Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2082724 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 1, 1937
Filing dateFeb 13, 1936
Priority dateFeb 13, 1936
Publication numberUS 2082724 A, US 2082724A, US-A-2082724, US2082724 A, US2082724A
InventorsFrederick L Shelor
Original AssigneeFrederick L Shelor
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Illuminated indicator for house numbers or the like
US 2082724 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

F. L. SHELOR June 1, 1937;

ILLUMINATED INDICATOR FOR HOUSE NUMBERS ORTHE LIKE Filed Feb. 13, 1936 "Patented June 1. 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ILLUMINATED INDICATOR FOR HOUSE NUMBERS OR THE LIKE 5 Claims.

The invention relates to new and useful improvements in an illuminated indicator which may be used for indicating a house number, room numbers in an oflice building, the names of streets 5 and the like.

An object of the invention is to provide an indicator which may be cheaply made and wherein the characters which are illuminated are made clear and distinct from all angles of vision.

A further object of the invention is to provide an illuminated indicator of the above type wherein the rays of light for illuminating the indicator are projected on to the indicator from one edge thereof, and are reflected and dispersed over the surface containing the characters to be illuminated by the rear face of a frosted glass surface through which said characters are viewed."

These and other objects will in part be obvious and will in part be hereinafter more fully dis- 20 closed.

In the drawing which shows by way of illustration one embodiment of the invention-- Figure 1 is a perspective view showing the illuminated indicator embodying the invention;

Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view through the indicator shown in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view through the indicator shown in Fig. 1;

Fig.4. is a detail in perspective showing the manner of joining the frame supporting the characters to be illuminated on the housing for the illuminating means;

Fig. 5 is a sectional view on an enlarged scale through the glass panels and the strip carrying 35 the characters to be illuminated, and

Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 5, but showing a slightly modified form of the invention.

Many efforts have been made to produce an indicator for numbers, letters and other forms of 40 characters wherein the rays of light for illuminating the characters are caused to pass edgewise through a glass panel through which the characters are viewed. Such devices have not been eflicient for the reason that such a large J 45 proportion of the illuminating rays do not conprovided which may be mounted on a suitable bracket arm 2 in any desired way. This housing, as shown, is substantially rectangular in cross section, and the bracket arm 2 is firmly attached to the bottom member 3 of the housing. The side walls 4, 4 of the housing are bent inwardly at the upper edges thereof so as to provide two top members 5, 5. Each top member 5 is provided with upwardly projecting flanges 6, and these flanges are normally spaced from each other. Each end of the housing is provided with a closure cap I which extends some little distance into the housing, as shown in Fig. 2, and the side walls 4, 4 and the top members 5, 5 are unattached to this end closure. All of the parts described are opaque so that no light passes therethrough. The parts are preferably made of metal which may be enameled in any desired color for decorative purposes. Located within this housing is a lighting tube 8 which may be of any desired form. The current for the lighting tube is supplied through wires 9 which lead through the bracket arm from the source of supply and are attached to terminals Ill, l0 associated with a socket piece II to which the lighting tube is attached. This socket piece is attached to one of the end closure members 1. The member to which it is attached may be detachably secured to the housing in any suitable way.

A U-shaped frame is provided for supporting the strip on which the characters to be illuminated are placed. This U-shaped frame consists of two end members l2, l2 which are connected at their upper ends by a cross member l3. The end members and the cross member are also U-shape in cross section, as indicated in Fig. 4, so that each end member includes side pieces l2a, I2a which are spaced from each other, and a connecting piece Hi). This connecting piece I2?) is preferably extended slightly below the edges of the side pieces l2a, lZa.

As shown in the drawing, the indicator is con structed and adapted to contain two strips with characters thereon, which may be viewed, respectively, from opposite sides of the indicator. It is understood, however, that a single strip may be used when it is desired to view the indicator only from one side thereof. One of the strips is indicated at M in the drawing, and the other is indicated at I5. The strip is provided with characters which are indicated in the drawing at I6. This strip is of opaque material, preferably paper, and likewise, the characters are of opaque material, and preferably paper. The characters,

however, are of paper having different light reflecting properties than the surface of the strip. For example, the strip may be black so that it absorbs the light rays, and the characters may be 5 white so as to reflect the light rays, or the reverse characters may be used. It is only essential that the character and the strip on which it is mounted shall have different light reflecting properties, so that when illuminated, the characters will be made visible. In front of the strip I5 is a glass panel l'l'. This glass panel I! is preferably of relatively thick glass, such as plate glass. The front face of the glass panel is frosted as indicated at IS. The frosted surface may be obl5 tained by grinding or by etching, or in any other suitable way. It is essential, however, that the surface shall be broken into a multitude of minute surfaces which are at an angle to each other. The characters are on the front face of the strip and are in contact with the rear face of the glass panel ll. Also contacting with the strip I4 is a glass panel i9 with a frosted surface 20. The glass panels and the strips are placed in this supporting frame and then the supporting frame is attached to the housing I. The upstanding flanges 6, 6 are housed within the side pieces I2a, lZa and the piece lZb extends down over the end closure 1 to aid in holding it in place. This provides a very cheap method of closing the housing against the end closures and providing a housing which is completely closed, except for the slot between the upstanding flanges 6, 6. The glass panels fill this slot, so that all of the light rays passing from the housing I must pass through the glass panels. The light rays passing up into the glass panel I'l will contact with the inner face of the frosted surface, and as the rays contact with the minute surfaces angularly disposed relative to each other, the rays of light will be dispersed and will be reflected onto the characters for illuminating the same. Inasmuch as the characters to be illuminated are in contact with the rear face of the glass panel, the rays of light are immediately absorbed as they leave the glass panel, or turned back and reflected through the frosted surface to the observer. This results in a very clear-cut illuminated character which can not only be viewed from directly in front, but from any angle of approach to a position directly in front of the indicator. This makes the indicator very efficient for use in the indicating of the names of streets, and also for use in indicating the number of a house, or the number of a room in an oflice building.

55 The characters on the strip l4 are only seen, of course, from the opposite side of the indicator, and as has already been noted, only one strip and one glass panel may be used in the indicator, if desired.

60 In Fig. 6 of the drawing, the glass panel as shown has been treated with a transparent lacquer which is indicated at 2 I. This transparent lacquer is distributed over the frosted surface of the glass in a sufficient quantity to substantially flll all the minute cavities in the frosted surface.

This reduces the dispersion of the rays of light as they are reflected from the illuminated surface of the strip. For example, a ray of light reflected from the illuminated surface contacting with the angularly arranged inner face of a cavity will be refracted, and then as it passes through the transparent lacquer, and as it leaves the outer surface of the lacquer, it will be brought back more nearly into a direction of movement perpendicular to the plane of the outer face of the glass panel. This transparent lacquer increases the efflciency of the illumination of the characters, while the inner face of the frosted surface greatly increases the efliciency of the reflected rays which are distributed and dispersed over the surface to be illuminated.

It is obvious that many changes in the details of construction and the arrangement of the parts may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.

Having thus described the invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. An illuminated indicator comprising a glass panel, a strip having characters on one face thereof, the characters and strip on which they are mounted having different light absorbing properties, said strip being disposed relative to the glass panel so that the characters are visible through said glass panel, the outer face of said glass panel being frosted, and means for housing and directing illuminating rays through the edge of the glass panel into the glass and against the rear face of said frosted surface of the glass panel whereby said rays are dispersed and reflected on to the strip and characters to be illuminated.

2. An illuminated indicator comprising a glass panel, a strip having characters on one face thereof, the characters and strip on which they are mounted having different light absorbing properties, said strip being disposed relative to the glass panel so that the face thereof bearing the characters contacts with the rear face of said glass panel, the outer face of said glass panel being frosted, and means for housing and directing illuminating rays through the edge of the glass panel into the glass and against the rear face of said frosted surface of the glass panel whereby said rays are dispersed and reflected on to the strip and characters to be illuminated.

3. An illuminated indicator comprising a housing, an illuminating means within the housing, said housing being of opaque material and having a longitudinal slot in one wall thereof, means for supporting the glass panel with the edge portion thereof in register with said slot, an opaque strip having characters on one face thereof, the characters and panel on which they are mounted having different light absorbing properties, said strip being disposed relative to the glass panel so that the face thereof bearing the characters contacts with the rear face of the glass panel, the outer face of said glass panel being frosted and means for housing and directing illuminating rays through the slot and into the glass panel, whereby the light rays contacting with the inner face of the frosted surface will be dispersed and reflected on to said strip and the characters for illuminating the same.

4. An illuminated indicator comprising a glass panel, a strip having characters on one face thereof, the characters and strip on which they are mounted having different light absorbing properties, said strip being disposed relative to the glass panel so that the characters are visible through said glass panel, the outer face of said glass panel being frosted, and means for housing and directing illuminating rays against the rear face of said frosted surface of the glass panel whereby said rays are dispersed and reflected on to the strip and characters to be illuminated, said frosted surface of the glass panel having a transparent lacquer applied thereto and filling the cavities in the glass surface.

it. An illuminating indicator comprising a housing. an illuminating means within the housing, said housing being of opaque material and having a longitudinal slot in one wall thereof, means for supporting the glass panel with the edge portion thereof in register with said slot, an opaque strip having characters on one face thereof, the characters and panel on which they are mounted having different light absorbing properties, said strip being disposed relative to the glass panel so that the-,iaee thereof bearin the characters contacts with the rear face of the glass panel. the outer iece of said glass panel being frosted, whereby the light rays contacting with the inner face of the frosted surface will be dispersed and reflected on to said strip and the characters for illuminating the same, said frosted surface of the glass panel having a transparent lacquer applied thereto and filling the cavities in the glass surface.

FREDERICK L. SEELOR.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2479500 *Aug 26, 1946Aug 16, 1949Harry E LongbergIlluminating means
US2566458 *Mar 29, 1948Sep 4, 1951V Jose Adolfo MacauIlluminated sign
US2751584 *Nov 10, 1953Jun 19, 1956Ncr CoVisual readout device
US4373282 *May 29, 1981Feb 15, 1983Hughes Aircraft CompanyThin-panel illuminator for front-lit displays
US4715137 *Jan 31, 1986Dec 29, 1987Scheve William JIlluminated display with beaded light-transmitting image
US6305109 *Dec 9, 1999Oct 23, 2001Chi-Huang LeeStructure of signboard
US6895705May 15, 2003May 24, 2005Marketing Display, Inc.Light panel
Classifications
U.S. Classification40/546, 362/812
International ClassificationF21V8/00, G02B6/00
Cooperative ClassificationG02B6/0091, G02B6/005, G02B6/0036, Y10S362/812
European ClassificationG02B6/00L6O4B