|Publication number||US2081779 A|
|Publication date||May 25, 1937|
|Filing date||Jul 16, 1936|
|Priority date||Jul 16, 1936|
|Publication number||US 2081779 A, US 2081779A, US-A-2081779, US2081779 A, US2081779A|
|Inventors||Robert S Titus|
|Original Assignee||Robert S Titus|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (18), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
R. S. TITUS May 25, 1937.
FACE MASK Filed .July 16. 193e INVENTQR ATTQRNEYS Rohff t YTitus Patented May 25, 1937 PATENT OFFICE FACE Mask' Robert s. mus, New'aocheue, N. Y.
Application July 16,
This invention relatesto a face mask and more particularly to a mask adapted to be worn in shielding relation to the nose and mouth to protect the wearer from inhaling or exhaling foreignV or infectious matter.
One object of the invention is to provide a mask which will be simple and economical of construction, and thus capable of being manufacturedand sold at a low cost.
Another object of the invention is to so form the mask that when in use it will iit closely against the face, conforming to the shape thereof, thus very effectively preventing the passage of ,foreign or infectious matter between the face and the marginal portions of the mask.
Another object of the invention is to provide the mask with improved strands, or balls, which are yfitted through pockets or hems along upper 'and lower margins of the fabric body of the mask, and which strands or bails may be very easily and quickly inserted or removed, thus permitting the strands or balls to be transferred from one mask to another, and alsa permitting the mask and strands to be thoroughly cleansed and steri- 325 lized separately. A
\ 'Another object of the invention is toprovide strands or bails which may be easily bent to conform to the contour of the portions of the wearers face alongwhich margins of the mask extend,
30 which strands or balls may alsov'ihave portions which project from the ends of the mask in such manner that they may bebent to engage back of the wearers ears and in'gripping engagement with the wearers neck below the jaw. f
35 Another object of the invention is to so bend the projecting portions of the upper strand or bail that they will engage back of the wearers ears and firmly hold the mask in' place, without allowing the portions which bear against the wearers face 40 to interfere when glasses or spectacles are worn.
Another object of the invention is to provide a mask which will be durable in construction, and
consequently economical to use.
Another object of the invention is to provide a mask which will be lquick and easy to apply and to remove, as well as comfortable to wear.
Still another object of the invention is to pro? vide a mask in which the strands or bails and the fabric parts will be interchangeable.
With these and numerous other objects in view. my invention con`sistsinv the novel features oi construction, combination and arrangement of parts as will be hereinafter referred to and more particularly pointed out in the specification and claims, i
The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing wherein: Figure 1 is a perspective view vshowing the improved mask in use;
1936, serial No. 91,009 (ci. 12s-14s) Figure 21s a view looking at the mask with the strands, or bails,v removed;
Figure 3 is a sectional view'taken along the line 3-3 ofFlgure 2; l
Figure 4 is an end view of the mask with the strands, or balls, removed;
. Figure 5 is a sectional view taken along the line 5-5 of Figure 2;'v
Figure 6 is a perspective view of the upper strand; and 4 l Figure 'I is a perspective` view of theA lower strand. i
The mask l is formed oi fabric'and consists of a strip of gauze which is doubled intermediate its length to dispose its ends in registry with each other as shown in Figure 3 and then re- Adoubled as shown in this figure. Therefore, the single length of gauze forms a mask having a plurality of plies which will be referred to as inner and outer plies and are designated by the numerals 2 and 3 in Figures 3 and 5. The portions of the strip of gauze forming the outer plies are. of greater width than the portions forming the inner plies as is clearly shown in Figure 5 and the protruding upper and lower portions of the outer plies are folded inwardly in a rearward direction and disposedy in overlying relation to 'upper and lower marginal portions of the inner plies where they are secured bystitchng 4. Outer lines of stitching defining hems 6 serving as retaining means and through which upper and lower strands or bails are to be passed. While it has been stated that the mask has four "plies it will be obvious that this number may be varied and more or less plis provided if s'o desired. The fact that the mask may be formed of sterilized gauze produces a mask having antiseptic qualities which will protect the wearer from inhaling orexhaling foreign or infectlous matter. It is desired to have the mask gradually reduced in Width towards its ends and in order to accomplish this', portions of theinner and outer plies are folded and stitched to form pleats 1 at each end, which pleats reduce the width of the mask and cause lit to taper towards its ends as shown in Figure 2. Therefore, when the m-ask is applied to the wearers face with its upper marginal portion over the nose and`its lower marginal portion-under the chin the curvature of its upper and lower edges will cause it to t properly against the wearers face.
The upper and lower strands, or bails, 8 and's, by means of which the mask is to be held in shielding relation to the wearers face, are formed of pliable metal which-may be very easily bent without likelihood of fracture. They may be made of any soft metal, but silver or chromeplated copper are preferable, as they may be easily bent and at the same time are not subject to corrosion or rust. It should be clearly understood.
5 are passed through the folds, thus however, that for industrial purposes some other soft metal may be substituted'. Ends of the strands, or balls, are thickened, or beaded, as shown at l0 and Il, to provide knobs which permit the strands to be easily passed through the heis 8 without catching in the gauzefabric and tearing the mask. These knobs, or beads, also serve to provide the strands with blunt ends and so prevent them from digging into the wearers skin and causing discomfort when the mask is worn. The strands, or balls, as initially supplied with the mask are straight instead of being shaped as shown in 'Figures 1, 6 and 7. Therefore, when initially applying the mask, the strands or balls may be bent to conform to the contourof the wearers face, and the marginal edges of the -mask will fit closely against'the nose and cheeks,
also against the chin and jaw. The protruding end portions of the upper strand, or bail, resemble the bows of a pair of spectacles, and are formed with end hooks l2 to engage overand back of the wearers ears, but instead of extending straight from the ends of the mask, they are bent so that they are bowed or curved` longitudinally and merge into the curved or bowed upper edge portion of the mask. By so bending the upper strand, or bail, its projecting end portions will approach the ears at such an A.angle that they will notr be in the way if glasses are worn, and there will be no danger of the upper strand vor the upper marginal edge of the mask making contact with the glasses and dislodging them. The lower strand, or bail, has its projecting end portions bent to conform to the curvature of the wearers neck in such manner as to form a lx1-shaped jaw which will grip the neck on opposite sides and hold the lower portion ofthe mask iirrnly in place.
After the mask has been adjusted and applied it may `have additional adjustments made by bending the upper and lower strands until they t snugly against the portions of the face andl neck with which they come in contact, and the passage of foreign or infectious matterto or from the nose and mouth of the wearer will be prevented. It will be noted that the mask will also be worn by persons afflicted with contagious diseases communicable through respiration to prevent the discharge of such disease germs. After the mask has been removed it may be cleansed and sterilized either with or without the strands, or bells, in place, and then used over again, or the strands may be removed and the maskdiscarded', retaining the-strands tobe inserted in a new mask when desired. As masks for the prevention of the communication of disease are only used once before being sterilized'again,
it will be seen that the interchangeability of masks and strands is a most desirable feature. IIhis mask is simple in construction, capable of being easily and quickly applied or removed, very comfortable for the wearer, may be easily and cheaply wrapped in air-tight, sterile packages, may be manufactured at a. low cost and sold at a correspondingly low price, and will fit any wearer, regardless of shape of face. It will thus be seen that it has many desirable features.`
From the foregoing description of the construction of my improved apparatus, the application of the same to use will be readily understood. It will be seen that I have provided a simple, inexpensive, and eillcient means for carrying out the objects of the invention.
While I have particularly described the elements best adapted to perform the functions set Vment with a` persons neck from forth, it is obvious that various changes in form, proportionfand in the minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit orsacricing any of the principles of the invention.
Having thus described the invention what is claimed is:
1. A mask comprising a fabric body having lts upper and lower edges converging towards its ends to provide tapered end portions for the' body, open-ended hems being formed along upper and lower margins of the body, and strands, or balls, of flexible metal passed through said hems with their end portions projecting from ends of the hems, the upper strand being of a length to permit its projecting end portions to be bent to form longitudinally curved bows terminating in hooks for engaging over and back of a persons ears, and the lower strand being of a length to permit its projecting end portions to form longitudinally curved jaws adapted to have gripping engageopposite sides thereof.
2. A vmask comprising a fabric body having its upper and lower marginal portions formed with longitudinally extending open-ended hems, and upper and lower strands of soft flexible metal passed through said hems with their end portions projecting from ends of the body, the upper strand having its projecting end portions bent to form mounting bows having hooked ends for engaging over and back of a persons ears, and the lower strand having its projecting end portions bent to form jaws adapted to grip a persons neck from opposite sides and maintain the lower portion of the fabric body under a persons chin and jaw.
3. A mask comprising a body formed from a strip of fabric folded upon itself and then again folded upon itself to provide the body,I with inner and outer plies, the outer plies being of greater width than the inneroplies and having upper and lower marginal portions projecting from the upper and lower margins of the inner plies and folded back upon themselves and secured in overlapping relation to the inner plies to provide the body with open-ended hems along its upper and lower margins, and strands of flexible metal extending through said hems with their end portions projecting from ends 4of the hems, the upper strand having its extended end portions bent to form supporting bows,.and the lower strand having its extended end portions bent to form jaws adapted tov grip a persons neck from opposite sides.
e. A mask comprising a body formed from a nstrip of fabric folded upon itself and then again with open-ended hems along its upper and lower margins, end portions of the inner and outer plies being folded longitudinally and secured to form pleats reducing the width of the end portions of the plies and causing the body to taper towards its ends and have longitudinally bowed upper and lower margins, and upper and lower strands of flexible metal passed through the upper and lower hems of the body with their end portions projecting from ends thereof, the projecting end portions of the upper strand being bent to 4:form bowed portions merging into the bowed upper margin of the body and having their free ends formed with e'ar engaging members, and the lower strand having its projecting portions bent to form jaws adapted to grip a persons neck from opposite sides.
5. A mask comprising a fabric body formed with open ended hems along its upper and lower margins, and strands of flexible metal passed through said hems 'with integral end portions projecting from the hems and bent to form upper and lower securing members adapted to hold the mask in place in covering relation to a persons nose and mouth, the strands vbeing free from each other and being slidable longitudinally through the hems into and out of place whereby the strands may be removed and the strands and the fabric `body cleaned and sterilized.
6. A mask comprising a fabric body having its upper and lower marginal portions provided with open-ended hems, and upper and lower strands of soft flexible metal passed through said hems with their end portions projecting from ends of the hems and beyond ends of the body, the upper strand having its projecting end portions bent to form temples and the lower strand having its projecting end portions bent to provide means for engaging a persons neck and holding the lower portion of the fabric body in place when the mask is worn.
7. A mask comprising a fabric body formed from a strip of fabric folded to provide the body with inner and outer plies, the plies being secured along upper and lower edges to provide the body with longitudinally extending hems, andl iii strands of flexible metal extending through said hems with portions projecting from ends of the hems, thc projecting portions of the upper strand being bent to form temples, and the projecting portions of the lower strand being bent to engage Y 40. the neck of a person wearing the mask and hold the lower portion of the body in place.
8. A mask comprising a fabric body formed from a strip of kfabric folded to provide the body with inner and outer plies, the plies being secured along upper and lower edges to provldethe body with longitudinallyextending hems, and strands of vflexible metal extendingthrough said hems with portions projecting from ends of the hems. the projecting portions of the lupper strand being bent to form temples, and the] portion of the upper strand within the same being bendableito hold the upper edge portion of the body in close contacting engagement with the nose and cheeks of a person wearing the mask, and the lower strand having its projecting portions bent to provide means for engaging the neck of a person wearing the mask and holding the lowe'r portion of the mask under the chin and jaw in close fitting engagement therewith.
9. A mask comprising a fabric body provided with open-ended hems along itsy upper and lower margins, and strands of pliable metal passed through the hems with end portions projecting from the hems and opposite ends of the-fabric 65 body, the upper and lower strands being free from each other and having their portions within the seams adapted to be bent to dispose marginal portions of the body in close contacting engagement with portions of a persons face, and the projecting end portions of the strands'being of a length adapting them tobe bent to form securing means for holding the mask in place.
10. A mask comprising a fabric body. and separate strands of pliable metal removably mounted along upper and lower marginal portions of the body and free from each other, said strands being individually bendable to dispose marginal portions of the body in close contacting engagement with portions of a persons face, and end portions of the respectivestrands being bendable to provide means for holding the mask in place.
11. A face mask comprising a fabric body, and flexible supporting means formed separate from each other and removably carried by upper and lower portions ofsaid body and being formed of pliableform-retaining metal adapting the supporting means to be individually bent and conform the mask to the contour of portions of the face of the wearer and provide members to ref tain the mask in position.
12. A face mask comprising a fabric body, and flexible supporting members free from each other and detachably carried by upper and lower portions of said body, said supporting members being each formed of pliable form-retaining metal adapting the supporting members to be respectively bent and conform marginal portions of the fabric body to the contour of portions of the face of the wearer and support the mask in position thereon. 'l
13. A face mask comprising a fabric body provided adiacent marginal portions with open retainingy means, and elongated supporting'memrbers formed of flexible form-retaining material, said supporting members beingfree from each other and having portions passing through said retaining means to removably mount the supporting members in operative relation to the body with end portions of the supporting members projecting from the body and adapted to be bent into position to retain the body in close fitting engagement with a persons face.
14. A face mask comprising a fabric body provided adjacent marginal portions with open retaining means, and elongated supporting members formed of flexible form-retaining material,-
said supporting members being entirely free from each other and having intermediate portions passed through said retaining means toremovablymount the supporting members along marginal portions of the body with end portions of the supporting members projecting from opposite sides of the body andadapted to be' bent into position to form anchoring members for maintaining the mask in front of a persons face.
15. A face mask comprising a fabric body of dimensionsadapting it to cover the lower portion of a persons face, retaining means along the upper edge portion of the body. a strand of pliable form-retaining material extending along the upper edge portion of the body and removably held bythe retaining means with its end portions projecting from said body, the intermediate por# tion of the strandbeing bendable to conform to the contour of the nose and side portions of a persons face and the extended end portions being of a length adapting them to be bent to form i temples, and means carried by the lower edge portion of the body for securing the same close against portions of a persons face covered thereby.
ROBERT S. TITUS.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2447450 *||Dec 20, 1945||Aug 17, 1948||Germ Ex Mask Company Ltd||Surgical mask|
|US2458580 *||Apr 18, 1945||Jan 11, 1949||Fisketti Henry D||Mask|
|US3041624 *||May 25, 1959||Jul 3, 1962||Cutrona Jr Joseph John||Hair spray shields|
|US3101709 *||Apr 6, 1959||Aug 27, 1963||Lou A Gruenewaelder||Face masks|
|US3196458 *||Aug 14, 1963||Jul 27, 1965||Keith Larry F||Protective mask|
|US3197787 *||Jan 23, 1963||Aug 3, 1965||Tognan Catherine R||Protective head covering|
|US3308816 *||Aug 7, 1964||Mar 14, 1967||Dynamic Products Company||Quick donning frame for respirator masks and the like|
|US3888246 *||Nov 1, 1973||Jun 10, 1975||Johnson & Johnson||Anti-fog surgical face mask|
|US4626211 *||Sep 20, 1985||Dec 2, 1986||Cindy Coston||Dental shield|
|US4662005 *||Aug 6, 1984||May 5, 1987||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Conformable surgical face mask|
|US4664628 *||Aug 13, 1984||May 12, 1987||Giuseppe Totaro||Screening tool and process using the tool for a mouth cavity in dental operations|
|US4797956 *||Oct 15, 1987||Jan 17, 1989||Professional Tape Converters, Inc.||Eye shield|
|US5025507 *||Jul 27, 1990||Jun 25, 1991||Kirby Richard C||Face mask|
|US5091996 *||Apr 2, 1991||Mar 3, 1992||Kirby Richard C||Face mask|
|US5499917 *||Dec 14, 1994||Mar 19, 1996||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Dental isolation dam|
|US5863312 *||Oct 31, 1997||Jan 26, 1999||Wolfe; Michael||Non-entraining filter|
|US9017342 *||May 2, 2011||Apr 28, 2015||Rupa Vickers Russe||Hair threading system|
|WO1993021788A1 *||Apr 27, 1993||Nov 11, 1993||Michael Walsh||Facial screen with connecting elastic|
|U.S. Classification||128/206.13, 433/137, 128/206.16|
|Cooperative Classification||A41D13/1192, A41D13/1161|
|European Classification||A41D13/11M, A41D13/11C|