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Publication numberUS2080799 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 18, 1937
Filing dateMar 15, 1934
Priority dateMay 19, 1933
Publication numberUS 2080799 A, US 2080799A, US-A-2080799, US2080799 A, US2080799A
InventorsWiegand Edwin L
Original AssigneeWiegand Co Edwin L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Thermally responsive device
US 2080799 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 18, 1937. E. L. WIEGAND 2,080,799

THERMALLY RESPONS IVE DEV ICE Original Filed May 19, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 lwvzwToR ATTOKNLTE;

May 18, 1937. E. 1.. WIEGAND THERMALLY RESPONSIVE DEVICE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Original Filed May 19, 1953 Edd/1.6. m lNviNT'OK .Arr-roqvuz e Patented May 18, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,080,799 7 THERMALLY RESPONSIVE DEVICE Original application May 19, 1933, Serial No.

671,878. Divided and this application March 15, 1934, ary 15, 1937 14 Claims. This invention relates to thermally responsive devices, and has for its principal object the provision of new and improved devices of this character.

In the drawings accompanying this specification and forming a part of this application, I have shown, for the purpose of illustration, one form which my invention may assume, and in these drawings:

Figure 1 is an elevational view of the invention, as employed in connection with an air conditioning apparatus, showing the later partly in vertical section and partly in elevation,

Figure 2 is an enlarged perspective view of an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 3 is a top plan view, partly in section, of

the embodiment shown in Figure 2,

Figure 4 is a broken, side elevational view, corresponding substantially to the line 4-4 of Fig- 20 ure 3, and showing the parts in one position.

Figure 5 is a broken, vertical sectional view, partly in elevation, disclosing the parts in a different position, while Figure 6 is a diagrammatic layout of the electrical appliances employed in connection with the invention.

This application constitutes a division of my copending application Serial Number 671,878, filed May 19, 1933.

e As shown in Figures 1 through 5, there is disclosed a metallic casing Ill, oblong rectangular in cross-section and open at both ends, and adjacent one end of the casing I0 is disposed a plurality of electrical heating elements II, and adjacent the latter is positioned a thermally responsive safety cut-out device l2. The electrical heating units ll extend transversely across the passage defined by the inner casing wall, and each is oblong rectangular in cross-section, 40 disposed edgewise to the direction of air fiow through the casing Ill, comprising a metallic outer casing l3 enclosing a heating coil, not

shown, connected to terminal posts I5 and I6.

Arranged along the body portion of each heating 45 element II, is a plurality of laterally extending fin members I I, providing large radiating surfaces and operating also to provide air passages therebetween which direct passing air in well defined directions.

Supporting the heating elements H in proper position in the casing III are similar substantially U-shaped supports and 2|, one for each end of the heating units H, and each support 20 and 2| has a horizontal flange 22 provided with openings 23 for the reception of the opposite ends til Serial No. 715,672. Renewed Februof the rectangular body portions of each heating element II, the projecting ends of which extend into a hollow formation defined by each of the supports 20, 2| and the inner surface of the casing III. In the case of the support 20, the horizontal flange 22 extends between the adjacent end pair of fins ll of each heating unit I I, the later pair of fins preferably being placed closer together than the remainder of the fins to insure snug reception of the flange 22 therebetween, and in the case of the Support 21 the end fin of each heating unit I l, is spaced from the flange 22 to allow for expansion of the heating element It.

The terminal posts l5 and I6 are connected to bus bars 25 by means of angular connecting members 26, and the bus bars 25 in turn are electrically connected in a circuit hereinafter more particularly pointed out in connection with the description of the diagrammatic layout shown in Figure 6..

At the outlet of the casing l0 there are provided a plurality of louvers or deflectors pivotally mounted as at 3!, and manually adjustable for intercepting and directing the air issuing from the outlet of the casing I!) as desired.

At the inner side of the bank of heating elements Ii, and within the casing Hi, there is mounted a partition 32 having angular flanges 33 secured to the casing wall by bolts 34, and the partition 32 is provided with a central aperature 35 within which is disposed a fan 36, carried by the armature shaft of a motor 31.

The motor 31 is supported in position with respect to the casing ID, by a plate 38, bearing upon the central portions of a pair of resilient metallic supporting strips 39, the opposite end portions of which diverge with respect to each other, and end flanges thereof are secured to the casing wall, as by bolts 40.

As best shown in Figure 6, the heating elements H are connected in parallel circuits 42, 43, and 44, the circuits 43 and 44 connecting through jumper straps 45 and 46 with the conductors 41 and 48, the jumper straps in the positions shown in full lines in Figure 6, rendering the system suitable for single phase operation. The jumper straps 45 and 46 however, may be rearranged, as indicated in dotted lines in Figure 6, to connect with a conductor 49, and thus render the system suitable for three phase operation. The con ductors 41, 48, and 49 are adapted to be connected with feed wires through a switch 50. Control mechanism is included in a parallel circuit 5|, comprising the thermally responsive device I2, and a thermostatically controlled switch 52 of any commercial type, both operable to make and break the circuit 5| dependent upon the temperature, and operating through any well known type of switch operating mechanism, one of which may include a spring 28 normally urging the blades of the switch to disengaged position, While a solenoid 53, when energized, operates to close and hold closed the switch 50, so that when the thermostatically controlled switch 52, or the thermal responsive device I2, breaks the circuit 5|, the solenoid is deenergized, permitting the spring 28 to disengage the switch 50 and cut off the supply of current to the heating elements II. The motor and fan unit may be included in another circuit I00 not affected by the making and breaking of the circuit 5|.

As shown in Figures 1 through 5, the thermally responsive safety cut-out device I2 comprises an elongated metallic block, or support secured by bolts 29 to the supporting formation 20 for the heating elements I I, and to the opposite sides of the block 55 are clamped resilient contact members 56 and 51, having angular end portions provided with contact points 58, and the member 51 is extended to provide an extension 59, and to the latter is clamped an operating rod 60, suitably insulated, extending to the outside of the casing I0 and terminating in an operating knob 4|. Each of the contact members 56 and 51 is insulated from the block 55 and from each other by suitable insulating members, as best shown in Figure 5, and the contact members 56 and 51 are clamped in position by bolts SI and 62, the bolt 6| being electrically connected with the contact member 56 and insulated, as indicated at 92, from the contact member 51; and the bolt 82 being electrically connected with the contact member 51 and insulated, as shown at 93, from the contact member 56; the bolts BI and 62 also serving as terminal members for connection with wires 90 and 9| forming part of the control circuit 5|. The block 55 is also provided with an offset portion 63 to which is secured a bimetallic thermally responsive element 64, and to the opposite side of the block 55 is secured a resilient latch member 65 having a screw extending laterally therethrough providing an adjustable post 66 which extends between the contact members 56 and 51 and into abutment with the thermally responsive element 64, and beyond the post 66 the latch member 65 is provided with a laterally extending portion having a flat engaging face 61 adapted in one position to bear against the extension 59 to hold the contacts 58 in engagement, and also having a beveled surface 68 to facilitate movement of the extension 59 into latching position when the extension 59 is moved by manipulation of the rod to reset the latch after the same has been detached.

Assuming the jumper straps '45 and 46 to be in the position illustrated in full lines in Figure 6 for single phase operation, and the circuit 5| closed, the fan will operate to direct air through the casing I0, and through and into'contact with the heating elements II, such air emerging between the louvers or deflectors 30. Due to the manner in which the heating elements I I are arranged in the casing, that is, edgewi'se with respect to the air stream, and because of the presence of the fins I1 upon the heating elements II, passage of the air through the heating elements not only is not unduly obstructed, but the air is directed in well defined paths forwardly from the mouth of the casing and the air so issuing may be more effectively directed where desired through manipulation of the louvers 30; in addition the fins 11 provide extensive radiating surfaces and great efliciency as will be understood. The heating elements I I may be operated in concert, as just described, but, if desired, the heating units in the circuits 43 and/or 44 may be cut out temporarily by disconnecting the jumper straps 45 and/or 46.

Automatic control of the heating elements II is effected through operation'of the thermostatically controlled switch 52 which interrupts the circuit 5| when the temperature rises beyond a predetermined level, resulting in disconnection of the switch 50, and deenergization of the heating elements II. When the temperature falls sufficiently to again operate the thermostatically controlled switch 52, the circuit 5| is again closed, resulting in closing of the switch 50, and energization of whatever heating elements are included in the circuit.

The safety thermal cut-out I2 is located adjacent to the heating coils II, and when the temperature rises too high for safety, the safety cutout operates to interrupt the circuit 5|, and deenergizes the heating elements. This operation takes place through deformation of the bimetallic strip 64, which forces the latch member outwardly, and'causes the contact member 51 to spring away and separate the contact points 58. The safety cut-out I2 deenergizes the circuit 5| until the device is reset by manipulation of the rod 60, which may be pressed inwardly, causing the extension 59 of the contact member 51 to ride along the beveled surface 68 of the latch member 65 until the latch springs into position to again hold the contact points 58 in engagement. The safety cut-out I2 may be regulated to operate at different temperatures by adjusting the post 66 with respect to the thermally responsive element 64.

It will be noted that the safety thermal cutout device I2 is located adjacent the heating coils I and in the path of the outgoing air stream generated by the fan 36, so that the generated air stream cools the thermally responsive element 64 and removes therefrom such heat as may be absorbed from the heating coils II by radiation. Accordingly if the fan 36 is not rotating, the temperature of the thermal element 64 rises rapidly and operates to open the circuit 5| until the device is reset by manipulation of the rod 60. And if the device be reset to close the circuit 5| before the air flow has been restored or increased, the bimetallic strip 64 will respond quickly to radiant heat from the heating elements II to open the circuit 5|, provided the rise in temperature is above the predetermined safety point.

To convert the heater circuit for three phase operation it is only necessary to disconnect the jumper straps 45 and 46 from communication with the conductors 41 and 48, and connect the ends thereof to the third conductor 49, in which case the circuits 43 and 44 are completed through the conductor 49, and the remainder of the apparatus operates in the manner already described.

While I have herein disclosed the preferred embodiment of my invention it will be understood that various, changes may be made and details modified, all without departing from the spirit of my invention, or sacrificing the advantages thereof, either those advantages hereinabove specifically pointed out or any other advantages not specifically pointed out but which nevertheless will be apparent to those skilled in the art.

Therefore it will be understood that the disclosure herein is illustrative only, and that my invention is not limited thereto.

I claim:

1. A device of the character described, comprising: a support; a plurality of spaced contact members carried by said support, and relatively movable toward and from each other, and having contact means engageable to close a circuit, said contact members being normally urged apart to maintain said circuit open; latch means, extending adjacent to said contact members, movable at an angle to the direction of relative movement between said contact members, and having a latching element engageable to hold said contact members in position to maintain said contact means in engagement; actuating means relatively movable with respect to said latch means and operable to release said latch means and effect separation of said contact members and interruption of said circuit; and means extending between said actuating means and said latch means, adjustable to vary the relative movement necessary to release said latch means.

2. A device of the character described, comprising: a support; a plurality of spaced contact members carried by said support, and relatively movable toward and from each other, and having contact means engageable to close a circuit, said contact members being normally urged apart to maintain said circuit open; latch means, including an inherently resilient strip of material secured to said support, extending adjacent to said contact members, movable at an angle to the direction of relative movement between said con tact members, and having a latching element engageable to hold said contact members in position to maintain said contact means in engagement; actuating means relatively movable with respect to said latch means and operable to release said latch means and effect separation of said contact members and interruption of said circuit; and means extending between said actuating means and said latch means, adjustable to vary the relative movement necessary to release said latch means.

3. A device of the character described, comprising: a support; a plurality of spaced inherently resilient contact members secured at one set of ends 'to said support, projecting from said support, and relatively movable toward and from each other, and at their free ends having contact means engageable to close a circuit, said contact members being normally biased apart to maintain said circuit open; latch means, including an in-' herently resilient strip of material secured to said support, extending adjacent to said contact members, movable at an angle to the direction of relative movement between said contact members, and having a latching element engageable to hold said contact members in position to maintain said contact means in engagement; actuating means relatively movable with respect to said latch means and operable to release said latch means and effect separation of said contact members and interruption of said circuit; and means extending between said actuating means and said latch means, adjustable to vary the relative movement necessary to release said latch means.

4. A device of the character described, comprising: a. support; a plurality of spaced inherently resilient fiat contact carrying strips of material, secured adjacent one set of ends to said support, projecting from said support, relatively movable toward and from each other, and adjacent their free ends having contact means engageable to close a circuit, said contact members being biased apart to maintain said circuit open; latch means, including a flat strip secured to said support, disposed substantially at right angles to said contact carryingstrips, movable at an angle to the direction of relative movement between said contact members, and having a latch element engageable to hold said contact members in position to maintain said contact means in engagement; and a flat thermostatic strip secured to said support in spaced substantially parallel relation with respect to said latch strip, and movable in a path coinciding with the path of movement of said latch strip, and operable to trip said latch strip to release said contact carrying members and effect separation of said contact means and interruption of said circuit.

5. A device of the character described, comprising: a support; a plurality of spaced inherently resilient fiat contact carrying strips of material, secured adjacent one set of ends to said support, projecting from said support, relatively movable toward and from each other, and adjacent their free 'ends having contact means engageable to close a circuit, said contact mem: bers being biased apart to maintain said circuit open; latch means, including a flat latch strip secured to said support, disposed substantially at right angles to said contact carrying strips, movable at an angle to the direction of relative movement between said contact members, and having a latch element engageable to hold said contact members in position to maintain said contact means in engagement; a fiat thermostatic strip secured to said support in spaced substantially parallel relation with respect to said latch strip, and movable in a path coinciding with the path of movement of said latch strip, and operable to trip said latch strip to release said contact carrying members and effect separation of said contact means and interruption of said circuit; and a set screw carried by said latch strip and extending toward said thermostatic strip to variably adjust the relative movement necessary for actuation.

6. A device of the character described, comprising: a rectangular support; a plurality of spaced inherently resilient flat contact carrying strips of material, secured adjacent one set of ends to opposed sides of said support, projecting from said support, relatively movable toward and from each other, and adjacent their free ends having contact means engageable to close a circuit, said contact members being biased apart to maintain said circuit open; latch means, including a flat strip secured to a third side of said support, disposed substantially at right angles to said contact carrying strips, movable at an angle to the direction of relative movement between said contact members, and having a latch element engageable to hold said contact members in position to maintain said contact means in engagement; and a fiat thermostatic strip secured to the fourth side of said support and extending in substantially parallel relation with respect to said latch strip, and movable in a path coinciding with the path of movement of said latch strip, and operable to trip said latch strip to release said contact carrying members and efi'ect separation of said contact means and interruption of said circuit.

7. In combination: cooperating abuttable contact members relatively movable in a plane at an angle to the general plane of abutment of said contact members, and biased out of abutment with each other; latch means constructed and arranged for releasably holding said contact members in abutment, said latch means being 5 constructed and arranged for movement in said general plane; and thermally responsive means constructed and arranged for moving said latch means to release said contact members.

8. In combination: cooperating abuttable contact members relatively movable in a plane at an angle to the general plane of abutment of said contact members, and biased out of abutment with each other; latch means constructed and arranged for releasably holding said conl5 tact members in abutment, and for movement in .said general plane; thermally responsive means constructed and arranged for moving said latch means to release said contact members; and means, cooperable with said latch means,

so constructed and arranged that movement of said contact members into latched position first positively moves said latch means, in said general plane, in a direction away from latching position.

9. In combination: cooperating abuttable contact members relatively movable in a plane at an angle to the general plane of abutment of said contact members, and biased out of abutment with each other; latch means constructed and arranged for releasably holding said contact members in abutment, said latch means being constructed and arranged for movement in said general plane; and thermally responsive means, constructed and arranged for movement in said general plane and for moving said latch means in said general plane to release said contact members.

10. In combination: a first contact member; a second contact member mounted for movement with respect to and biased away from said first contact member; latch means constructed and arranged for releasably holding said contact members in engagement, and for swinging movement, and further constructed and arranged so that it is biased into latching position; thermally responsive means constructed and arranged for moving said latch means to release said contact members; and resetting means, cooperable with said latch means including a cam disposed in a plane generally parallel to the general axis of swing of said latch means, said resetting means being so constructed and arranged that movement of said second contact member toward engagement with said first contact member moves, in cooperation with said cam, said latch means in a direction away from latching position.

11. In combination: cooperating abuttable contact members relatively movable in a plane at an angle to the general plane of abutment of said contact members, and biased out of abutment with each other; latch means constructed and arranged for releasably holding said contact members in abutment; and thermally responsive means, constructed and arranged for movement in said general plane and for moving said latch means to release said contact members.

12. In combination: cooperating contact members relatively movable in a general plane, and biased out of engagement with each other; latch means constructed and arranged for releasably holding said contact members in engagement; thermally responsive means; said latch means and said thermally responsive means being mounted laterally of said cooperating contact members on opposite sides of said general plane; and means so constructed and arranged that predetermined movement of said thermally responsive means causes movement of said latch means to release said conta'ct members.

13. In combination: cooperating contact members relatively movable in a general plane, and biased out of engagement with each other; latch means constructed and arranged for releasably holding said contact members in engagement; thermally responsive means; said latch means and said thermally responsive means being mounted-laterally of said cooperating contact members on opposite sides of said general plane, said latch means being constructed and arranged for movement in a plane at an angle to said general plane; and means so constructed and arranged that predetermined movement of said thermally responsive means causes movement of said'latch means to release said contact members.

14. In combination: cooperating contact members relatively movable in a general plane, and biased out of engagement with each other; latch means constructed and arranged for releasably holding said contact members in engagement; thermally responsive means; said latch means and said thermally responsive means being mounted laterally of said cooperating contact members on opposite sides of said general plane, said thermally responsive means being constructed and arranged for movement in a plane at an angle to said general plane; and means so constructed and arranged that predetermined movement of said thermally responsive means causes movement of said latch means to release said contact members.

EDWIN L. WIEGAND.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2467084 *Jun 1, 1946Apr 12, 1949American Electric Heating CompControl circuits
US2474369 *Aug 19, 1944Jun 28, 1949Gen Controls CoAir circulation control system
US2503600 *Jul 29, 1946Apr 11, 1950Tice Reuben SBuilding heating system
US2558908 *Feb 9, 1946Jul 3, 1951Paige Isaac ACircuit breaker switch
US3731057 *Jun 21, 1971May 1, 1973Gec BridgeportSensing means for electric fan heater
US4088869 *Sep 8, 1975May 9, 1978General Electric CompanyTemperature limiting circuit for electric hair dryers
US4710610 *Sep 8, 1986Dec 1, 1987Nordyne, Inc.Electric resistance heater and limit switch assembly
US5131455 *Jan 24, 1991Jul 21, 1992Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.Low power electrical fan motor and heater thermal protection circuit for air conditioner
US8755678 *Jun 21, 2011Jun 17, 2014Arjan DykmanExplosion proof forced air electric heater
US20120328270 *Jun 21, 2011Dec 27, 2012Arjan DykmanExplosion Proof Forced Air Electric Heater
Classifications
U.S. Classification337/356, 361/105, 337/349, 392/360, 236/36
International ClassificationH01H37/70, H01H37/00, H01H37/52
Cooperative ClassificationH01H37/52, H01H37/70
European ClassificationH01H37/52, H01H37/70