US 2079617 A
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May lil, 1937. J. H. JOHNSON COMBINATION REST BAR ND FRACTURE STAND Filed May 20, 1935 Chio: w41] Patented May 11, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Johan Hilding Johnson, Salt Lake City, Utah Application May 20, 1933, Serial N0. 671,965
My invention relates to hospital appliances and has for its object to provide a new and efficient combination rest bar and fracture stand.
A further object is to provide a rest bar for use where persons are confined to bed, said bar to be adjustable as to height on either supporting stand at either end and to be sloped over the bed at any angle.
A further object is to provide a fracture stand l which may be used singly or jointly and which stand may be provided with suitable pulleys and supports to carry the ropes or cables used for elongation or weights placed to give the desired positioning of portions of the body or limbs or to 15 piace the fracture in the proper position for heal- A still further object is to provide a combination rest bar and fracture stand with the rest bar and the stand both provided with suitable sheave 20 wheels for running cables or ropes thereover to weight certain fractures as desired by the doctor attending the case.
These objects I accomplish with the device illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which 25 similar numerals and letters of reference indicate like parts throughout the several views and as described in the specification forming a part of this application and pointed out in the appended claims.
In the drawing in which I have shown my device, Figure 1 is a side elevation of my device fully equipped showing it in place over a bed and with dotted lines to indicate possible positioning of the patient and the use of the rest bar.
Figure 2 is a side elevation of only one of the 'end stands with some of the equipment shown thereon.
Figure 3 is an edge view of the top casting carried in the end of the stand.
Figure 4 is a section through the joint between the stand pipe and the stationary base.
Figure 5 is a plan view of one of the brackets used on either the rest bar or either of the stands, as many'as necessary being used.
Figure 6 is a diagrammatic View looking down on a bed of small size to merely show the various positions which may be obtained by the use of my invention.
In the drawing I have shown the device as attached to a bed A with the vertical stands B of my invention set adjacent the bed A and having clamping members I secured to any accessible portion of the bed which may be engaged by the gripping fingers 2 and 3 of the clamping members I. Each vertical stand B is made with a foot 4 thereon upon which it is carried and supported and with the lower portion of the stand B made of a cylindrical tube member 5 set into the foot 4 and with the top end of the tube 5 carrying a reducer clamp 6 said clamp having the (Cl. 12S- 84) lower portion bored to lit onto the top of the tube 5 and the upper reduced portion to fit around an adjustable stand pipe 8, said pipe to be held in the reduced portion 'I of the clamp 6 so that the ears 9 of the clamp may be tightened together by the hand or thumb screw I0 passed therethrough to hold the pipe 8 at any desired elevation and as a further safety means the vertical pipe 8 is provided with holes II therethrough through which a pin I2 may be passed to prevent thepipe from dropping into the tube 5 should the clampV Ii become loosened accidentally.
The top end of the pipe 8 carries a vertical casting I5, said casting having the bottom end secured into the open end of the pipe 8 and is secured thereto by a set screw I4. The casting I5 is bifurcated at the top end I6 to receive a rest bar bracket I'I and has a slot I8 through the body of the casting to carry a sheave or pulley wheel I9 therein to allow a rope or cable to be passed through the slot over the sheave wheel. The rest bar bracket I'I is formed of a half circular base 20 onto which there is a depending lug 2| through which a pin 22 is passed when the lug is inserted between the legs of the bifurcated end of the casting I5. One side of the base 20 is hingedly connected to the top half 23 of the bracket I'I and the other side carries a locking screw 24'which screw is passed between bifurcated ends 25 of the half bracket 23 and a thumb nut or wing nut 26 is screwed onto the end of the screw 24 to lock the two halves of the bracket I1 together when the rest bar D of the device is in place therein.
The two stands are placed at opposite ends of the bed or on opposite sides of the bed as desired and the rest bar D is secured in the brackets at the top end of each so that the injured person may move about in bed by the use of his arms.
Each of the pipes 8 is provided with a rest bar bracket 30, said bracket being formed of hinged clamp members 3| secured to the pipe 8 by a thumb nut and screw 32 being passed therethrough and onto one side of the bracket 30 there is a pivoted bracket 35, said bracket being formed of hinged members 36 and 31 to be secured together by the adjustment screw and nut 38 with this bracket to t the rest bar D so that in case a doctor has a case wherein the pipe 8 must be held to its highest position the rest bar may be placed in the bracket 35 and adjusted to any desired level to t the requirements of the patient. y
Each of the vertical pipes 8 is provided with adjustable clamps F, said clamps being made to t the bar with a bore 39 therethrough and a slot 40 through one side of the bore to allow for tightening of the clamp onto the pipe 8 by a screw 4I. Drop pulleys 42 are secured to the clamps and sheave wheels 43 are carried between the outer bifurcated ends thereof so that the clamps may be used for two cables at a time. The rest bar D is also provided with like clamps and the stand pipes 5 may also be provided therewith if desired.
Onto the pipe 8 I also provide a double bracket 45 which bracket carries a horizontal bar 46 therein adjustably movable .by loosening the clamp screw 41 of the clamp portion 48 of the bracket 45. The portion 49 is secured to the bar 8 and the bar 46 is set over the'bed to provide an extra means for supporting any cable, rope or weight desired.
The bracket 45 may be placed on the rest bar D and a bar 46 carried therein similar to that shown in Figure 1v carried therein to provide an extension from the rest bar if desired.
A rod 50 is placed within the end of the bar 46 with a pulley 5| mounted from the free end of the rod 50 through which a cable or rope may be passed.
As shown in Figure 1 the two stands are placed at the ends of the bed and each stand is set for the desired result. The cables 55 and 56 are passed through the sheave wheels I9 and are held spaced from the end of the bed by brackets carried on the pipe 8 of the stand member 5. Weights 51 are suspended from the ends of the cables to provide the desired weight to elongate the fracture and prevent overlapping when healing.
Having thus described my invention I desire to secure by Letters Patent and claim:
1` In a fracture stand and rest bar to be used with a hospital bed, the combination of vertical hollow stands, one tof'be placed at each end of` the bed; a foot for each stand, upon which it is supported; a clamp to secure each stand to the adjacent end of the bed; a reducer clamp secured onto the top end of each stand having the top portion reduced and adjustable, to be tightened onto a stand pipe; a stand pipe to be passed down into each vertical hollow stand and be adjustable as to height by the adjustment of the reducer; a casting carried on the top end of each stand pipe with a transverse opening therethrough in which a sheave wheel is mounted for rotation, and with the top end of the casting bifurcated; a sleeve clamp rest bar bracket pivotally mounted in the bifurcated end of each casting; and a longitudinal rest bar mounted in said sleeve-clamps from end to end of the. bed adjustable as to height or angle relation to the bed.
2. In a fracture stand and rest bar for use on hospital beds, the combination of two vertical hollow stands one to` be placed at each end of the bed; a foot upon which each stand is supported; a clamp secured to each vertical stand having gripping iingers to engage and clamp onto the bed to rigidly secure the two stands to the ends of the bed; a reducer clamp secured onto the top end of each hollow stand having the top portion reduced with a split portion forming'extended ears on one side of said reducer to allow the reduced portion to be drawn to a smaller diameter; a stand pipe to be passed down into said hollow vertical stand through said reducer and adjustable as to height by adjustment of the reducer; ya casting carried in the top end of each stand pipe having a transverse opening therethrough and with the top end bifurcated; a set screw to hold the casting solid in the stand pipe; a sheave wheel carried in said transverse opening in each of said castings; a sleeve clamp made of opposed half cylinders pivoted together with an adjusting wing nut to lock them into a cylinder, with the lower half of the clamp having a depending lug formed to be pivotally pivoted between the bifurcated legs of the casting at the top of each stand pipe; a longitudinal rest bar carried in said sleeve clamps extending from end to end of the bed, said bar being adjustable as to height or angle relation to said bed, and clamps carried on said rest bar in which sheave wheels are carried to coact with the sheave wheels in the castings to support cables over said bed, substantially as described.
3. In a fracture stand and rest bar for use on hospital beds, the combination of two vertical hollow stands one to be placed at each end of the bed; a foot on which each stand is supported; a clamp bracket secured onto each stand; an adjustable clamp carried by said bracket having gripping ngers to engage and clamp onto the head and foot of the bed to rigidly secure the two stands in place; a reducer clamp secured onto the top end of each hollow stand having the top portion reduced with a split portion forming extended ears on one side of said reducer to allow the split portion to be drawn down to a smaller diameter; a stand pipe to be passed down into each hollow vertical stand through said reducers and adjustable as to height by the action of the clamping of said reducer; a casting carried on the top end of each stand pipe having a smaller portion to t down into the top end of said pipe; 1
a set screw to hold the casting in place; a transverse opening through said casting; a sheave wheel rotatably mounted in said opening; bifurcated ends on the top end of each casting; a sleeve clamp made of opposed half cylinders pivoted together with an adjustable wing nut to lock them into a cylinder, with the lower half of the clamp having a depending lug formed t0' be pivotally carried between the bifurcated legs of the casting at the top of each stand pipe; a longitudinal rest bar carried in said sleeve clamps extending from end to end of the bed, said bar being adjustable as to height or angle relation to said bed by the adjustment of the stands at each end of the bed; clamps adjustably mounted to said rest bar; sheave Wheels mounted in said adjustable clamps; adjustable clamp-s carried on the stand pipe; a short horizontal bar mounted in one of said clamps extending out over said bed; a sheave wheel pivotally mounted onto the end of said horizontal bar; cables carrying a weight on the outer end thereof, said cables being passed through the sheave wheel at the end of the stand pipe and through one of the sheave wheels mounted in the adjustable clamps on the horizontal rest bar and then down to one portion of the patients body; another cable mounted through said sheave wheel at the end of said horizontal bar said last cable also carrying a weight at its free end and having the other end attached to some portion of the patients body, said cables to give the proper stretch, position, and weight relation to the limbs of the patient for proper setting of the bones.