|Publication number||US2078321 A|
|Publication date||Apr 27, 1937|
|Filing date||May 22, 1935|
|Priority date||May 22, 1935|
|Publication number||US 2078321 A, US 2078321A, US-A-2078321, US2078321 A, US2078321A|
|Inventors||Frank Freimann, Friesner John L|
|Original Assignee||Electro Acoustic Products Comp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
- April 27, 1937. F. FREIMANNIET AL 2,078,321
LOUDSPEAKER MOUNTING Filed May 22, 1935 Patented Apr. 27, 1937.
' UNlT-ED STATES mrrizirr OFFICE} LOUDSPEAKER. MOUNTING I Frank Freimann and John L. Friesner, Fort Wayne, Incl,
assignors to Electra-Acoustic Products Company, Fort Wayne, Ind., a corporation of Illinois Application May 22, 1935, Serial No. 22,887
The present invention relates to sound reproducing apparatus and more particularly to an improvement for use in connection with portable sound reproducing apparatus that will provide a convenient mounting for a. loud speaker of electrodynamic type andpermitthe use of the loud speaker under different conditions of operation with a minimum of inconvenience.
An object of the invention is to provide a new and novel arrangement for the mounting of a loud speaker whereby the speaker may be conveniently transferred from one mounting to another without the use of any special tools or the like.
Another, object of the invention is to provide in conjunction with a portable sound reproducing device employing an electrodynamic loud speaker,v means whereby the loud speaker may be operated as a part of the portable device or detached therefrom and operated at a point remote from the remaining apparatus of the sound reproducing device.
A further object of the invention is to provide a novel "form of securing means for attaching 5 a loud speaker of the electrodynamic type to a suitable baflle and firmly holding the loud speaker against displacement when in operation.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be in part evident to those skilled in the art to which. this invention pertains and in part ratus, as is contemplated by this invention, it
often happens that theoperation of the loud speaker upon the carrying case adjacent the picture projecting apparatus is not practicable. With apparatus of this character it is necessary that the picture projecting apparatus be placed out in front of a screen and consequently when T the loudspeaker is mounted on the carrying case adjacent the picture projecting apparatus, it must necessarily propagate the voice and/or musical program from this point. The most convenient place for the mounting of such a loud speaker upon a carrying case is at one side of the axis of the picture projecting apparatus and, therefore, unless the pictures are projected from a position at one side of the room a'large part of the audience will not be in a position to properly hear the sound program.
For a natural and pleasing effect the loud speaker should be placed in front of the audience adjacent the. screen and, therefore, incarrying out the present invention we have provided a novel form of mounting for a loud speaker that will permit its convenient detachment from the carrying case and its attachment to a suitable baiile forming member .which can be .placed in front of the audience or at any other convenient or desired point within the room or auditorium where an illustrated sound program is to be rendered.
For a better understanding of the invention, reference should be had to the accompanying drawing wherein there is shown, by way of illustration and not of limitation, a preferred embodiment thereof.
In the drawing wherein like numerals referto like parts throughout the several views Figure 1 is a side elevation of a convenient form of carrying case having a loud speaker aperture in one of its sides and with the loud speaker removed,
Figure 2 is an end elevationof the carrying case illustrated in Figure 1, with parts broken away to show the interior arrangement of the apparatus carried thereby,
Figure 3 is a front view of an independent baflie forming member with a loud speaker constructed in accordance with this invention mounted thereupon,
Figure 4 is a side elevation partially in section showing the manner of mounting the loud speaker upon the baflle forming member illustrated in Figure 3 of the drawing,
Figure 5 is a substantially full-sized view showing the details of the loud speaker securing means contemplated by this invention,
Figure 6 is a fragmentary view showing the configuration of a preferred form of keyhole slots provided upon the loud speaker supporting ring, and
Figure 7 is a view similar to Figure 5 showing a modified form'of loud speaker securing means.
In the drawing we have, by way of illustration, shown a carrying case for apparatus of the character disclosed in a co-pending application, entitled Carrying case, filed August 18, 1934, by Frank Freimann, and identified by Serial Number 740,448.
The carrying. case, designated by the numeral I0, is shown as provided with a removeable cover I l which is adapted to be secured upon the case III by means of a plurality-of snap clasps l2. When the cover II is thus secured upon the-case ID the apparatuscan be carried by means of a grip I3. At one end of the case there is a hinged panel I4 upon which is mounted a suitable picture projecting lantern I5. In the side of the carrying case I8 there is formed an aperture for the installation of a loud speaker. As shown in the drawing, the aperture in the side of the case I0 is provided with a loud speaker supporting ring I6. The ring I6 has a recessed-inwardly disposed flange I! having a plurality of keyhole slots I8, the function of which will be described hereinafter.
In Figure 2 of the drawing the carrying case I8 is shown as having a loud speaker I9 mounted upon the ring I6 that outlines the aperture in the side thereof. As disclosed in the aforementioned co-pending application, the carrying case I0 contains a motor mechanism 20 that is adapt-- ed to support and drive a sound record supporting platen 2| which, in this figure of the drawing, is shown as removed and positioned within a suitable compartment 22 at one side of the carrying case.
For convenience and ease in handling, the carrying case I8 is made long and relatively narrow. Therefore, when the apparatus is adapted to the reproduction of programs from a twelve or fourteen inch sound record, the platen 2| will have a diameter greater than the width of the carrying case and it is for this reason that provision must be made for the removal and carrying of the record supporting platen 2| This is accomplished, as illustrated in the drawing, by placing the platen 2| edgewise in the compartment 22. Below the motor mechanism 20, and within the carrying case I8, there is a suitable thermionic tube amplifier '23 for amplifying the electromagnetic currents generated by an electromagnetic pick-up device (not shown) which engages the sound record as is well understood. The output of the amplifier 23 is connected through a detachable plug and lead 24 to an input transformer 25 carried by the loud speaker I9. Upon the base of the thermionic amplifier 23 there is I forming member 21 having a central aperture with a loud speaker supporting ring 28 which is in every respect similar to the loud speaker supporting ring I6 previously described as mounted within the aperture provided in the side wall of the carrying case I0.
Before proceeding further with the description of this invention, attention is directed to the manner of supporting the sound record platen 2| within the compartment 22. As here shown, the sound record platen 2| has a central hub 29 with a transversely extending hole therethrough, and in a notch upon a wall 38 of the compartment 22 there is a pin 3| that is adapted to project through the transversely extending hole in the hub 23 of the sound record supporting platen 2|. This feature is to form the subject matter of another application to be filed by the applicants.
In Figures 3 and 4 of the drawing, the baflle forming member 21 is shown as suspended upon a suitable hook 32 and as having a loud speaker I 6 mounted thereupon. As illustrated, the loud speaker I9 is protected against damage by a suitable grill 33, and at its sides it has oppositely disposed grip members 34, by means of which it may be rotated slightly and secured upon the supporting'ring I9, as will hereinafter appear. When theloud speaker I9 is detached from the wall of the carrying case I0 and mounted upon the baffle 21, the connecting plug and lead 24 will be withdrawn from the thermionic tube amplifier 23 and then'connected to the amplifier through a suitable extension lead 35 that is brought out through the aperture formed by the ring I6 in the side of the carrying case, as illustrated in Figure 1 of the drawing.
Upon referring to Figure 5 of the drawing, it will be seen-that the loud speaker supporting ring I6 has a cylindrical portion from which inwardly projects the keyhole carrying flange I I. At the front of the baffle forming member the ring I6 is provided with an outwardly extending flange 36 through which suitable securing screws 31 extend. The loud speaker I9 has a diaphragm supporting housing 38 within which there is a conical diaphragm 39. Disposed in front of the diaphragm 39 and secured in place by means of a flanged ring 40, is the aforementioned protecting grill 33. 'As here shown, the diaphragm housing 38 has an outer diameter substantially equal to the inside diameter of the supporting ring I6, and the flanged ring 40 is so proportioned that it will extend slightly over the front of the supporting ring I6. At four equally spaced points about the diaphragm housing 38 there is provided a rearwardly projecting stud 4|, that carries means which is adapted to cooperate with the keyhole slots I8 and demountably secure the loud speaker I9.firmly upon the carrying case III, or upon the separate baiile forming member 21. In its preferred form, this means comprises a button-like member 42 which is biased against the back of the flange I I by a spring 43, the spring 43 being held upon the stud 4| bya suitable securing washer 44. The studs 4| are shown as secured in place upon the diaphragm housing 38 by means of nuts 45.
The button-like members 42 upon the studs 4| are each provided with a conical keyhole slot engaging portion and in order to provide for a compression of the spring 43 and thus secure a tight attachment of the loud speaker to the baiiie forming member the keyhole slots I8 are formed with their sides disposed at a tapering angle, as shown in Figure 6 of the drawing. With the keyhole 'slots I8 formed in this manner, it will be seen that as the button-like members 42 are moved in the keyhole slots I8 by a slight rotation of the loud speaker I9 they will move along their respective studs 4| and compress the cooperating springs 43. The springs 43 will then function to yieldingly hold the loud speaker I8 firmly upon the carrying case III or the baffle 21.
While we have, for the sake of clearness and in order to disclose our invention so that the same can be readily understood, described and illustrated specificdevices and arrangements, we desire to have it understood that this invention is not limited to the-specific means disclosed, but may be embodied in other ways that will suggest themselves to persons skilled in the art. It is believed that this invention is new and it is desired to claimit so that all such changes as come within the scope of the appended claims are to be considered as part of this invention.
Having thus described our invention, what we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is- 1. In a demountable support for a sound resound ba-file forming member having an aperture therethrough, a ring outlining the aperture in said baiile forming member having an inwardly projecting flange with a plurality of keyhole slots therein, a loud speaker disposed within said aperture with its sound propagating end in substantial alignment with said baflle forming member, an outwardly extending flange about the periphery of said loud speaker adapted to engage the front of said baflie forming member, and a plurality of yieldingly supported button-like members upon said loud speaker adapted to interlock with the keyhole slots in said ring to secure said loud speaker flrmly in cooperating relation with said baiile forming member.
2. A mounting for a loud speaker of the conediaphragm type, comprising the combination of a loud speaker having a diaphragm enclosing frame, a baflie forming member having an aperture of a diameter substantially equal to the outer diameter of said diaphragm enclosing frame, a flanged ring having an inwardly disposed flange with a plurality of tapering keyhole slots formed therein, a flange upon said diaphragm enclosing housing, extending outwardly and overlapping said batfle forming member about the periphery of the aperture therein, and a plurality of yieldingly supported and rearwardly projecting members carried by said loud speaker adapted to engage the keyhole slots in the flange about the baille opening and cooperating with the outwardly extending flange about said diaphragm housing to secure said loud speaker demountably in the opening of said bailie forming member.
3. In a mounting for a loud speaker of the electrodynamic type, the combination of an electrodynamic loud speaker, a sound bailie forming member having an aperture therein for the reception of said electrodynamlc loud speaker, a ring disposed about the periphery of the aper- 40 ture of said baflle forming member having an inwardly projecting flange disposed in the back of the front surface of saidbaflie forming member, said flange having a plurality of keyhole slots of tapering configuration, an outwardly extendini;
45 flange about the periphery of said loud speaker 60 slots in the inwardly projecting flange of said ring, and a yielding button-like member upon each of said studs adapted to pass through the large end of said keyhole slots and having a conical end which will engage the tapering portions =of the keyhole slots when the loud speaker is turned slightly and thus more firmly secure the loud speaker as it is turned upon said baille forming member.
4. In a mounting for a loud speaker, the combination of an electrodynamic loud speaker, a baiile forming member having an aperture corresponding to the outer diameter of said loud speaker, a ring secured about the aperture of said baflle forming member having an inwardly disposed flange with a plurality oi slots of tapering width, a plurality of rearwardly projecting studs upon said loud speaker adapted to pass through the slots of the inwardly disposed flange on said ring, a button-like member upon each of said studs having a conical end adapted to interlock with said slots, and spring means for biasing the conical end of said button-like members into cooperating relation with said slots to yieldingly secure the loud speaker upon said ring.
5; In a demountable support for securing a loud speaker of the electrodynamic type upon a battle forming surface, the combination of a bailie having a metallic ring extending about its loud speaker receiving aperture, said ring having a plurality of slots of tapering dimensions extending concentrically around said ring, a loud speaker having an outwardly extending flange adapted to overlie said ring, a plurality of studs upon said loud speaker adapted to extend through the slots in said ring, a slidable button upon each of said studs adapted to pass through the wide end of said slots and having a conical ring engaging end extending toward the flange upon said loud speaker, and a spring between the outer end of said studs and said buttons adapted to exert a yielding force thereupon, whereby said springs will be compressed and hold said buttons in clamping engagement with the narrow end of said slots as the loud speaker is rotated in said ring.
6. In a demountable support for. securing a loud speaker of. the electrodynamic type upon a baflle forming surface, the combination of a baflle having a metallic i'ing extending about its loud speaker receiving aperture, said ring having a plurality of slots of tapering dimensions extending concentrically around'said ring, a loud speaker I having an outwardly extending flange adapted to overlie said ring, a plurality of studs upon said loud speaker adapted to extend through the slots in said ring, a slidable button upon each of said studs adapted to pass through the wide end of said slots and having a conical ring engaging end extending toward the flange upon said loud speaker, a spring between the outer end of said studs and said buttons adapted to exert a yielding force thereupon, and means at the front of said loud speaker'for positioning and rotating it upon said ring, whereby said springs will be compressed to secure the loud speaker upon said ring as the conical ends of said buttons are moved into engagement with the sides of said tapering slots.
0 JOHN L. FRIESNEB.
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|U.S. Classification||381/392, 248/27.3, 381/334, 381/391|