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Publication numberUS2079583 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 4, 1937
Filing dateDec 18, 1931
Priority dateDec 18, 1931
Publication numberUS 2079583 A, US 2079583A, US-A-2079583, US2079583 A, US2079583A
InventorsBrauning Karl A
Original AssigneeYale & Towne Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lock
US 2079583 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 4, 1937. I K. A. BRAUNING I LOCK Filed 1951 llllllll 1| xxa IN VENTOR I TORA/EY Patented May 4, 1937 UN-lTED STATES PATENT OFFIQE LOCK Stamford, Conn.

Application December 18, 1931, Serial No. 581,896

11 Claims.

This invention relates to looks, and more especially to cylinder locks adapted to be easily inserted into, a lock housing, and to be easily removed therefrom.

It is the object of myinvention to provide a cylinder lock having a key operated plug and retained in a housing by means operating between the cylinder and the housing for normally securing the cylinder against removal. It is a further object ofxthe invention to so arrange the retaining means that they can only be operated to allow removal of the cylinder from the housing when the plug has been key operated to a definite position in a definite manner.

It is a still further object of my invention to design a cylinderoperable in a knob or other handle device, there being a retainer cooperating with the cylinder and the knob or handle, Whereby the cylinder is normally retained in the knob or handle, an opening being provided whereby the cylinder retainer maybe operated, the key plug of said cylinder having meansfor obstructing the operation of the retainer through said opening until said plug has been key operated to a definite position.

For a description of my inventioml shall hereinaiter refer to the drawing, wherein Fig. .1 is a perspective view of a knob in which is mounted a cylinder comprising a specific'modification of my invention. Fig. 2 is a section through the knob of Fig. 1 illustrating the cylinder and the retaining means for maintaining the same in the knob. Figs. 3 and 4 are sections taken along the line '3.3 of Fig.2 illustrating the retainer and the means for operating the same. Figs. 5 and v6 are perspective views of the cylinder plug and key, and a sleeve cooperating with the same.

Referring now more particularly to the drawing, reference numeral Ill indicates aknob of the type well known in the locking art. This knob has mounted therein a cylinder H having a key plug 12 operable by akey l3. .In Fig. 2, it will be seen that the knob I is hollow and that the cylinder l i has a pair of spring plungers M which fit behind shoulders of the knob for retaining the front end of the :cylinder releasably in the knob. The retaining plungers M are so shaped thatrnere outwardpressure on the cylinder willv act to release the same relatively to the knob l0, since the main function of the plungers is to maintain the cylinder against vibration.

The inner end of the knob l5 has a sleeve l6 secured thereto by a pair of screws I! operating in the screw-holes I8, and threaded into the body of the knob ID. The sleeve I6 is equipped with slots 1&9 one of which is adapted to fit over the driver carrying portion 20a of the cylinder, shown more particularly in Fig.5, to maintain the cylinderiagainst rotation in the knob. The sleeve lfi carries therein a spring pressed retainer .29 adapted to be pressed by a spring 2| in a direction wherein it will ride in a groove 22 on an extension of the cylinder H, as will be readily understood from Figs. .2, 3, and 5. From the description given-so far, it is apparent that the knob ii! has secured thereto-a sleeve i6 carrying a spring pressed retainer 20 which operates in a groove 22 of the cylinder to retain the cylinder against endwise movement. .It is apparent also that the cutaway portion H! of sleeve it cooperates with the driver-containing portion 20a to prevent rotary movement of the cylinder-relatively to the knob, and that the plungers it operate at the front of the cylinder to maintain the front :end in firm position against the shoulders I5 of the knob.

It is desirable in locks of the type under discussion that the cylinders be removable easily so that new cylinders may be replaced when it is desired to change the key combination. For this purpose, my .knob has an opening therein designated by numeral 23. This opening 23 aligns with a' further opening 24 in the sleeve Hi, which is further aligned with an opening 25 in the cylinder. These three openings are so located that they are on the side of the knob diametrically opposite the spring retainer 20, so that operation of the retainer by a tool inserted through the aligned openings will be impossible due to the obstructionzto the path of the tool'by the solid body 26 of the plug i2 of the cylinder.

The relation of the elements is clearly illustrated in Fig. 3 wherein the plug body is shown in a position to prevent the insertion of a tool as will be readily understood. However, when it becomes desirable to operate the retainer to remo-vethe cylinder, it is possible to rotate the plug 26 by action of the key l3 until a bore 2! in the plug comes into alignment with the openings 23, '24 and 25, so that a tool 28 may then be inserted in the manner clea rly illustrated in When the slot 22 of this cylinder is opposite retainer 211, the retainer snaps into said slot and the cylinder is thereafter held against removal, as will be quite clear.

My invention should be broadly construed to cover the combination of a lock housing having a cylinder therein, and a retainer cooperable with the cylinder and housing for normally retaining the cylinder within the housing, the operation of the retainer by a tool or other means being controlled by the key operation of the plug of the cylinder, and while I have shown a particular modification of my invention, it should be under stood that variations of the same within the scope of the appended claims will readily occur to those skilled in the art.

I claim:

1. In a lock, a cylinder, a key plug in said cylinder adapted for key operation, a retainer for maintaining the cylinder in the lock, said retainer being normally maintained inaccessible for operation, said key plug having an opening in addition to the keyway positionable by operation of the plug to render said retainer accessible, whereby said retainer may be operated to release the cylinder from said lock.

2. In a lock, a cylinder, a key plug in said cylinder adapted for key operation, a retainer for maintaining the cylinder in the lock, said retainer being mounted in the lock and having means securing the cylinder to the lock, said lock having an opening whereby said retainer may be reached to release the cylinder, and means controlled by operation of the key plug to obstruct operation of the retainer through said opening.

3. In a look, a cylinder, a key plug in said cylinder adapted for key operation, a retainer for maintaining the cylinder in the lock, said lock having an opening whereby said retainer may be reached for operation whereby to release the cylinder, and means controlled by the movement of the key plug to obstruct operation of the retainer through said opening.

4. In a lock, a cylinder, a key plug in said cylinder adapted for key operation, a retainer for maintaining the cylinder in the lock, said retainer being mounted on the lock and having means securing the'cylinder to the lock, said lock having an opening whereby said retainer may be reached to release the cylinder, said key plug being normally positioned to obstruct operation of the retainer, said plug having an opening adapted to be aligned with said lock opening when said plug is key rotated to a designated position, whereby said retainer may be operated to release the plug and cylinder for removal.

5. In a knob, a cylinder having a key plug, said cylinder and plug being insertible into said knob through an opening in the front of the knob, a spring pressed retainer operable between said cylinder and knob to retain the cylinder in the knob, said knob having an opening whereby said retainer may be reached to release the cylinder, said key plug being normally positioned to obstruct operation of the retainer, said plug having an opening adapted to be aligned with said knob bpening when said plug is key rotated to a designated position whereby said retainer may be operated to release the plug and cylinder for removal.

6. In a lock, a cylinder, a key plug in said cylinder, a retainer for maintaining said cylinder in the lock, said lock having an opening through which the retainer may be operated for permitting removal of the cylinder from the lock, and means controlled by key actuated movement of the plug for permitting or preventing effective operation of the retainer through said lock opening.

7. In a look, a cylinder, a key plug in said cylinder, a retainer for maintaining said cylinder in the lock, said lock having an opening through which the retainer may be operated for permitting removal of the cylinder from the lock, and means controlled by key actuated movement of the plug for preventing or permitting access to said retainer through said lock opening.

8. Lock structure, comprising a plug, a cylinder adapted to receive the plug, lock tumblers cooperating with the plug and cylinder, a casing into which the cylinder and plug are adapted to be inserted, and means accessible in a direction transversely of the axis of the lock structure, when the structure is assembled, and only when the plug is in unlocked position, for maintaining the cylinder in place in the casing.

9. In a knob, a cylinder having a key plug, said cylinder and plug being insertible into said knob through an opening in the front of the knob, a spring pressed retainer operable between said cylinder and knob to retain the cylinder in the knob, said knob having an opening whereby said retainer may be reached to release the cylinder, and means controlled by the rotation of the key plug for normally obstructing the operation of said retainer through said knob opening.

10. In a knob, a cylinder having a key plug, said cylinder and plug being insertible into said knob through an opening in the front of the knob, a spring pressed retainer operable between said cylinder and knob to retain said cylinder against outward movement from the knob, means cooperable between said cylinder and knob for preventing rotation of said cylinder relatively to said knob, said knob having an opening whereby said spring pressed retainer may be operated to release the cylinder for outward movement, and. means controlled by the rotation of the key plug for normally obstructing the operation of said retainer through said knob opening.

ll. In a knob, a cylinder having a key plug and a driver containing chamber, said knob having an opening extending from its front face to its interior, said cylinder being insertible into said knob opening, a slotted surface in said knob interior cooperable with said driver chamber to prevent rotation of said cylinder relatively to said knob when said cylinder is properly inserted into said knob opening, a spring pressed retainer operable between said cylinder and knob to retain the cylinder in the knob, said knob having an opening whereby said retainer may be reached to release the cylinder, and means controlled by the rotation of the key plug for normally obstructing the operation of said retainer through said knob opening.

KARL A. BRAUNING.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2707386 *Feb 2, 1950May 3, 1955Independent Lock CoKnob cylinder connector
US2713257 *Jul 13, 1949Jul 19, 1955American Hardware CorpLock mechanism
US2993720 *Oct 20, 1958Jul 25, 1961Russell Fred JResilient knob face retainer
US3019632 *Aug 29, 1960Feb 6, 1962Russell Fred JHandle assembly with removable keyoperated mechanism
US3077100 *Nov 23, 1959Feb 12, 1963American Hardware CorpKnob construction for cylinder locks
US3125877 *Aug 24, 1961Mar 24, 1964 Cylinder lock mounting construction
US3212305 *Jan 6, 1964Oct 19, 1965RussellHand-hold assembly
US3212306 *Jan 6, 1964Oct 19, 1965RussellCombination hand-hold retainer and key-operated mechanism retainer
US3286773 *Nov 16, 1964Nov 22, 1966RussellAuxiliary retainer for removable core
US3930390 *Aug 28, 1974Jan 6, 1976Ernst KellerEspagnolette lock
US4765163 *Apr 20, 1987Aug 23, 1988Yale Security Inc.Front-loaded knob assembly
US4876783 *Jun 19, 1987Oct 31, 1989Progressive Security Products, Inc.Method and apparatus for conversion of doorknob lock sets
US4995249 *Oct 23, 1989Feb 26, 1991Best Lock CorporationDoor handle assembly with hollow knob and interchangeable lock core
US5036575 *Jul 19, 1989Aug 6, 1991Progressive Security Products, Inc.Cylinder
US5077994 *Apr 5, 1991Jan 7, 1992Yale Security Inc.Door lock having removable outside lever handle for the purpose of changing the key cylinder
US5171049 *May 17, 1991Dec 15, 1992Grandy Sr Kenneth NKey-in knob door assembly with notched turn bar self-aligning button and installation catches
US5317889 *Aug 13, 1992Jun 7, 1994Emhart Inc.Front loaded cylinder for door lockset
US5442943 *Dec 1, 1993Aug 22, 1995Mercedes-Benz AgSteering lock for motor vehicles
US6634197 *Jan 22, 2002Oct 21, 2003Assa AbLock device with removable core
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/224, 70/368
International ClassificationE05B9/00, E05B9/08
Cooperative ClassificationE05B9/084
European ClassificationE05B9/08C