US 2078969 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 4, 1937. c. A. PATTERSON HOUSE FOUNDATION I Original Filed May 23, 1934' s Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR, [MMA.P1MJ00,
ATTORNEYJ' y 1937.- v c. A. PATTERSON' 2,078,969
HOUSE FOUNDATION Original Filed May 23, 1934 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 1 N VEN TOR, I CMMA.Pa ttau0mf 2%; Lam
ATTORNEY-1' May 4, 1937. v c. A. PATTERSON HOUSE FOUNDATION Original Filed May 23, 1934 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR,
MA.Patterm 1 A'ITORNEYJ Patented May 4, 1937 PAT 2,078,969 HOUSE FOUNDATION Chester A. Patterson, Peekskill, N, Y., assignor to Hiter King, New York, N. Y.
Original application May 23, 1934, Serial No.
727,090. Divided and this application November 2, 1934, Serial No. 751,145
This application is a division of application Serial No. 727,090, filed May 23, 1934, which relates to building structures made of prefabricated parts.
One object of the invention is a novel foundation or under structure for houses and dwellings.
A further object is such an under structure which may be madeof prefabricated parts and readily'assembled and economically installed.
A further object is a novel foundation or under structure for houses and dwellings with the e1imi nation of the necessity for a cellar.
Further objects of the invention will hereinafter appear and for a better understanding thereof reference may be had to the accompanying. drawings wherein:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the framework of a house embodying the invention;
Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic view;
Fig. 3 is a sectional view along the line 3-3 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a sectional view along the line 4-- -i of Figs. 1 and 2;
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the floor beams and a vertical channel stud; and
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the corner construction of the floor beams or channels.
Referring to the drawings, I have illustrated my invention as embodied in a house embodying a framework of prefabricated parts and units which are fabricated at the factory and assembled into an enduring and permanent structure with a minimum of labor cost and with certain other advantages characteristic of the particular structure forming the subject-matter hereof. For
example, the framework comprises outside floor channels or beams l', inside floor beams or channels .2, corner vertical studs 3, intermediate vertical studs 4, outside horizontal ceiling or floor beams 5, roof trusses indicated generally by the numeral 6 and comprising end horizontal truss structures 1 and intermediate truss beams 8, and a foundation comprising a multiplicity of pier structures 9. The foundation includes a plurality of more or less closely positioned prefabricated 'pier units 9 and these units9 may be used alone tion by means of four similar angle irons I2, the
angle irons and the webs being fastened together to form a rigid structure in any suitable manner, as for example by the riveting or welding indicated at I3. The webs Ii] and H project beyond the lower ends of the angle irons l2 and are cut off on an angle at their projecting edges to form cutting and driving edges [0 and ii merging into a driving point i i. The webs are also enlarged in the vicinity of the ends of the angle irons l2 to form shoulders [5 extending outwardly at right angles from the angle irons l2 which enables driving and cutting edges Ill and H to be formed of the desired character and which also assists in anchoring the piles in position.
The foundation piers 9 are also formed or provided at a point intermediate their lengths with anchoring webs I6 disposed at right angles thereto, these webs l6 being preferably integrally its upper end with some suitable means whereby the ground or floor beams may be mounted upon and fastened thereto. For example, they'may be provided with intermediate anchoring plates [8 and corner plates l8 which rest upon the upper ends of the pier member 9, the webs and angle irons of which terminate in a horizontal plane. These anchoring plates l8 and I8 may be anchored thereto in any suitable manner, as for example by the angle pieces l9, having one Wing in engagement with the angle irons i2 and the other wings in engagement with the under sides of the plates l8 and i8 and the parts are suitably fastened together by welding or riveting.
Where the character of the earth foundation permits, these pier structures 9 are assembled in position at least in part by driving. The anchoring and retaining web plates l6 rest firmly upon the grounder other surface surrounding the vertical web structure of the pier and it may be advantageous in certain cases to fasten the anchoring plate is upon the ground surface independently of and supplementary to the fastening obtained through the web structure itself. For example, in Fig. 2 there is indicated pins or other fastening devices 20 passing down through suitable openings formed in the plate 16 and entering the ground or other bearing surface of the plate. The pile structures are mounted in position preferably by the method indicated in Fig. 2. According to this preferred method holes 2| of slightly larger lateral dimensions than the plate l6 are formed in the ground of the desired depth and the bottoms of these holes 2| form a bearing and anchoring surface for the retaining plates IS, the lower ends of the piers 9 having been driven downwardly, where the character of the earth permits, until plate l6 firmly engages the bottom of the hole 2|. As many of these foundation structures 9 may be provided as is desired or required. In the particular embodiment indicated there is provided such a structure for each of the vertical studs, but there may be more or less of these members used depending upon the size of the house, the character of the ground and other considerations. Where it is impractical to drive the members 9 home, they may be mounted in holes dug to the depth thereof and the holes subsequently filled in and if desired concrete or the like may be utilized for this filling.
The outside beams l are formed of channel members with their flanges 25 (Fig. 6) horizontally disposed and projecting inwardly and the adjacent ends of these channels I have their flanges-cut off or mitered along the lines 26 to form mating edges and at a corner where these floor beams I are-disposed at right angles to each other the flanges .25 are cut-off on an angle of with respect to the webs I of the channels. The lower flanges 25 .rest upon the plates or shelves I8 and I8 disposedon the upper ends of the pier structures 9, and are anchored to said plates l8 and I8 and the pier structures by means of bolts 27 passing down through the anchor plates and also through the angle pieces IS. A bolt. 28 is indicated for fastening the plate 18 to the horizontal wing of an angle piece 19. The anchor plates 18 and I 8, which are preferably removably secured to the pier structures 9, may be of any suitable thickness and shims may be utilized for compensating for differences in level in the assembly of the prefabricated structures.
The intermediate or cross floor beams 2 are used wherever desired, as for example where it may be desired to reduce the size of the floor panels or where it is desired to-incorporate a service pipeor line. The cross beam 2 of Figs. 1 and 5 is disposed in the plane of a vertical stud 4 and cooperates and functions therewith not only as a structural element of the frame but as a continuation of the conduit formed by the vertical stud 4 for the accommodation of service pipes and lines. This floor beam 2 comprises three channel members, a central channel member 30 having its flanges 39 disposed in vertical planes and two spaced channels 3| having their webs abutting against the flanges 3B and their flanges 3| disposed in horizontal planes and with all three channel members 30 and 3| resting upon a plate 32. The cross beam 2 rests at either end or at one end upon'the lower flanges 25of the sill or channel beam I, and the whole is anchored thereto by means of bolts 33 passing through flanges 3|, plate 32 and the flange 25 and also the bolts may pass through the wings of angle pieces 19 fastened to the upper ends of the pier structures. Preferably, as shown,the webs of the channels 3| are of less depth than the height of the flanges 30- to permit adaptation of a cover 30a for the service pipe enclosure. The flanges 30 of the channel 30 with cover 3601. are of suflicient depth to enter freely the space between the flanges 25 of the beams I.
A 'corner vertical stud 3 (Fig. 6) includes an L-beam 35 with its lower end bolted to the floor beams l at their junction point, the webs of the L-beam 35 having their inner surfaces flush with the outside surfaces of the meeting beams and projecting down below the upper flange 25 as shown.
Ihe intermediate vertical stud members 4 (Fig. 1) comprise the vertical channels 41 whose flanges 41 extend inwardly from the central web and are provided with feet or flanges 48 at their lower ends disposed at right angles to the flanges 41. The channels 4'! rest upon the upper flanges 25 of the floor beams or sills and the feet or flanges 48 are secured by bolts 49 thereto.
1. A foundation pier for houses comprising an undivided elongated plate and a divided elongated plate disposed edgewise thereto and on opposite sides, pairs of angle pieces fastened to the opposite sides of said undivided plate, the members of each pair engaging the opposite sides of the divided plate sections and a bearing plate having openings formed therein corresponding to said angle pieces and threaded thereover with said last named plate being disposed at right angles to the angle pieces and rigidly fastened thereto and to the divided and undivided plates, said divided and undivided plates being formed at their lower ends into driving and cutting edges terminating at their upper end at shoulders formed in the plates, and supporting means at the top of the pier forming a bearing surface for the house framework.
2. A foundation pier for houses comprising an undivided elongated plate and a dividedelongated plate disposed edgewise thereto and on opposite sides, pairs of angle pieces fastened to the opposite sides of said undivided plate, the members of each pair engaging the opposite sides of the divided plate sections and a bearing plate having openings formed therein corresponding to said angle pieces and threaded thereover with said last named plate being disposed at right angles to the angle pieces and rigidly fastened thereto and to the divided and undivided plates, said divided and undivided plates being formed at their lower ends into driving and cutting edges and supporting means at the top of the pier forming a bearing surface for the house framework.
3. A foundation pier for houses comprising elongated plates disposed edgewise and clamped between angle beams to form a composite sheet metal structure, said elongated plates having wings at their lower end formed into mating driving points, a bearing plate rigidly fastened to the composite structure intermediate its ends to form a bearing and anchoring surface and a supporting means at their upper end comprising a shelf which is secured crosswise of the plates and beams by angle pieces.
4. A foundation pier of the character set forth in claim 1 wherein the elongated plates which are disposed edgewise to each other are of uniform width from the shoulders formed adjacent the lower end thereof to the bearing surface and the openings formed in the bearing plate are in the form of angularly disposed slots corresponding to the multi-wing composite structure, with the shoulders projecting beyond the slots formed in the bearing plate.
CHESTER A. PATTERSON.