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Publication numberUS2082897 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 8, 1937
Filing dateJul 19, 1935
Priority dateJul 19, 1935
Publication numberUS 2082897 A, US 2082897A, US-A-2082897, US2082897 A, US2082897A
InventorsOscar D Guilfoil, Thomas J Muench
Original AssigneeMuench Kreuzer Candle Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sanctuary candle lamp
US 2082897 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jungev .8, 1937. T. J. MUENCH ET AL SANCTUARY CANDLE LAM? Filed July 19, 1955 j INVENTO' T "l A ATTORNEYS.

Patented June 8, 1937 Pili'riizrl'rv oFFlcE I SANCTUARY CANDLEV LAMP Thomas`v J. Muench and Oscar Guilfoil, Syra- I cuse, N. Y., assignors` to Muench-Kreuzer Candle Company Inc.

poration of New York Syracuse, N. Y., a cor- Applicatin July 19, lssalserriai/No. `32,250

11 Claims.

This invention relates to candle lamps, or sanctuary lamps, and has for its object a candle lamp` construction embodying a follower which will contribute toward abetter and more even burning or consuming of the candle under hot weather conditions by allowing the candle to melt uniformly and form and maintain a uniform liquid pool `at the upper end of the candle, and also at the same time avoid fiooding or drowning of the flame,

l0 and under cold Weather conditions, will keep the candle, particularly the outer portion` thereof warm enough to melt, formv and maintain the liquid pool and hence avoid burningof the candle down through the center with the peripheral 15 portions remaining solid so that the flame becomes invisible: lnotherglwords, it `has for its object a candle lamp which `includesa follower in which the candleburns evenly under hot and cold weather'conditions. I Y

In candle-lampsembodying followers-Wunder some conditions, the follower; which rests on the upper edge of the candle, out ,of y alinement with the candle or cocked relatively to the candle. l In this candlelamp,Y the lyfollower acts `as a follower during "the initial or a predetermined consumption of the candle, `and thereafter, is limited in its movement, as a follower, andforms a chimneypermitti-ng a liquid pool to form at the base of the flame throughout the area of the end of the candle. Under warm weather-conditions, with the shield removed, the poolwafter once forming remains substantially constant over the area` of` the burningendand does not increase to an extent to,v.l,flood `the flame. Under cold Weather condi-tions,4 a shieldisA used to conne sufficient, heat around the sleeve or skirtofy the follower to cause theliquid pool to form `and remain uniform oyerthearea ofV thebfurning end, the shield forming anair jacked causing. the pool to be maintainedover the area ofthe upper end of the candle and to avoidburning ofthe candle downythrough the centerby the cooling vof the peripheral areacf the candle. I

The invention consists in thenovel `features and in the combinationsandconstructions hereinafter set forth and claimed. Y

In describing thisinventionVreference-,is had to the accompanying drawingin which like characters designate corresponding parts in all the views.A Y l -I I l I Figure l is a longitudinal sectional view of a sanctuary candle lamp embodying vthis invention.

FigureZ isa plan View ofthe candle receptacle` This candlellamp comprises generally a suit,-

able receptacle in which the candle is seated, a,

(c1. 24o- 13) e follower resting onthe upper end of the candle and having a skirt or sleeve enclosing the candle throughout the length of the candle and preferably extending into the receptacle, and means for limiting the movement of the follower, after an initial or predetermined amount of burning of the candle, say for .a one-day period, also means, as an outer tubular transparent shield enclosing the follower and spaced apart therefromforming a heated air jacket for heating the sleeveof the follower in colder weather suiciently to keep the liquid pool substantially uniform over the area `of rthe flame end of the candle,`the shield being ventilated in order to maintain a sufficient air circulation to prevent the follower `from becoming unduly warmand unduly heating and melting the candle.

. I designates the `receptacle in the `form of a cup, thisbeing usually formed of glass, the receptacle being mounted in a suitable holder or support, asa cup-shaped part, 2, in which lthe receptacle is` 'seated'.s here shown, the `receptacle I and support 2 are formedintermediate of theirheights withl outward deflected portions forming a shoulder, at 3 from which the recepg tacle issuspended yinthe-holder 2. The upper edge of the receptacle I usually overlaps the upper edge of the cup-shaped holder 2, as at 4.` The support may be mounted on a suitable base or pedestal 5er may be suspended by means of cords or chains connected to the upper endof strips oruprights 6 extending from the support 2upwardly along the outside of the shield to' be presentlyvdesc'ribed; The upper ends of these uprights or strips l` are usually secured together by `,means of a ring 1. Preferably, the holder 2 is imperforate and entirely encloses the receptacle I and insulates `or shields it from the outer air, so that it is unaffected by variations in temperature ofthe outer air.

8 designates the. candle which is seated in the receptacle I, it having an axial reduced portion 9` atitslower end extending into a socket IIJ in the receptacler and also suitable notches in its lower end which fit over lugs I I in thereceptacle.

Y I2 I designates a follower having a contracted portionwat, itsupper end providing a Shoulder at I3- which rests on` the upper end of the candle 8, the followerterminating at its upper end ,in` the chimney I4. The follower, in addition, includes a sleeve or skirt I5 entirely enclosing the portion of the candlefwhich fprojects above the receptacle I and also preferably extendspart waylinto thereceptacle, the follower, or, at least the sleeve there@ being transparent,

Cil

During the initial burning of the candle, say for a period of one day, or of about one inch, the follower follows down with the candle, as the candle consumes, and thereafter, the follower is held stationary or held from following. As here shown, it comes to rest upon lugs or stops I6 which limit the movement thereof, whenthe outer shield is not used, these being located in the receptacle.

I'I designates a transparent tubular shield enclosing the follower and the sleeve thereof and u extending above the upper end of the`-follower,

this communicating at itsupper end with the outer air and also communicatingatl its lower end with the outer air, the shield being spaced apart from the sleeve or follower forming a heated air space I8 which is ventilated sufficiently to prevent undue heating and melting of the candle. The lower edge of the shield I 1 is opposed to the upper edge of the support or the upper edge of the receptacle I. One of Vthese opposing edges, usually the upper edge of the receptacle, is formed with projections or lugs I9 which serve to space the lower edge of the shield I1 from the upper edge of the receptacle I, thereby formingv air inlets at`20. Y p

Preferably, means 'are located near the upper end of the follower 'I2 or upper end of the air space I8 for limiting its movement after it has initially consumedy a predetermined amount or as much as one inchffor acandle of about three inches in diameter, when tthe shield is being used. Ashere shown, the shield II. and follower are formed with spaced apart shoulders. 2I designates an internal annular shoulder on the shield near the upper end' thereof, and 22 a shoulder on the follower located to engage and yrest on the shoulder 2| when the candle'has been consumed a predetermined amount. The shoulder 22 isusually the rim of the chimney I4, which rim is deected outward. The shoulders 2I,-'22, when engaged, retard Vthe circulation of air through the air space I8 and hence permit a'greater temperature to develop than when the space is wide open atits top. The shoulders 2|, 22 also limit the movement of the follower to prevent it from seating at its lower end and becoming stuck in the wax at its lower end when the shield isus'ed.

Under moderate temperaturey conditions, the lamp is usedwithout the shield and under cold temperature conditions, the shield is used.

In operation, during the initial burning of the candle, say for a period of one day, the follower.

follows'down as the candle burns. f DuringV this operation, there is little liability of the liquid forming excessively tonflood the flame. Thereafter, the movement of the follower is limited by the lower edge of the sleeve ofthe'follower engaging the stops I Ii` soV that thereafter the follower acts as achimney, .andthev air space I8 is closed atits top'by the shoulder 22 engaging the shoulder 2I. Under/warmer temperatures,

. the shield is Yremoved and the candle is cooled suiiiciently to avoid melting to the extent that the flame will be flooded. Undercold temperature conditionaA the shield [forms a ventilated 'heated air space which'maintains a Vuniform heatingof the candle lsuflicient to maintain the liquidrpool uniformly and prevent burning of the candle down through the center only, although the lventilation is slow or greatly retarded when the .shoulder 22 Vengages. the ,shoulder 2|.

What we claim iszy v 1; In a candle lamp, `@arec'eptacle, a candle mounted at its lowerv end in the receptacle, a

follower having a shoulder resting on the upper end of the candle, and also having as a part thereof a transparent sleeve enclosing the candle and normally extending throughout the length of the full-sized candle and into the receptacle, and a stop for limiting the movement of the follower, as the candle consumes, whereby the follower and its sleeve act as a chimney after the follower is limited in its movement.

. 42. A candle lamp comprising a receptacle in which the lower end of the candle is seated, a

follower resting on the upper end of the candle and having a transparent sleeve enclosing the candle, extending atits lower end into the receptaclewith the greater part thereof extending outA ofthe receptacle and of such length as to enclose a full length candle, and during the initial burning of the candle being capable of followingl the candle, as the candle consumes, and means for limiting the movement of the follower as the candle consumes a predetermined amount, whereby7 the follower forms a transparent chimney.

3. InV a candle lamp, a receptacle in which the lower end of the candle is seated, a transparent sleeve enclosing the candle substantially the length thereof above the receptacle and an outer tubular' transparent shield enclosing vthe sleeveA and spaced apart therefrom forming an air jacket, the lower edge of the shield being spaced apart from, and opposed tothe upper edge of the receptacle, and therebyv forming an air gap between the lower end of the shield and the upper edge ofthe receptacle. y f 4. In a candle lamp, a receptacle in which the lower end of the candle is seated, a transparent sleeve enclosing the candle substantially the length thereof above the receptacle and an outer tubular transparent shield enclsingv the sleeve and spaced apart* therefrom" forming an air jacket, the lower edge of the'shield being spaced apart from ;v and opposed to the upper edge of the receptacle, and thereby forming an air gap between'the lower end of the shield andthe upper edge of vthe receptacle', the shield being open to the atmosphere at its upper end.

f5."Inf a candlev lamp, a receptacle, a candle mounted at its lower end in the receptacle, a follower having a shoulder resting on the upper end ofthe candle, and also having as a part thereof a transparent sleeve enclosing the candle and extending into the receptacle, a stop lfor limiting the movementV of the follower, as the candle consumes, whereby thefollower and its sleeve act as a chimnney after the follower isA limited in its movement, and anouter transparent shield enclosing thefollower and spacedv therefrom forming angai'r fjacket, the shield being open to the atmosphere at its upper end and also vbeing open totheatmosphere at its lower end. `6. In a sanctuary lamp, a receptacle in which the lower end of the candle is seated, a suitable support for the receptacle, a follower resting on the upper` end o f the candle and having a sleeve enclosing the candle and terminating adjacent the receptacle, means for limiting the movement of the follower, whereby after the initial burning of the candle, the follower is'Y held from movement, a transparent tubular shield enclosing the follower and spaced therefrom forming an annular jacket around the follower and its sleeve, the shieldbeing open to the atmosphere atits upper end and having its lower end spaced from the upper edge of the receptacle, thereby forming air passages.

7. In a candle lamp, a receptacle in which the lower end of the candle is seated, transparent means enclosing the candle, a tubular sleeve enclosing said transparent means and spaced apart therefrom forming an air jacket, the shield com- Amunicating with the outer air at its upper end and having its lower edge opposed to the upper edge of the receptacle, one of the opposing edges being formed with projections thereon for spacing the lower edge of the shield from the upper edge of the receptacle and thereby forming air passages.

8. In a candlelamp, a receptacle in which the lower end of the candle is seated, a suitable support for the receptacle, a follower resting on the upper end of the candle and having a transparent sleeve of such length as to enclose a full length candle, the sleeve terminating near the receptacle, and means for limiting the movement of the follower after a predetermined consumption of the candle, whereby the follower constitutes the transparent chimney.

9. In a candle lamp, a receptacle in which the lower end of the candle is seated, a suitable support for the receptacle, a follower resting on the upper end of the candle and having a transparent sleeve enclosing the candle and terminating near the receptacle, means for limiting the movement of the follower after a predetermined consumption of the candle, whereby the follower constitutes the transparent chimney',l and a tubular transparent shield enclosing the follower and its sleeve and spaced apart therefrom forming an air` jacket, the shield communicating with the outer air at its upper end and having its lower edge opposed to the upper edge of the receptacle, one of the opposing edges being formed with projections for holding the shield with the lower edge spaced from the upper edge of the receptacle.

10. In a candle lamp, a receptacle in which the lower end of the candle is seated, a transparent sleeve enclosing the candle substantially the length thereof above the receptacle and an outer tubular transparent shield enclosing the sleeve and spaced apart therefrom forming an air jacket, the lower edge of the shield being spaced apart from the lower edge of the receptacle, the follower and the shield having normally spaced shoulders located in the upper portion of the air space for engaging and restricting the outlet of air from the air jacket when the candle has consumed a predetermined amount.

11. In a candle lamp, a receptacle in which the lower end ofv the candle is seated, a transparent sleeve enclosing the candle substantially the length thereof above the receptacle and an outer tubular transparent shield enclosing the sleeve and spaced apart therefrom forming an air jacket, the follower and the shield having respec-` tively external and internal spaced apart annular shoulders in the upper portion of the jacket for engagement when the candle has initially consumed a predetermined amount.

THOMAS J. MUENCH. OSCAR D. GULFOIL'.

CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION.

Patent No. 2,082,887. June 8, 1837.

THOMAS J. MUENCH, ET AL.

It is hereby Certified that error appears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction as follows: Page l,

first Column, line 22, before the word out" insert Comes; and that the said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Office.

Signed and sealed this 20th day 'of July, A. D. 1957.

Henry Van Arsdale (Seal) Acting Commissioner of Patents.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6264345 *Dec 21, 1998Jul 24, 2001The Candle Machine CoDrip preventing candle holder with decorative follower providing auxiliary illumination
WO2000037848A1 *Nov 2, 1999Jun 29, 2000Candle Machine CoCandle holders and followers for drip prevention, fragrance dispensing and auxiliary illumination
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/163, D26/6, 431/291
International ClassificationF21V37/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21V37/00, F21V37/0095
European ClassificationF21V37/00, F21V37/00N