|Publication number||US2076316 A|
|Publication date||Apr 6, 1937|
|Filing date||Oct 12, 1935|
|Priority date||Oct 12, 1935|
|Publication number||US 2076316 A, US 2076316A, US-A-2076316, US2076316 A, US2076316A|
|Inventors||Beals Jr E Mauran|
|Original Assignee||Beals Jr E Mauran|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (32), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 6, 1937. E. M. BEALsQJR REMOVABLE OUTSOLE FOR SFORT SHOES Filed Oct. 12, 1935 .lwvezww at; Apr. '6, i931 '1 UNITED STATES a mam movsau cursor: roa sroa-r snoss 1:. Hanan Beak, In, Nallant, Mass.
I Oetober 1:, 1m, No. 44,10:
1 cum. ill-1.5)
My present invention relates to sports shoes, and a removable outsole therefor adapted to cover and -protect the spikes, caulk, or the like afilxed to the bottom of the shoe; and the in- 5 vention is directed also to the structure of a removable outsole. I
Various types of sports shoes are provided with anti-slipping devices, spikes, studs, caulks, or the like affixed to the forepart of the shoe sole to prevent slipping, and such shoes are, of course,
unsuitable for wear when'walking over pavements, floors, fioor coverings, or the like. Consequently, it has been a constant annoyance to the wearer to walk from a clubhouse, residence,
or for any substantial distance along pavements with spiked shoes; and-it is likewise annoying to wear ordinary shoes until the player gets to the field and then change to sports footwear.
While various attempts have been made to provide substitutes to overcome the difiiculties above outlined, no such prior device, so far as I am informed, has been satisfactory-or suitable and all such prior attachments or devices have been unsatisfactory in use.
My present invention is directed to'a combined spiked sports shoe and removable outsole therefor, particularly adapted and intended for golf shoes, running shoes, or the like wherein a readily attachable and quickly detachable outsole is provided, preferably for combination with and as a part of a golf shoe, which willnot only protect the spikes from wear but protect also the fioor and fioor covering from damage.
My invention will also enable the wearer to put on such shoes at his residence, clubhouse, or the like, walk in comfort to the golf links, and then quickly remove the outsole, enabling the spiked shoe to be thereupon utilized as is properly intended, and eliminating the-diiiiculties of either walking on the spiked shoes to the field or changing shoes at the field. With my invention he can put on sports shoes, with the removable building, ofilce, drive an automobile without danger or difllculty, and remove the outsole at the golf links, placing such removable soles'in his golf bag to be replaced whenever it is deoutsole, in the morning, wear them in a house,
feature is of considerable importance because if the removable outsole is of such soft substance-'-rubber, composition, or the like-as to permit the spikes to be embedded therein the wearing quality of the sole, as well as the protecting feature, will be negligible. 0n the other hand, if the removable outsole is made sufllciently tough to be wear-resisting then it would be too stiff to permit the studs to be embedded therein. As sports shoes usually have anti-slippingdevices 10 affixed more or less at random and varying as to size, shape, and whim of the wearer, it is scarcely feasible to have perforations entirely thru the removable outsole although such a construction might be possible. 15
A further objection to perforations is that they will pick up mud, dirt, etc. during walking, whereas in my improved construction of a re movable outsole giving a smooth, eflicient, and wear-resisting outer surface, and with a soft in- 0 ner and shoe-contacting surface, will automatically fit any set orseries of spikes no matter how positioned in the shoe sole.
My improved outsole may be formed of a plurality of layers, one of soft material, one rela- 25 tively wear-resistant, and one of a compound or composition with a relatively soft portion on 9?; face and relatively wear-resistant on the 0 er.
Referring to the drawing illustrating preferred 30 embodiments of the present invention,
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a typical removable outsole with the inner relatively soft surface shown uppermost;
Fig. 2 is a side view Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view of a modification showing a different attachment for the retaining strap, and
Fig. 4 is a side view illustrating a golf shoe and sole in combination with a portion of the 40 sole broken away illustrating the embedding of the studs in the softer surface of the outsole.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view, partly in crosssection, representing a laminated sole structure.
It will be appreciated that I may construct my 45 removable'sole of any suitable material, composition, or series of layers, if desired, but preferably I make same of vulcanized rubber or equivalent material with approximately one-half of the entire thickness of the outsole, viz. that intended for the. outer surface, of wear-resisting substance, and with the opposite-or spike-contacting surface-sufiiciently soft to permit the spikes to be embedded therein. While two such layers of material may be formed and then cemented or partly incross-section; 35 g otherwise united, I prefer to make my improved outsole of a unitary mass, such as rubber or rubber composition and with the characteristics of the soft upper portion and a relatively harder 6 bottom portion. Also, my removable outsole is, preferably, of a size and area to cooperate and fit with a number of different sizes of shoes, as it is not essential that the outsole be coextensive either withthe length or breadth of the sole with 10 which it is worn.
As shown in the drawing, the outsole is designated generally at I, having a substantially tough or wear-resisting portion 2 for the bottom surface,
the sole ll of the shoe l0, as clearly shown in Fig. 4.
Any desired attaching means may be employed, 25 but preferably I find that a single strap IS with a suitable buckle, or the like, it and attached to the outsole i near the instep portion, as indicated at i8, by stitching or the like I9 is efficient and 30 satisfactory. By having the strap thus positioned,
it will hold the removable outsole snugly about both forepart and heel and also lift the strap 18 from contact or wear with the floor, pavement, or surface on which the wearer walks by arching the outsole I into the arch of the shoe.
As shown in Fig. 3, a modified form of fastening strap 20 onto the sole i is illustrated, wherein an opening II is provided thru the thickness of the sole i and thru which the retaining strap 20 is threaded.
Other methods of attaching will readily occur to those skilled in the art and, if necessary, a toe strap 2| may be added, as shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 4, and which, together with the normal rigidity of the outsole and the embedding and retaining 4 action of the studs 12-12 therein, are sufiicient to retain the sole snugly and firmly in position on the bottom.
While my invention is primarily directed to an 50 improved golf shoe and removable outsole therefor, it is, of course, suitable for any sports shoe having anti-slipping spikes, studs, or projections, the thickness of the outsole being suited to the length of the studs or anti-slipping devices.
Thus, for example, in a similar shoe but made for the use of lumbermen, loggers, or the like where large and heavy spikes are applied to the loggers boots, such an outsole might be properly thickened to provide a suitable thickness in which to embed or bury such spikes.
While I prefer to utilize a composition sole structure, as shown in Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive and as above described, it is also within the scope of my jpresentiinvention. to provide a Iaminatedl sole structure wherein two or more layers of different material are united to constitute the sole, preferably with an outsole portion of wear-resistant material, and the upper or inner portion or relatively soft material, receiving the imbedded studs i2. A plurality of such layers may be utilized, if desired, intermediate the two outer surfaces.
As shown in Fig. 5, I have illustrated a fragmentary portion of such a laminated sole structure wherein the outer or wear-resistant surface 25 is of leather and an upper layer 26 of felt, fibre, or textile material, or of rubber or other compound. In this embodiment of the invention the layers are of appropriate thickness for the respective functions of each and are united by suitable adhesive.
A removable outsole for cooperative attachment to sport shoes equipped with projecting spikes in the tread portion of the sole and a raised heel, said outsole being adapted to extend from substantially the toe portion of the shoe to the rear of the raised heel, and being of approximately similar peripheral contour to the sole of the shoe to which it is adapted to be attached, said removable outsole being formed of a composite unitary resilient material consisting of a relatively soft spike-receiving layer adapted to be positioned next to the outer surface of the shoe sole, said removable outsole having a relatively tough wearresisting and somewhat rigid layer for its tread surface extending throughout its entire length and area to aid in maintaining the outsole in an approximately level plane and to span the arch portion of the shoe between the sole and heel, together with an attaching strip secured to the arch-spanning portion of the outsole and adapted to act with a forward thrusting action to produce a frictional engagement between the embedded spikes and the spike-receiving material of the outsole and to maintain said removable outsole in contact with the 'shoe sole.
E. MAURAN BEALS, JR.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2932910 *||Jan 27, 1959||Apr 19, 1960||Brown Mabel W||Removable resilient foam block overshoes|
|US3020654 *||May 19, 1960||Feb 13, 1962||Mccann Donald H||Auxiliary sole for sport shoes|
|US3243902 *||Jan 20, 1964||Apr 5, 1966||Chapman Delbert J||Protective sole for spiked shoes|
|US3283424 *||Feb 13, 1964||Nov 8, 1966||Struntz Bernard J||Baseball spike guard|
|US3313047 *||Nov 17, 1965||Apr 11, 1967||Svien Jens A||Spiked shoe cover|
|US3486248 *||Sep 11, 1967||Dec 30, 1969||Iversen Einar C||Overshoe for spiked shoes|
|US3913243 *||Feb 20, 1975||Oct 21, 1975||Lawrence Peska Ass Inc||Golf sandal|
|US4258483 *||Mar 26, 1979||Mar 31, 1981||Hogue Amos F||Protective device for spiked athletic shoes|
|US4693019 *||Mar 3, 1986||Sep 15, 1987||Kim Sun K||Sports shoe protector|
|US5172496 *||Sep 25, 1989||Dec 22, 1992||Vemi Frank J||Spiked shoe covering|
|US5305536 *||Jun 7, 1993||Apr 26, 1994||Depping Carl L||Shoe cleat guard having a spring biased securing device|
|US5367794 *||May 11, 1994||Nov 29, 1994||Adelstein; Stephen||Cleated shoe protector|
|US5600902 *||Oct 4, 1995||Feb 11, 1997||Yavitz; Edward Q.||Removable pads for use with spiked golf shoes to protect putting greens|
|US5794368 *||Apr 29, 1997||Aug 18, 1998||Kirby; Alan A.||Protective cover for spiked golf shoes|
|US5921005 *||Apr 7, 1998||Jul 13, 1999||Michael Bell||Self-adjusting traction-altering attachment device for footwear|
|US5966840 *||Mar 3, 1998||Oct 19, 1999||Michael Bell||Traction altering footwear attachment device with resilient mounting ring and fiber ground engagement surface|
|US5992053 *||Jun 24, 1994||Nov 30, 1999||Hansen; Ross||Detachable, cleated outer sole|
|US6154982 *||Aug 20, 1999||Dec 5, 2000||Michael Bell||Readily mountable traction enhancing attachment for footwear|
|US6860038 *||Jul 29, 2003||Mar 1, 2005||Matthew R. Stucke||Athletic shoe protection system|
|US8112910 *||Apr 28, 2008||Feb 14, 2012||Kate Herber||Shoe wrap and system|
|US8453355 *||Jun 4, 2013||Cleatskins, Llc||Cover for cleated shoes|
|US20040035026 *||Aug 22, 2002||Feb 26, 2004||Foster Richard E.||Spike cover for a track running shoe|
|US20050160631 *||Jan 26, 2005||Jul 28, 2005||Love Theodore F.||Apparatus for covering a spiked shoe|
|US20060288615 *||Jun 22, 2005||Dec 28, 2006||Peter Scheufele||Cleat Guard|
|US20070113424 *||Nov 23, 2005||May 24, 2007||Michael Bell||Overshoes with raised inner surface portions and slip resistant sole portions for use on primary footwear|
|US20070175064 *||Mar 19, 2007||Aug 2, 2007||Culton Dale M||Waterproof protective overshoe for golf shoes|
|US20090071034 *||Jul 18, 2008||Mar 19, 2009||William Christopher Lotterhos||Sole attachment for footwear|
|US20090265959 *||Apr 28, 2008||Oct 29, 2009||Kate Herber||Shoe Wrap and System|
|US20090288314 *||May 20, 2008||Nov 26, 2009||Richard Keith Kay||Cover for cleated shoes|
|US20140101975 *||Oct 12, 2012||Apr 17, 2014||Shimano Inc.||Bicycle shoe support and bicycle shoe|
|DE19502488A1 *||Jan 27, 1995||Aug 1, 1996||Herber Sylvia Carmen||Cover for spiked sole of sports, such as golfing shoe|
|WO1996034542A1 *||May 3, 1996||Nov 7, 1996||Allan Graeme Miners||Detachable spike cover for sports shoe|
|U.S. Classification||36/7.5, 36/135|
|International Classification||A43B5/00, A43B5/18|