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Publication numberUS2082677 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 1, 1937
Filing dateMay 27, 1935
Priority dateMay 27, 1935
Publication numberUS 2082677 A, US 2082677A, US-A-2082677, US2082677 A, US2082677A
InventorsBelsinger Samuel P
Original AssigneeBelsinger Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Shipping container
US 2082677 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 1, 1937. s. P. BELSINGER 2,082,677

SHIPPING CONTAINER June 1, 1937. P, BE R 2,082,677

SHIPPING CONTAINER Filed May 2'7, 1935 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Invenwv SameZRBeZairyer,

Wttiya.

June 1, 1937. 5, p BEL$|NGER 2,082,677

' SHIPPING CONTAINER Filed May 27, 1935 3 Shets-Sheet 5 Patented June 1, 1937 SHIPPING CONTAINER Samuel P. Belslnger, Atlanta, Ga... assignor to Beisi nlger, Inc., Atlanta, 6a., a corporation of Geo Application May 27, 1935, Serial No. 28,763

'1 Claims. This invention relates to a shipping container and is more particularly concerned with the design and arrangement of the parts thereof so that the container comprises two portions which may be initially joined together and which may be preformed ready to receive the contents, the flnal closure being accomplished at the junction of the two portions by reason of the predetermined abutting relationship accomplished at the joining edges of the two portions.

One of the features of the present invention re-' sides in the construction of such containers'from blanks of substantially rectangular form and permitting the construction of the container without any substantial losses of material from the sheets of stock employed.

Another feature of the invention consists in constructing a container from three blanks, of which one blank constitutes parts of the two portions of the container as well as providing a hingelike joint between these portions, the other two blanks being employed for completing each of the two portions.

A further feature of the present invention consists in constructing a container of which at least one portion is constituted of a simple rectangular blank providing three walls of the portion, along with a further blank or portion thereof providing a bottom and the fourth side wall, the two blanks being joined together by overlapping flanges which are stitched to the overlapped walls.

Another feature of the present invention is the provision of a container comprising a blank which is folded and joined to provide at least portions of the two walls of the container, together with a hingelike connection between the two portions, and including also means for providing a further hinge so that the container may be employed for display purposes. 1

With these and other objects in view, as will appear in the course of the following speciflcation and claims, illustrative forms of practicing the invention are shown on-the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a first form of construction in the closed and sealed condition.

Figure 2 is a corresponding perspective view, with the parts open.

' Figure 3 is a view showing the completed blank from which several of the walls of the container portions of Figs. 1 and 2 are constructed.

Figure 4 is a view showing one of the blanks for completing a container portion. 1

Figure 5 is a perspective view corresponding to 7 Fig. 2, but showing an isolated portion according to a second form of construction.

Figure 6 is a view corresponding to Fig. 3, show- 31g the corresponding blank for the isolated por- Figure 7 is a perspective view of a third form of construction in the closed and sealed condition. Figure 8 is a perspective view showing part of the top portion opened for display purposes.

Figure 91s a perspective view showing the upper 10 portion swung back as a whole, corresponding to the showing of Fig. 2.

Figure 10 is a perspective view showing a complete opening of the container by the utilization of both hinge portions thereof.

Figure 11 is a view showing a blank utilizable for constructing the containers of Figs. 7 to 10.

Figure 12 is a view of a part of a cooperating glans: for constructing the containers of Figs. '7

In these drawings, in the form of construction according to Figs. 1 to 4, the blank of Fig. 3 is formed and provides a bottom wall B, a bottom rear wall BW, a top rear wall TW and a top wall T, which are integrally Joined but are separated from one another by the scored folding lines III, .II and i2. Each of these walls is provided with flanges I3, ll, l5, l6, l1 and I8 which are likewise integral but are defined in part by the score lines I 9 and 20. It will be noted that the score lines 20 extend from end to end of the blank. The hinge score line I l ends at two slits or notches R extending for the widths of the flanges.

The blank as shown in Fig. 4 comprises the three walls SI, S2 and S3 which together provide an integral rectilinear blank having the parts set oil by the score lines 2| and 22.

In constructing a, container according to Figs. 1 and 2, one of the blanks of Fig. 3 and two of the blanks of Fig. 4 are utilized. The flanges are 40 bent to right angle positions with respect to the corresponding adjacent walls, and the blanks of Fig. 4 are bent to U-shape and inserted within the flanges. The parts are then stimy and rigidly joined together as by stitching with the staples 25. It will be noted that the overlapping flanges and side walls are easily accessible at the exterior and interior for the placing and clinching of these staples. The score line I I operates as a hinge between the two container portions thus formed. so The container is loaded with the desired lading andthe top portion is then swung down onto the lower portion. Since the blanks according to Fig. 4 areidentical, the meeting edges of the two portions are of identical size and shape and abut against one another when the container is closed. A sealing strip C is then glued over the abutting edges and serves to prevent them from shifting, and in association with the hinge at the score line I I for preventing relative shifting and separating oi the two portions of the container. It will be noted that the finished container has smooth upper and lower surfaces so that the containe may be easily slid one over another during shipment and storage, that theyhave their top'and bottom seams closed by stitching. and that they are Joined intermediate the top and bottom by the cementing strip C which thus readily reveals any attempt at tampering thereat.

According to the form of construction shown in Figs. 4, 5 and 6, the blank of Fig. 6 has a large area T or B, which may provide either the bottom or top wall of the container, and the rear wall TW or BW corresponding to the wall TW or BW 01 Fig. 3. This form of construction is likewise provided with the flaps l3, l4 and i5 which respectively correspond in design and purpose to the flaps l3 or i8, i4 or I1 and i5 or IE of Fig. 3. These flaps and the wall portions are integral but are separated by the score lines l0,

l9 and 20' as before. The assembly of the container portions is much the same as in the case of .Figs. 1 and 2. A blank according to Fig. 4

is folded to U-shape and is joined with a suit- 3o ably folded blank of Fig. 6, the overlapping flanges and walls being stitched together by stapics 25 as before. Two such container portions are employed, the lading being placed in one as in a tray, and then the other portion is inverted over it so that the meeting edges are in abutting relationship. A cementing strip C is then positioned. 'I'ne finished container in appearance resembles that of Fig. 1, except that the integral hinge joint at the score line I l is not present.

In the form of construction according to Figs. "1 to 12, the blanks generally are the same as in Figs. 3, 4 and 6. That is, the container may be assembled from a single blank of the type of Fig. 3, or from two blanks of the type of Fig. 6, in the manner pointed out above. Certain specific changes, however, are made in these blanks for this form of construction. As shown in Fig. 11, the end panels or portions for providing the wall structures SI and S3 are formed with lines 30 for determining a parting of the upper section of the container. While this may be accomplished in many ways, it is preferred to cut through the blanks of Fig. 11 at the lines 30 and then to rejoin the sections by cemented strips 3|. In such an illustrative form, the blanks thus comprise the central panel S2 with the integrally joined portions of panels SI and S3, while the severed panel portions Sla and 83a are reconhected by the strips 3|. It will be noted that the illustrated form shows each line 30 as extending from a point of the blank defined by an end of a line 22, to a point at substantially half the panel length along the other edge.

In this form of the invention, also, the portion of the blank which is employed for providing the top wall is slightly modified from the showing of the right-hand portions of Figs. 3 and 6. According to this modification, a scoring or severing line 32 is provided at substantially half the length of the portion of the scoring lines 20 between the scoring lines i0 and I9 (Fig. 12), this line 32 illustratively terminating at its ends at slots or gashes 33 which extend for the width of the flanges I. These gashes preferably extend at right angles to the scoring lines 20 in order to avoid corners having acute angles, as these are subject to curling up in use. If the line 32 is a cut, a joining strip 34 is always employed, and it is often advantageous to employ this strip when the line 32 is a scoring line between the integral portions Ta and Tb of the top.

The manner of assembly of this container, its packing and its closing is analogous to those employed for the aforesaid forms of construction.

When the container is closed (Fig. 7), it resent.

bles in appearance the container of Fig. 1, except' for the illustrated provision of the strips 33 and 3|. Thus, it may be opened and closed in a similar manner so that the position of Fig. 9 corresponds to the position of the parts of the container in Fig. 2.

It is also possible to utilize'the portions of the blanks comprising the half Ta of the top, the panel portions Sla and 83a, and the front wall section S2 individually, so that a display shelf with lateral and back guard is provided (Fig. 8). For this purpose, the side wall panels Si and S3 of the top section are cut through along the line 30' and the sealing strip C is out along the line of the abutting edges of the front wall sections S2 and then folded back to provide the shelf. Furthermore, it is possible to accomplish a complete opening of the container, after such cutting and use for display purposes (as for disassembly to remove the rear packages in such a container if stuck) by completing the cuts through the portions of the sealing strip C which have been holding the walls SI, S3 against shifting, and then swinging the entire top section upward and tothe rear (Fig. 10).

While the invention has been illustrated in conjunction with specific forms of embodiments, it will be understood that it is not limited thereto but may be. employed in many ways within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A container comprising upper and lower portions having identical size and shape at the open ends; each portion including a first structure providing a first smooth unobstructed wall portion, a wall portion formed integral with said first wall portion, and flanges integral with said wall portions; each portion also including a second structure providing three walls with said flanges overlapping said three walls, and means fixedly connecting said flanges to the walls overlapped thereby; said portions presenting their free edges in abutting relation, and means engaging and secured to both said portions adjacent said abutting edges for holding the portions against relative shifting and separation.

2. A container comprising upper and lower portions with a common wall providing a hinge joint connecting the portions, said portions having identical size and shape at the open ends; said container including an integral structure providing two smooth unobstructed walls for the top and bottom, a wall portion formed integrally with said two walls and joining the same and providing said common wall, and integral flanges on said walls and wall portions; each said portion also including a structure providing three walls for the portion, said flanges overlapping the said three walls and secured thereto; and means engaging and secured to both said portions adjacent said abutting edges for holding the portions against relative shifting and separation.

3. A container comprising upper and lower portions having identical size and shape at the open ends with at least three of the side walls of one portion presenting free edges abutting the free edges of the corresponding side walls of the other portion; each portion including three side walls formed integrally 'from a substantially rectangular blank, and also including a further wall portion formed integrally with an end wall and with flanges which overlap and are secured to said three side walls, the blank which provides said wall portion, end wall, and flaps being substantially rectangular.

4. A container comprising upper and lower portions having identical size and shape at the open ends with three of the side walls of each portion presenting free edges abutting the free edges of the corresponding side walls of the other portion; each portion having a closing wall fixedly secured to the side walls thereof, each portion having said three walls integrally joined at the vertical corners, and the portions being hingedly connected at the junction of the fourth walls of each portion by the integral formation of said fourth walls, the integral structure providing said fourth walls being fixedly connected to the structures providing said three walls in each portion, and a sealing strip engaging and secured to both said portions adjacent said abutting edges for holding the portions against relative shifting and separation.

5. A container comprising upper and lower portions having identical size and shape at the open ends with three of the side walls of each portion presenting free edges abutting the free edges of the corresponding side walls of the other portion; said portions including walls formed from an integral blank providing at least the top and bottom parts and fourth walls for both said sections so that the integral connection at the junction of said fourth walls provides a hinge for relative rocking of said portions, said portion also including other walls secured to said top and bottom parts and fourth walls, the side walls of the top portion being formed for severance along upwardly and backwardly inclined lines so that the front part of the top portion may be swung up and back to provide a display shelf having rear and lateral upstanding retaining walls.

6. A container comprising upper and lower portions having identical size and shape at the open ends with three of the side walls of each portion presenting free edges abutting the free edges of the corresponding side walls of the other portion; each portion having a closing wall, and flanges, said flanges each being connected integrally with one wall and bearing against another wall, and stitching joining each of said flanges with the corresponding said other wall; each portion having said three walls joined at the vertical corners, and the portions being hingedly connected at the junction of the fourth walls of each portion by the integral formation of said fourth walls, and a sealing strip cemented to both said portions adjacent said abutting edges for holding the portions against relative shifting and separation.

'7. A container comprising upper and lower portions having identical size and shape at the open ends; each portion including a first structure providing a first smooth unobstructed wall portion, a wall portion formed integral with said first wall portion, and flanges integral with said wall portions; each portion also including a second structure providing three walls with said flanges overlapping said three walls, and means fixedly connecting said flanges to the walls overlapped thereby; said portions presenting their free edges in abutting relation, and means engaging and secured to both said portions adjacent said abutting edges for holding the portions against relative shifting and separation, and the upper portion having the said second structure thereof formed with diagonal divisions at opposite side walls, said divisions extending from the open end substantially to said first smooth unobstructed wall portion thereof, said upper portion also including securing and sealing means overlapping said divisions for normally holding said structure together as a unit, so that the front part of the upper portion may be severed at the securing means thereof and swung up and back to provide a display shelf having rear and laterally upstandingretaining walls.

SAMUEL P. BELSINGER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2887389 *Jun 3, 1955May 19, 1959Linville Creath QCartons
US3237841 *Jul 16, 1963Mar 1, 1966Inland Container CorpEasy-opening container
US3342399 *Oct 1, 1965Sep 19, 1967Lawson Lithographing & FoldingHinged lid carton
US3698544 *Dec 19, 1969Oct 17, 1972Continental Can CoBook-type carton
US4475655 *Jul 19, 1982Oct 9, 1984Tetra Pak International AbPacking container
US4811837 *Mar 25, 1987Mar 14, 1989United Brands CompanyProduce shipment and separable distribution and display carton
US20140263591 *Mar 14, 2013Sep 18, 2014Standard Knapp Inc.Reclosable packing case and method of making same
EP0442179A1 *Feb 13, 1990Aug 21, 1991St. Regis Packaging LimitedImproved carton manufacture and design
WO2007038748A1 *Sep 28, 2006Apr 5, 2007Meadwestvaco Packaging SystemsCarton with opening access feature
Classifications
U.S. Classification229/122.21, 229/122.23, 229/160.1, 229/123.3, 229/122, 229/229, 229/131, 229/204
International ClassificationB65D5/00, B65D5/32, B65D5/54
Cooperative ClassificationB65D5/323, B65D5/54, B65D5/5405
European ClassificationB65D5/54B, B65D5/54, B65D5/32B1