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Publication numberUS2076316 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 6, 1937
Filing dateOct 12, 1935
Priority dateOct 12, 1935
Publication numberUS 2076316 A, US 2076316A, US-A-2076316, US2076316 A, US2076316A
InventorsBeals Jr E Mauran
Original AssigneeBeals Jr E Mauran
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Removable outsole for sport shoes
US 2076316 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 6, 1937. E. M. BEALsQJR REMOVABLE OUTSOLE FOR SFORT SHOES Filed Oct. 12, 1935 .lwvezww at; Apr. '6, i931 '1 UNITED STATES a mam movsau cursor: roa sroa-r snoss 1:. Hanan Beak, In, Nallant, Mass.

I Oetober 1:, 1m, No. 44,10:

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My present invention relates to sports shoes, and a removable outsole therefor adapted to cover and -protect the spikes, caulk, or the like afilxed to the bottom of the shoe; and the in- 5 vention is directed also to the structure of a removable outsole. I

Various types of sports shoes are provided with anti-slipping devices, spikes, studs, caulks, or the like affixed to the forepart of the shoe sole to prevent slipping, and such shoes are, of course,

unsuitable for wear when'walking over pavements, floors, fioor coverings, or the like. Consequently, it has been a constant annoyance to the wearer to walk from a clubhouse, residence,

or for any substantial distance along pavements with spiked shoes; and-it is likewise annoying to wear ordinary shoes until the player gets to the field and then change to sports footwear.

While various attempts have been made to provide substitutes to overcome the difiiculties above outlined, no such prior device, so far as I am informed, has been satisfactory-or suitable and all such prior attachments or devices have been unsatisfactory in use.

My present invention is directed to'a combined spiked sports shoe and removable outsole therefor, particularly adapted and intended for golf shoes, running shoes, or the like wherein a readily attachable and quickly detachable outsole is provided, preferably for combination with and as a part of a golf shoe, which willnot only protect the spikes from wear but protect also the fioor and fioor covering from damage.

My invention will also enable the wearer to put on such shoes at his residence, clubhouse, or the like, walk in comfort to the golf links, and then quickly remove the outsole, enabling the spiked shoe to be thereupon utilized as is properly intended, and eliminating the-diiiiculties of either walking on the spiked shoes to the field or changing shoes at the field. With my invention he can put on sports shoes, with the removable building, ofilce, drive an automobile without danger or difllculty, and remove the outsole at the golf links, placing such removable soles'in his golf bag to be replaced whenever it is deoutsole, in the morning, wear them in a house,

feature is of considerable importance because if the removable outsole is of such soft substance-'-rubber, composition, or the like-as to permit the spikes to be embedded therein the wearing quality of the sole, as well as the protecting feature, will be negligible. 0n the other hand, if the removable outsole is made sufllciently tough to be wear-resisting then it would be too stiff to permit the studs to be embedded therein. As sports shoes usually have anti-slippingdevices 10 affixed more or less at random and varying as to size, shape, and whim of the wearer, it is scarcely feasible to have perforations entirely thru the removable outsole although such a construction might be possible. 15

A further objection to perforations is that they will pick up mud, dirt, etc. during walking, whereas in my improved construction of a re movable outsole giving a smooth, eflicient, and wear-resisting outer surface, and with a soft in- 0 ner and shoe-contacting surface, will automatically fit any set orseries of spikes no matter how positioned in the shoe sole.

My improved outsole may be formed of a plurality of layers, one of soft material, one rela- 25 tively wear-resistant, and one of a compound or composition with a relatively soft portion on 9?; face and relatively wear-resistant on the 0 er.

Referring to the drawing illustrating preferred 30 embodiments of the present invention,

Fig. 1 is a plan view of a typical removable outsole with the inner relatively soft surface shown uppermost;

Fig. 2 is a side view Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view of a modification showing a different attachment for the retaining strap, and

Fig. 4 is a side view illustrating a golf shoe and sole in combination with a portion of the 40 sole broken away illustrating the embedding of the studs in the softer surface of the outsole.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view, partly in crosssection, representing a laminated sole structure.

It will be appreciated that I may construct my 45 removable'sole of any suitable material, composition, or series of layers, if desired, but preferably I make same of vulcanized rubber or equivalent material with approximately one-half of the entire thickness of the outsole, viz. that intended for the. outer surface, of wear-resisting substance, and with the opposite-or spike-contacting surface-sufiiciently soft to permit the spikes to be embedded therein. While two such layers of material may be formed and then cemented or partly incross-section; 35 g otherwise united, I prefer to make my improved outsole of a unitary mass, such as rubber or rubber composition and with the characteristics of the soft upper portion and a relatively harder 6 bottom portion. Also, my removable outsole is, preferably, of a size and area to cooperate and fit with a number of different sizes of shoes, as it is not essential that the outsole be coextensive either withthe length or breadth of the sole with 10 which it is worn.

As shown in the drawing, the outsole is designated generally at I, having a substantially tough or wear-resisting portion 2 for the bottom surface,

the sole ll of the shoe l0, as clearly shown in Fig. 4.

Any desired attaching means may be employed, 25 but preferably I find that a single strap IS with a suitable buckle, or the like, it and attached to the outsole i near the instep portion, as indicated at i8, by stitching or the like I9 is efficient and 30 satisfactory. By having the strap thus positioned,

it will hold the removable outsole snugly about both forepart and heel and also lift the strap 18 from contact or wear with the floor, pavement, or surface on which the wearer walks by arching the outsole I into the arch of the shoe.

As shown in Fig. 3, a modified form of fastening strap 20 onto the sole i is illustrated, wherein an opening II is provided thru the thickness of the sole i and thru which the retaining strap 20 is threaded.

Other methods of attaching will readily occur to those skilled in the art and, if necessary, a toe strap 2| may be added, as shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 4, and which, together with the normal rigidity of the outsole and the embedding and retaining 4 action of the studs 12-12 therein, are sufiicient to retain the sole snugly and firmly in position on the bottom.

While my invention is primarily directed to an 50 improved golf shoe and removable outsole therefor, it is, of course, suitable for any sports shoe having anti-slipping spikes, studs, or projections, the thickness of the outsole being suited to the length of the studs or anti-slipping devices.

Thus, for example, in a similar shoe but made for the use of lumbermen, loggers, or the like where large and heavy spikes are applied to the loggers boots, such an outsole might be properly thickened to provide a suitable thickness in which to embed or bury such spikes.

While I prefer to utilize a composition sole structure, as shown in Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive and as above described, it is also within the scope of my jpresentiinvention. to provide a Iaminatedl sole structure wherein two or more layers of different material are united to constitute the sole, preferably with an outsole portion of wear-resistant material, and the upper or inner portion or relatively soft material, receiving the imbedded studs i2. A plurality of such layers may be utilized, if desired, intermediate the two outer surfaces.

As shown in Fig. 5, I have illustrated a fragmentary portion of such a laminated sole structure wherein the outer or wear-resistant surface 25 is of leather and an upper layer 26 of felt, fibre, or textile material, or of rubber or other compound. In this embodiment of the invention the layers are of appropriate thickness for the respective functions of each and are united by suitable adhesive.

I claim:

A removable outsole for cooperative attachment to sport shoes equipped with projecting spikes in the tread portion of the sole and a raised heel, said outsole being adapted to extend from substantially the toe portion of the shoe to the rear of the raised heel, and being of approximately similar peripheral contour to the sole of the shoe to which it is adapted to be attached, said removable outsole being formed of a composite unitary resilient material consisting of a relatively soft spike-receiving layer adapted to be positioned next to the outer surface of the shoe sole, said removable outsole having a relatively tough wearresisting and somewhat rigid layer for its tread surface extending throughout its entire length and area to aid in maintaining the outsole in an approximately level plane and to span the arch portion of the shoe between the sole and heel, together with an attaching strip secured to the arch-spanning portion of the outsole and adapted to act with a forward thrusting action to produce a frictional engagement between the embedded spikes and the spike-receiving material of the outsole and to maintain said removable outsole in contact with the 'shoe sole.

E. MAURAN BEALS, JR.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2932910 *Jan 27, 1959Apr 19, 1960Brown Mabel WRemovable resilient foam block overshoes
US3020654 *May 19, 1960Feb 13, 1962Mccann Donald HAuxiliary sole for sport shoes
US3243902 *Jan 20, 1964Apr 5, 1966Chapman Delbert JProtective sole for spiked shoes
US3283424 *Feb 13, 1964Nov 8, 1966Struntz Bernard JBaseball spike guard
US3313047 *Nov 17, 1965Apr 11, 1967Svien Jens ASpiked shoe cover
US3486248 *Sep 11, 1967Dec 30, 1969Iversen Einar COvershoe for spiked shoes
US3913243 *Feb 20, 1975Oct 21, 1975Lawrence Peska Ass IncGolf sandal
US4258483 *Mar 26, 1979Mar 31, 1981Hogue Amos FProtective device for spiked athletic shoes
US4693019 *Mar 3, 1986Sep 15, 1987Kim Sun KSports shoe protector
US5172496 *Sep 25, 1989Dec 22, 1992Vemi Frank JSpiked shoe covering
US5305536 *Jun 7, 1993Apr 26, 1994Depping Carl LShoe cleat guard having a spring biased securing device
US5367794 *May 11, 1994Nov 29, 1994Adelstein; StephenCleated shoe protector
US5600902 *Oct 4, 1995Feb 11, 1997Yavitz; Edward Q.Removable pads for use with spiked golf shoes to protect putting greens
US5794368 *Apr 29, 1997Aug 18, 1998Kirby; Alan A.Protective cover for spiked golf shoes
US5921005 *Apr 7, 1998Jul 13, 1999Michael BellSelf-adjusting traction-altering attachment device for footwear
US5966840 *Mar 3, 1998Oct 19, 1999Michael BellTraction altering footwear attachment device with resilient mounting ring and fiber ground engagement surface
US5992053 *Jun 24, 1994Nov 30, 1999Hansen; RossDetachable, cleated outer sole
US6154982 *Aug 20, 1999Dec 5, 2000Michael BellReadily mountable traction enhancing attachment for footwear
US6860038 *Jul 29, 2003Mar 1, 2005Matthew R. StuckeAthletic shoe protection system
US8112910 *Apr 28, 2008Feb 14, 2012Kate HerberShoe wrap and system
US8453355 *Jun 4, 2013Cleatskins, LlcCover for cleated shoes
US20040035026 *Aug 22, 2002Feb 26, 2004Foster Richard E.Spike cover for a track running shoe
US20050160631 *Jan 26, 2005Jul 28, 2005Love Theodore F.Apparatus for covering a spiked shoe
US20060288615 *Jun 22, 2005Dec 28, 2006Peter ScheufeleCleat Guard
US20070113424 *Nov 23, 2005May 24, 2007Michael BellOvershoes with raised inner surface portions and slip resistant sole portions for use on primary footwear
US20070175064 *Mar 19, 2007Aug 2, 2007Culton Dale MWaterproof protective overshoe for golf shoes
US20090071034 *Jul 18, 2008Mar 19, 2009William Christopher LotterhosSole attachment for footwear
US20090265959 *Apr 28, 2008Oct 29, 2009Kate HerberShoe Wrap and System
US20090288314 *May 20, 2008Nov 26, 2009Richard Keith KayCover for cleated shoes
US20140101975 *Oct 12, 2012Apr 17, 2014Shimano Inc.Bicycle shoe support and bicycle shoe
DE19502488A1 *Jan 27, 1995Aug 1, 1996Herber Sylvia CarmenCover for spiked sole of sports, such as golfing shoe
WO1996034542A1 *May 3, 1996Nov 7, 1996Allan Graeme MinersDetachable spike cover for sports shoe
Classifications
U.S. Classification36/7.5, 36/135
International ClassificationA43B5/00, A43B5/18
Cooperative ClassificationA43B5/18
European ClassificationA43B5/18