameter than the next adjoining one thereabove, said shouldersbeing discontinued at spaced intervals to form obliquely disposed grooves intersecting the shoulders, said shoulders forming gripping points at the sides of the grooves.
4. A bottle ofthe class described including an upper portion having a series of annular shoulders stepped downwardly from near the end of the upper portion, each shoulder being of less diameter than the next adjoining one thereabove, the continuity of the shoulders and the annular surfaces between the shoulders being interrupted at intervals by intersecting means.
5. A bottle of the class described including an upper portion having a series of annular shoulders stepped downwardly from near the end of the upper portion, each shoulder being of less diameter than the next adjoining one thereabove, the continuity of the shoulders and the annular surfaces between the shoulders being interrupted at intervals by intersecting bars or ribs.
JAMES E. GREENWOOD.
|U.S. Classification||215/43, 215/396, 215/384|